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也门姆凯拉斯现在时间及今日气温



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行政区划 也门 也门共分为20省(Muhafazat)和首都行政区,即萨那市,每个省(市)进一步划分为区。2004年1月新设省Raimah,这个地方向属萨那省。省下进一步分为333县,2,210乡,38,284村(2001止)。 自然环境 也门位于阿拉伯半岛南端,北纬12-20度,东经41-54度。其北部与沙特接壤,南濒阿拉伯海、亚丁湾,东邻阿曼,西隔曼德海峡与非洲大陆的埃塞俄比亚、索马里、吉布提等相望。也门有约2000公里的海岸线,海上交通十分便利。位于西南的曼德海峡是国际重要通航海峡之一,沟通印度洋和地中海,是欧亚非三大洲的海上交通要道,战略位置极为重要。位于阿拉伯海亚丁湾的亚丁是历史上有名的港口之一。按自然状态,也门可分为5个区域---山区、高原、沿海地区、鲁卜哈利地区和群岛。 气候 也门南部属热带干旱气候,一年分凉热两季,4-10月为热季,平均气温37度,11-3月为凉季,平均气温为27度。年降雨量为50毫米。亚丁气温较高,热季气温高达41.8度,凉季气温最低17.5度,年均降雨量94.7毫米。北部气候种类较多,东面缓坡伸向鲁卜哈利沙漠,是沙漠和半沙漠地区,气候干燥,炎热少雨;中央高原,海拨1500-4000米高,气候凉爽;丘陵地区,气候温和,雨量充沛,年降水量在1000毫米以上,多雨季集中在3-5月和7-9月;西部红海沿岸是帖哈麦地区,气候炎热而潮湿,夏季气温一般在35-40度,湿度一般为80-90%,年降水量在400毫米以下。 城市介绍 也门萨那 也门共和国首都,是也门政治、经济、文化中心,人口160万(2001年统计数据)。萨那位于阿邦山和纳卡木山之间的萨那盆地,平均海拔2200米。萨那气候温和,日照充足,夏季气温一般不超过三十度,冬季气温有时可低至零度,年降雨量约250毫米,萨那一年有两个雨季,每年的三月至四月为小雨季,七月至八月为大雨季,因萨那城市排水设施落后,雨季时常常发生水灾。 萨那是伊斯兰历史名城,是人类最早定居地之一,据说诺亚的长子闪就曾在此地定居,关于萨那最早的历史记载可追溯到公元一世纪,公元六世纪希米亚里特王朝曾定都萨那。历史上,萨那曾是阿拉伯半岛交通枢纽,商贾云集,萨那曾先后受阿拉伯波斯和奥斯曼土耳其帝国的统治,由于人文和自然灾难,萨那城多次遭到毁坏,也曾多次重建。一九六二年也门革命成功后,定萨那为北也门首都;一九九0年五月南北也门统一,萨那为统一后也门共和国的首都。目前,萨那仍保留有许多历史古迹,著名的有萨那老城、也门门、叶海亚王宫等,其中萨那老城为联合国教科文组织列入世界文化遗产之一。 亚丁 距首都萨那南部363公里处的亚丁位于阿拉伯半岛的南端,俯瞰印度洋,是也门南部最重要的港口城市,亚丁港地处红海和亚丁湾的交界处,气候温和,四周海水清澈,珊瑚礁遍布,是可以全年正常作业的深水港,。亚丁港有3000年以上的历史,曾是古代香料贸易的集散地。历史上亚丁曾先后为奥斯曼土耳其帝国和英国所统治,贸易曾盛极一时,二十世纪六十年代,亚丁港曾为世界第二大港。1976年南也门独立后,由于一系列政治危机和国际环境影响,亚丁港日渐衰落。1990年南北也门统一后,亚丁成为也门共和国的商都和冬都,现人口51万(2001年统计数据)。1991年4月,统一后的也门颁布了关于成立亚丁自由区总机构及建设亚丁自由区的共和国法令;1993年也政府颁布了自由区法,完成了亚丁自由区的总体规划;1999年9月,亚丁自由区集装箱码头正式运营;2002年9月,亚丁自由区工业与仓储区一期工程正式完工。亚丁现有也门最重要的能源工业,如炼油厂和发电厂等。 虽然也门政府也意识到亚丁在发展也门经济中的重要地位,然而,由于很多问题的存在,重现亚丁港往日的辉煌尚需时日。 塔兹 也门重要城市之一,位于萨那以南256公里处,人口53万(2001年统计数据)。塔兹是山城,有很多古迹,四季气候宜人,是也门夏季和冬季的休闲胜地。塔兹是拉苏里斯(Rasulis)统治时期也门的首都,曾盛极一时。在古代和现代也门,塔兹都居于极其重要的地位,塔兹现有也门一些重要的工业设施,如卷烟厂、食品厂、洗涤用品厂等,也门最大的赛义德实业集团,总部就在塔兹。 荷台达 也门在红海边的重要港口城市,距首都萨那以西226公里处,有史来荷台达就是捕鱼的好地方,公元十五世纪荷台达为过往船队提供补给,渐渐由一小渔村扩展为一港口,后来,一苏丹王击败葡萄牙人,控制了该港口,1961年,港口重建,成为一现代港口,现人口77万(2001年统计数据)。 木卡拉 也门阿拉伯海边的重要城市,距首都萨那以东794公里处,也是也门的商港之一,渔业生产和贸易比较繁荣,由于很少遭受破坏,市内古迹也大都保存完好,其中较知名的有苏丹王宫等。

Administrative divisions Yemen Yemen is divided into 20 provinces (Muhafazat) and the Capital District, namely the Sana'a City, each province (city) is further divided into district. In 2004 January the new Raimah, the place to belong to Sana'a province. Save is further divided into 333 counties, 2210 townships, 38284 villages (2001). The natural environment Yemen is located in the southern tip of Arabia Peninsula, 12-20 degrees north latitude, longitude 41-54 degrees. Its northern border with Saudi Arabia, south of Arabia sea, the Gulf of Aden, East Oman, west across the Strait of BAB El Africa continental Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti and other sea. Yemen has about 2000 kilometers of coastline, sea transportation is very convenient. Located in the southwest of the BAB El Mandeb Strait is one of the most important international navigation channel, India ocean and the Mediterranean is communication, maritime traffic African Eurasian on three continents, strategic position is extremely important. Located in the Arabia Sea Gulf of Aden is one of the historic port. According to the state of nature, Yemen can be divided into 5 regions - the mountain, plateau, coastal areas and islands, Khali area. Climate Yemen southern tropical dry climate, cool hot points two seasons a year, 4-10 months for the hot season, the average temperature of 37 degrees, 11-3 months for the cool season, the average temperature of 27 degrees. Annual rainfall is 50 mm. Aden air temperature is higher, the hot season the temperature reached 41.8 degrees, cool season minimum temperature of 17.5 degrees, the average annual rainfall of 94.7 mm. The northern climate type are many, the east slope toward the Lou Bo Harry desert, desert and semi desert area, climate is dry, hot dry; the central plateau, the altitude of 1500-4000 meters high, cool climate; hilly area, mild climate, abundant rainfall, annual rainfall of 1000 mm in the rainy season, more concentrated in the 3-5 month and 7-9 months; Western Red Sea coast is a post Hamai area, the climate is hot and rainy, summer temperature is generally 35-40 degrees, humidity is generally 80-90%, annual precipitation in 400 mm below. City Introduction Yemen Sana'a The capital of the Yemen Republic, Yemen is the political, economic, cultural center, a population of 1600000 (2001 statistics). SANA is located between the Nakamu Abang hill and mountain Sana'a basin, with an average altitude of 2200 meters. Sana'a, mild climate, abundant sunshine, summer temperatures generally not more than thirty degrees, the winter temperature sometimes as low as zero, the annual rainfall is about 250 mm, SA year there are two rainy seasons, the annual March to April for the rainy season from July to August, small, in the rainy season, because of drainage facilities in Sana'a city behind, often occur floods during the rainy season. SANA is Islamic history, is the earliest human settlement of said to Noah, Shem had to settle down here, about SANA the earliest historical records can be traced back to ad first Century, ad sixth Century Ximiyalite Dynasty ordered sanaa. Historically, Sana'a was the Arabia Peninsula transport hub, merchants gathered, Sana'a was successively by Arabia Persian and Osman Turkey Empire, the humanities and the natural disaster, Sana'a city has been damaged and destroyed several times, repeatedly reconstruction. In 1962 Yemen after the success of the revolution, set for North Yemen capital Sanaa; one nine nine May 0 reunification of North and South Yemen as the capital, Sana'a, Yemen Republic after the reunification. At present, Sana'a, still retains many historical sites, famous old city of Sanaa, Yemen door, with Ye Haiya palace, the old city of Sanaa, as listed by UNESCO as one of world cultural heritage. Aden From the south of the capital, Sana'a, 363 kilometers of Aden is located in the southern tip of the Arabia Peninsula, overlooking India ocean, is the southern most important port city, at the junction, Aden port is located in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden mild climate, surrounded by clear water, coral reefs all over, can the normal operation of the Deepwater port,. The history of more than 3000 Aden port, once the distribution center of ancient spice trade. The history of Aden has for the Osman Turkey Empire and the British rule, trade has flourished, in twentieth Century sixty years, Aden port has the world's second largest port. In 1976 the South after the independence of Yemen, due to a series of political crisis and the international environmental impact, the decline of Aden port. In 1990, after the reunification of North and South Yemen, Aden became the Republic of Yemen Shangdu and winter, the population of 510000 (2001 statistics). In 1991 April, after the reunification of Yemen issued on the establishment of general institutions of Aden free zone and the construction of the Aden free zone of the Republic Act; in 1993, the government also issued a free zone method, completed the overall planning of the Aden free zone; 1999 September, Aden free zone official container terminal operator; in 2002 September, the first phase project of Aden Free Zone Industrial and warehouse district was completed. Aden existing in Yemen's most important energy industry, such as oil refineries and power plants. Although the Yemen government is also aware of Aden an important position in the development of economy in Yemen, however, due to the existence of many problems, past the port of Aden to reproduce the brilliant time. Tazi Yemen is one of the important city, located 256 kilometers south of Sana'a, population 530000 (2001 statistics). Tazi is a mountain, there are many sites, four seasons pleasant climate, Yemen is a summer and winter resort. Tazi La Souris (Rasulis) during the reign of the capital Yemen, once in fashion. In ancient and modern Yemen, Taiz occupies the extremely important position, the Talz existing Yemen some important industrial facilities, such as cigarette factory, food factory, washing supplies factory, Yemen's largest Saeed industrial group, headquartered in taiz. Hodeidah An important port city of Yemen in the Red Sea, 226 kilometers west from the capital Sana'a, a good place to Hodeidah is the history of fishing in Hodeidah in fifteenth Century, to supply the past by a small fishing fleet, gradually expanded to a port, later, a king of Sultan defeated the Portuguese, took control of the port, the port in 1961, reconstruction, become a modern port, the population of 770000 (2001 statistics). Mukalla An important city of Yemen coast of Arabia, from the capital Sana'a, 794 kilometers east of Yemen port, is also one of the more prosperous, fishery production and trade, with little damage, the city monuments are mostly well preserved, the more well-known is the palace of the king of Sultan.

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