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马达加斯加塔那那利佛现在时间及今日气温



地理

空中看塔那那利佛地理位置塔那那利佛位于马达加斯加岛中东部,距东岸约145千米,所在地是一窄长的岩石山脊,地势崎岖。该山脊长约4千米,最高点与以西高原的垂直距离约为200米,塔那那利佛城所在地的平均海拔高度则为1275米。该城是马达加斯加的最大城市,也是行政、通讯和经济中心,坐标为南纬18度55分,东经47度31分(-18.916667,47.516667),距马岛主要海港图阿马西纳约215千米,两地有铁路连接。年降水量1000~1800毫米,年平均气温18.3℃,为热带高原气候,温和凉爽。城市建设全城的布局大体上可分为高、中、低三部分。最高处是阿杜拉鲁山,王宫雄踞山顶,俯瞰全城,其主体宫殿高达40米,内有一根两抱粗的檀香木支柱,据说,是由5千名民工从数百里外的东海岸运上来的,在运输途中就有近2千人因劳累而死。中部是呈马蹄形的山坡,坡上建有高而尖的双斜面屋顶砖瓦房和通往山顶的弯曲小路。在城市最低处,即两座山峰的谷间,是美丽的阿努西湖,湖两侧耸立着总统府和政府各部的办公楼。  塔那那利佛是一座具有亚、非、欧三大洲混合风格的城市,漫步市区可见高耸的教堂尖塔、挺拔成行的桉树,红瓦盖顶的民居和块石铺砌的路面,其建筑与欧洲城市无异,而路上的行人的体态、容貌、头发和肤色,又使人似乎置身于东南亚,同时,街上还有不少头发卷曲、皮肤黝黑的非洲人。  

The air of Antananarivo location Antananarivo is located in the eastern part of the island of Madagascar, about 145 kilometers from the east coast, is located in a long narrow rocky ridge, rugged terrain. The ridge is about 4 kilometers long, the vertical distance between the highest point and the west plateau of about 200 meters, with an average altitude of Antananarivo city location, height is 1275 meters. The city is the largest city in Madagascar, is also the administrative, communications and economic center, coordinates of latitude 18 degrees 55 minutes east longitude 47 degrees 31 minutes, (-18.916667,47.516667), the main port of Toamasina from the island about 215 kilometers, the two are connected by a railway. Annual rainfall of 1000 mm to 1800 mm, the average annual temperature is 18.3 ℃, tropical highland climate, mild and cool. City Construction and the layout of the city in general can be divided into high, low, in the three part. The highest point is Adu and Lushan Mountain, the top of the mountain, overlooking the city, the main palace of up to 40 meters high, with a two holding thick sandalwood pillar, allegedly, is composed of 5000 workers from the east coast hundreds of miles away to come, in the course of transit has nearly 2000 people died from overwork. Central is the horseshoe shaped slope, slope built double sloping roof tile high and sharp and to the top of the mountain the crooked roads. In the lowest part of city, two mountain valley, is the beautiful West Lake lake of Anu, flanked by the presidential palace and government departments office building.

历史

塔那那利佛田园风光塔那那利佛约在1625年由安德里安贾卡王建立,城名(在马达加斯加语意为“千人勇士之城”)取自安德里安贾卡调配守卫该城的士兵人数。此后一段长时间该城是霍瓦人酋长的主要村庄,当他们占领马达加斯加的更多土地,该城的地位变得尤为重要,并发展成一座拥有80,000人口的城镇。1793年,该城成为伊麦利那王国的首都。马达加斯加王国第一位国王拉达马一世征服马岛大部分地区,塔那那利佛随之成为全国的行政中心。直至1869年城内大部分建筑物都仅以木材或灯心草建成,但山脊中部阿杜拉鲁山山顶却有一座高达40米的王宫,据说运输宫内檀香木柱途中就有2000名民工因劳累而死。 塔那那利佛一条繁忙的街道自从引入石与砖作为建筑材料后,整座城市完全重建,新建有一些气派的建筑,例如王家的宫殿、贵族的房屋、法国人的住所、圣公宗和罗马天主教座堂、石制教堂以及其他以砖建成的学校、医院、法院、政府大楼等。

Antananarivo pastoral scenery Antananarivo the Buddha to be around in 1625 by Adrian Jaka Wang Jianli, the city name (as "thousands of warriors of the city" in Madagascar from the Adrian Jaka semantic) deployment of soldiers in the city guard number. After a long time the city is the main village chieftain hova, when more land they occupied Madagascar, become the city's position is particularly important, and developed into a town with a population of 80000. In 1793, the city became the capital of imerina kingdom. The kingdom of Madagascar the first king LADA ma I conquered the Falklands in most areas, Antananarivo becomes national administrative center. Until 1869 the most buildings are only built in wood or rush, but ridge central Adu pull top of Lushan Mountain is a 40 meter tall palace, said Miyamauchi Danka on the way there are 2000 pillars of the transport workers because of overworked. Antananarivo a busy street since the introduction of stone and brick as a building material, the whole city complete reconstruction, some new style buildings, such as the Royal Palace, noble houses, the residence, Anglican and Catholic Rome Cathedral, the church and other stone with brick built schools, hospitals, the court, other government buildings.

经济

以轻工业为主,有纺织、水泥、食品、木材、皮革、化工等工业,其中榨油、咖啡加工、肉类加工、制革、电力等生产规模居于全国之首。有铁路和公路与岛上的各大港口相连接。有国际航空港。

Mainly in light industry, textile, cement, food, wood, leather, chemical industry, including oil, Coffee processing, meat processing, leather tanning, electric power production scale is the first in the country. The port railway and highway and the island is connected to the mouth. The international air port.

教育

设有马达加斯加大学和塔那那利佛大学。

With the University of Madagascar and University of antananarivo.

文化

风俗习惯塔那那利佛人牛为财富的标志,牛头为国家的象征。葬礼铺张,每隔四年掘开祖坟,举行隆重的翻尸换衣仪式。元旦时,人们互赠鸡尾,以示祝福。   塔那那利佛人的房屋与非洲大陆的房屋迎然不同,却与东南亚各族人民的房屋极其相似。现代城市的建筑在许多方面继承了传统的建筑形式,地基很高,房顶又高又尖。在塔那那利佛,人们对牛有着一种特殊的,近乎狂热的崇拜。牛为财富的标志。牛头为国家的象征。牛象孩子一样要接受洗礼,一个星期中的某一天不能强迫牛去干活。塔那那利佛的绝大多数部族都以农业为生,大米是主要食粮,煮好米饭一般就着用蔬菜、鱼、羊、家禽或野禽肉块做的卤吃,而且还撒许多辣椒和五味香料。他们还喜欢吃白薯和木薯,爱喝酸奶。塔那那利佛居民大部分人的穿戴几乎被西装革履所代替,特别是年青人,喜欢欧洲的流行时装。同时还保留有民族服装──一种颇似印度"沙丽"的"兰巴","兰巴"上面绘有精美的花卉鸟兽图案,披在肩上,既是御寒物又是装饰品。传统节日行割礼同一些非洲国家类似,也是塔那那利佛当地人生活当中一项重要的风俗和传统就是割礼。在塔那那利佛当地人的传统观念中,男孩出生后不久都需要进行割包皮手术,只有这样,这些男孩日后才会有男子汉气概。所以,每年的6月到9月,也就是旱季期间,大人们会把这段时间出生或者是还没割包皮的的男婴都集中在一起,来进行割包皮的仪式。这样的仪式因为具备相当重要的意义,所以也是热闹非常,人们载歌载舞来庆祝,规模大的时候,甚至会有几千人来参加。国庆节:6月26日殉难日:3月29日

Customs Antananarivo cattle for signs of wealth, the national emblem. Funeral extravagance, and every four years to dig the graves, held the famadihana grand. The new year's day, people give each other a cocktail, as a sign of blessing. Antananarivo people's houses and Africa attack, housing different, but with the people of all ethnic groups in Southeast Asia house very similar. The modern city building has inherited the traditional architectural forms in many ways, the foundation is very high, the high pitched. In Antananarivo on, people have a special, cult. The cow is a sign of wealth. The national emblem. Cattle like the child to accept baptism, one day a week is not forced to work in cattle. Antananarivo most tribe in agriculture, rice is the main food, cooked Steamed Rice generally with vegetables, fish, sheep, poultry or wild meat do halogen eat, but also with many hot peppers and five flavor. They also like to eat sweet potato and cassava, love to drink yogurt. Most people wear Antananarivo residents almost replaced by in Western dress and leather shoes, especially young people, like the European fashion. At the same time also have retained the national costume -- a rather as India "Sally" "ramba", "ramba" painted flowers and beautiful pattern, the shoulders, is a cold thing and decor. Traditional festivals and circumcision with some Africa countries is similar, Antananarivo local life an important customs and traditional circumcision. In the traditional concept of the local people in Antananarivo, the boy soon after birth are required for circumcision operation, only in this way, the future will be manly boy. So, every year from June to September, which is during the dry season, people will take this time to birth or is not circumcised males together, to carry out circumcision ceremony. Such ceremonies because have quite important sense, it is also very busy, people now singing, now dancing to celebrate, time scale, and even there will be thousands of people to participate in the. National Day: Memorial Day: March 29th June 26th

旅游

景点介绍塔那那利佛山景马达加斯加人民有着不屈不挠的斗争传统。为纪念马达加斯加民族独立,塔那那利佛市中心有一条宽阔、平直的“独立大街”,这是全市最繁华的地方,马达加斯加人民的传统集市“佐马”(星期五集市)就设在这条大街的广场上。每到周五,市场上商贾云集,各种农副产品纷纷上市,各种蔬菜、水果、家禽、水产品应有尽有。漫步街头,可看石头商店、商摊比比皆是,各种各样的石头、石料制品和矿石标本吸引了众多的外国游客。 革命公园塔那那利佛有一个公园,被人称为“革命公园”,这是马达加斯加人民为捍卫民族独立和国家主权进行不懈斗争的象征。塔那那利佛昔日的王宫现已改建为纪念马达加斯加人民反抗外来侵略斗争的博物馆,这里陈设着当年马达加斯加人民使用过的矛、盾、土枪和土炮,反映了马达加斯加人民不畏强暴、顽强斗争的精神。同时,这里还陈列了马达加斯加特产──石墨制成的勺、盒、罐子以及各种精致的雕刻品。塔那那利佛王宫塔那那利佛王宫安布希曼加(Amblhimanga)马达加斯加古城。位于首都塔那那利佛北20公里处。是一座树木茂密的山庄,称“临色山丘”。因在这里建有王宫和皇室陵寝,又称“圣城”。王宫坐落山头,现存惟一最古老而又较为完整的王宫,是安德里亚纳姆波伊尼麦利那国王在1788-1810年执政时的住地。 王宫为木质结构,建筑在石砌的台基上,长约7米,宽6米,屋顶由一根10米长黄檀木支撑,双层黄檀木板为壁,每块板宽40-45厘米,厚7厘米,共计110余块木板。从地基痕迹看,原来房屋分隔成5间,现室内陈设两张木床。一张为高脚木床,须登梯而上,是国王所用,另一张木床是后纪所用。沿墙陈列3个多层架,架上有菜刀、油灯和黏制成的碟子等物,还有当年作炉灶用的5块石头、一只7根叉的烤肉架。板墙上挂着国王用的一支双刃标枪、3支单刃标枪、一把马刀及3支牛角等兵器。“圣城”地势险峻,防卫坚固。护城沟周长2500米,围墙有7个隘口,每个隘口都修了石结构城门。今存较完好的是东面的安巴图米桑加纳门。城门上端建有圆草顶、红墙壁的瞭望亭。城门为单独一块圆石板,直径4.5米,厚0.3米,晨开夜闭,每次开关必须几十人推滚。安德里亚纳姆波伊尼麦利那国王于1810年死在塔那那利佛。根据他的遗嘱,发葬于此,但法国殖民当局在1897睥将国王遗体移葬于塔那那利佛王宫陵墓。津巴巴札自然公园塔那那利佛河流景观塔那那利佛的津巴巴札自然公园以饲养狐猴而闻名,这种世界上的珍奇动物目前只生存在马达加斯加岛和科摩罗两地,马达加斯加的狐猴大约有40余种,有的小巧玲珑,可以装进烟盒内,有的足有半米多长。它头部像狐,体形与生活习性又与猴子相仿,属于原始种类的动物,在研究生物进化上有很高的科学价值。  塔那那里利佛古建筑群塔那那利佛古建筑群塔那那里利佛是马达加斯加首都,位于中部高原区,约有人口125万。马达加斯加著名的古建筑群塔那那里利佛王宫就坐落在市中心的山颠上。 安德里安卡王子于1610年在这里建起了城堡,以后历代王朝都于次修建宫殿。古建筑群中规模最大的,最富丽堂皇的一座宫殿是“曼加卡米亚达纳宫”。它是法国领事让。保德于1839年为拉娜瓦洛娜女王一世建造的。宫殿原为木质结构,在1868年,英国的建筑师雅姆。卡莫龙奉命为宫殿外砌上了一层石壁。宫殿的四角建有塔楼,略低于殿顶。位于王宫左边的皇家陵墓,埋葬或移葬了从安德里安卡到拉娜瓦洛娜女王三世共七代国王。  总统府介绍塔那那利佛总统府位于首都塔那那利佛近郊,乘车从市区向东行驶20多分钟便可抵达。总统府依山势而建,排排建筑物层层升高,既宏伟壮观,又森严壁垒。在穿过两排建筑物组成的一座院落后,便来到了主建筑前的广场。广场面积很大,站在广场上,头顶阳光灿烂,你会感到天地无限开阔。主建筑前方是巨大的声控喷泉,喷泉两侧各有一株盘根错节的仙人掌,其叶片足有蒲扇大,可见生长年代之久。穿过广场,拾级而上,来到主楼前。主建筑呈四方形,四角耸立白色的角楼,正门处是三层建筑,四根白色的廊柱直插云天。这是一座典型的东方式建筑,是由朝鲜政府援助建设的。市景欣赏塔那那利佛塔那那利佛 

Attractions Antananarivo Foshan scene Madagascar people have refuse to be cowed or submit to fight the traditional. To commemorate the Madagascar national independence, has a broad, flat "independence Avenue" Antananarivo downtown, this is the city's most bustling place, the people of Madagascar's traditional market "xoma" (the Friday market) is located in the street square. Every Friday, the market merchants, a variety of agricultural and sideline products have been listed, all kinds of vegetables, fruit, poultry, aquatic products, have everything that one expects to find. Strolling in the street, can see the stone store, business booth meet the eye everywhere, various kinds of stone, stone and ore samples attracts many foreign tourists. There is a park in the revolutionary Park Antananarivo, known as the "revolution Park", which is the symbol of the people of Madagascar to safeguard national independence and state sovereignty of unremitting struggle. Antananarivo former palace has been converted to commemorate the Madagascar people to resist foreign aggression struggle Museum, here, the people of Madagascar used a spear, shield, guns and artillery, reflecting Madagascar people's brave, tenacious struggle of the spirit. At the same time, also on display here Madagascar specialty -- made of graphite, the box, and the jar are intricate carvings. Antananarivo palace Antananarivo palace Massimo Seaman and (Amblhimanga) the ancient city of Madagascar. Located 20 kilometers north of the capital antananarivo. Is a wooded hill, known as "temporary green hills". Because here built a palace and royal tombs, also known as the "holy city". The palace is located in the mountains, only the most ancient and the more complete the palace, is Andrea Namm Poy Ni Merina king in 1788-1810's home. The palace for the wooden structure, building in the stone on the platform, about 7 meters long, 6 meters wide, the roof by a 10 meters long Huang Tanmu support, double dalbergia wood wall panels, 40-45 cm wide, 7 cm thick, a total of more than 110 pieces of wood. From the ground to see traces, the original house was divided into 5 rooms, the interior furnishings two wooden bed. A high foot wooden ladder, must be on, is the king, another piece of bed is used after ji. Along the wall display 3 multi-storey frame, kitchen knife, oil lamps and adhesive made of dishes such as the object frame, and then as a stove with 5 pieces of stone, a 7 fork barbecue. Plate hanging on the wall a double-edged javelin, the king with 3 single blade javelin, a saber and 3 horns and other weapons. "The holy city" steep terrain, defense firm. The moat trench wall circumference of 2500 meters, 7 pass, each pass are built stone gate. This deposit is intact is east of Ann Batu Misan Jana Men. The gate is built lookout pavilion round thatched roof, red walls. The gate alone a round piece of stone, 4.5 meters in diameter, 0.3 meters thick, morning and night closed, each switch must be dozens of roll. Andrea Namm Poy Ni Merina king died on 1810 in antananarivo. According to his will, hair buried here, but the French colonial authorities of the king was buried in the tomb in the 1897 shift Antananarivo Palace eyelid. TNR Antananarivo river landscape Jin Ba Zha Natural Park Jin Ba Zha nature park is famous for breeding lemurs, the world rare animal currently exist only in the island of Madagascar and the Comoros, there are about 40 species of lemurs in Madagascar, there is little and dainty, can be put into the box, or a foot and a half meters long. It is like the fox head, body and life habits and the monkey is similar, belong to the primitive type of animal, it is of great scientific value in the study of biological evolution.

参考资料

1.http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A1%94%E9%82%A3%E9%82%A3%E5%88%A9%E4%BD%9B2.http://news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2007-03/06/content_5806313.htm3.http://politics.people.com.cn/GB/8198/137389/137402/8257390.html4.http://www.invest.net.cn/swzx/madagascar/yyfj/second-1.htm 相关文献 万方数据期刊论文马达加斯加发展养蜂缓解贫困 - 中国蜂业 - 200758 ( 11 ) 万方数据学位论文城市环境管理比较研究(武汉,安塔那那利佛) - 2005 万方数据期刊论文地方高校对外汉语教学的问题与发展研究 - 教育学术月刊 - 2010 ( 1 )

1.http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A1%94%E9%82%A3%E9%82%A3%E5%88%A9%E4%BD%9B2.http://news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2007-03/06/content_5806313.htm3.http://politics.people.com.cn/GB/8198/137389/137402/8257390.html4.http://www.invest.net.cn/swzx/madagascar/yyfj/ second-1.htm The related literature Wanfang Data in Madagascar development of beekeeping to alleviate poverty - Chinese apiculture - 200758 ( 11 ) Comparative study of Wanfang Data in the city environment management (Wuhan, Antananarivo) - 2005 Research on the problems and development of Wanfang Data journals of local universities in teaching Chinese as a foreign language - Academic Journal - 2010 ( 1 )

马达加斯加行政区划

省 塔那那利佛省 |安齐拉纳纳省 | 菲亚纳兰楚阿省 | 马哈赞加省 | 图阿马西纳省 | 图利亚拉省 首都 塔那那利佛

Province Antananarivo province | Antsiranana province | | Fianarantsoa Mahajanga province | Toamasina province | Toliara Province The capital Antananarivo More related to interactive encyclopedia entries > > edit entries, we will update as soon as possible your changes