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毛里塔尼亚努瓦克肖特现在时间及今日气温



历史

发展中的努瓦克肖特努瓦克肖特原来是个仅有200人的村落,村民以渔牧为生,1957年7月24日被定为毛里塔尼亚首都,1958年3月5日是城市兴建的起始日,国家首届政府就在帐篷内办公。经过几十年的建设,城市基础设施有了很大发展,城市面积和人口翻了几番。鉴于城市规模和管理问题,2001年6月取消努瓦克肖特城市建制,改设努瓦克肖特城市共同体,原努市九县成为共同体内九个相互既独立又关联的市。

Nouakchott in the development of Nouakchott was only 200 people of the village, villagers in the fishing for a living, July 24, 1957 was designated as the capital of Mauritania, March 5, 1958 is the starting date of city construction, the state's first government office in the tent. After decades of construction, city infrastructure has made great development, city size and population more than doubled. In view of city scale and management issues, in 2001 June to cancel the Nouakchott city construction system, to set up Nouakchott city community, nine county city has become the common original efforts in nine mutually independent and related city.

经济

努瓦克肖特礼堂 努瓦克肖特是毛里塔尼亚政治、经济、文化和交通中心。城市以独立广场为中心,建有机场、港口和工业区。 工业不发达,主要是一些采矿和小型加工业。采矿业主要开采铁矿,主要出口法国、意大利、比利时等国。主要农作物有高粱、水稻、小米、玉米、小麦、大麦、豆类、椰枣等。农业靠天吃饭,受自然灾害影响大。2004年降雨量偏少,又遇蝗灾,造成农业大幅减产。每年需大量进口粮食,并要求国际援助。畜牧业在国民经济中占重要地位,产值占国内生产总值的15%。主要畜养羊、牛和骆驼。 工业以电力、纺织、服装、食品、制糖为主,还有地毯、屠宰、鱼肉加工、汽车修配等。港口建有深水码头,主要输出阿克茹特产的精铜矿和石油。

Nouakchott Hall Nouakchott is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center. City in the Merdeka Square as the center, built the airport, port and industrial zone. The less developed industrial, mining and processing industry is mainly some small. The main mining iron ore mining industry, mainly exported to France, Italy, Belgium and other countries. The main crops are rice, sorghum, millet, maize, wheat, barley, beans, dates, etc.. Agriculture to live at the mercy of the elements, affected by natural disasters in. In 2004, the rainfall is little, and when the plague of locusts, resulting in a sharp reduction in agricultural. The annual need to import large quantities of food, and appealed for international aid. The animal husbandry occupies an important position in the national economy, the output value accounted for 15% of gdp. The keeper of the sheep, cattle and camels mainly. To the power industry, textile, clothing, food, sugar, and carpet, slaughtering, meat processing, such as car repair. The port has a deep water pier, refined copper and oil output Akeru specialty.

交通

努瓦克肖特公路的努瓦克肖特为毛里塔尼亚的交通枢纽,公路南达罗索,东通内马,北连阿塔尔。首都机场有前往国内各省会的航班,国际上与巴黎、阿比让、巴马科、达喀尔、阿尔及尔、卡萨布兰卡、拉斯帕尔马斯、班珠尔和比绍通航。中国援建的友谊港是毛最大的深水港,年吞吐量90万吨,承担全国90%的进口任务。

Nouakchott highway Nouakchott Mauritania traffic hub, Road South East Rosso, Ipanema, North Atar. To domestic capital flight of capital airport, and Paris, Abidjan international, Bamako, Dakar, Algiers, Casablanca, Lars Palmas, Banjul and Bissau navigation. China aided friendship Hong Mao largest deep-water port, the annual throughput of 900000 tons, 90% of the country bear the import task.

地理

努瓦克肖特位于毛里塔尼亚西部广阔的沙漠地带,仅隔一条狭窄的沿海沙丘与大西洋相望,距海岸5公里。努瓦克肖特是毛里塔尼亚的政治、文化、商业、金融中心。努瓦克肖特行政上是与各省同级的独立特区,下设9个县和努瓦克肖特市。 努瓦克肖特四季气候干旱,7、8、9月气温较高,11月至次年4月气候凉爽。9月为最热的月份,最高气温34℃;12月为最冷的月份,最低气温约13℃。年降雨量仅53毫米。

Nouakchott is located in the vast desert of Mauritania in the west, just across a narrow coastal dunes and across the the Atlantic, 5 kilometers from the coast. Nouakchott is the political, cultural, commercial, financial center. Nouakchott is the administrative and the independent DC, consists of 9 counties and the city of Nouakchott. Nouakchott four seasons climate drought, 7, 8, September November to April of the following year, the higher the temperature, the cool climate. September is the hottest month, the highest temperature of 34 ℃; December is the coldest month, the minimum temperature of 13 ℃. The annual rainfall of only 53 mm.

教育

努瓦克肖特政府重视发展教育事业,把提高全民教育水平作为脱贫的重要途径。2001年各级教育平均入学率为43%。毛里塔尼亚有5所高等院校:努瓦克肖特大学(建于1980年,是毛第一所综合性大学)、国家行政学校、高等师范学院、高等科学院和高等伊斯兰学院,另外还有5所技术学校。除现代教育外,毛里塔尼亚各地存在传统的古兰经学校(音译为马哈德拉学校)。  

The Nouakchott government attaches great importance to the development of education, raise the level of national education as an important approach to poverty reduction. The average enrollment rate was 43% in 2001, all levels of education. Mauritania has 5 universities: Nouakchott University (founded in 1980, is the first comprehensive university hair), National School of administration, the higher normal school, the Academy of Sciences and the higher the Islamic school, there are 5 technical school. In addition to the modern education, Mauritania throughout the traditional kuttab (transliteration for the Mahad La school).

民族

努瓦克肖特各族人民 总体上分为摩尔族和黑非民族(非洲黑人)两大类。摩尔族中白摩尔人(阿拉伯-柏柏尔血统)占30%,具有阿拉伯文化语言传统的哈拉廷人(又称黑摩尔人)占40%。非洲黑人占30%,主要部族是图库勒族、颇尔族、索宁克族、沃洛夫族和班巴拉族。  

The people of all ethnic groups in Nouakchott Generally divided into the mole people and black non minority (Africa black) two categories. White moor Moore family (Arabia - Berber origin) accounted for 30%, with Arabia culture and language of traditional haratin (also known as the black moor) accounted for 40%. Africa blacks accounted for 30%, mainly the toucouleur family, clan, sonnin Croat pall, wollof and bambara.

文化

风俗习惯 努瓦克肖特的住宅努瓦克肖特的居民,无论是摩尔人还是黑人,无论是老人还是孩童,个个能歌善舞。男的身材长,歌喉圆浑,爱跳强有力的土风舞。女的都很健壮,一边引吭高歌,一边扭动腰肢和殿,腹舞蹈。每个地区都有各自特色的舞,舞姿各具有风韵,精彩动人,令人叹服。 在努瓦克肖特朋友见面时,热情问好,紧拉着手依依不舍。问好时,不仅问人好,还常常问对方的羊、骆驼、牛好不好。这种罕见的问候方式,大是因为在这个以农业为主的国家里,牲畜兴旺与否与人们的生活和命运有着密切关系的缘故。 努瓦克肖特人的服饰别具一格,带有浓重的民族特色和地方特色,一般都是男袍女裙。男子穿白色或蓝色的“布布”大袍,头上缠一条长长的白布头巾,脚蹬一双光头无后跟的皮凉鞋。“布布”大袍的前胸上开两条长逢,里面逢着两个大口袋,可装不少钱物。 努瓦克肖特人的主食以玉米煮的为主。近年来,年青妇女穿花花绿绿的色裙已相当行,而较年长的妇女仍然保持着传统的习惯。除城里人外,牧民大多只在出生、婚嫁或死亡等重大时刻沐浴。 传统节日 努瓦克肖特公历1月1日元旦3月8日国际妇女节4月5日穆斯林元旦5月1日国际劳动节5月25日非洲统一组织成立纪念日6月4日全国实行伊斯兰法日6月9日全国残疾人日7月5日全国取消奴隶制日7月10日武装力量日(1978)8月4日海德拉向全国发出抗旱日8月12日全国植树日11月28日毛里塔尼亚独立日(1960)回历3月12日穆斯林圣诞节10月1日开斋节12月10日宰羊节(古尔邦节) 友好城市 2000年9月,努瓦克肖特与中国兰州市结为友好城市。

Customs and habits Nouakchott housing for the residents of Nouakchott, regardless of the moors and black, both the elderly or children, they are good at singing and dancing. The man was long, soft voice, love jump powerful folk dance. The woman is very strong, the side roar out a song, while the twist of the waist and belly dance hall. Have their own characteristics in each region of the dance, dance with charm, impressive, impressive. Say hello to warm in Nouakchott friends meeting, be reluctant to part, clasped hands. Hello, ask people not only, also often ask each other's sheep, camels, cattle ok. This is a rare form of greeting, is because in the agriculture based countries, livestock prosperity and people's life and destiny are closely related. Nouakchott people have a style of one's own dress, with a strong ethnic and local characteristics, are generally m gowns. The men wear white or blue "cloth" robe, head wrapped in a long white scarf, wearing a pair of bald backless sandals. "Cloth" robe chest open two Long Feng, which meet with two big pockets, can be installed a lot of money. Nouakchott corn boiled. In recent years, the young women wear brightly coloured color skirt has a line, while the older women still maintain a traditional habit. In addition to the city, and mostly in birth, marriage or death and other major moment bath. The traditional festival Nouakchott January 1st in the Gregorian calendar new year's Day International Women's day March 8th April 5th Muslim New Year's day May 1st International Labor Day May 25th Africa unified organization on the anniversary of the founding of the June 4th National Islamic law, June 9th National Disabled Day in July 5th the abolition of slavery in July 10th armed Forces Day (1978) August 4th Hella issued drought day August 12th national tree planting Day Independence Day National Mauritania in November 28th to the year March 12th (1960) the Muslim Eid al Fitr Christmas October 1st December 10th butchers the sheep Festival (EID al AdhA) Friendly city In 2000 September, Nouakchott and Chinese Lanzhou friendly city.

其他

港口 努瓦克肖特港 西非毛利塔尼亚最大商港。原老港之南1.5海里,东北距首都约15公里。港口北距努瓦迪布185海里,南至达喀尔港250海里。购通内陆及马里的铁路正在兴建。1980年应毛里塔尼亚应邀请中国派出技术人员和工人兴建,1986年6月底建成,1986年9月正式开港,毛政府命名为友谊港。港口主体由一长750米,宽13.7米的栈桥组成。还有796米的防波堤和544米的拦沙堤。陆域建有2座总面积为7908平方米的仓库和42682.00平方米堆场,以及港务局、海关大楼,各种辅助设备一应俱全。年吞吐能力为50万吨,是原老港的3倍多。 相关文献 万方数据期刊论文毛里塔尼亚努瓦克肖特新国际机场控制测量 - 勘察科学技术 - 2008 ( 3 ) 万方数据期刊论文毛里塔尼亚努瓦克肖特市区孕妇乙型肝炎血清流行病学研究 - 中华流行病学杂志 - 200223 ( z1 ) 万方数据期刊论文友谊港的"阿米哥"——毛里塔尼亚首都纪行 - 西亚非洲 - 2009 ( 2 )

Port Port of Nouakchott The largest port in West Africa mauritania. The original old port 1.5 sea miles northeast of the south, about 15 kilometers from the capital. Port of North Noua Deeb 185 nautical miles, 250 nautical miles south of Dakaergang. Purchase through inland and Mali railway under construction. In 1980 should be invited Chinese Mauritania sent technical personnel and workers built at the end of 6, completed in 1986, 1986, September officially opened in Hong Kong, gross government named the friendship harbor. The port consists of a 750 meters long, 13.7 meters wide of the Zhanqiao. There are 796 m and 544 m of sediment barrier breakwater. Land and built 2 of the total area of 7908 square meters of warehouse and yard of 42682 m2, and the port authority, the customs building, various auxiliary equipment Goods are available in all varieties. The annual handling capacity of 500000 tons, which was more than 3 times the original old port. The related literature Wanfang Data journals Mauritania Nouakchott new international airport control measurement - Survey of science and technology - 2008 ( 3 ) Wanfang Data journals Mauritania serum epidemiological research on hepatitis B pregnant women in urban areas of Nouakchott - Chinese Journal of Epidemiology - 200223 ( Z1 ) Wanfang Data journals in Friendship Port "brother Amie" -- in capital of Mauritania - The West Africa - 2009 ( 2 )

毛里塔尼亚行政区划

省  阿德拉尔省 | 阿萨巴省 | 卜拉克纳省 | 戈尔戈勒省 | 吉迪马卡省 | 东胡德省 | 西胡德省 | 因希里省 | 努瓦迪布湾省 | 塔甘特省 | 提里斯-宰穆尔省 | 特拉扎省 首都 努瓦克肖特

Province