牙买加今日气温查询奥乔里奥斯,内格里尔,内格里尔等城市今日气温查询

牙买加(英文:Jamaica)起源于印第安语,意为“林水之乡”。原为印第安人阿拉瓦克族居住地。1494年哥伦布来到此地,1509年沦为西班牙殖民地。1655年被英国占领。1866年成为英直辖殖民地。1962年8月6日宣告独立,为英联邦成员国。面积10991平方公里。位于加勒比海西北部。东隔牙买加海峡与海地相望,北距古巴约140公里。海岸线长1220公里。东西长235公里,南北宽82公里,是加勒比海中面积仅次于古巴和海地岛的第三大岛。

名称来源牙买加(英文:Jamaica)是加勒比海地区的一个岛国。而牙买加之所以会被称为Jamaica,其实也是源自于Arawak语言的(Xaymaca)一字,这个单字有(充满树木与水的大地)的涵义在内,虽然Arawak已被灭绝,但其少数字辞用语如烤肉(Barbecue)、马铃薯(Potato)、嘉年华会(Carnival)、烟草(Tabocco)、独木舟(Canoe)等,依然在英语中沿用並流传至今。牙买加的面积在西印度群岛中,仅次于古巴及海地而居于第3位,哥伦布与牙买加的缘份也较其他小岛为深,因为1503年哥伦布在他第4次的航行途中,由于船隻遭受蟲蛀,在等待救援的同时,他曾在牙买加居住长达1年,这也是哥伦布在其历次航行记录中,待在同一地点最久的一次。 位置 牙买加地理位置位于加勒比海西北部。东隔牙买加海峡与海地相望,北距古巴约140公里。为加勒比海第三大岛,海岸线长1220公里。 地形沿海地区为冲积平原;东部为山地,中部和西部为丘陵和石灰岩高原,岩溶地貌发达,缺少地表径流,多洞穴 气候热带,已有显示旱季。夏秋季常受飓风侵袭。行政区划划为三郡:康沃尔郡、米德尔塞克斯郡、萨里郡。三郡之下又划分为14个区,其中金斯敦和圣安德鲁区组成一个联合区,所以实际上只有13个区政府。各区名称如下:金斯敦和圣安德鲁联合区、圣托马斯、波特兰、圣马丽、圣安娜、特里洛尼、圣詹姆斯、汉诺威、威斯特摩兰、圣伊丽莎白、曼彻斯特、克拉伦登、圣凯瑟琳。 人口280万(2008年)。黑人和黑白混血种人占90%以上,其余为印度人、白人和华人。 宗教大多数居民信奉基督教,少数人信奉印度教和犹太教。 语言英语为官方语言和通用语,民间通用帕托阿语(Patois)。 国旗长方形,长宽之比为2:1。旗面上有两道交叉的黄色对角宽带,把旗面分成四个三角形,上下为绿色,左右为黑色。黄色代表该国的自然资源和阳光,黑色象征已经克服和即将面临的困难,绿色象征希望和国家丰富的农业资源。

The map of Jamaica on the island of Jamaica has become the Indians at Arawa grams family residence in fifth Century BC, a Jamaica that is derived from Arawa g word Xaymaca, meaning "water and trees". In 1494 Kolumb came here in 1509, Spain claimed Jamaica as its colonial, renamed Santiago (Santiago). Spain to indigenous people practiced slavery policy, resulting in the near future, Arawa on the island of G is due to war, disease and enslaved and extinction. As the Supplementary Labour, Spain since 1517 from the Africa to Jamaica slave trade, leading to black gradually become the main body of local people. In 1538, Spanish Spanish town, as the capital of Jamaica. In 1670, according to the Treaty of Madrid, Spain, Jamaica, was ceded to Britain, the British people will immediately the island as the pirate base, in 1692 before the Loire port were destroyed by the earthquake, became the capital of Pirates of the Caribbean "". Since then, the British built the city of Kingston, gradually it will become the center of Jamaica city. After 150 years, Jamaica has become the world famous sugar, rum and Coffee origin. In order to maintain a large number of plantations, the establishment of the Royal Africa Company, in 1672 from the west, especially the lion mountain, a large number of trafficking of slaves. Because of the cruelty, slave uprising As one falls, even once in the mountains built some independent settlements, known as the Malone people. In 1831, Samuel Sharp led a slave uprising at Christmas, although the revolt of the 10 days that ended in failure, but caused the domestic extensive attention. The investigation is believed to be one of the reasons why the British Empire declared the abolition of slavery in August 1, 1834. After that, Jamaica slaves although gained small amounts of free, but life is still not improved. In 1865, a massive uprising in 1866, Britain announced that Jamaica into a crown colony. At the end of nineteenth Century, Jamaica sugar industry gradually fading, replace sb. is banana planting industry. In 1872, Kingston became the capital of Jamaica. In later decades, Jamaica's economy has gradually prosperity, but social and cultural development has always been to suppress the colonial authorities. Especially during the great depression, all classes are very dissatisfied with the local social conditions on the depression. In 1938, the workers staged an uprising. After that, the colonial authorities were forced to give some of the local autonomous rights. In 1944, a general election was held for the first time. In 1958, Jamaica joined the Western Federation of India, but in 1961, voters rejected the Treaty of union, led to Jamaica's withdrawal. In August 6, 1962 Jamaica's declaration of independence, independence was declared to join the British commonwealth. In March 30, 2006, Jamaica's first female prime minister Portia Miller in the capital Kingston sworn.

牙买加首都金斯敦(kingston)是世界第七大天然深水良港,旅游疗养胜地。位于东南岸海湾内岛上最高山峰兰山西南脚下,附近有肥沃的瓜内亚平原。面积(包括市郊)约500平方公里,这里四季如春,气温常在23-29摄氐度之间。城市三面是苍绿的丘陵和山峰,一面是远海碧波,风景如画,有“加勒比城市的皇后”之誉。城市空气清新,道路整洁,路旁棕榈树和开着鲜艳花朵的马合树成行。市区除政府机关外,大型建筑物不多。商店、电影院、旅馆等集中在卑支诺斯街中段。市中心有广场、议会大厦、圣托马斯教堂(1699年建)、博物馆等。北郊有国家体育场,经常在这里赛马。附近为商业中心,被称为新金斯敦。城东端有罗克福德古堡。兰山脚下8公里处有一大植物园,热带果树品种齐全。西郊有西印度群岛最高学府西印度大学的6个学院。这里兰山产的优质咖啡,闻名世界。铁路、公路通往全岛,并有大型国际机场,旅游业发达。目前牙买加的人民有90﹪以上均是非洲黑人,且有普遍年轻化的倾向,约60﹪的人口年龄在29岁以下,不过一世纪以来与其他种族联姻的结果,使得牙买加拥有更多元独特的文化,但是非洲文化在此地还是有很深远的影响力,不论是在食衣住行,甚至音乐、舞蹈、语言、民谣故事等各方面均可感受的到。

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旅游业、矿业、农业和新兴的信息技术服务业是牙国民经济支柱。以旅游业为核心的服务业收入占牙GDP总值的60%以上。铝矾土储量超过25亿吨,居世界第四位。农业以传统的甘蔗、香蕉种植为主。近年来,政府大力发展信息技术产业,将其作为新的经济增长点,积极实行以自由市场经济为基础、私人企业为动力、大力推行私有化的政策并取得一定成效。 资源主要有铝矾土,储量约25亿吨。其他矿藏有钴、铜、铁、铅、锌和石膏等。森林面积26.5万公顷,多为杂木。 工业铝矾土的开采冶炼是最重要的工业部门,为世界第四大铝矾土生产国。2006年,铝矾土产量达1490万吨,同比增长5.3%,总产值约占GDP的10%。2007年,受飓风灾害影响,铝矾土产量比上年下降2%,为1460万吨。此外还有食品加工、饮料、卷烟、金属制品、电子设备、建筑材料、化学制品和纺织服装等工业。 农牧渔业具有悠久的农业传统。全国耕地面积约27万公顷,森林面积约占全国总面积的20%。主要种植甘蔗和香蕉,其他还有可可、咖啡和红胡椒等。粮食需大量进口。为减少进口,并使农产品出口多样化,政府鼓励种植蔬菜、水果及稻米。2006年农林渔业产值占GDP比重为13.9%。 旅游业重要经济部门,主要外汇来源。近年来旅游业发展迅速,直接从业人数4万人,间接从业人数为17万人,行业总人数占牙就业人口的23.5%。2006年入境游客总数为3015358人,其中过夜游客为1678905人、游轮游客为1336453人,同比分别增长15.3%、13.5%和17.7%,行业产值占GDP比重为16.7%。外国游客大部分来自美国和加拿大。 经济团体牙买加商会(JamaicaChamberofCommerce);地址:7-8EastParade,POB172,Kingston;电话:001-876-922-0150。牙买加投资贸易促进署(JamaicaPromotionsCorporation,简称:JAMPRO),地址:35TrafalgarRd,Kingston10;网址:jamaicatradeandinvenst.org;电话:001-876-929-7190;传真:001-876-924-9650;电传:2222。 对外贸易主要进口石油、食品、机械产品等,出口铝矾土、氧化铝、蔗糖和香蕉等。历年贸易均有逆差。2007年1-8月进出口总额为56.28亿美元,其中进口41.16亿美元,同比增长8.7%,出口15.12亿美元,同比增加12.9%。主要贸易伙伴为美国、英国、加拿大和挪威。   外国援助2006年,美国向牙提供了1900万美元发展援助。2006年,英国向牙提供了250万英镑援助,帮助牙改革警察队伍以及资助私营企业发展。2007年3月及6月,欧盟分别向牙政府提供521.8万欧元及9亿牙元的财政援助,以支持牙蔗糖工业的发展与转型以及协助牙政府在40个社区内实施减贫计划。2007年8月,欧盟表示将再向牙提供1亿欧元援助,用于牙司法和国家安全领域的改革。同月,欧盟还向牙政府赠送了价值1500万牙元的办公用品。2007年8月牙买加遭受“迪安”飓风袭击后,美国、加拿大、西班牙及特立尼达和多巴哥分别向牙提供57万美元物资、32.4吨物资、2.5吨物资及320万美元现汇的援助。 人民生活政府部门工作人员和企业职工退休后享受养老金。生活费用较高,贫富悬殊。全国有公费医疗服务,公立医院30所,病床7648张,医生759人。2007年人口出生率2.04%,死亡率0.66%,人均寿命73.1岁。2000年约有电视机50万台。2004年约有移动电话用户175万户。

Jamaica beach, Greer development of overseas trade and tourism is the main source of revenue in Jamaica, which requires many ports and airports. Jamaica a total of 12 is the use of the port. One of the most important port Kingston. Since the two World War, the government of Jamaica began to build international airport, located in Kingston Paley DOS Norman Manley Airport Hospital and Mont brother Donald. Sir Sangster airport can play long Jumbo jet. Domestic flights in Kingston, Montego Bay Unicom Port Antonio Ojo Rios and. Jamaica is located in North and South America, most of the major airlines in Western Europe and North America has two international airport flight to the island, so for transit passengers for large, Jamaica. Jamaica has an excellent transportation network, road length of 4200 kilometers, and the driving motor vehicles road about 5100 km. The rush is the northern coastal highway and southern coastal highway, they turn to Kingston in Spanish town. Most of the railway was built in 18851896 years. Chinese sent to Jamaica by air mail letter issued by Beijing, Paris and London to divert to the cargo. Surface mail from Beijing to Cuba to bulk mail. Telegraph, telephone circuit transfer from Beijing to london. To the main road, a good road network. The highway length of 17925 kilometers, about 4991 kilometers of asphalt, of which 786 km for a highway. Total length of 339 km railway. Starting in 1992 to stop passenger, now almost entirely for the transport of bauxite and alumina. There are 13 port coastal. Kingston is the world's seventh natural harbor, covers an area of 25 hectares, is the one of the main station, a modern container dock and warehouse, annual container handling capacity of 1500000 standard containers. Air transport has the capital Kingston's Norman Manley and Montego Bay's Donald Sagaster two international airport. Jamaica airlines have to North America, Europe and the Caribbean routes. Military defense committee as the highest decision-making body has on defense, military command and control. IDF existing shortage of troops 4000. The existing staff of 2500 people, reserve personnel nearly 1000 people. The active forces are divided into land, sea, air force, composed of 2 infantry battalions, 1 squadrons, 1 coast guard, 1 Engineering Battalion and 1 service battalion. The army commander in chief is the chiefs of staff, the current chief of staff Stuart Sanders (StewartSaunders), 2007, took office in October. The Jamaica police force and the police forces and government agencies as public security tasks.



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