危地马拉今日气温查询雷塔卢,南戈,波普通,巴里奥斯港,马萨特南戈,哈拉帕,韦韦特南戈,奇马尔特南戈省,奇马尔特南戈省等城市今日气温查询

危地马拉共和国(西班牙语:RepúblicadeGuatemala),是中美洲的一个国家,位于北美洲大陆的南部。它西滨太平洋,东临加勒比海,向北与墨西哥相接,向东北邻伯利兹,向东南邻洪都拉斯和萨尔瓦多。危地马拉素有“森林之国”之称。当地盛产贵重的红木,危地马拉地处热带,但受地形的影响,如在海拔1500米的危地马拉城,年平均温度在20.5度,被人们称为”常春王国”。

地理危地马拉地图危地马拉位于中美洲,其北部的低地平原佩滕是热带雨林,中部的高地上的火山可达4200米,太平洋畔狭窄富饶的平地又是热带气候。中部的高原也是危地马拉的文化中心,在这里,在1300到1800米高处全年气温温和,日温度在18到28摄氏度之间,在更高处一月和二月往往会比较冷。危地马拉的首都危地马拉城也在这里。它有250万居民,是危地马拉最大的城市。旅游中心有阿蒂特兰湖、老首都旧危地马拉、古老的玛雅城市蒂卡尔和一些其它著名的城市如克萨尔特南戈和奇奇卡斯德南哥。 人口1436万(2010年)。为中美洲人口最多和土著居民比例最高的国家,其中印第安人占53%,印欧混血种人占45%,白人占2%。官方语言为西班牙语,另外还有玛雅等23种土语。居民大部分信奉天主教,其余信奉耶稣教。气候危地马拉位处热带,北部及东部沿海平原地区属热带雨林气候,南部山地属亚热带气候,一年分干湿两季,5-10月为湿季,11月至次年4月为干季。

Guatemala City, Guatemala from fourth Century to eleventh Century the lowland Peten Maya culture is the center, the period of leave many Pyramid and city ruins are still visible today. At the end of Eleventh Century lowland Maya culture was eliminated after still exist in the central highlands region. In 1523 the Spaniards came to Guatemala, they destroyed the local Mayan culture and colonization began in guatemala. The Spanish colonists to eliminate policy, almost all previous Mayan books were destroyed, and only a few of the books are preserved to this day. September 15, 1821 in Guatemala from spain. From 1823 to 1839, Guatemala is a member of the Central American Federation, until 1840 Guatemala was completely independent. From 1841 to 1871, the Guatemalan government conservative organizations. They try to stay keep the colonial period in the hierarchy slowly to make national economy modernization. From 1871 to 1944 the state's political style is mainly free people. The country's economic modernization is a political priority. At the same time, a large area of the Coffee and banana estates began to appear. Especially the United Fruit Company has played a big role in this respect. After the October revolution of 1944, the former dictator was overthrown, Guatemala democratization, media reporting freedom, Guatemala history first protect the interests of workers of legal effect, from 1950 to 1954 the ruling acter • President Arbenz implemented the land reform, was 2% of the total population of the big landlords and occupies about 70% of the arable land. United Fruit Company in Guatemala has its largest estate, and it also has a central American International Railway Company and Guatemala only a harbor. In its drive, American foreign ministry began to expand the propaganda war in guatemala. The CIA and the Guatemalan military cooperation in the beginning of a known as OperationPBSUCCESS action. In 1954 Arbenz was overthrown, Castillo Armas became dictator. The new government immediately set aside all of the reform. In 1957 Armas's assassination, his successor is a dictatorial government in 40 years has been known for its bloody soldier. Disgruntled farmers organized a guerrilla, this guerrilla war lasted for 36 years until 1996, by signing a peace treaty officially ended. One hundred thousand people were killed in this war, millions of people become destitute and homeless. The Guatemalan army on the local Mayan persecution approximate genocide, only in 1982 September there were 9000 killed maya. From 1983 the persecution of the Guatemalan government began to reduce, the national start democratization, re organize elections in 1985. But the country's inequality has still not able to be resolved, 1% of the population today has more than 60% of the arable land and wealth.

危地马拉危地马拉是一个多党制的,独立的民主共和国。1986年1月15日颁布的宪法规定立法(危地马拉国会)、执法(总统和副总统)和司法(最高法院)的分离。国会和总统的选举每四年一次,所有18岁以上的公民拥有选举权,军人没有选举权。国会指命最高法院成员,其任期为四年。 主要政党有:①团结行动运动,1987年成立;②全国中间派联盟,成立于1984年;③危地马拉基督教民主党,1955年成立;④民族解放运动,1958年成立。如同其它拉丁美洲国家危地马拉没有悠久的民主传统,党派非常不稳定,许多党派在一个执政期后就消失了或失去了其意义。一些党派外的组织如军队和企业在政治界拥有很大的影响。 2011年,奥托·佩雷斯·莫利纳顺利在第二轮投票以53.74%的百分比,取得第十三届危地马拉总统职位。 对外关系危对外奉行独立自主、积极中立、多元化和不结盟的外交政策。主张维护国际和平与安全,尊重民族自决和不干涉别国内政,以和平手段解决国际争端。重视加强与美国、欧盟、墨西哥和日本的经贸关系,积极参与国际事务和推动地区一体化进程。系联合国、不结盟运动、美洲国家组织、里约集团、拉美议会、拉美经济体系、加勒比国家联盟、中美洲共同市场、中美洲一体化体系、中美洲议会等国际和地区组织成员国。危地马拉在军政权统治时期,曾因难民问题与墨西哥发生边境冲突。近几年两国关系得到改善和发展。1991年8月,危地马拉正式承认伯利兹人民的自决权,并宣布两国建立大使级外交关系;同时,伯利兹议会通过了关于危地马拉有权经伯利兹领土、领海取得加勒比海入海口的法律。至此,两国间百余年的历史纠纷获得解决。 危地马拉至今未与中国大陆建交,与台湾尚存外交关系。

Guatemala agriculture, industrial foundation is weak. Foreign capital occupies an important position in the national economy. In 2011 the GDP of 356587000000 quetzales. Monetary unit in exchange for 7.6 Kachal Kachal $1 (2010 December). Mineral resources of lead, zinc, chromium, antimony, gold, silver, mercury, nickel etc.. Forest area accounted for 38%. Traditional industries are mining, manufacturing, textile, food processing, pharmaceutical and paper etc.. After 1987, the rapid development of construction industry, petroleum, chemical and electronic industries have also developed. Half of the country's labor force engaged in agricultural production. Economic crop exports are a major source of foreign exchange earnings, including cardamom exports ranked first in the world. Coffee production accounts for second in central america. After 80 time metaphase, the rapid development of the tourism industry. The main tourist spots are Ticul, Kiki Kast Nango, sub Koch and Nakumu etc. The Mayan ruins, and Adite lake scenery and some volcano. Traffic to the main road. Highway 26429 km length. Railway 1139 kilometers long. The inland route 990 kilometers, the navigable only 260 km; a Puerto barrios, San Jose and money to Perico and other major ports. Leading to the American and European routes, Aurora airport is the main international airport. Main trade partners are America, Mexico, Germany, Salvatore, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Italy and Japan. Imports of consumer goods, raw materials and semi-finished products, building materials, the main export Coffee, cotton, banana, sugar, cardamom. Although the government of Guatemala gradually recovered on the railway, aviation, banking, telecommunications, electricity part of the control, but the economy is still in control of foreign (mainly USA) company.

实行小学义务教育。学制为小学6年,中学6年。1990年成人文盲率45%。

News newspaper published in the "American Journal", "Photo Report", "free press", "times". 95 radio stations nationwide, including "the sound of Guatemala" and other 5 stations under the control of the government. A total of 24 television stations. Guatemala, Guatemala is the birthplace of literary works of ancient Indian literature "and" black "Popol · cfel Barron book". In the Spanish colonial period since 1668, established the first printing, 1676 Rome University of St. Carlos Bo after its literary activities gradually carried out. In eighteenth Century when the famous writer poets Miguel de Taracena, with distinct moral meaning of the "fairy tales and fables" author Rafael Garcia Gojena (1766 ~ 1823), ballad writer Mathias de Cordova (1768 ~ 1828), and La Ding Wen poem "Mexico country" author Rafael Landivar (1731 ~ 1793). Independent after the beginning of national literature, the poet Jose Batres Montufall (1809 ~ 1844), he wrote to the colonial life theme for satire "legend" guatemala. To have learned celebrated novelist and essayist Antonio Jose de Elie Surrey (1786 ~ 1868). He joined the revolutionary movement since 1825, was imprisoned and exiled, 5 kinds of newspapers in the founding and wrote prose and poetry, faithfully reflects the Kerry Hoyo (i.e. native white) the struggle for independence, wrote the autobiographical novel "wandering" and "Christian Commentary Aya Gu Jo Grand Marshal killed review". The influence of romanticism appeared relatively late in Guatemala, famous representative of poet Domingo Estrada (1850 ~ 1901) and under the pseudonym "Salme Hill" famous novelist, poet Jose Melia I Vidaurre (1822 ~ 1882). The main achievements of the latter is the local custom of historical novel, as a representative of describing love tragedy "A De had many daughter", a lawyer recalled description career lawyers "". His works are full of irony, combined with the reality of portraiture and lyrical description. Guatemala modern national drama created by Navista Rapara de Lacerda, his works also belong to the romanticism. During this period, Guatemala began to appear a number of modern writers. They were visited Guatemala modernist poets Ruben Dario and Jose Santos Chocano effect. The novelist Maximo Soto Hall (1871 ~ 1944) and essayist Enrique Gomes Carillo. After the first World War, the three famous naturalist novelists: Rafael Arevalo Martinez (1884 ~ 1975); Flavio Herrera (1895 ~), he wrote a novel about the life of "tiger"; Carlos Wilde Aus Pina (1891 ~ 1958), the author revealed oligarchic novels "despot". The transition from school to pioneer poet of modernism, mainly Cesar Braniya and Luis Cardoza I Aragon (1902 ~). The latter wrote poems reflect social and political problems "new world symphonies" published in 1949. The combination of myth and society in this period Guatemala literature has the illusory reality characteristics. Famous writer has folk scholar Carlos Samajoya Chinchilla (1898 ~ 1973), novelist and poet Miguel Angel Asturias (1899 ~ 1974), the Indians as the theme of the short story writer Mario Montfort Toledo (1911 ~) and the playwright Manuel Galic (1912 ~). On behalf of the twentieth Century 30's avant-garde poet Francisco Mendes. To the 40's, the famous poet Raul Leiva (1916 ~) as the representative of the "tone", his masterpiece is "pain", "desire" and other poems.



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