厄瓜多尔今日气温查询萨利纳斯,里奥班巴,基多,波托维耶霍,加拉帕戈斯群岛,马查拉,曼塔,洛哈,安巴托等城市今日气温查询

厄瓜多尔国旗 厄瓜多尔,即厄瓜多尔共和国,位于南美洲西北部。东北同哥伦比亚毗邻,东南与秘鲁接壤,西临太平洋。面积283561平方千米,海岸线长约930千米。原为印第安人居住地,15世纪属于印加帝国,1532年沦为西班牙殖民地,1822年独立后加入大哥伦比亚,1830年脱离大哥伦比亚建立共和国。1961年10月25日,厄瓜多尔发现南美最早人类遗址。1980年1月2日与中国建交。

厄瓜多尔的阅兵厄瓜多尔原为印加帝国一部分。1532年沦为西班牙殖民地。1809年8月10日宣布独立,被西班牙殖民者占领。1822年彻底摆脱了西班牙殖民统治,成为大哥伦比亚共和国的一部分。1830年大哥伦比亚解体后,宣布成立厄瓜多尔共和国。建国后,厄瓜多尔一直政局动荡,政变迭起。文人和军人政府接替执政达19次之多。1979年8月10日文人政府执政,结束了自1972年以来的军人统治。1988年8月10日当选的罗德里戈·博尔哈·塞瓦略斯宣誓就任总统。

Ecuadorian national administrative division is divided into 22 provinces (Spanish, plural: Provincias), provinces with a capital: the national emblem azuay province (Azuay) capital: Cuenca (Cuenca) -- Bolivar (Bol í var) -- capital: guaranda (Guaranda) CAAR province (Ca ñ AR) -- Assou Gus (Capital: Azogues) Carchi province (Carchi) -- the capital: Turcan (Tulc á n) Chimborazo province (Chimborazo) -- the capital: Leo Bamba (Riobamba) Coto Patsy (Cotopaxi) -- the capital: Lata Kunga (Latacunga) el Oro province (ElOro) -- capital: Machala (Machala) Esme Lal Das (Esmeraldas) -- the capital: Esme Lal Das (Esmeraldas) gal pagos (Gal á pagos) -- capital: Puerto baquerizo Moreno (PuertoBaquerizoMoreno), (Guayas) -- melon province capital: Guayaquil (Guayaquil) Imbabura (Imbabura) -- the capital: Ibarra (Ibarra) Loha (Loja) -- the capital: Loha (Loja) in Los Rios province (LosR í OS -- capital: Baba Hoyo (Babahoyo) Nabi) MA Province (Manab í) -- capital: Botto Via Ho (Portoviejo) morona Santiago province (Morona-Santiago) -- the capital: Mekas (Macas) Napo province (Napo) -- the capital city: Turner (Tena) orellana province (Orellana) -- capital: Francesco de Lei Liana (PuertoFranciscodeOrellana) Pastaza province (Pastaza) -- capital: Puyo (Puyo) pichincha (Pichincha) -- the capital of Quito (Quito): Sue Quinn Biot J (Sucumb í OS) -- capital: Nueva Loja (NuevaLoja) Tonggula Transvaal (Tungurahua) -- the capital: Ambato (Ambato) Zamora Chinchipe province (Zamora-Chinchipe) -- the capital: Zamora (Zamora) population Ecuador land area 270670 square kilometers, the former Spanish colony, the territory of ethnic group is complex, the Indo European mixed population (Max Tissot, Mestizos) accounted for 41% of the total population, accounted for 34% of Indians, whites accounted for 15%, in addition to being from the Africa sent to South America as labor black and mulatto population. Like most countries in Latin America, Ecuador residents believed in a part of Indian culture into the color of the Catholic, the official language is Spanish, but Indy race group is general Quechua (Quichua).

农业概况经济以农业为主,农业人口占总人口47% 。大致可分为两种不同类型的农业区:山地农业区,位于海拔2500米左右-4000米的安第斯山的山间河谷和盆地地带,主要种植粮食作物、蔬菜、水果,以及饲养牲畜,主要粮食作物为玉米、大麦、小麦、马铃薯等;沿海农业区,位于西部沿海和大河谷地,主要种植供出口的香蕉(年产约340万吨)、可可、咖啡等,此外还种植稻子、棉花。沿海渔业资源丰富,年捕鱼量9 0 多万吨。石油开采发展迅速,为采矿业主要部门已探明石油储量为23.5 亿桶。还开采银、铜、铅等矿。工业主要有石油提炼、制糖、纺织、水泥、食品加工和制药等。主要贸易对象为美、英、德国等国。出口原油( 约占出口总值65% )、香蕉、咖啡、可可、香膏木。矿产资源矿物以石油为主,主要分布于瓜亚基尔湾一带,在亚马逊平原地区也发现有油田。金和银分布于马查奇和萨鲁马等地。铜产于马查奇。科隆群岛上有硫磺矿。此外还有铁、铅等。森林面积约占全国面积的68%,大部分分布在东部地区,盛产贵重木材,如红木和香膏木(或称巴尔萨木)。沿海盛产金枪鱼和虾类。科隆岛上多巨龟和大蜥蜴。 交通运输铁路总长1169千米,其中基多至圣罗莎为新建的线,长241千米。有公路36000多千米。有国际航空线通纽约、迈阿密、里约热内卢、利马等国外重要城市。

The 04 annual miss Ecuador constitution in 1978 through January, August 10th entry into force. According to the constitution, the president is elected, shall be elected. In 1997 November, Congress passed an amendment to the constitution, the State Department of strategic economic cannot cancel the privatization of restrictions, and provisions of the state public sector workers to go on strike illegal. In 1998, the National Congress of the constitutional amendment, cancellation of province, municipal councillor elections; the number of MPs from 82 to 121. Legislature unicameral Congress, the supreme legislative power shall be exercised. Members of a total of 121, a term of four years, of which the national 20 councillors, produced by universal suffrage; province 101 councillors, elected by the provinces according to the proportion of the population. In 1998 July, with additional Francesco de Lei Liana province province, Congress members in 1999 an increase of 2 seats. Deputy speaker, speaker, produced by Congress plenary meeting election, term of two years, may be re elected. This session of Congress in August 1, 2000. The incumbent president Hugo Quevedo (HugoQuevedo), took office in August 29, 2000. All political parties in parliament seats:

总统为武装部队最高统帅,通过国防部长和三军联合指挥部统率全军。国防部长由总统任免,可为现役或退役军人。三军联合指挥部由三军司令组成,负责制定训练和作战计划。实行义务兵役制,服役期一年。 总兵力约59750人。其中陆军3.5万人,编有4个师、14个旅。装备轻型坦克111辆、装甲车67辆、装甲运输车350辆、各型火炮1000门、飞机90架;海军1.4万人,设有3个军区,编有1个舰队、1个潜艇分队。装备各型舰艇38艘。陆战队1500人,编有3个陆战营。海军航空兵250人,装备各型飞机20架。空军6000人,设有3个军区、4个司令部。编有7个联队、16个中队。装备飞机200余架,其中作战飞机78架。另有海岸警卫队200人,预备役军人10万。  2006年军费为6.5亿美元,占国家预算的5.3%。

According to the constitution, the government budget 25 ~ 30% for education. In 2000, the education budget is $373000000, accounting for 12.48% of the national budget. At present, in the national primary school, free education, university autonomy, the protection of private educational freedom. In recent years, the rapid development of educational undertakings. The famous college in Ecuador Centre College, Catholic University, Guayaquil University and Cuenca university. The number of schools and school teachers and students: in 2000, government attaches great importance to the development of education, that illiteracy is an obstacle to social development. In 1998, the illiteracy rate is 10.8%.



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