哥斯达黎加今日气温查询图里亚尔瓦,利蒙港,阿拉胡埃拉,阿拉胡埃拉等城市今日气温查询

哥斯达黎加 哥斯达黎加是位于中美洲南部的共和国,1821年9月15日宣布独立,全称哥斯达黎加共和国。北纬10度,西经84度。东临加勒比海,西靠北太平洋。2007年6月7日,台湾宣布与哥斯达黎加断交。

国旗 哥斯达黎加国旗呈长方形,长与宽之比约为5∶3。旗面由五道平行宽条相连组成,自上而下依次为蓝、白、红、白、蓝;蓝、白两色来自原中美洲联邦国旗的颜色,红色部分是1848年建立共和国时增加的。蓝色代表天空、机会、理想主义和坚忍,红色代表热忱和为独立所流的血;白色代表和平、智慧和快乐。红色部分偏左处绘有国徽图案的是政府用国旗,且政府用国旗比例为2:3.  哥斯达黎加国徽哥斯达黎加国徽为盾徽。盾面上有从海面升起的旭日,象征新时代的黎明;巴尔瓦、伊拉苏、波阿斯三座火山位于加勒比海和太平洋之间;海上航行着两只白色帆船,象征该国与其他国家的贸易往来;上方的七颗白色五角星代表组成该国的七个省,星之上的白色饰带上写着“哥斯达黎加共和国”。盾徽上端为蓝色饰带,其上用西班牙文写着“中美洲”;两侧是咖啡色长卵形叶子图案,代表该国咖啡等主要经济作物。

Indians living in Costa rica. In September 18, 1502 Kolumb found in Costa rica. Become a colony of Spain in 1564. Guatemala dudufu belong to the jurisdiction of the Spanish governor area. The declaration of independence in September 15, 1821. In 1823 joined the Central American Federation, 1838 to withdraw from the Central American federation. In August 30, 1848 the establishment of the republic. In sixteenth Century, the local Mayan and Aztec people by the Spanish conquest, and Costa Rica became a province in the southern Spanish territory of New Spain, the provincial government in Cartago (Cartago). Costa Rica has temporarily joined Agustin's empire of Mexico, and later became a member of the United Province in central america. In 1824, the capital moved to San Jose, Costa Rica became an independent state in 1940 years. Costa Rica to escape from many Central American countries trouble infestation. Unlike some of its neighbours, Costa Rica is an example of a stable, peaceful and democratic management. In late nineteenth Century, there are two brief violence persecuted democratic development. Costa Rican President Jose Figueres Ferrer in 1948 after the Civil War (Jos é Figueres Ferrer) announced the dissolution of the army, and in 1949 the inclusion in the constitution. Since then, Costa Rica into rare no military intervention democratic pattern.

自然环境哥斯达黎加哥斯达黎加是位于中美洲南部的共和国。全称哥斯达黎加共和国。北纬10度,西经84度。东临加勒比海,西靠北太平洋,有着1290千米的海岸线(东岸加勒比海212千米,西岸太平洋1016千米)。哥斯达黎加北部与尼加拉瓜接壤(边境线长309千米),东南偏南与巴拿马接壤(边境线长639千米)。面积5.11万平方千米。首都圣何塞。哥斯达黎加地形是海岸边是平原,而中部被崎岖的高山所隔绝。该国宣布其专属经济区为200海里,领海为12海里。气候属于热带和亚热带,还有一部分是新热带。 哥斯达黎加拥有多样的动植物。40%的哥斯达黎加领土覆盖著原始森林。 人口状况人口450.9万(2009年5月)。95%的居民信奉天主教。在哥斯达黎加只有很少的印第安人从西方入侵中存活下来,现在土著居民只有29000人,不足总人口的1%。十九世纪从牙买加移居来的黑人后裔组成了3%人口,约96000人的少数民族。哥斯达黎加的混血儿和纯种欧洲人占94%,另外1%是华人。哥斯达黎加大约10%的尼加拉瓜人,他们大多是在内战时流亡来的。主要的移民是德国人,波兰人,意大利人和犹太人,如今印第安人的数量有所增加,主要得益于移居哥国,以获得农业工人的机会。此外,哥伦比亚人,巴拿马人和秘鲁人的数量也有大量增加。 行政区划哥斯达黎加有7个省:  阿拉胡埃垃Alajuela(中部,圣何塞西北面) 卡塔戈省Cartago(中部,圣何塞东面) 瓜纳卡斯特省Guanacaste(西北部) 埃雷迪亚Heredia(中部,圣何塞北面) 利蒙Limón(东部,沿加勒比海) 蓬塔雷纳斯Puntarenas(西部,沿太平洋) 圣何塞San José(首都附近区域)

The Constitution limits the president of Costa Rica national basic policy in 1821 set in December for the heads of state and government, elected by universal suffrage, a term of 4 years, can not be re elected. Parliament is a unicameral system, known as the "legislative assembly". Consisting of 57 Members, elected for a term of 4 years. The speaker elected annually. Costa Rica is a constitutional system of checks and balances democratic republic. The administrative responsibility vested in the president, the president is the national power center. The two vice president and cabinet is composed of 15 people including a vice president. The president and 57 Members of the Legislative Council by election, the term of 4 years. 1969, approved an amendment to the Constitution limits the president and lawmakers can only term. Nevertheless, the lawmakers can one term to run. At present, it was proposed to amend the constitution, the president to win a second term, at the same time, in the Legislative Council which was also questioned prohibition laws unconstitutional presidential re-election. In 2003 April, after a fierce debate, Legislative Council by resolution form, formal recognition of the prohibition of any president seeking legal provisions as again at any time after the term of office of the. According to this resolution, Oscar Arias (Ó scar Arias (1987) Nobel Peace Prize winner), if run again in the coming 2006 elections, that is a violation of the constitution. Arias is an advocate of free trade, he supports free trade treaties and America signed, signed the treaty is controversial, intense arguments can lead to a national demonstration. Costa Rica to proportional electoral MLA group. Autonomous State agencies enjoy considerable operational independence, including telecommunications and electricity monopoly, the nationalized commercial bank independent, monopoly of state insurance, as well as the social insurance agency independent. Seven provincial governor appointed by the president, but their power is not. The province has no legislative independence. According to the constitution, Costa Rica not only military, police and security forces to maintain internal security. Costa Rica is the first country in the world with no army. Adhere to the "positive diplomatic Costa Rica, non violence, permanent neutrality" foreign policy of peace, maintains friendly relations with the peoples of the world. Relationship with China: in June 1, 2007, China and Costa Rica signed the "Joint Communique" the people's Republic of China and the Republic of Costa Rica on the establishment of diplomatic ties, the two countries since the establishment of diplomatic relations determine the signed date established diplomatic relations. In 2007 October, President Arias will pay a state visit to Chinese. The two governments have established in August 23, 2007 the embassy. China and Costa Rica had economic exchanges. Brother official announced in February 2007, China has become the second largest trade partner of Costa rica. According to the China customs statistics, bilateral trade volume in 2006 exceeded $2100000000.

1948年12月1日哥宣布废除武装力量,成立国民警卫队,成为世界上第一个没有军队的国家。2007年哥共有警察1.8万人。

Paos volcano. Costa Rica has more than 200 volcano, 5 is a live volcano. Costa Rica has come out in front in the level of economic development in the Americas, the per capita GDP of more than $4600. Brother is rich in natural resources, bauxite reserves of about 1.5 tons, iron reserves of about 4 tons, coal reserves of about 50000000 tons, covering an area of 600000 hectares of forest. The industry to light industry and manufacturing industry, mainly in the textile, equipment, food, wood, chemical etc.. Agricultural production Coffee, bananas, sugar cane and other traditional products. Costa Rica is the world's second largest banana exporter, second only to Ecuador. Coffee is brother second important agricultural products. Costa Rica developed tourism industry, tourism revenue is a major source of foreign exchange income brother. Since 90's of the twentieth Century, the tourism industry has become the most dynamic industry brother. Attractions have yilasu, Boaz volcano and Spanish colonial cultural sites. Costa Rica though is still an agricultural country, but has been relatively high standard of living, the land ownership is expanding, and the vigorous development of tourism. Costa Rica economy is tourism, agriculture and exported electronic components, from the 1997 recession, began to increase rapidly. Costa Rica is located in the central strip and in America Center, through the Eurasian marine, can easily enter the American market. The rapid development of economic benefit of Costa Rica to the government's seven years of high-tech development plan. Chinese investment in tax-free and national education condition is very good, as an investment paradise, many multinational technology companies have begun to export products. Monetary unit in Costa Rica krone, against the dollar and the euro 450-500, 600.



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