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伯利兹(Belize),法文意为“航标”,旧称英属洪都拉斯。位于中美洲东北部。北和西北邻墨西哥,西和南与危地马拉接壤,东濒加勒比海。海岸线长322公里。境内多山地、沼泽和热带丛林。地形大致可分为南、北两个部分:南半部地形以玛雅山脉为主体,山脉为西南—东北走向。其支脉科克斯科姆山的维多利亚峰海拔1121.97米,是全国最高峰。北半部为海拔不到61米的低地区,其中大部是沼泽;有伯利兹河、纽河和翁多河流经。属热带雨林气候。离岸外24公里的海面上有世界第二大堡礁与海岸平行。

伯利兹地图 伯利兹属于热带雨林气候,年平均气温25—27℃,年降水量2,000毫米以上。6—10月常受飓风侵袭。森林面积占领土的90%富红木、苏木、染料木等珍贵林木。西北地区有石油矿藏。  伯利兹以其世界第二大堤礁以及玛雅遗迹吸引着众多的游客。另外,伯利兹还有八大野生动物保护区,其中美洲虎和红脚鲣鸟保护区为世界仅有。伯利兹交通较方便,有公路2000余千米;伯利兹城为主要港口,伯利兹与牙买加有定期班轮往返,与美国、英国和欧洲大陆等地都有良好的海上运输线。菲利普戈德森国际机场有通往南、北美洲的航线。

Belize is a person of mixed and black, including Indians, Maya, Indian, Chinese and caucasian. The official language is english. General Spanish or English Kerrey orr nearly half of residents. Residents Catholic 60%, other christian.

伯利兹国防军建于1978年,包括陆军、空军和海防队,现有正规军1050人,后备队700人。英国驻军于1994年1月1日开始从伯撤军,并正式将防务移交伯政府。1999/2000年度国家安全和移民部预算开支为3430万伯利兹元。      

The scenery of Belize in 1981 August the independent constitution, the queen is the head of state of Belize, governor appointed by the queen (must be a citizen of Belize) is the Queen's representative in Belize; the governor appointed House majority leader as prime minister and appointed prime minister, according to the house majority party nomination, according to the prime minister appointed Deputy Prime Minister, the cabinet minister and leader of the opposition. The national assembly is the legislative organ of the state. The current head of state Sir Colville YOUNG, Sr, the incumbent Prime Minister Said Moussa (Said Musa). Party (1) the people's United Party (People's United Party): the ruling party. Mainly by a person of mixed support. Since its establishment in 1950, occupies a dominant status in Belize politics, was ruling in 1954 - 1984, 1989 - 1993. In 1998 August the party in the general election won by a landslide, back to power. The existing 20000 members, leader Said Moussa (Said Musa); (2) United Democratic Party (United Democratic Party): the opposition party, in 1974 by the national independence party, the people's movement, the Liberal Party and the United Negro Development Association incorporated. Mainly by Kerrey orr people support. In 1984 - 1989, 1993 - 1998 ruling. Leader Dean Barrow (Dean Barrow); (3) Belize national rights alliance (National Alliance For Belizean Rights): founded in January 1992, the United Democratic Party split up. Emphasis on domestic racial equality, advocating constructive engagement with guatemala. Little influence in Belize, existing member 1000 people. The 1993 election and the United Democratic Party make it up with sb., joined the United Democratic Party election, common power. The chairman nap. Coordinated by the Philip Goldson (Philip Goldson). International Relations Belize wonder -- "Blue Hole" of Belize's non aligned foreign policy, giving priority to the development of relations with American. Opposed to colonialism and racism, advocate with its neighbors and other countries to keep good relationship, efforts to promote peace and stability in central america. Belize relations with the United States, Britain's close. Belize's relations with Mexico have been good. Belize long strained relations with guatemala. 1991 August Guatemala announced the recognition of Belize people's self-determination, and the establishment of the diplomatic ties with Belize. Review and China relations, bilateral political relations since the establishment of diplomatic relations in February 6, 1987: ". In April the same year, "prime minister Esquivel's visit to china. In October the same year, Vice Foreign Minister Zhu Qizhen for a working visit to the job. In October 11, 1989, Bo and the Taiwan authorities "diplomatic relations", 23, Chinese suspension and primary diplomatic relations. In 1997 June, he signed the "the people's Republic of China government and the government of Belize on Belize's honorary consulate of Hongkong changed to" Belize Trade Office "agreement". In 1998 November, China CCPIT vice chairman Zhong Min rate of Chinese entrepreneurs delegation to visit uncle. In 2001, Chinese ambassador to Jamaica Guo Chongli to the "red cross over $20000 hurricane relief Chinese Red Cross donated funds; two, bilateral economic and trade relations and economic and technical cooperation: by the end of 2007 6, Chinese enterprises labor contracting joint venture industry amounted to 61450000 US dollars in beth. "Actual investment in China of $145120000. China present in primary non investment. In 2006, Bo trade amounted to $28780000, of which China exported US $28760000, imported 20000 US dollars. In 2007 1 to June, the primary trade was 11160000 US dollars, down 2.5% yoy. Are China's exports. The same America Bomei close relationship. The occupy a very important position in the primary import and export trade, import and export of the "52% of 45.5% with the United States of. America government each year to "send about 200 Peace Corps volunteers, and have small grants or loans. From 1984 to 1997 USA to "provide all assistance totaling $115600000. In addition, the government is still in the military to provide technical and training assistance ". "USA VOA" relay station built in beth. Belize tourist attractions -- Maya building relations with Britain "after independence continued to maintain the traditional relations with the United kingdom. The British times offer concessions to beth. In 1985 July, premier on the first visit, 10 queen ". Britain began to withdraw its troops from January 1, 1994 onwards, will be officially the transfer of defense "government, only about 100 people maintain a jungle warfare training school, in order to prevent the" territorial claims in guatemala. Relations with Mexico have very good relations between the two countries. In 1991 September, Mexico's president Salinas to visit Belize. - ink uncle signed seven agreements in the mineral, customs, cultural relics, ecological environment, power, finance and transportation etc.. According to the agreement, the ink foreign trade bank to primary central bank provided $6000000, to finance trade.

伯利兹经济作物——可可伯利兹居民多从事农业和林业,主产甘蔗、柑橘、香蕉、可可、玉米、豆类、稻和贵重木材。沿海盛产龙虾。有制糖、锯木、制革、轧钢、日用品生产等小型工业。输出食糖和柑橘类水果(两者占出口总值的三分之二)、木材、林产品和龙虾等。进口粮食、机器、石油和工业品等。经济以农业为主,工业不发达。人民生活用品绝大部分靠进口。2005年伯利兹国民生产总值为12.8亿伯利兹元——汇率:2伯利兹元兑1美元(1991)。  伯利兹森林资源丰富,覆盖面积为1.65万平方千米。沿海渔业资源也很丰富,盛产龙虾、旗鱼、海牛和珊瑚等。矿藏有石油、重晶石、锡石、黄金等,但未发现有可供商业性开采的储量。主要农作物有甘蔗、水果、水稻、玉米、可可等,其产量基本能满足国内需要。伯利兹主要进口机械和运输设备、工业制品、日用品、食品和燃料,主要出口糖、成衣、水果、木材、海产品等,主要贸易对象为美国、英国、墨西哥、加拿大等国。 伯利兹的经济团体有:(1)伯利兹工商会(Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry)。有成员626名。会长戈德明·赫尔斯(Godmin Hulse)。地址:63 Regent St,POB 291,Belize City;(2)伯利兹贸易与投资促进会(Belize Trade and Investment Promotion Service)。总经理休·富勒(Hugh Fuller)。地址:14 Orchid Gorden St,Belmopan。  

The Belize clinic patients to enjoy free treatment. The government carry out the national health plan. In 1998 there were 155 doctors, 404 nurses, 230 birth attendants. In 1996, Belize has 9 hospitals, 554 health centres have beds, 33 clinics, 25 simple. In 2000 the population growth rate of 2.75%, the birth rate was 3.229%, the mortality rate was 0.481%, the average life expectancy of 70.91 years old.



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