巴布亚新几内亚今日气温查询萨马赖,莫罗贝,莫罗贝等城市今日气温查询

巴布亚新几内亚全称"巴布亚新几内亚独立国",位于南太平洋西部, 包括新几内亚岛东半部及附近俾斯麦群岛、布干维尔岛等共约600 余个大小岛屿。国名由巴布亚和新几内亚两部分组成,得名于岛名。

巴布亚新几内亚环境气候巴布亚新几内亚位于南太平洋西部。西与印度尼西亚的伊里安查亚省接壤,南隔托雷斯海峡与澳大利亚相望。属美拉尼西亚群岛。全境共有600个岛屿。是大洋洲的第三大国。各岛多山,火山较多,地震频繁。主要岛屿包括新英格兰岛、新爱尔兰岛、曼纳斯岛、布干维尔岛、布卡岛等。海岸线全长8300公里,包括200海里专属经济区在内的水域面积达240万平方公里。海拔1000米以上属山地气候,其余海拔较低地区属热带雨林气候。5~10月为旱季,11~4月为雨季,沿海地区平均温度21.1~32.2℃,山地比沿海低5~6℃。年平均降水量2500毫米。人口590万人(2003年),年增长率2.5%(2003年)。城市人口占15%,农村人口占85%。78%属巴布亚人,20%属美拉尼西亚人,其余为密克罗尼西亚人、波利尼西亚人、华人和白中人。官方语言为英语,地方语言820余种。皮钦语在全国大部分地区流行,南部的巴布亚地区多讲莫土语,北部的新几内亚地区多讲皮钦语,居民中93%为基督教徒,传统拜物教也有一定影响。行政区划全国划分为21个省和首都行政区(莫尔斯比港市)。各省名称如下:中部(曾译作“中央”)、北部(曾译作“北方”)、钦布、东新不列颠、东塞皮克、东高地、恩加、海湾、马丹、马努斯、米恩湾、莫罗比、新爱尔兰、北所罗门、南高地、西新不列颠、西塞皮克、西部、西高地。自然资源矿藏丰富,铜矿储量9.44亿吨,黄金储量1831吨,铜金共生矿储量约4亿吨。此外还有富金矿、铬、镍、铝矾土、海底天然气和石油等资源。库土布和戈贝两大油田储量即达4亿桶。南高地省油田储量1700万桶。天然气储量12.2万亿立方英尺。森林资源丰富,热带原始森林覆盖面积达3600万公顷,约占国土面积的77%,林木总蓄积量约29亿立方米,可采蓄积量为5亿立方米。  

Papua New Guinea in 2002 August - the Ma Lei administration took office, the pace of privatization reform slowed, implementing the "export led economic recovery" strategy, increase exploration and exploitation of mineral resources, vigorously promote the national civil service reform, strive for party cooperation, resolve social contradictions, to consolidate the ruling position, its social order stability. In 2003 GDP growth rate of 2%, for four consecutive years the first positive growth. Price index declined, the currency rose gradually. But the problem of official corruption, economic weakness, partisanship, poor infrastructure, the divide between rich and poor gap and Australia and other regional powers relationship discord, still make the PNG facing uncertain factors. Constitution enacted in August 15, 1975, the same year entered into force in September 15th. The unicameral parliament. 109 members, elected for a term of 5 years. The parliament elected in 2002 August. The incumbent president Bill Scutt (BILL SKATE). Government by the parliamentary majority party or coalition cabinet. The cabinet is responsible to the assembly. Prime Minister Michael - Ma Lei (Michael Somare), took office in August 2002. The cabinet, in addition to the prime minister, a total of 1 Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of 26, foreign minister Rabi Namaliu (Rabbie Namaliu). A Supreme Court Justice Institutions (also known as the court of appeal, the state court) and local court. The chief justice, sir, Kapil (Sir Mari Kapi). Political parties are: (1) the National Coalition Party (NATIONAL ALLIANCE). Founded in August 1996. The ruling party. The existing 22 members. Prime minister - Ma Lei as party leader. (2) the people's Progressive Party (PEOPLE'S PROGRESS PARTY). The ruling coalition party. The existing 8 members. (3) the people's Action Party (PEOPLE'S ACTION PARTY). The ruling coalition party. The existing 5 members. (4) the people's National Congress (PEOPLE'S NATIONAL CONGRESS). The ruling coalition party. The existing 13 members. (5) the people's Democratic Movement Party (PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT). Opposition party. The existing 12 members. Papua New Guinea (6) Party (PNG PARTY). The ruling coalition party. The existing 9 members. Important: Prime Minister Michael Somare. 1936 born in Rabaul City, East New Britain Province, png. The East Sepik province had Kalaocun chiefs. In 1968 elected members, the same year created Pan Gu party and leader, led the struggle for national independence. From 1973 to 1975 served as the chief minister of the autonomous government. In 1975 September the first Prime Minister of PNG independence, has its "father". 1982 July to 1985 November again became prime minister. 1988 July ~ 1992 January foreign minister. In 1996 August to create the National Alliance Party and leader. 1999 July August foreign minister, Minister of Bougainville affairs. 1999 December ~ 2000 November Minister of mining and Bougainville affairs minister. In 2000 11 ~ December foreign minister and Bougainville affairs minister. 2001 November to 2002 July as the leader of the opposition. In August 5, 2002 third times elected prime minister. Married, had 3 children and 2 women. In 1976 October as the prime minister's visit to China and I signed the establishment of diplomatic relations. In 1999 September, as the foreign minister to visit china. In 2001 November the rate of National Alliance Party delegation to visit china. In 2004 February as the prime minister's visit to china. Foreign relations with foreign countries pursued a policy of neutrality, advocate peace, increasing economic exchanges and cooperation, peace and stability to the South Pacific region. Support the UN in playing a positive role in international affairs. Active participation in international affairs. In 1991 to become the association of Southeast Asian Nations Observer, 1992 was accepted as a formal member of the non aligned movement, in 1993 November joined the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Organization, in 1994 July to become the ASEAN Regional forum. Papua New Guinea in 1998 in the capital to set up APEC center to economic and trade cooperation, promote and coordinate the APEC members and the South Pacific island countries, providing more assistance for developed members. In recent years, the government of Papua New Guinea in the continued development of relations with Australia, New Zealand South Pacific countries and countries in Europe and America at the same time, the foreign key to further to the East and Southeast Asian countries. 2002 - the Ma Lei administration took office, to encourage exports and attract foreign investment, "to develop the export led recovery strategy of economic development", advocated "selective communication" as the main foreign policy, emphasizing "facing north, actively participate in the affairs of the South Pacific region". Papua New Guinea has so far with 69 countries established diplomatic relations. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between two countries with China October 12, 1976. In 1980 November I embassies in Papua New guinea. Papua New Guinea in 1988 in China embassies. After the establishment of diplomatic ties, the two leaders often visits. Since 2003, continued to develop steadily Chinese with png relations. In 2003 April, the NPC Standing Committee Vice Chairman Raidi visit png. On June, foreign minister Namaliu met with Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing Papua New Guinea on the sidelines of Phnom Penh ARF foreign ministers' meeting. In July, the PNG governor Ato Pal's visit to China, President Hu Jintao, State Councilor Tang Jiaxuan met respectively with. On August, Vice Foreign Minister Zhou Wenzhong meets with the PNG foreign minister Namaliu on the sidelines of post Pacific Islands Forum dialogue. On October, in Bangkok during the APEC informal leadership meeting and ministerial conference, President Hu Jintao met with Prime Minister of PNG cable Ma Lei, Li Zhaoxing meets with Papua New Guinean foreign minister Namaliu. In 2004 January, the foreign ministries of the two countries held ninth consultation in Papua New guinea. In February, the PNG Prime Minister Somare's visit to China, the two countries issued a joint press communique "". The two countries in the fields of trade and economy, economy and technology, culture, health, agriculture, fishery, continuously strengthen cooperation. Bilateral cooperation in agricultural technology and JUNCAO technology cooperation projects have made new progress. The delegation a successful visit to Papua New Guinea China fishery fishery administrative department, both sides signed a new agreement to deepen bilateral cooperation in fisheries. Chinese art groups in PNG tour, get better response. According to China customs statistics, bilateral trade in 2003 amounted to $300000000, a year-on-year growth of 60%. The newly signed contract with its $4780000, achieved a turnover of US $13030000; new signing labor contract amount of $910000, achieved a turnover of US $790000. Chinese ambassador to Papua New Guinea: Li Zhengjun. The site: Sir

巴布亚新几内亚巴新是发展中国家,资源丰富,经济落后,相当一部分人民迄今仍过着原始部落自给自足经济生活。近40%的人口挣扎在国际贫困线以下。2002年联合国开发计划署人类发展指数显示,巴新在174个国家中列第133位,居南太岛国之末。矿产、石油和经济作物种植是巴新经济的支柱产业。林业、渔业资源丰富。主要农产品为椰干、可可豆、咖啡、天然橡胶和棕榈油。工业基础薄弱。金、铜产量居世界前列,石油、天然气蕴藏丰富。2003年,巴新国民生产总值116.31亿基那,利率为14%,通货膨胀率为8.4%。汇率:1基那=0.3040美元(2004年3月)。工业2001年工业产值占国民经济总值的9%。50%以上的出口收入来自矿业。2002年矿业出口收入为45.35亿基那,比2001年下降7.4%。2002年木材出口185万立方米,收入1.127亿基那。农业农业是国民经济的支柱,农业产值占国内生产总值的27%(2003年),可耕地面积占全国土地5%。农业人口占全国人口的87%,巴新是南太平洋最大的椰油和椰干生产国。2002年,农、林、渔业总产值约为30.343亿基那。渔业1978年宣布200海里经济区后,巴新的捕鱼区达230万平方公里,是南太平洋地区第三大渔区。渔业资源丰富,盛产金枪鱼、对虾和龙虾。金枪鱼占世界储量的20%,年潜在捕捞量40万吨。目前金枪鱼年捕捞量约10万吨,出口3万吨,其他各种鱼出口数千吨。旅游业旅游业在国民经济中有一定地位。旅游资源丰富,开发潜力大。交通公路:总长约25000公里。水运:与澳大利亚、日本、新加坡、南太岛国、中国台湾和中国香港等国家和地区有海运联系。主要有莫尔斯比港、莱城和拉包尔等港口。空运:巴新最大航空公司为国营的新几内亚航空公司,设有飞往国内主要城市及澳大利亚、新加坡、日本、菲律宾及所罗门群岛的航线,拥有12架飞机。此外,巴新还有六、七家私营航空公司,多经营直升机等小型飞机运输。共有注册机场492个,大多数为设在偏远地区的小型机场,只有少数机场可停降大型飞机。其中国际机场有莫尔斯比港国际机场、芒特哈根机场、阿洛陶机场和达鲁机场。财政金融政府财政收入的主要来源是税收和国际援助。2003年政府财政收入33.996亿基那,支出35.526亿基那。实现税收收入26.78亿基那,财政赤字占国内生产总值1.3%。截至2003年底,巴新内债4.59亿基那。主要银行有:(1)巴布亚新几内亚银行(Bank of Papua New Guinea):即巴新中央银行,成立于1973年,负责制定货币政策、监管其他商业银行并发行货币等职能。现任行长为威尔逊·卡米特(WILSON KAMIT)。2000年底资产额为10.17亿基那。截至2002年12月,外汇储备为3.4亿美元。(2)南太银行(BSP):占全国市场的60%,政府拥有其25.3%的股份。此外,巴新还有其余4家规模较小的商业银行。对外贸易外贸在巴新经济中占重要地位。2003年进口总额40.15亿基那,出口总额78.13亿基那。主要出口铜、金、矿砂、原木、原油、椰干、椰油、可可、咖啡 、棕榈油等初级产品。2003年巴新主要产品出口额如下:矿业:58.90亿基那,同比增长23.4%,占出口总额的75%。原木:3.696亿美元,同比增长1.1%。原油:16.319亿基那。金:28.112亿基那。铜:14.15亿基那。棕榈油:4.213亿基那。咖啡:2.985亿基那。椰干:650万基那。椰油:6740万基那。主要进口食品、饮料、纺织品、化工产品、燃料油及机械运输设备等。主要贸易对象有澳大利亚、日本、新西兰、中国、韩国、英国、新加坡、美国和德国。外国资本积极鼓励外国投资。主要投资国有澳大利亚(占总额近三分之二)、马来西亚、新西兰、韩国、日本和美国等。巴新工、矿、林、农、渔各业几乎均为澳、日、英、美等国公司所控制。1999~2002年,巴新共吸引外资17亿基那,创造就业机会15000个。外国援助自1976年以来,巴新的外援主要来自澳大利亚,每年为3.5亿澳元,占全部外援的70%。提供援助的还有中国、新西兰、日本、美国、英国、韩国、欧洲联盟、联合国开发计划署、世界银行、国际货币基金组织和亚洲开发银行等。援助类别有经济援助、军事援助、教育和卫生援助等。著名公司(1)新几内亚航空公司(Air Niugini):巴新国营航空公司,成立于1973年,资产总额为1.15亿基那。辟有飞往布里斯班、凯恩斯、霍尼亚拉、马尼拉、新加坡、东京等6条国际航线和20多条国内航线。负责人:彼得·罗伯特(Peter Robert)。通讯处:P.O.Box 7186,Boroko NCD,PNG.电话:(00675)3259000,传真:(00675)3273482。(2)轮船贸易公司(Steamships Trading Company Ltd.):巴新最大的私营综合性商业公司,创立于1924年。现从事商品批发零售、海运、旅馆、房地产、汽车及配件、肥皂生产和工程施工等业务。负责人:W·D·科普兰德(W.D.Copland)。通讯处:Champion Parade P.O.Box 1,Port Moresby,PNG。电话:(00675)3220222 传真:(00675)3213595。人民生活全国有19家医院,240余家诊所。人均寿命64岁,65岁以上人口19.9万人,约占全国人口的8%(2001年)。婴儿死亡率54.84‰(2003年)。主要流行病有痢疾、肺炎、虐疾等。巴新1987年发现首例艾滋病患者,截至2004年2月,患者总数已达8578例,每年新增患者约1500例。

Its education system of central, provincial, level three. The national literacy rate is 66% (2003) the community primary school, more than 3000 students, about 100000 people. The existing 6 University, mainly Morse Be Hong PNG Lae PNG University and University of science and technology, the students of about 10000 people. There are 21 private and international schools, more than 6000 students.

新闻出版巴布亚新几内亚主要通讯社为官方的巴布亚新几内亚国际通讯社。主要报刊有:《国民报》、《信使邮报》和《同乡报》。巴新国家广播公司(NBC)成立于1975年,下设3个主要电台。EMTV电视台(私营)是全国唯一的电视台,创建于1987年。

The PNG army founded in 1940. As of 2002 March, PNG Defence Force personnel 2000 people. Wehrmacht reconstruction plan includes the use of new military style, reinvigorate the air force and Navy forces, improve the infrastructure and improve the administrative management system. After the reform of the defense forces will be more flexible, its responsibilities include poaching, illegal arms trafficking and drug trafficking, terrorism, dealing with refugee affairs etc.. And Australia signed a defense cooperation agreement, Australia each year to provide about $40000000 in military aid, and providing military training. Overseas Chinese, overseas Chinese, Chinese current of about 5000 people, mainly is: 1, local born Chinese (Qian Yuren), most engaged in the wholesale, supermarkets, real estate and processing industry, capital is larger, has a certain status and influence in the new society. 2, from Southeast Asia and Hong Kong and Taiwan Chinese (1000), many supermarkets, logging, fishing, restaurants, a rich life. 3, in recent years from the mainland, overseas Chinese (about 3000 people), mostly part-time, restaurants and shops. My advice to the island of classification tree Islands Peninsula Island The artificial island Archipelago The Arctic Ocean Islands India Ocean Islands Around the island Island country My advice to the historical classification tree



其他国家时间和温度查询

越南泰国新加坡叙利亚韩国菲律宾巴基斯坦朝鲜马尔代夫马来西亚蒙古缅甸老挝日本美国墨西哥中国