西撒哈拉今日气温查询别墅西斯内罗斯,别墅西斯内罗斯等城市今日气温查询

西撒哈拉 西撒哈拉(阿拉伯语:الصحراء الغربية‎,西班牙文:Sáhara Occidental)位于非洲西北部,地处撒哈拉沙漠西部,滨临大西洋,与摩洛哥、毛里塔尼亚、阿尔及利亚相邻。该地是一个有争议地区,摩洛哥声明对此地区拥有主权。另外,当地的一个独立武装组织(波利萨里奥阵线)仅统治著该地区内的极小部分领土,其余大部分均为摩洛哥所占领。目前,共有49个国家承认该武装政权所领导的“阿拉伯撒哈拉民主共和国”为独立的阿拉伯国家之一。

西撒哈拉位于非洲的西北部,西濒大西洋。面积26.6万平方千米。人口29.3万,主要为阿拉伯人和柏柏尔人,是世界上人口密度最小的地区之一。居民多信奉伊斯兰教。通用阿拉伯语和西班牙语。重要城市阿尤恩(El Aaiun)。

Western Sahara Western Sahara (Spanish: Sahara

自然地理阿拉伯撒哈拉民主共和国(阿拉伯语:الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية‎,西班牙语:República Árabe Saharaui Democrática),是一个位于北非西撒哈拉地区的国家。撒拉威声称拥有整个西撒哈拉地区的主权,但目前只能控制有关领土的20%,其余领土被摩洛哥控制,并被划为摩洛哥的南部省份。

The seventh Century ad, the Arabs invaded the region. The middle of the fifteenth Century, Portuguese invasion. In nineteenth Century, the Spanish invasion of Western Sahara, 1886 will be designated as "protection", in 1958 changed into overseas province. The Western colonial rule by Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania against. In 1973 May, on a support, Sacchi sub Hamra and Leo Deo Lo people's Liberation Front (referred to as the Polisario front or the Polisario front) announced, decided by the armed struggle for Western Sahara independence. In 1975 November, skin tissue green March, 350000 volunteers into the western sahara. In the same month, the west, skin, hair three countries signed the "Madrid Agreement" provisions of the west, in February 26, 1976 from the western sahara. Skin, hair and a divide and conquer Western Sahara agreement, Morocco occupied the northern 170000 square kilometers, Mao seized the southern 90000 square kilometers. A condemnation of friction, hair divided the western sahara. In February 27, 1976, the Polisario front announced the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Arabia, the sahara. Since then, friction, armed conflict between Mao Tongxi and the TPLF continue to occur. In 1979 August, Mao gave up on the Western Sahara territory of Western Sahara, withdraw from the war. Friction to occupy the wool occupied areas, and to promote the spread of. To 1987, control almost all the territory of Western Sahara morocco. At the same time, rub up 6 total length of 2720 km of the defensive wall in the Western Sahara, in the tens of thousands of troops and the establishment of administrative organization.

西撒战争自20世纪70年代以来,非统组织和联合国为和平解决西撒冲突进行了积极斡旋,并通过多项决议,但均取得任何效果。1984年11月,第20届非统首脑会议接纳“西撒国”为成员国,摩洛哥因此宣布退出非统组织。1988年8月,联合国秘书长德奎利亚尔提出解决西撒冲突的和平建议,摩表示原则同意,西撒人阵表示有条件地接受。1989年6月,德奎利亚尔提出解决西撒争端的和平计划,即所谓的《解决计划》。其主要内容是:任命一位秘书长特别代表,全权负责在西撒组织公民投票;成立“联合国西撒哈拉公民投票特派团”,包括民事、军事和治安三个小组,负责监督停火,组织公民投票。1990年6月,安理会批准了该计划。1991年4月29日,安理会一致通过690号决议,批准秘书长关于在西撒举行公民投票的修正案。修正案规定:自联合国通过特派团预算之日起16周内,宣布在西撒停火;停火后第20周举行公投。5月17日,联合国大会批准西撒特派团预算。9月5日,联合国特派团进驻西撒。9月6日,摩与西撒宣布正式停火,结束了长达16年之久的西撒战争。

Morocco district is located in the Western Sahara and Sahara Arabia Democratic Republic control region of Western Sahara referendum scheduled for early 1992, but Morocco and the Polisario front in determining the voter list of serious differences and repeatedly postponed. In 1997 March, American former Secretary of state Beck as the Secretary General of the United Nations representative long private issue, under the auspices of Beck, friction and Polisario held in Lisbon, London and Houston held four rounds of negotiations, ah, hair with observer status at. All talks restarted the referendum process agree basically. The voter identification work from the beginning of December 1, 1997. To 1998 September completed authentication work 147000 voters. But the problem for the friction and friction in border region of the H41, H61 and j51/52 three tribes eligible voters remain divided. In 1998, November and December, UN Secretary General Longanan visited Mauritania, Western Sahara, Morocco, Algeria and Tinduff, proposed speeds up the package to settle the issue to the relevant parties: 3 tribes to allow existing dispute a total of 65000 people attended the voters to the personal identity authentication, complaint procedures to start other have been checking the refugees; department starts the repatriation of refugees; all voters to verify the work ended in April 1999, held in December referendum in Western sahara. Annan's proposal has been accepted by all parties concerned. But because of the same reason and before, the mission in terms of an extended indefinitely, the referendum. In May 14, 2000 and June 28th, direct talks with Beck in London has hosted two Western Sahara dispute parties, the talks did not achieve any substantial progress. In May 31st, the Security Council passed resolution 1301, decided to extend the mission presidency, and proposed for the first time in an effort to implement the UN "solutions" at the same time, explore all ways and methods to solve the Western Sahara dispute. After the point lead to strong dissatisfaction with the Polisario and Algeria. In September 28th, under the auspices of the Beck, Morocco and Polisario representatives meeting in Berlin, Morocco in the Western Sahara's sovereignty is the prerequisite of friction are discussed under issue solution for the implementation of the United Nations, insisted the "solution", the meeting ended without results. In February 27, 2001, the Security Council passed resolution 1342, the mission will be extended until April 28th. In 2001 June, the United Nations secretary general issue personal representative, the former Secretary of state Beck put forward "the Western Sahara status" draft framework agreement, is the core of Western Sahara: the final status agreement executed by local residents in a referendum to decide within five years after the Western Sahara, a high degree of autonomy, but the diplomatic, defense by friction is responsible, to participate in the proposed referendum voters must be in before the vote a year living in the western sahara. In June 29th, the Security Council passed resolution 1359, emphasizing the "solutions" continue to be effective, and encourage all parties to discuss the "framework agreement" draft and other political solution. The move was strongly against the Polisario and Algeria. Therefore, in August 27th 29 day, Beck invited the skin, ah, Polisario three party to the negotiations, but failed to reach any understanding. In November 26th, the Security Council passed resolution 1380, decided to extend MINURSO until February 28, 2002, in order to gain time to the parties to reach a compromise.



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