坦桑尼亚今日气温查询桑给巴尔,坦噶,姆万扎,姆特瓦拉,马鲁库,达累斯萨拉姆,多多马,多多马等城市今日气温查询

坦桑尼亚 坦桑尼亚,位于非洲东部、赤道以南。北与肯尼亚和乌干达交界,南与赞比亚、马拉维、莫桑比克接壤,西与卢旺达、布隆迪和刚果(金)为邻,东濒印度洋。大陆海岸线长840公里。东部沿海地区和内陆部分低地属热带草原气候,西部内陆高原属热带山地气候。大部分地区平均气温21~25℃。桑给巴尔的20多个岛屿属热带海洋性气候,终年湿热,年平均气温26℃。1964年10月29日,坦噶尼喀和桑给巴尔合并成为坦桑尼亚。

位置坦桑尼亚面积94.5万多平方公里。由大陆、桑给巴尔岛及20多个小岛组成。位于非洲东部、赤道以南,大陆东临印度洋,南连赞比亚、马拉维和莫桑比克,西邻卢旺达、布隆迪和刚果(金),北界肯尼亚和乌干达。行政区划共有26省,114县。其中大陆21省,桑给巴尔5个省。  人口3700多万,其中桑给巴尔约100万(2004年)。分属126个民族,人口超过100万的有苏库马、尼亚姆维奇、查加、赫赫、马康迪和哈亚族。另有一些阿拉伯人、印巴人和欧洲人后裔。斯瓦希里语为国语,与英语同为官方通用语。坦噶尼喀居民主要信奉天主教、基督教新教和伊斯兰教,桑给巴尔居民则几乎全部信奉伊斯兰教。

Landforms of Tanzania beach, 840 km long coastline. High in the northwest, southeast low, ladder. The eastern coastal lowlands, western inland plateau area accounted for more than half of the total inland area, the Great Rift Valley West of the two branch runs through the north and the south from Lake malawi. Kilimanjaro in the north-east of the Kibo peak 5895 meters above sea level, is the highest peak in Africa. The main rivers are Lu Feiji (1400 km long), Pangani, ruvu, Wami etc.. Numerous lakes, Vitoria lake, Tanganyika lake and Lake Malawi. Part of the lowland climate in eastern coastal area and inland tropical steppe climate, western inland plateau tropical mountain climate, cool and dry.

坦桑尼亚为古人类发源地之一。公元7—8世纪,阿拉伯人和波斯人迁入。19世纪中叶,德英等国殖民势力侵入这个地区。1886年,坦噶尼喀被划为德国势力范围。1890年,桑给巴尔沦为英国“保护国”。1917年11月英军占领全境。1920年划为英国“委任统治地”。1961年12月坦噶尼喀宣告独立。1963年12月10日桑给巴尔宣告独立。1964年4月26日坦噶尼喀和桑给巴尔组成联合共和国,同年10月29日改名为坦桑尼亚联合共和国,仍留在英联邦内。1995年10月举行首次多党总统选举。 

The Tanzania government is provided with the heads of government of the government and the revolutionary government of Zanzibar. The coalition government to implement the presidential system, the cabinet by the president, vice president, prime minister, Zanzibar's president, and ministers. The government of the United Republic of a president and a vice president (vice president as a candidate's running mate; in the election of president and vice president must be from the same political party, and separately from the mainland and Zanzibar; the vice president can't sang by the president or prime minister of the United Republic of), elected for a term of 5 years, shall not serve more than the two session. The United Republic, the president as head of state, head of government and armed forces commander in chief. The president appoints the prime minister, the Prime Minister presided over the daily affairs of the United government. The constitution of Zanzibar, sang Revolutionary Committee consists of 20 members, the chief minister to preside over the daily affairs of Zanzibar revolutionary government, responsible for mulberry conference. Sang revolutionary government has the right to handle except diplomatic, defense and security of Zanzibar non joint affairs. A unicameral parliament, said the national assembly is the highest legislative body, the United republic. The provisions of the constitution, members must be a revolutionary party. Parliamentary and presidential elections at the same time, the election every five years. The Constitution in 1977 April formulated jointly by the constitution of the Republic, after the 14 amendment. The revolutionary government of Zanzibar constitution was enacted in 1979, after the 3 amendment. The unicameral parliament, said the national assembly is the highest legislative body, the United republic. Parliamentary and presidential elections are held every 5 years. The president has the power to appoint 15 members. Zanzibar people's Congress for mulberry legislature, has combined affairs outside of the mulberry affairs legislative power. The judicial mechanism is provided with a special court, the court of appeal, the high court, district court and procuratorate, the judicial committee and the committee. The islands of Zanzibar and Pemba is respectively provided with a Sharia court, handling violations of Islamic teachings case. Zanzibar independently exercise judicial power, but the appeal of the case by the United Republic of the court of appeal. The party since 1992 July since the multi-party system, there are 18 political parties are allowed to officially register. (1) the Tanzania Revolutionary Party (Chama

奉行不结盟和睦邻友好的外交政策,主张在互不干涉内政和相互尊重主权的基础上与各国发展友好合作关系。与中国关系 温家宝和坦桑尼亚总统基奎特一、双边政治关系回顾 中国1961年与坦噶尼喀建交,1963年与桑给巴尔建交。坦噶尼喀和桑给巴尔联合后,中国自然延续与坦、桑的外交关系,将1964年4月26日联合日定为与坦桑建交日。建交以来,两国在政治、经济等各个领域内的友好合作关系发展顺利,高层互访不断。 尼雷尔任坦首任总统(1964-1985)期间,先后5次访华,中、坦签订了《中华人民共和国和坦桑尼亚联合共和国友好条约》(1965)和两国在经济、贸易、文化、卫生等领域的多项合作协定。坦积极支持中国重返联合国,是1971年第26届联合国大会关于恢复中国在联合国一切合法权利的提案国之一。姆维尼(1985-1995)和姆卡帕(1995-2005)任总统期间,继续执行对华友好政策,两国在各领域的友好合作关系进一步巩固和加强。双方签署了《中华人民共和国政府和坦桑尼亚联合共和国政府关于坦桑尼亚联合共和国在中华人民共和国香港特别行政区设立名誉领事馆的协议》(1998年1月)。2005年12月,基奎特当选坦总统,高度重视对华关系,两国友好合作关系得到顺利延续和发展。 二、双边经贸关系和经济技术合作   坦是中国在非洲的最大受援国。中国从1964年开始向坦提供各种援助,主要援建项目有坦赞铁路、友谊纺织厂、姆巴拉利农场、基畏那煤矿和马宏达糖厂等。中、坦合资合作始于60年代,近年发展较快,其中坦中友谊纺织有限公司是在我援建的友谊纺织厂基础上,由我政府提供优惠贴息贷款,双方合资经营的项目,成为中、坦在新形势下开展互利合作的成功范例。中、坦互利合作始于1981年,目前共有40多家公司在坦开展劳务承包业务。目前中国与坦桑尼亚的空运进出口货物埃塞俄比亚航空公司承运,而自从埃航签署北京泛源国际运输服务有限公司为核心代理后,中国出口坦桑尼亚货物与日聚增。2007年上半年双边贸易额3.52亿美元,同比增长44.1%,其中我出口额2.31亿美元,进口额1.21亿美元。我对坦主要出口粮食、车辆、纺织品、轻工产品、化工产品、机械设备、电器、钢材等,从坦进口干制海产品、生皮革、原木、粗铜和木质工艺品等。 中、坦签有《中华人民共和国和坦桑尼亚联合共和国经济技术合作协定》、《中华人民共和国和坦桑尼亚联合共和国贸易协定》(1965年2月)、《中国、坦桑尼亚、赞比亚三国政府关于修建坦赞铁路的协定》(1967年9月)、《中华人民共和国和坦桑尼亚联合共和国易货贸易议定书》(1984年3月)、《中华人民共和国政府和坦桑尼亚联合共和国政府关于成立经贸混委会的协定》(1985年8月)、《中国政府向坦桑尼亚联合共和国政府提供优惠贴息贷款的框架协议》(1996、1997年)等双边经贸协议。 同美国的关系与美国关系友好。美重视坦的地区大国作用,支持其经济改革,是坦桑第三大投资国和十大捐助国之一,并免除了坦桑对美双边债务。坦桑为从美获得更多援助和外资,在反恐等问题上对美高调附和。同英国的关系坦是英联邦成员国,与英关系密切,往来频繁。英是坦桑最大贸易伙伴和主要援助国,每年援助约8000万美元左右。英免除了坦桑欠英的全部债务,并积极支持国际货币基金组织及世行等国际金融机构削减坦桑所欠债务。同南非的关系新南非诞生后,坦即与南非建交,两国关系发展较快。两国在经济、科技和文化交流协定,在航空、矿产等领域内进行合作。 同邻国的关系坦与肯尼亚和乌干达曾同为东非共同体成员,启用东非合作体旗帜及东非护照。同亚洲国家的关系坦重视亚洲,重点发展同亚洲国家的关系。坦桑是日本在撒哈拉以南非洲的最大受援国,每年提供无偿援款约1亿美元,在发达国家对坦援助中连续八年位居第一。坦桑同朝鲜关系良好。前总统尼雷尔和姆维尼及桑给巴尔总统萨勒明等均访问过朝鲜。朝鲜主要援坦项目有革命党多多马会议大厦、水稻农场、奔巴考贾尼体育场等。

In April 26, 2007, the Tanzania National Army soldiers parade square is. Tanzania day held a grand parade, to celebrate the 43 anniversary of the establishment of the United Republic of Tanzania. Armed forces by the people's defence forces, police, national service and the militia. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, the highest military decision-making and command structure respectively, defense and Security Committee and the army headquarters. The Wehrmacht was founded in 1964 2005, the total strength of 27000, including 23000 army, Navy 1000, air force 3000. The police force under the Ministry of the interior, a total of 30000 people. National service was established in 1963, the Department of defense and the dual leadership of national defense army headquarters, a total of 4000 people. Militia founded in 1966, under the national defense army headquarters, a total of 80000 people. The 2003 annual defense budget of $131000000.



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