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韩国 韩国,大韩民国(朝:대한민국/大韓民國),简称韩国、南韩(한국),是位于东北亚朝鲜半岛南端的国家,首都位于首尔。韩国三面环海,西南濒临黄海,东南是朝鲜海峡,东边是朝鲜东海(日本海)。北面隔着三八线非军事区与朝鲜民主主义人民共和国相邻。朝鲜战争后,韩国经济得到飞速发展,成为亚洲四小龙之一。韩国目前是世界经济第十大政治体系,是经合组织(OECD)和20国集团(G20)成员国,也是亚太经合组织(APEC)和东亚峰会的创建国之一。世界银行、国际货币基金组织和美国中央情报局都将韩国列为发达国家。1948年5月10日,韩国单独举行分裂朝鲜的选举。

太极旗,是1882年8月由派往日本的使臣朴泳孝和金玉均在船上第一次绘制的,1883年被高宗皇帝正式采纳为朝鲜王朝的国旗。1949年3月25日,韩国文教部审议委员会在确定它为大韩民国国旗时作了明确解释:太极旗的横竖比例为3:2,白地代表土地,中间为太极两仪,四角有黑色四卦。太极的圆代表人民,圆内上下弯鱼形两仪,上红下蓝,分别代表阳和阴,象征宇宙。四卦中,左上角的乾即三条阳爻代表天、春、东、仁;右下角的坤即六条阴爻代表地、夏、西、义;右上角的坎即四条阴爻夹一条阳爻代表水、秋、南、礼;左下角的离即两条阳爻夹两条阴爻代表火、冬、北、智。整体图案意味着一切都在一个无限的范围内永恒运动、均衡和协调,象征东方思想、哲理和神秘。

The national flag of Republic of Korea (Korean: you, Chinese characters: Tai Chi Flag), also known as Tai Chi Flag, white bottom, middle is the Yin Yang symbol of red and blue, plus four baguazhang hexagram. Proportion: 2:3. Today's flag was designed in 1882, in January 27, 1883 to become the official flag. According to South Korean official explanation, diagram of the red for Yang, blue represents Yin, the Yin and yang balance and harmony on behalf of the universe. Fire and water, day and night, dark and light, construction and destruction, male and female, active and passive, heat and cold, positive and negative, as the two great forces in the universe, through mutual opposition to achieve harmony and balance. Tai Chi as the center, the four corners of the diagram are a symbol of yin and yang to reconcile, Qian on behalf of the sky, Kun behalf of the earth, the moon and Kan Gua is water, from the sun, fire, each hexagram is also a symbol of justice, rich, vitality and wisdom. According to the interpretation of Korea, the flag background is white, symbolizing purity of the Korean people and the love of peace. The flag represents the entire Korean people forever and coordinated development of the ideal of the universe. The "book of changes" Chinese and Taoism influential in South korea. The nature of land: the civil flag, flag, flag, the government, the government's civil flag at sea Flag varieties

韩国英文名字是Korea,源于古名“高丽”。韩国的“韩”字源于韩半岛南部历史上的三韩。三韩最早记载于《后汉书·东夷列传》第七十五:“韩有三种”,包括马韩、辰韩和弁韩。“韩”后来演变为朝鲜族的别名。1910年大韩帝国灭亡后至二战后朝韩分治形成前,“朝鲜”与“韩国”的两种称谓多混用。 大韩民国声称其为韩半岛唯一合法的政权,自称“韩国”,而将朝鲜民主主义人民共和国称作“北韩”;朝鲜民主主义人民共和国亦声称其韩半岛唯一合法的政权,自称“朝鲜”,而将大韩民国称为“南朝鲜”。中华人民共和国在1992年与大韩民国建交以前,一直将朝鲜民主主义人民共和国视为韩半岛唯一合法的政权,拒绝承认大韩民国,并称其为“南朝鲜”,1992年两国建交以后,已经改称“韩国”。香港、台湾以及海外华人则一直习称首尔方面为“韩国”,“南朝鲜”或“南韩”,称平壤方面为“北韩”。

South Korea South Korea geographical map of history can be traced back to the 2333 b.c.. According to legend, the history of Korea's legendary Dangun, was the son of a God and a bear Totem Tribe born of woman. Tangun established Korean history the first kingdom. Korean contemporary historians of this period of the early historical period known as the "ancient Korea" era. In the traditional ancient Korean concept, refers to the country Gija Joseon and replace Jizi Korea Wiman korea. The ancient Korea initially in the small city-state of clan society as the characteristic, the city state was gradually merged into the political structure of complex tribal alliance, and ultimately the formation of the kingdom. In these tribal alliance, located in the middle reaches of the Yalu River Gao Juli (37- BC 668) first nation. Koguryo aggressive forces one by one to conquer the surrounding tribes, and in 313 BC and even captured Chinese Lelang area. Baiji (18- BC 660) is located in a small city near Seoul, south of Hanjiang River development today and a similar Gaogouli Kingdom tribal alliance. Baekje in nearly Shaw ancient king (reigned 346-375) ruling period become a centralized by the aristocracy of central country. Xinluo Kingdom (57- BC 935) is located in the southernmost tip of the Korean Peninsula, the first is the most weak, most backward countries. However, due to the influence from the Chinese geographically, it is easy to accept a non foreign customs and ideas Chinese. Social class features of its obvious, then produces a unique "Hwarang corps" and the development of buddhism. The middle of the sixth Century, the kingdom of Xinluo conquered the neighboring Gaya Kingdom (from mid first Century to mid sixth Century in Southern Korea Peninsula developed a number of city states) and formed a military alliance with the China Tang Dynasty, conquered Goguryeo and Baekje kingdom. When Chinese Tang later exposed to incorporate Gao Juli and Baekje its empire, Xinluo with force against. In the year 676, Xinluo will Chinese ejected from the Korean peninsula. Subsequently, the Mohe tribe lived in central and southern Manchuria united a Goguryeo established the kingdom of Bohai in 698 years. The kingdom of Bohai is not only a Goguryeo, there are numerous Mohe tribe. The kingdom of Bohai according to the administrative structure of the Koguryo Kingdom, and on the basis of the Beijing regime. The kingdom of Bohai with advanced culture originated from Goguryeo culture. Xinluo reunification of the Korean Peninsula in the year 668, and entered the heyday of prosperity in the mid eighth Century. Xinluo has been trying to build an ideal Buddhist country, the temple was built in the unification of Xinluo period. But because the nobles indulge in comfort luxury life, Kingdom of Buddhist worship began to decline. In addition, and the occupied Gao Juli and Baekje claimed to have dominion conflict between regional leader. In 935 ad, the king of Xinluo formally to the newly established Korea Dynasty surrendered. Although the Korean Peninsula often invaded by alien, but since 668 BC unified by the Xinluo post has been dominated by a single government governance, and to maintain political independence, as well as the culture and tradition. Both the Korea Dynasty (918-1392 years), or the North Korean Dynasty (1392-1910 years), they have to consolidate power, the development of the cultural, expelled the invaders, such as the Mongolia and japan. Korea Dynasty's founding emperor Wang Jian is a Xinluo rebel Prince bow American generals. He chose his hometown Songyue (i.e. the city as the capital of the North Korea), and vowed to recover the Koguryo in China northeast territory. He will his kingdom known as Korea, South Korea is now the name "Korea" is the resulting. Although the Korea Dynasty failed to recover lost ground, but made with celadon and Buddhism flourished as a representative of the splendid cultural achievements. Equally important is, as early as in 1234, namely two centuries earlier than the German Gutenberg, the world's first metal type Korean invention of printing. Somewhere in this period, the South Korean craftsmen also completed the arduous task of all Buddhist scriptures carved in large board. These carved Buddhist woodblock has more than 8 blocks, to pray for Buddha bless to repel the invasion. These are called "Tripitaka" Korea board are treasures in the historic Haeinsa temple. Korea the end of the dynasty, the literati and the samurai between the conflict and the Confucianism and Buddhist believers struggle, the decline of dynasties in Korea. The Mongol invasion of Korea began in 1231, the people of Korea while on a heroic struggle with the Mongols, but Korea still into a vassal of Mongolia for nearly 1 centuries. In nineteenth Century, South Korea is still a "close the country to international intercourse country", firmly opposed to Western demands on the establishment of diplomatic relations and trade. Since then, some of the imperial ambitions of Asian and European countries vied to Korean Peninsula influence. Japan after the defeat of Russia in 1910 and China, forcibly annexed Korea, and began the colonial rule. Japan's colonial rule of the Korean people to stimulate the spirit of patriotism. The Japanese even banned Koreans use Korean to teach in the school. This assimilation policy provoked Korean intellectuals. In March 1, 1919, South Korea launched protests across the country, thousands of people sacrifice. Despite the "three · an independence movement" failed, but strengthen the Han ethnic unity, inspired the spirit of patriotism. This movement led to the founding of the Korean Provisional Government in Chinese Shanghai, and organized resistance to the Japanese colonialists armed struggle in Manchuria. The people's Republic of Korea is still commemorated each year "three · an independence movement", and it is identified as the national holiday. Japan defeated before 1945, the South Korean people have been living in misery. The Japanese colonial rule of Korea during the ongoing economic exploitation.

朝鲜半岛上的居民基本上属单一民族,韩国称之为韩族。韩国有3万余名华侨,除此之外,几乎没有少数民族。全国为单一民族,通用韩国语。宗教称为“多宗教之邦”,其中佛教9.87%;基督教22.78%;天主教4.89%;圆佛教0.24%。还有大宗教、天理教、伊斯兰教、国际道德协会、太极教、性德教等。萨满教:萨满教起源与中国东北民族,是韩国最古老、最原始的一种宗教,起源于原始社会人们对自然和鬼神的崇拜。朝鲜新石器时代的先民信奉泛灵论,认为山川、天体、岩石、树木等自然界万物皆有灵魂。而且他们认为人类也有灵魂,并且永不消亡。他们想念善良的神灵会给予人带来吉祥,而邪恶的神灵则会带来恶运。至今,萨满教仍是韩国人的基础宗教,部分人仍保留着萨满教的信仰。而对现代人来说,萨满教仪式中富有表现力的驱妖降魔的内容,则成了音乐、舞蹈、戏剧等现代艺术中一个多姿多彩的组成部分。  佛教:佛教是公元4世纪由中国传入朝鲜半岛的。佛教作为韩国历史悠入的宗教教派,一直对韩国的政治、经济、  文化产生着巨大的影响。现在韩国佛教共有26个宗派,9,200多座寺庙和1,100多万名信徒,是信徒最多的宗教。  儒教:儒教是公元前6世纪中国孔子创立的伦理和宗教信仰。儒教的基本伦理思想为仁、义、礼、智,是用于齐家治国的一种伦理体系。公元初期儒教传入朝鲜半岛。千百年来,儒教的伦理道德思想和生活哲学一直影响着韩国。时至今日,儒教思想已经渗透、扎根于韩国社会之中,这尤其体现在教育、礼仪等方面。同时,它在韩国的经济发展、社会现代化进程中也发挥了重要的作用。

Location in the south of the Korean peninsula of Korea .



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