摩洛哥今日气温查询拉巴特,卡萨布兰卡,卡萨布兰卡等城市今日气温查询

摩洛哥 摩洛哥王国(阿拉伯语:المغرب‎)是非洲西北部的一个国家。该王国东部以及东南部与阿尔及利亚接壤,南部紧邻西撒哈拉,西部滨临大西洋,并向北隔直布罗陀海峡和地中海与西班牙相望。1979年摩洛哥占领西撒哈拉,但其在西撒哈拉的权利一直未被国际上任何国家所认可。摩洛哥认为接壤的休达及梅利利亚应为其领土,但实际上是由西班牙管辖。除阿拉伯语外,在摩洛哥境内还有许多地方语言,而法语和西班牙语也被同时使用。

呈长方形,长与宽之比为3∶2。旗地为红色,中央有一颗由五根绿色线条交叉组成的五角星。红色来自摩洛哥古国早期国旗的颜色。绿色五角星有两种解释:一、绿色是穆罕默德后代所喜欢的颜色,五角星象征人民对伊斯兰教的信仰;二、这一图案是驱病避邪的苏莱曼护符。

Morocco is located in the northwest end Africa. East, Southeast of Algeria, south of the Sahara, the Atlantic ocean to the west, north across the Strait of Gibraltar and Spain across the Mediterranean into the Atlantic's portal, choke. The coastline of 1700 kilometers. In January the average temperature 12 ° C, 22 ° -28 ° C in July. In January the average temperature 12 ° C, 22 ° -28 ° C in July Administrative divisions: according to the adjustment of administrative divisions in September 10, 2003 by the act, is divided into

摩洛哥国徽 最早的居民是柏柏尔人。公元7世纪,阿拉伯人进入,并于8世纪建立第一个阿拉伯王国。现在的阿拉维王朝建立于1660年,穆罕默德六世国王是该王朝的第 23 位君主。从 15 世纪起,西方列强先后入侵。 1912年3月30日沦为法国保护国。同年,法国同西班牙签订《马德里条约》,摩北部地带和南部伊夫尼等地划为西班牙保护地。 1956 年3月2日获得独立。 1957年8月14日定国名为摩洛哥王国,苏丹改称国王。1961年2月穆罕默德五世国王逝世。3月,哈桑二世国王登基。 1999年7月23日,哈桑二世国王因病逝世,王储西迪·穆罕默德于同日即位,7月30日正式登基,称穆罕默德六世。  

Morocco Morocco's constitutional monarchy, the king has the highest power. Mohamed VI came to the throne, adhere to the monarchy, the multi-party system policy, pay attention to the development of economy, more emphasis on the rule of law, give priority to solve the social problems such as poverty, youth employment. In 2003 May the first big city, the economic capital of Morocco Casablanca, 5 explosions occurred, the Moroccan government to take measures, on the one hand anti-terrorism law, arrested and sentenced a large number of suspects, crack down on extremists and terrorist groups, on the other hand through the religious reform, banning secret prayer rooms, Amnesty means the collapse of religion extremism. At the same time, and actively participate in international cooperation against terrorism. In 2005 May, friction announced the start of aims to eliminate poverty, to achieve the sustainable development of the "national human development plan", and the establishment of a special fund, planned for 2006 to 2010 investment 10000000000 dirhams ($1170000000) for poverty alleviation. Present state of political stability. Constitution Friction since independence, has promulgated five constitution. The current constitution in 1996 September 13 the referendum. Constitution: the skin is a constitutional monarchy; the king is head of state, religious leaders and supreme commander of the armed forces; hereditary; while the king underage, by the Council of Regency exercise apart from changes in the constitution of the king power, the supreme court appointed Regent committee chairman; the king appointed prime minister, according to the prime minister's proposal to appoint cabinet members, the king has the right to active or according to the resignation of the government to dissolve the government. Morocco Parliament In 1996 September through a new constitution, Parliament consists of the house of Representatives and the Senate. The house of representatives are elected by direct, a total of 325, a term of 5 years; a total of 270 senators, elected by the local administrative agencies, industry associations and salary class representative, principle of tenure in office 9 years, every 3 years for 1/3. The house of Representatives on November 9, 2002, after a partial re-election. The independence party is the largest party. People's Union forces of socialism and the justice and development party respectively second, three party parliament. Speaker Abdul Waheed Radi (Abdelouahed Radi), 1998 was elected in January, 2002 October, 2005 April two term. The Senate in 1997, two in July, in 2003 October re-election in 2000 1/3. The National Liberal alliance as the largest party in the Senate, the independent party, the National People's movement in third. Speaker Mustafa Okacha (Moustapha Okacha), 2000 was elected in October, re elected in October 2003. The government This government since independence in twenty-seventh government of friction. Formed in November 8, 2002, June 8, 2004 the technical reshuffle, a total of 35 people. The main members are as follows: Prime Minister Driss Djetou, Secretary of state Abbas Fassi, Minister of foreign affairs and cooperation of Mohamed Ben Issa, the home secretary, Shab Ben Moussa, Minister of justice Mohamed Bouzoubaa, religious foundation and Minister of Islamic Affairs Ahmad Tufeike, land, water resources and environment minister Mohamed Yazghi, Minister of Finance and privatization of Fatalahe Vararu, Secretary of state Abdul Sadiq Rabi o, agriculture, rural development and fisheries minister Muhan Nead ensor, employment and vocational training Secretary Mustafa Mansouri, national education, higher education, training and research minister Habimbo Malek, culture minister Mohamed Achaari, equipment and transport minister Krim and lamb, tourism, industry and social economy minister ADI Le Du viral, Minister of health Mohamed Shaikh Biadillah, the Minister of relations with Parliament Mohamed Saad Alami, energy and mining minister Mohamed Boutaleb, information minister and government spokesman Mohamed Nabil Ben Abdullah, foreign trade Secretary Mustafa Mechahouri, social development, family and unity minister Abdelrahim Harush, the public sector modernization minister Mohamed Busaid, industrial, trade and economic reform minister Salah MEZOUAR. The judiciary The judiciary is divided into four stages: the court of appeal of the Supreme Court, (10), Primary Court (44) and primary courts to judge. The country with the highest judicial committee. The president of the court and judges appointed by the king. The Supreme Court President Driss Dahak. Party A multi-party system, friction existing 27 parties, each party declared for the king and Islam, consistent with the king in the fundamental policy. In 2005 October, Dr King to promote the parliament by political parties, further integration of the parties forces, strengthening the control ability of the king. The main political parties: (1): 1943 December established the independence party. On behalf of the landlords and the national interests of the bourgeoisie. The major political party, is an important member of the left-wing alliance "coutras democratic group". In favor of the monarchy, adhere to the country's territorial integrity, advocates of constitutional, administrative, financial, economic and social reform, open democracy and freedom, the realization of economic and social justice. General secretary Abbas Fassi

摩洛哥工农业不发达。农业是摩国民经济主要部门,基本靠天吃饭。 1983 年开始实行经济改革,推行企业私有化和贸易自由化,优化经济结构,加强基础设施,改善投资环境,取得一定成效。矿业是支柱产业,矿产品出口占全部出口的 30 %。 2004 年,摩与突尼斯、埃及、约旦签署了“阿加迪尔协定”,宣布成立四国自由贸易区。同 年,摩分别与美国和土耳其签署双边自由贸易协议。 2005 年主要经济数据 国内生产总值:496 亿美元 人均国内生产总值:1660 美元 经济增长率:1.8 % 通货膨胀率:2 % 失业率: 11.5 % 货币名称:迪拉姆( dirham ) 汇率: 1 美元= 9.28 迪拉姆 资源 磷酸盐为主要资源,储量 1100 亿吨,占世界储量的 75 %。其它矿产资源有铁、铅、锌、钴、锰、钡、铜、盐、磁铁矿、无烟煤、油页岩等。其中油页岩储量 1000 亿吨以上,含原油 60 亿吨。 工矿业 工业不发达。工业企业主要部门有农业食品加工、化工医药、纺织皮革、采矿和机电冶金工业。磷酸盐是摩经济的重要支柱之一,储量为 1100 亿吨,约占世界储量的 75 %。 2004 年磷酸盐及其制品出口约 17 亿美元,占据国际市场 28.2 %的份额,保持该项出口第一大国地位。其中磷酸盐生产 2537 万吨,出口 1172 万吨,出口收益 4.5 亿美元。手工业在国民经济中占重要位置,从业人员约占就业人数的 20 %,主要产品有毛毯、皮革制品、金属加工品、陶瓷和木制家俱。 能源 2004 年能源产量为1050万吨石油当量,炼油产量为620万吨。电需求量157亿度,供电量180亿度,国内电力生产总量165亿度,进口15亿度,其中147亿度为热电,16亿度为水力发电,2亿度为风力发电。 农牧渔业 农业人口占全国总人口 50 %,可耕地 925.6 万公顷。农业产值占国内生产总值 20 %,农产品出口占总出口收入 30 %。主要农作物有小麦、大麦、玉米、水果、蔬菜等。农业靠天吃饭,起伏较大。 2004 年粮食产量 855 万吨。畜牧业较发达,以饲养牛、羊、鸡、骆驼等为主。 2004 年牲畜存栏数达 2444 万头,比上年增加 4.4 %。 渔业资源极为丰富,沙丁鱼出口居世界首位,是非洲第一大产鱼国。现拥有近海渔船 2609 艘,远洋渔船 500 艘,另有几千艘小船。从业人员 50 万人。为保护渔业资源,休渔期延长至 8 个月,产量连续 3 年下滑。 2004 年捕鱼量 89.2 万吨,产值 4.5 亿美元。其中沙丁鱼产量 75.8 万吨。 旅游业 旅游业发达。 2004 年,摩共接待境外旅游者 577 万人次,旅游收入 39 亿美元。 2005 年旅游收入 44.2 亿美元。主要旅游点有:拉巴特、马拉喀什、卡萨布兰卡、非斯、阿加迪尔、丹吉尔等。 交通运输 摩洛哥陆路交通较发达。在国内运输业中占主导地位, 90 %的客运和 75 %的货运通过陆路交通完成。 铁路:总长 2958 公里,投入运营线路 1907 公里,其中复线 370 公里, 50 %线路实现电气化。另有 765 公里磷酸盐运输线。 公路: 总长 64452 公里,其中一级公路 15907 公里,二级公路 9367 公里,三级公路 39178 公里。高速公路约 500 公里,有拉巴特-丹吉尔、拉巴特-卡萨布兰卡-塞达特、拉巴特-梅克内斯-非斯等多段高速公路。摩计划 2010 前年修成从丹吉尔经马拉喀什到阿加迪尔全长 1500 公里的高速公路。 水运:现拥有港口 30 个,其中 11 个为多功能港口, 11 个为运输、捕鱼用港口。 2003 年港口运输量 6000 万吨。主要港口有卡萨布兰卡、穆罕默迪耶、萨非、丹吉尔、阿加迪尔等,卡萨布兰卡港口最大,丹吉尔-地中海港正在建设中。 空运:有机场 27 个,其中国际机场 11 个,如卡萨布兰卡穆罕默德五世机场、拉巴特-萨累机场、阿加迪尔机场、丹吉尔机场等。摩王家航空公司有飞机 33 架,开通 75 条航线,航线通往四大洲 32 个国家,总航线 30 多万公里。 2002 年客运量为 370 万人次,营业额 69 亿迪拉姆,比上年增长 2 %。 1996 年 12 月,经阿尔及利亚、摩洛哥至西班牙、葡萄牙的马格里布-欧洲天然气管道正式开通。管道全长 1385 公里,初期每年可输送天然气 90 亿立方米,摩每年可获 10 亿立方米天然气。 通讯电信 具有良好的有线和无线通讯系统, 5 条国际海底电缆和 3 个卫星地面站与国际卫星组织和阿拉伯卫星组织相连。通讯枢纽是卡萨布兰卡和拉巴特。 2003 年有固定电话 121.9 万户,移动电话用户 722 万,居非洲第二。 2004 年摩通讯电信业营业额 30 亿美元。农村电网覆盖率 72% 。截至 2005 年初,摩因特网用户达 200 万。 摩洛哥财政金融 2005 年财政年度预算财政收入: 136 亿美元(其中私有化收入 5.8 亿美元,贷款 57 亿美元) ; 预算支出: 195 亿美元(其中 52 亿美元用于偿还公共债务)。 2005 年底外汇储备为 179 亿美元,外债总额约 124 亿美元。 对外贸易 摩同 90 多个国家和地区有贸易往来,主要贸易伙伴为欧洲国家,占摩进出口总额的 71 %,法国是摩最大的贸易伙伴国。 2005 年外贸总额 293 亿美元,其中进口 193 亿美元,出口 100 亿美元。外国直接投资和私人贷款投资 29 亿美元。 外国援助 近年来,摩每年可从欧盟、美国、海湾产油国得到约 10 亿美元的固定援助。摩是法国的第二大受援国,西班牙的第一大受援国。 人民生活 摩政府执行振兴经济、增加就业、发展医疗卫生、司法及其它社会服务,逐步缩小社会差别,改善低收入者生活水平的政策,对生活必需品给予部分补贴。 2004 年各行业最低保障工资每小时 9.66 迪拉姆,农业日保障工资 50 迪拉姆。 2001 年消费品价格指数为 158.3 (以 1989 年为基期)。 2003 年,摩家庭年均支出 46339 迪拉姆,其中 43.1 %用于吃饭, 21.4 %用于住房, 10.7 %用于娱乐, 6.9 %用于医疗卫生, 6.5 %用于交通和通讯, 5.5 %用于穿衣, 3.9 %用于家用设备, 2 %用于其它支出。全国有公立医院 12 所,军医院 5 所,综合医院 13 所,私人医院 102 所,医疗中心和医疗诊所 1360 个,地方医院 78 所,产院、计划生育中心 443 个,大学医务中心 2 所,全国共有病床 3 万张。每个省有一卫生中心,截至 2003 底,全国共有专科医生 3737 名。摩的全国抗癌中心是非洲大陆唯一研究、治疗癌症的机构。 2001 年摩城镇人口住房自有率为 63 %,农村人口住房自有率为 88 %,全国固定电话家庭普及率为 18.9 %,移动电话家庭普及率为 30.8 %。

Royal armed forces in May 14, 1956, 1957 and in 1960 the establishment of the air force and navy. May 14th is the army day. At present no defense, a defense administrative agencies, the competent national administrative affairs. Land, sea and air forces, are provided with the director (general, Minister level), is under the direct command of the king. King Mohamed VI as the supreme commander of the armed forces and the chief of the general staff. In 1966 July, began the implementation of compulsory military service, military service for a period of 18 months. The total force of 196300 people, 40000 military police and auxiliary forces. The equipment mainly comes from USA, france. The army of 175000 people, has 3 headquarters, 4 mechanized brigade, 2 parachute brigade, 11 mechanized Corps. The Navy's 10000 people, including 1500 combat troops, 4 naval base, 29 naval ships, equipped with missile destroyers, frigates, coastal defense ships, amphibious ships, support ship. The air force 13500, 6 Squadron, 96 combat aircraft, equipped with a fighter, reconnaissance aircraft, helicopters, training machine, surface to air missile, air-to-air missile.



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