赤道几内亚今日气温查询马拉博,马拉博等城市今日气温查询

赤道几内亚共和国位于非洲中西部,由大陆上的木尼河地区、几内亚湾的比奥科、安诺本、科里斯科以及大、小埃洛贝等岛屿组成。面积28051平方千米。海岸线长482千米。人口38万,绝大多数人居住在木尼河地区,居民主要是芳族;比奥科岛上的居民主要是布比族。90%以上居民信天主教。大陆通用芳语,岛上通用布比语。西班牙语为官方语言。

赤道几内亚大陆部分的原始居民为俾格米人,他们的领地后来被班图人占有。1471年至1472年,葡萄牙航海家斐南·德·波(Fernão do Pó)在寻找通往印度的航路过程中发现了斐南多波岛,将其命名为“福尔摩萨”(Formosa)。安诺本岛是在新年发现的,并由此得名。 1778年西班牙占领比奥科岛,1843年占领木尼河地区,1845年建立殖民统治。1959年被划为西班牙的两个海外省。1963年12月西当局在赤道几内亚举行公民投票,通过“内部自治”法规。1964年1月实行“内部自治”。 1968年10月12日宣告独立,定名赤道几内亚共和国,马西埃·恩圭马任总统。1979年8月国家革命人民武装力量部副部长奥比昂发动军事政变,成立以他为首的最高军事委员会。1982年8月奥比昂任总统,同年10月解散军委会。1988年在全国范围内进行了基层政权选举和议会换届选举。1989年6月25日举行全国大选,奥比昂再次当选为总统。1996年2月连任总统。

It covers an area of 28051.46 square kilometers (including part of the mainland, 26017.46 square kilometers, the island 2034 square kilometers, is located in the central and western Gulf of Guinea Africa), composed of area, also on the river and the Gulf of Guinea, Chris, Annobon, Bioko islands. Mooney river area west of the Atlantic, north of Cameroon, East, South and the border of gabon. 482 km long coastline. For the narrow coastal plain, front is flat, little harbour. The inland plateau, the general elevation of 500 - 1000 meters. The Mooney river area is divided into central mountains north of Benito River and the southern UTA Muboni River basin. The island is a volcano island, as the extension of Cameroon volcano in the Guinea bay. Bioko Island volcano, central, diebel peak 3007 meters above sea level, the highest point for the country. The main rivers are mbini. Equatorial Guinea subgenus tropical marine climate, humid, rainy and cloudy. The mainland area throughout the year is divided into two rainy seasons and two dry, 3 to May and 9 to November for the rainy season, 12 in February and 6 in August for the dry season; while the Bioko Island only a rainy season and a dry season, from 5 to October is the rainy season, from 11 to April for the dry season.

赤道几内亚是世界最不发达的国家之一,经济长期困难。赤道几内亚的经济以种植业为主,主要的出口产品是可可,其次为咖啡。该国长期以来被列入世界最不发达国家名单,但是1996年在赤道几内亚领海内发现了大量石油资源,此后该国经济快速增长,1997年至2001年的年平均经济增长率达41.7%。至2004年,赤道几内亚已经成为撒哈拉以南非洲的第三大石油生产国,石油产量达每天36万桶。 2005年赤道几内亚国民生产总值(GDP)为256.9亿美元,人均国民生产总值为16,507 美元,居世界第42位,人均PPP已经超过3万美元。但是,绝大多数石油收入被政府要员及执政集团掌握,因此该国国民总体经济收入仍然处于贫困状态。2005年联合国评估的人类发展指数中,赤道几内亚在177个国家中排第124位。 赤道几内亚汇率(2009年9月):1美元=446.08中非法郎。中非法郎与欧元为挂钩汇率,1欧元=655.96中非法郎。 石油生产           20世纪90年代初,以美国WATER INTERNATIONAL公司为首的跨国公司自纷纷投资赤几石油产业,已在比奥科岛北部海域发现大型油田,至今已累计投资达20多亿美元。现共有MOBIL、NOMECO、TRITON等5家公司在赤几进行石油勘探和开采。石油出口已成为赤几最主要的收入来源。 赤几自1996年石油大规模开采以来,产量逐年增长。1998年平均日产8万桶,1999年平均日产10.2万桶,主要来自MOBIL公司的产量。2000年8月份,MOBIL公司另一耗资7亿美元的钻井平台将投产,预计2000年赤几石油的平均日产可达16万桶。 工矿业     2000年以来由于石油工业的快速发展,工业总产值在国内生产总值中所占的比重逐年增加,2001年达91.2%。但结构单一,其它工业部门较落后。2002年日产原油达25.8万桶。在赤几开采石油的主要是美孚、埃尔夫等美、法石油公司。 根据协议,赤几政府以原油偿还上述石油公司的投资。石油公司则向赤几政府支付一定比例的石油收入,作为用地费用和税款。近年来,赤几政府为获得更大份额同美孚石油公司就修改协议多次举行谈判并取得初步进展。1998年12月,议会批准了新的《石油开采法》,赤几方获得的石油份额将从过去的10%增加到13%—20%。全国有十几个中、小型水电站和热电厂,多为外国援建,最大装机容量为3956千瓦。现有20余家外国伐木公司。 电信业 电信业起步较晚。1996年,在法国援助下,马拉博和巴塔两市安装了新的数据网。1997年两市又安装了移动通讯系统。   对外贸易  石油和木材为主要出口产品。主要出口国为西班牙、中国、日本和美国。生活日用品和生产资料均依赖进口。主要进口国为美国、法国、西班牙、喀麦隆、英国。2000年以来,随着石油工业的快速发展,石油不仅取代木材成为主要出口创汇产品,而且扭转了外贸长期逆差的局面。2001年出口额为18.37亿美元,进口额为8.37亿美元。 林业 20世纪80年代,林业曾是赤几经济支柱产业。但近年来,随着石油的大规模开采,林业已退居次席。1998年以后,政府还多次调整林业政策,投资环境日趋恶化。1999年赤几木材生产约74万立方米,出口约66万立方米。主要树种是加蓬榄,其次是红木、紫檀、红铁木等。主要出口国是中国、法国、西班牙、日本、朝鲜、葡萄牙、摩洛哥等。赤几现有木材公司共21家,其中马来西亚长青公司(SHIMMER)实力最为雄厚,产量和出口量约占总数的一半,我国吉兴公司和华科洋公司产量不大,共计约5万立方米。 农业  可可和咖啡曾是赤几传统出口产品,产地主要集中在比奥科岛。后来由于资金不足,管理不善,许多种植园荒废,加上国际市场价格大幅下跌,可可和咖啡生产逐步萎缩,特别是1999年可可产量已由过去最高年份的4.5万吨剧降至4600吨。

Press and publication The Republic of Equatorial Guinea coin stamps Major newspapers nationwide Equatorial Guinea: "people's voice", sponsored by the Democratic party. "Ebony newspaper", sponsored by the Ministry of information. "Report" gasser tower, sponsored by the non-governmental organization. The above 3 kinds of newspapers are monthly. In addition to "peak echo newspaper", "armed forces", "truth" etc.. A total of 5 radio stations, 3 of them for the national radio, every day from 6 to 23 broadcast 17 hours. In addition to Spanish, French broadcast news program every day, and Fang language broadcast 1 hours, Bubi ethnic language broadcast for half an hour. There are 3 hours of religious programming every Sunday. In addition, Radio France international in Malabo, a relay station. Malabo and Bhatta are respectively provided with state television, broadcast 7 hours a day, mainly in spanish. More than half of them for their own production program, the program for Spain and france. TV can cover the Bioko Island and part of the mainland. In 2005 March, UNESCO presented radio in the Equatorial Guinea National University broadcasting. Diet Maize is the Equatorial Guinea people home The main food of the Chinese people has cassava, taro, corn, non-staple food is pork (the Muslim fasting pork, beef, mutton, vegetables), turtle meat, turtle eggs. Equatorial Guinea people prefer spicy, almost all of Tulare pepper, in order to take care of the guests taste, different degree of pungency, people love to drink palm wine. Ant: add a basin like eat locusts and termites. Some people use a small stick inserted into anthills lead termites, insert is black, pull out is white, and then use a smooth hand, larvae falls basin, is said to eat fried. As for the grasshopper, there is a catch a sack. Corn: homely meal made from corn when Ii Saku "Wugali", was the Africa "". To boil water, have been put into the corn flour, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon until the stem thick, and then into the pot and a buckle, the cake surface weight in hand, and then turned into the pot to cook, so until shed fragrance. Reportedly, the local people can not about hospitality, but "Wugali" can not be missing, or the guest that you meal underfed. Soil wine: "Beaux Arts" king, Africans drink boiling water does not quench thirst, or irrigation water fast living in the sea of people like to drink Coconut Juice, they also use coconut or other grain brewing wine, wine now only allow the sale of government land called "bussa drinking". Drink "Beaux Arts" scene several or even dozens of individuals may also put oneself carry three five meters long thin tube inserted into the jar, attracts while talk of everything under the sun, until waiwaixiexie play "drunken master". Meal etiquette: in many parts of Africa, do not eat desk and chair, do not make knives and forks, and the hand pilaf. Dinner should pay attention to the guest is, not be the food on the ground, which is the owner of the taboo. After dinner, the elderly are not left, the younger generation to sit to wait; the children left, it must salute to thank the parents; guests should wait for the host after eating a left. Many places in the Africa, dinner with the strict etiquette, even every part of beef and poultry to who eat there are provisions. Such as in Mali, chicken thigh of older men to eat, chicken breast meat to older women to eat when people eat chicken neck, stomach and liver; the chicken's head, claws and wings from the children. Customs Equatorial Guinea's village is composed of some hut group consisting of every village, about twenty or thirty households. Now, most people start to wear clothes, the clothing color, style chic, a riot of colours, with strong ethnic style. At the same time, in the city for men to wear suits, women wear long skirts, head wrapped all kinds of scarves. The Chinese people are good at singing and dancing, every weekend or holiday night, the villagers lit the spring fire. All through the night to jump the dance. Equatorial Guinea hospitable people, the exotic guests very friendly, slightly familiar, often invite guests home, entertain guests with rich local flavor of food. They say Mr., Mrs., foreign guests for the lady, miss, meet and shake hands. Equatorial Guinea has some customs in the meal, guests should pay attention to understand, follow the practices. City residents eat more use knives and forks, the country many people with their hands, Equatorial Guinea Jichi venison, especially for women, they are absolutely inviolate, and of men, not so strict requirements, young people to teach age and through the mysterious into the church ceremony before you eat venison.

赤道几内亚教育体系分为初等、中等和高等三级。小学学制5年,实行义务教育。儿童年满6岁入学,其中约1/4在私人或教会学校就读。小学入学率为87%。全国只有1所大学赤几国立大学,与西班牙的大学有合作协议。赤几国立大学由大学本部和设在马拉博和巴塔的师范、卫生、农业和行政管理等六所学院组成。 1998年小学在校学生8.17万人,中学在校生2万人,大学在校生750人。教师与学生比例为1:82。政府不提供奖学金。西班牙、法国在马拉博分别设有规模较大的文化中心和语言学校。在政府7500多名公务员中,仅3.2%的人具有大学学历。 为适应石油工业高速发展,政府于2005年在马拉博建立“石油技工培训中心”,提供职业教育。2008年赤几文盲率为13%。

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