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菲律宾 菲律宾共和国(他加禄语:Republika ng Pilipinas,英文:Republic of the Philippines,当地华侨或称作菲律滨)位于亚洲东南部,由西太平洋的菲律宾群岛(7107个岛屿)所组成的民主国家。1898年6月12日,菲律宾共和国成立。菲律宾北隔巴士海峡与中国台湾省遥遥相望,南和西南隔苏拉威西海、苏禄海以及巴拉巴克海峡与印度尼西亚、马来西亚相望,西濒南海,东临 太平洋。菲律宾是一个美丽的群岛国家,其风光多姿多彩,既有椰林海滩又有火山瀑布。因为地处亚热带,物产丰富,水果、海鲜四季不断。再加上菲律宾是一个多民族的国家,由于历史原因,它融合了许多东、西方的风俗习惯特点,富于异国风情。

菲律宾菲律宾共和国 (The Republic of The Philippines),位于亚洲东南部,西濒南中国海,东临太平洋,是一个群岛国家,共有大小岛屿7107个。该共和国分吕宋、米沙鄢和棉兰老三大部分,是东南亚国家联盟(ASEAN)主要成员国,也是亚洲太平洋经济合作组织(APEC)的24成员国之一。 国旗呈横长方形,长与宽之比为2∶1。靠旗杆一侧为白色等边三角形,中间是放射着八束光芒的黄色太阳,三颗黄色的五角星分别在三角形的三个角上。旗面右边是红蓝两色的直角梯形,两色的上下位置可以调换。平时蓝色在上,战时红色在上。太阳和光芒图案象征自由;八道较长的光束代表最初起义争取民族解放和独立的八个省,其余光芒表示其他省。三颗五角星代表菲律宾的三大地区:吕宋、萨马和棉兰老。蓝色象征忠诚、正直、红色象征勇气,白色象征和平和纯洁。  国徽为盾形。中央是太阳放射光芒图案,三颗五角星在盾面上部,其寓意同国旗。左下方为蓝地黄色的鹰,右下方为红地黄色狮子。狮子和鹰图案分别为在西班牙和美国殖民统治时期菲律宾的标志,象征菲律宾摆脱殖民统治、获得独立的历史进程。盾徽下面的白色绶带上用英文写着“菲律宾共和国”。  人口8120万(2001年)。联合国在1998年发表的一份报告中把菲律宾列为世界上人口最稠密的国家之一。马来族占全国人口的85%以上,包括他加禄人、伊洛戈人、邦班牙人、比萨亚人和比科尔人等;少数民族和外国后裔有华人、印尼人、阿拉伯人、印度人、西班牙人和美国人,还有为数不多的原住民。菲律宾有70多种语言。国语是以他加禄语为基础的菲律宾语,英语为官方语言。国民约84%信奉天主教,4.9%信奉伊斯兰教,少数人信奉独立教和基督教新教,华人多信奉佛教,原住民多信奉原始宗教。  面积29.97万平方公里(根据菲内务与地方政府部资料)。

Philippines Philippines in the very early days, is famous for the name Lv Song, Ma Yi, Su Lu, Hu Luo and other places. Around the third Century, with the friendly exchanges Chinese. Before and after fourteenth Century, Philippines appeared some separatist kingdom by indigenous tribes and ethnic Malay immigrants formed, of which the most famous is the rise of the 70's of the fourteenth Century maritime country Sulu kingdom. As early as in the Tang Dynasty Chinese have trade with Philippines over, in Philippines local, archaeological excavations have even found a date in third Century Chinese porcelain. In 1390, Minangkabau (Minangkabau) established the Sulu Sultan country, they came in thirteenth Century from Sumatra island immigration. In 1450, Arabia businessman Said Abberkel established the Islamic regime in southern Philippines. In 1521, Magellan expedition to the great geographical discovery first round the world sailing arrived in Philippines islands. Since then, the Spanish gradually invaded Philippines, and ruled for 300 years. In 1565, Cebu occupied by Spaniards from Mexico, this is the beginning of Spanish rule in the Philippines. The name of Philippines, is from the contemporary from King Philip II of spain. In 1898, the outbreak of the Spanish American war; in June 12th, Philippines declared independence, the establishment of the Republic of Philippines. After the defeat of Spain, signed the "Treaty of Paris", American received by Philippines, America rule. (for the territory of Philippines). In March 24, 1935, Philippines the establishment of the Philippines autonomous state; World War II Japan according to (1942 -1945 years), to set up a puppet regime after the Japanese occupation of Philippines (the Republic of Philippines second). In 1942, Philippines was occupied by japan. After the Second World War, Philippines once again become USA colonies. In July 4, 1946, USA was forced to agree to the independence of Philippines. Since then, the Liberal Party and the Kuomintang ruling in turn. In July 4, 1946, a fully independent. In 1965 Marcos became the sixth president after the Second World War, and the three term. In 1971, Ferdinand Marcos re-election, canceled the same year only two presidential term limits; not long to declare martial law, began to dictatorship. In 1983 August, opposition leader Beniger Nor Aquino was murdered, causing political unrest in February 7, 1986, ahead of a presidential election, Beniger Nor Aquino's wife Corazon Aquino became president, the Catholic Church and in the public support of the military. Since then, Ramos and Estrada successively according to constitutional President elect. In 1992, Fidel Valdes Ramos won the election, Korasun Aquino peaceful transfer of power. In 1998 May, Joseph Estrada was elected president. In 2001 January, Estrada was forced to step down due to bribery scandal, vice president Arroyo's successor. Incumbent Philippines President Luigi Nono Aquino.

菲律宾菲律宾大部分是由山地、高原和丘陵构成。多活火山,地震频繁。棉兰老岛的阿波火山是菲律宾最高的山峰,吕宋岛的马荣火山是菲律宾最大的活火山。主要河流有棉兰老河、卡加延河,贝湖是全国最大湖泊。 菲律宾北部属海洋性热带季风气候,南部属热带雨林气候,年平均气温27℃,年降水量2500毫米左右。夏秋季多雨、多台风。 菲律宾海岸线长18533公里,多天然良港,森林占地40%以上,矿藏有金、银、铬、铜、锰、铁等。 地形东南亚岛国。位于亚洲东南部。北隔巴士海峡与中国台湾省遥遥相对,南和西南隔苏拉威西海、巴拉巴克海峡与印度尼西亚、马来西亚相望,西濒南中国海,东临太平洋。共有大小岛屿7107个,其中2,400个岛有名称,1,000多个岛有居民。吕宋岛、棉兰老岛、萨马岛等11个主要岛屿占全国总面积的96%。岛上山峦重叠,三分之二以上岛屿是丘陵、山地及高原。多火山,全国有52座火山,其中活火山11座;地震频繁。除吕宋岛中西部和东南部外,平原均狭小。海岸线曲折,长约18,533公里,多优良港湾。气候属季风型热带雨林气候,高温多雨,湿度大,米沙鄙群岛以北多台风。月平均气温24-28℃,年雨量2,000-3,500毫米。年均气温27℃,年降水量2000-3000毫米。森林茂密,占全国土地面积的40%以上。资源主要矿藏有铁、铬、锰、金和铜等。农业人口占总人口的三分之二以上。主要作物有椰子、甘蔗、蕉麻、烟草、香蕉、菠萝、杧果、稻、玉米等。稻田三分之一以上集中在吕宋中央平原。工业有食品、采矿、纺织、冶炼、汽车装配和化学等。刺绣工艺著名。椰干和椰油输出占世界首位,香蕉、杧果、木材、铁、铬等在世界市场上也较重要。进口粮食、石油制品、机器、纺织、金属制品等。 森林面积1585万公顷,覆盖率达53%。有乌木、檀木等名贵木材。水产资源丰富,鱼类品种达2400多种,金枪鱼资源居世界前列。已开发的海水、淡水渔场面积2080平方公里。

Under the jurisdiction of the provinces, Visayas and Mindanao is divided into three parts of Lv Song. A total of the capital area, Cordillera administrative region and the autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao, 13 areas and the Ilocos region, Cagayan Valley region, Central Luzon region, South region, and Rogge Bickel District, West Visayas region, Central Visayas region, Eastern Visayas region, west of Medan, Medan, north of the old old old, in southern Mindanao Medan old and caraga region. By the end of 2004, the country with a 13 area and the Cordillera administrative region and the autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao has 79 provinces and cities in 117. The capital of Philippines's capital Manila (Manila) is located in Philippines's largest island of Luzon Island, near the Gulf of Manila. It is the political, economic, cultural center, is also the country's largest transport hub and trading port. The population of 10900000 (2005 April). The annual average temperature of 28 ℃.

菲律宾以公路和海运为主。铁路不发达,集中在吕宋岛。航空运输主要由国家航空公司经营,全国各主要岛屿间都有航班。铁路:总长1200公里。公路:总长约20万公里。客运量占全国运输总量的90%,货运量占全国运输货运量的65%。水运:总长3219公里。全国共有大小港口数百个,商船千余艘。主要港口为马尼拉、宿务、怡朗、三宝颜等。空运:机场288个。国内航线遍及40多个城市,与30多个国家签订了国际航运协定。主要机场有首都马尼拉的尼诺•阿基诺国际机场、宿务市的马克丹国际机场和达沃机场等。

The Philippines has a presidential system of separation of powers .



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