乍得今日气温查询恩贾梅纳,恩贾梅纳等城市今日气温查询

乍得总面积为1,284,000平方千米,是世界上第21大的国家,比秘鲁略小,比南非略大。乍得位于非洲中北部,北纬8和24度、东经14和24度之间,北接利比亚,东接苏丹,南接中非共和国,西南与喀麦隆、尼日利亚为邻,西与尼日尔交界。首都恩贾梅纳与最邻近的海港相距1,600千米,因为乍得远离海洋,且国土大部分属沙漠气候,所以又被称为“非洲死亡之心”。

乍得国旗呈长方形,长与宽之比为3∶2。 旗面由三个平行相等的竖长方形构成。 从左至右依次为蓝、黄、红三色。蓝色象征蓝天、希望和生活,还代表该国的南部;黄色象征阳光,以及该国的北部;红色象征进步、团结和愿为祖国献身的精神

Chad Chad in North Central Africa environment and climate, the southern edge of the Sahara desert, is a landlocked country. Libya north, South and non, Cameroon border, West and Niger, Nigeria to the East, bordering Sultan and. The terrain is flat, with an average altitude of 300 to 500 meters, only north, East, south of the border zone for the mountain plateau. The northern area of the Sahara desert or semi desert, occupies the national area of 1 / 3 strong; eastern plateau region; the Midwest for the peneplain vast; Northwest put bass improved an average elevation of 2000 meters. Xishan elevation 3415 meters, is the highest peak in the country, the central Africa area. The main rivers are the Chari, Logone river. Lake Chad is the largest inland freshwater lake in central Africa, because the water level changes with the seasons, in the area of 10000 square kilometers between 1-2.5. The northern tropical desert climate, tropical steppe climate. There are three distinct geographical regions: the northern Chad is the Sahara desert, annual rainfall less than 50 mm, few plants, Chad borkou region is the most arid regions; Chad central Sahel, annual rainfall of about 300 mm to 600 mm, the plants in this area are Acacia dominated bushes; the southern Sultan area savanna annual rainfall over 900 mm, the high grass and the vast swamp are conducive to the birds, reptiles and large mammal animal survival. The natural resource is abundant in mineral resources, but mostly untapped. The main mineral trona, limestone, clay and white tungsten, tin, copper, nickel, chrome and so. Since 1970, Zedillo covered the Lake Chad region, multi basin and herders basin oil were found. Administrative divisions of the capital city of Ndjamena unity sculpture, four pillars and arch around the center, a symbol of national unity. According to the new constitution in 1996 April by the local administrative units, Chad is divided into regions (REGION), (DEPARTEMENT), town (COMMUNE), village (COMMUNAUTE RURALE) four. In 2000 the country was divided into 28 provinces (PREFECTURE), 107 States, 470 regions, 44 traditional territory. In 2002 October, the country was re divided into 18 regions (including Ndjamena city), under the jurisdiction of the 57 provincial units (including the capital district). 18 major areas of Chad are: 1 the zone (French: Batha) 2 borkou ennedi Tibesti area - - (French: Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti) 3 chari baguirmi region (French: Chari-Baguirmi) 4 Gellar (French: Gu é RA) 5 Hadjer LAMIS region (French: Hadjer-Lamis) 6 Gagne zone (French: Kanem) 7 lakes (French: Lac) 8 Logone Occidental region (French: Logone Occidental) 9 Logone Oriental region (French: Logone Oriental) 10 mandoul region (French: Mandoul) 11 Mayo Kebbi EST (French: Mayo-Kebbi Est) 12 Mayo Kebbi Ouest (French: Mayo-Kebbi Ouest) 13 Moyen Chari (French: Moyen-Chari) 14 Ouadda region (French: Ouadda ï) 15 salamat region (French: Salamat) 16 Tanjilai area (French: Tandjil é) 17 wadi Fira region (German: Wadi Fira) 18 Ndjamena (French: N'Djamena)

国旗   呈长方形,长与宽之比为3:2。旗面由三个平行相等的竖长方形构成。从左至右依次为蓝、黄、红三色。蓝色象征蓝天、希望和生活,还代表该国的南部;国旗 黄色象征阳光,以及该国的北部;红色象征进步、团结和愿为祖国献身的精神。 国徽   中间为黄、蓝相间波纹状图案构成的盾形,黄色象征矿产资源。蓝色代表乍得湖和其它水域。盾形之上有太阳图案,象征国家蒸蒸日上。国徽 两侧分别为狮子和山羊,代表该国的野生动物和主要畜产。盾形下方饰有花冠,花冠之下的饰带上用法文写着“团结、劳动、进步”。

Satellite pictures of the Lake Chad. Chad has a long history, the early "Sox culture" was an important part of the cultural treasure house of Africa. The territory is divided into the Sahara, Sahel and Sultan three natural areas. In 500 BC, have been residents of Hunan area of chad. In 9 - tenth Century has established a number of Muslim Kingdom, the kingdom of Ganem Bornu mainly Muslim kingdom of Sultan. After sixteenth Century, appear to compete with the Ba Jeremy Kingdom and the Kingdom according to Levada, then appeared in the 3 country chaotic situation. 1883 - 1893 the kingdom by Sultan Bach Zubair conquest. At the end of nineteenth Century, the French colonialists invaded in 1902, occupied the whole. 1910 was classified as a province of French Equatorial Africa. Announced in 1958 for "autonomous republic within the French community". Independence in August 11, 1960, the establishment of the Republic of chad. About 1968 Logone undo, cut into the Logone Oriental, Logone Occidental and Tanjilai provinces; Lake province to set up, the analysis of kanem province. In February 3, 1994, the International Court of justice Chad Libya disputed territory "Aouzou strip" award to the first. In 1999 August, the original is divided into 14 provinces, 53 counties, adjusted to 28 province.

种族 全国共有大小部族256个。北部、中部和东部居民主要是阿拉伯血统的柏柏尔族、瓦达伊族、图布族、巴吉尔米族等,约占全国人口的45%;南部和西南部的居民主要为萨拉族、马萨族、科托科族、蒙当族等,约占全国人口的55%。 语言 法语和阿拉伯语同为官方语言。南方居民通用苏丹语系的萨拉语,北方通用乍得化的阿拉伯语。 宗教 44%信奉伊斯兰教,33%信奉基督教,23%信奉原始宗教。

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