阿尔及利亚今日气温查询塔希费特,图古尔特,提亚雷特,廷杜夫,提奈斯,提米蒙,泰贝萨,塔曼拉塞特,阿尔及尔等城市今日气温查询

阿尔及利亚 阿尔及利亚,位于非洲北部的共和国。全称阿尔及利亚民主人民共和国。面积238.17万平方千米。人口2707万(1992),大多数是阿拉伯人,其次是柏柏尔人(约占20%),少数民族有姆扎布族和图阿雷格族。官方语言为阿拉伯语,通用法语。伊斯兰教是国教。首都阿尔及尔。石油和天然气的生产和出口是经济支柱,葡萄酒和橄榄油为传统出口商品。

阿尔及利亚 古代史最晚从西元前一万年起,柏柏人便居住在阿尔及利亚一带;西元前一千年后,迦太基人开始在海岸建立殖民地。柏柏人藉著布匿战争,占领迦太基,柏柏王国并逐渐有了眉目,其中努米底亚以出产精锐骑兵最为著名。然而,西元前两百年,柏柏人遭罗马帝国统治。西罗马帝国灭亡时,柏柏人又于许多地区独立,同时汪达尔掌管了其他地区,一直到被拜占庭帝国皇帝查士丁尼一世驱逐为止。拜占庭帝国维持着对国土西部的统治,一直到八世纪阿拉伯帝国的兴起。 公元前6世纪后,在阿尔及利亚东部和西部先后形成努米底亚和毛里塔尼亚两个王国。公元前2世纪沦为罗马的行省。5世纪后受汪达尔人和拜占廷帝国的统治。公元7世纪阿拉伯人进入北非,征服阿尔及利亚。 中世纪8世纪起阿拉伯人进入,本地开始伊斯兰化。在此过程中柏柏尔人也曾建立过自己的王朝。 十七世纪起海岸部分是奥斯曼帝国的一部分,1830年起法国人开始入侵,但由于顽强的抵抗,法国直到1905年才基本完成对整个阿尔及利亚的占领。 现代史第二次世界大战中,阿尔及尔为北非盟军指挥部所在地,并是法国临时首都。战后,民族独立运动高涨,1954年11月,阿尔及利亚民族解放阵线在奥雷斯山区发动武装起义。1958年9月19日,阿尔及利亚共和国临时政府成立。1962年3月18日,法国政府被迫同临时政府签订《埃维昂协议》,承认阿尔及利亚自决和独立的权利。同年7月1日,阿尔及利亚举行全国公民投票,7月3日正式宣布独立,定7月5日为独立日。1991年6月初,第一大反对党伊斯兰拯救阵线要求废除《选举法修正案》和《选区划分法》,并组织全国罢工和示威游行,导致流血冲突。

The physical geography of Algeria Climate in Northwest Africa. North to the Mediterranean Sea, east of Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania and south border, West and Morocco, the Western Sahara. 1200 km long coastline. Throughout roughly to the East-West Taylor Atlas mountains and Sahara Atlas bordered; Taylor Atlas mountains to the north for the narrow plain between the mountains along the Mediterranean coast; two for the plateau region; the Atlas mountains south of the Sahara desert, accounting for about 85% of the national area. The highest peak is located in the south of Tahart hill, 2918 meters above sea level. The longest river flows through the north of Xie leaf River, a total length of 700 km, into the Mediterranean, and the river, river, hamam iselle Sebou etc.. The northern coast of Mediterranean climate, annual average temperature 25 ℃, annual rainfall of 500 mm to 1000 mm; the central savannah climate, annual rainfall of 200 mm to 250 mm; the southern tropical desert climate, hot and dry summer, the highest temperature reached 45 ℃, annual rainfall of 150 mm, in some places do not rain all the year round. The population of 31060000 (2003), including male 50.4%, female 49.6%. The population density of 12 people / sq km. The population growth rate of 2.4%. City population of 60%, 40% rural population. The diaspora of 4000000, including 2000000 in france. Since independence in 1966, 1977 and 1987 three census, the population was 11460000, 15650000 and 22170000. Ninety percent of the residents living in the northern coastal area, about one million five hundred thousand people live in the desert of southern region, mostly in the oasis. The vast majority of Arab and Berber Muslim people, accounting for ninety-nine percent of the population. About 80% of the residents speak Arabic, Berber speaking 20%. French is widely used, but is not the official language, but also very few people whose native language is french. The capital of Algiers in Algeria the capital of Algeria, is located in the north of Algeria, south of the grand Taylor Atlas mountain, located between 1.5 amphitheatre like Ued Hara and Ued Mazza flange two Bay, along the Mediterranean Sea off the west coast of Algiers Bay extends 16 kilometers, the city a total length of 75 km, the street houses are building winding ups and downs in the hills, like a bright pearl, shine on the Mediterranean coast. Out of Algiers City, across the Taylor Atlas hill, further south into the Sahara desert, be known to all the world. Algiers City, mild climate, year-round green grass, lush trees, flowers continuously, standing on the heights overlooking the city, near a wild profusion of vegetation, the distant horizon, beautiful scenery charming, known as the "garden city", in addition to the many places of historic interest and scenic beauty, attractive to the tourists from all over the world, make here become a tourist destination of North Africa area. A total of 48 administrative division in Algeria Province: Algiers, Adrar, Sheriff, La Ghemawat, Umm Bbu Aki, Buttler, Beshr, Bejaia, Pescara, blida, Buyila, Tamra Seth, Tebesa, Tlemcen, TIA Rett, Tizi ouzou, Jelfa, Gijl, s TIF, Da, Skikda, Sidi Belle Abes, Annaba, guelma, Constantin, Mei Dea, Mositajianamu, m'sila, mascara, ur Guerra, Oran, Beid, Yi, Bugi Buararigi, Bbu Aed J, Thys M Schiller Te, Turiaf, Tindouf,, Wade, Suk Akhlas, Tibaza, Hanxila, Mylar, Ain Dearbhla, Ain Timsut, Naama, lattice Erdaya, Helizan.

阿尔及利亚1989年2月23日全国公民投票通过独立后第三部宪法,宪法承认公民拥有政治结社和罢工的权利;确立三权分立并建立宪法委员会;总统是全国武装力量的最高统帅,掌握国防和外交大权,主持部长会议,兼任国家最高安全委员会、最高司法委员会主席。1993年1月起,拉明·泽鲁阿勒任总统。1997年6月,总统任命艾哈迈德·乌叶海亚为总理。根据1989年2月通过的新宪法,沙德利总统于7月15日颁布政治结社法,打开了多党并存的局面。截至1992年1月已有58个政党经内政部批准为合法政党。主要政党有:①阿尔及利亚民族解放阵线。执政党。成立于1954年8月。总书记布阿朗•本阿穆达。②阿尔及利亚伊斯兰拯救阵线。1989年3月10日成立。1992年3月被取缔,主要领导人A.迈达尼、A.贝勒哈吉。③阿尔及利亚争取文化与民主联盟。1989年2月10日成立,总书记S.萨迪。④阿尔及利亚社会主义力量阵线。1963年成立,领导人H.A.艾哈迈德。⑤阿尔及利亚社会主义先锋党。原名阿尔及利亚共产党,前身是法国共产党阿尔及利亚支部,1936年10月正式成立,领导人S.哈杰雷斯。 对外关系阿尔及利亚阿尔及利亚奉行不结盟外交政策,维护民族独立和国家主权,坚持反帝、反殖,支持民族解放运动;积极支持建立国际经济新秩序,推动南北对话;重视南南合作,致力于地区和平、稳定和发展的事业,推动建立阿拉伯马格里布联盟;主张在平等互利、互相尊重主权的基础上同一切国家发展友好合作关系,反对大国干涉别国内政。阿尔及利亚积极致力于马格里布联盟的建设。海湾战争后,阿尔及利亚强调加速联盟建设的必要性和迫切性,认为联盟各国应求同存异,以争取时间实现地区的团结、互补和统一,表示阿尔及利亚愿为此作出牺牲。阿尔及利亚与中国在1958年12月20日建交。阿尔及利亚同欧共体国家有密切的经济关系。阿尔及利亚与欧共体各国的贸易额占其总额的60%以上。阿尔及利亚与法国有传统关系。法国是阿尔及利亚第一大贸易伙伴。阿尔及利亚在法国的侨民约有80万人,留学生1万人左右。阿尔及利亚于1962年9月与美国建交。1967年中东六五战争爆发后宣布同美国断交。1974年11月复交。美国为阿尔及利亚重要贸易伙伴,阿尔及利亚1/3原油销往美国。

Algeria, formerly known as the National Liberation Army, the armed forces, independent later renamed Algeria National People's army. The implementation of compulsory military service and volunteer combining the system of military service. Compulsory military service, male citizens service for a period of 18 months. The Department of defense is the supreme leadership body forces. The president appointed defense minister and commander in chief. The highest safety committee on national security issues to make recommendations to the president. The army's chief of staff Ahmed Salah Gade (Ahmed Salah GAID) major general. The country is divided into 6 military region, consists of a number of military region. The equipment mainly from the former Soviet Union, the surplus from the United States, Britain, France, Italy and other countries. The people's army regular troops 130500. The army 110000, Navy 7500, air force 10000, land and air defense force 3000 people. Paramilitary forces (including the police, the national security forces, the Republican Guard, the guard and Legal Defense Organization) 181200.

阿尔及利亚海水淡化70年代的经济建设重点是优先发展重工业,为阿尔及利亚民族经济的发展奠定了一定的基础,但这也造成经济结构比例失调,消费与积累失调,投资过多,举债过重,地区差别扩大。沙德利执政后,着手经济调整。80年代中期起,加快经济改革步伐,在坚持计划经济体制的基础上逐步引进市场经济机制。1987年分批解散国营农场,成立自主经营的集体生产组。在土地所有权属国家的前提下,农民分得土地并享有永久使用权和自主经营权。1988年开始推行企业自主制,企业由国家所有制改为股份制,政企分开。1990年加强对贷款的控制,放开价格,增加石油税收,争取新的外援;议会通过了《货币与信贷法》。1991年强化经济改革措施,对国营企业进行治理整顿。重视发展农业,增加农业投入,改善投资环境。逐步开放价格,调整汇率,争取外援,改变债务结构。决定出售迈萨乌德油田25%的开采权,缓解外债压力。1992年国内生产总值为10390亿第纳尔。1992年8月汇率为22.13第纳尔兑1美元。主要资源是石油和天然气。石油储量为12亿吨;天然气探明储量为38000亿立方米,占世界第五位。其它矿产有铁、汞、铅、锌、铜、磷酸盐、铀等。廷杜夫的杰比勒特夫铁矿蕴藏量约30亿吨,品位达55%。铀矿藏量估计为5万吨,磷酸盐5亿吨。森林面积为400万公顷。软木产量占世界第三位。 工业以石油化工工业为主。其它工业有采矿、冶金、机械制造、食品等。 全国可耕地面积2000万公顷,已耕767万公顷,其中水浇地36万公顷。农业劳动力占总劳动力的25%。粮食有小麦、大麦、燕麦和豆类,另种蔬菜、葡萄、柑橘、椰枣。全国有草原3500万公顷,果园45万公顷,葡萄园8.2万公顷,牧场23万公顷,森林400万公顷。80年代后期,由于石油收入减少,开始重视发展旅游业。有综合旅游点17个,如阿尔及尔、君士坦丁、奥兰、蒂巴扎地区均有历史古迹;泰穆善特、比斯卡拉、盖勒巴鲁地区有温泉;扎哈尔达、西迪、弗雷泽、蒂巴扎等地有海滨胜地。

Algeria railway traffic map is concentrated in the northern region, with a total length of 4219 km, including 3138 km of standard rail, double line of 345 kilometers, 300 kilometers of electrified railway, a narrow gauge 1081 km. There are 214 stations railway, passenger capacity of about 32000 passengers. Highway with a total length of about 107000 km, including 350 km of expressways, the national highway 29000 kilometers, the provincial highway 24000 km, Village Road 54000 kilometers. Water has a total of 36 port, the port 22, port 4, port or other leisure multifunctional port. The largest port Algiers port has 37 berths, size. 30% of the goods, 70% of the container through the Algiers port of loading. Air China has 53 airports, of which 29 put into commercial operation, including Algiers, Oran, Annaba, ginstein D 13 international airport, 100000 flights a year. The existing 2 state-owned airlines and 6 private airlines, a total of more than 60 aircrafts, including large, medium-sized aircraft more than 30. Has been opened more than 50 international routes in 20 countries. Pipeline transport 9 domestic gas pipeline, length of 4699 kilometers, the annual transportation capacity of 82000000000 cubic meters; 8 pipeline, length of 3604 kilometers, the annual transportation capacity of 63900000 tons; 3 pipeline condensate, length of 1330 kilometers, the annual transportation capacity of 21000000 tons; 2 liquefied petroleum gas pipeline, a total length of 1331 kilometers, year transport capacity of 9860000 tons. Another 3 routes to Europe gas pipeline. Two of them called "across the Mediterranean Sea gas pipeline through Tunisia" across the Mediterranean to Italy and Slovenia air, put into operation in 1983 and 1987 respectively, full-length 2509 kilometers (in the territory of 549 kilometers), total gas capacity of 24000000000 cubic meters / year. Another name for "the Maghreb Europe gas pipeline," the Morocco across the Mediterranean to Portugal and Spain, in 1996 November put into operation, a total length of 1370 kilometers (in the territory of 530 kilometers), gas transmission capacity of 8000000000 cubic meters / year.



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