中国今日气温查询北京,上海,广州,深圳,澳门,香港,天津,重庆,台湾等城市今日气温查询

万里长城 中国,古时通常泛指中原地区,与“中华”“中夏”“中土”“中州”含义相同。古代华夏族、汉族建国于黄河流域一带,以为居天下之中,故称中国。现今,为“中华人民共和国”之简称。国际上所称“中国”为中华人民共和国实际统辖区域。

中国地理位置中国一词在古时指华夏族所居住的中原地区。例如《诗经·民劳》注“中国,京师也”,指当时的“京师”东周首都洛邑既付中国民越厥疆土于先王”,指中原地区。《论语集解》曰“诸夏,中国也”。《史记·武帝本纪》记载“天下名山八,而三在蛮夷,五在中国”。《三国志》言“驱中国士众”。《资治通鉴》说“若能以吴越之众与中国抗衡,不如早与之绝”。《史记·东越列传》提到“东瓯请举国徙中国”。中国另意为中央之国,含有正统、正宗一类的褒义。如鲜卑人建立的北魏自称“中国”,将南朝叫作“岛夷”;而同时华族建立的南朝虽然迁离了中原,仍以“中国”自居,称北朝为“索虏”、北魏为“魏虏”。在宋代,辽与北宋、金与南宋彼此都自称“中国”,且互不承认对方是“中国”。在国外,印度恒河中下游一带的古代中印度,佛教徒译称其“中国”[梵语Madhya-desa];日本国的一个地区也叫“中国”。现在在世界上,中国是中华人民共和国的简称。

Capital: Beijing Beijing Peking Chinese national flag of the people's Republic of China China flag: the national flag of the people's Republic of China is the people's Republic of China is the symbol and. All citizens and organizations shall respect and care for the national flag. In June 16, 1949, the new CPPCC preparatory meeting decided to set up the national flag, national emblem of the selection committee, and in July 14th the same year, published in August 15th, "people's Daily" for a notice in the newspaper. During the first plenary session in 1949 September China people's Political Consultative Conference, 3012 picture selection committee will receive the selected 38 issued on behalf of the whole discussion. Group discussion by all delegates, late on September 25th, Chairman Mao Zedong held the national flag, emblem, the national anthem, calendar, consult the forum state. On the question of the flag, Chairman Mao Zedong pointed out, the design performance of five-star red flag of our revolutionary unity of the people, will be unity, therefore, now or in the future, or, it is unity, it is revolutionary. Chairman Mao Zedong's speech won warm applause. In September 27, 1949, the first plenary session of the CPPCC passed to five-star red flag for the flag of the bill. In June 28, 1990, the fourteenth meeting of the Standing Committee of the people's Republic of China the Seventh National People's Congress passed the "law of the people's Republic of China national flag", and by the president of the people's Republic of China issued a presidential decree, promulgated, since October 1, 1990. The national flag of the people's Republic of China red symbolizes revolution. The five stars on the flag and the relationship between the symbol of the great unity of the people under the leadership of the Communist Party of the revolution. A star is to use yellow, bright in the red earth, yellow, bright and beautiful than white, four tiny star is a big star is pointed to the center, this is a center around and solidarity, in the form of also becomes compact and beautiful. In order to maintain the dignity of the national flag, national flag "and" release "flag" standard color sample of two national standards, stipulated the flag shape, color, pattern, plate location, size, dyeing fastness General requirements, and formally implemented on December 1, 1991. The people's Republic of China National Emblem of the people's Republic of China China Emblem: emblem of content for the flag, Tiananmen, gear and the wheat ear, the symbol Chinese people since the "five four" movement since the new democratic revolution led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants under the people's democratic dictatorship of the birth of new China. In June 18, 1950, Chinese first session of the CPPCC National Committee of the second session of the national emblem of the people's Republic of China and the pattern description. In September 20th the same year, Mao Zedong president announced the national emblem of the people's Republic of China command. In March 2, 1991, the eighteenth meeting of the Standing Committee of the people's Republic of China the Seventh National People's Congress passed the "law" of the people's Republic of China, and chairman of the people's Republic of China promulgated by order of the president, to be published, shall enter into force as of October 1, 1991. China National Anthem: "March of the volunteers" was born in 1935, the playwright Tian Han lyrics; Nie Er founder China new music movement. This song was the film "children" theme song, during the war of resistance against Japan by the allies as China anthem. In September 27, 1949, the first session of the CPPCC plenary session adopted a resolution, the National Anthem of the people's Republic of China before the formal establishment of the, to "March of the volunteers" as the national anthem. The "Cultural Revolution", because Tian Han was overthrown, the lyrics don't sing, "the National Anthem" only by the orchestra. In March 5, 1978, a meeting of the five session of the National People's Congress passed the "National Anthem" words. After all, there have been different views, demanding the restoration of the original lyrics to the national anthem. Until Tian Hanping December 4, 1982 years after the anti right, the fifth session of the National People's Congress by the fifth meeting of the National Anthem of the people's Republic of China's National People's Congress in March 5, 1978 to revoke the resolution, the new words, to restore Tian Han lyrics, composer Nie Er's "March of the volunteers" as the National Anthem of the people's Republic of china. In March 14, 2004, the two meeting of the Ten Session of the National People's Congress adopted amendments to the constitution, stipulates that "the Republic of China is" March of the volunteers "". Chinese flower (TBD): in 1994, the Ministry of agriculture is put forward for the first time in China as soon as possible about the evaluation of flower bill to the National People's Congress, the Standing Committee of National People's Congress instructed the China organization flowers association is responsible for selection activities implementation. Due to various reasons, in the three session of the eight National People's Congress on 1995, selection of peony symbolizes elegant, plum blossoms symbolize the strength inside does not meet the China policy, peony and plum will prohibit the selection criteria. National Treasure: the Simuwu rectangle Ding, Lin Hok side pot, four sheep to respect, "Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival", Ceng Houyi bell, Goujian sword, cicada, the giant panda, golden monkey, crested ibis, metasequoia, ivory silk prepare mats, tiger and so. Religion: the main

中国地图截至2004年底,全国县级以上行政区划共有:23个省,5个自治区,4个直辖市,2个特别行政区;50个地区(州、盟);661个市,其中:直辖市4个;地级市283个;县级市374个;1636个县(自治县、旗、自治旗、特区和林区);852个市辖区。全国乡镇总数37334个,其中:镇19883个;乡17451个。全国共有街道办事处5904个。全国设有居委会(社区居委会)7.8万个;居民小组129.6万个。村委会64.4万个;村民小组507.9万个  省级行政单位:[华北] 北京市、 天津市、河北省、山西省、 内蒙古自治区[华南] 广东省、海南省、香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区、广西壮族自治区[华东] 上海市、江苏省、 浙江省、安徽省、 江西省、 福建省、 山东省、台湾省[华中] 湖南省、 湖北省、 河南省[东北] 辽宁省、 吉林省、黑龙江省[西北] 宁夏回族自治区、 陕西省、 青海省、 甘肃省、新疆维吾尔自治区[西南] 重庆市、 四川省、云南省、 西藏自治区、贵州省4个直辖市:北京上海天津  重庆5个自治区:内蒙古自治区(首府呼和浩特)、宁夏回族自治区(首府银川)、新疆维吾尔自治区(首府乌鲁木齐)、西藏自治区(首府拉萨)、广西壮族自治区(首府南宁)。2个特别行政区:香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区。5个经济特区:深圳、珠海、汕头、厦门、海南  原创

China rare animal panda mineral resources: China mineral resources are very rich. 136 kinds of minerals have been proven reserves, is one of the world's known mineral species a few countries supporting more complete. Water resources ranked first in the world. Cultivated land: to 1997, a total of 2060000000 mu of cultivated land. Forest: the State Forestry Administration announced in November 17, 2009, China forest area reached 195000000 hectares, the forest coverage rate of 20.36%, plantation area ranks first in the world. Source: the total amount of freshwater resources China 2.8 trillion cubic meters, ranking sixth in the world, but the per capita amount is only 1 / 4 of the world's per capita amount, in the eighty-eighth row. Chinese East, south near the Western Pacific marginal sea, has a coastline of 32000 kilometers, the mainland coastline of 18000 km, 14000 km of coastal islands. [1] China inland water area of 17470000 hectares, accounting for about 1.8% of the land area, water resources amount to 2743400000000 cubic meters [note

汉服总人口:1,339,724,852人(2011年4月28日,国家统计局局长马建堂发布2010年第六次人口普查登记,该数字范围仅指中国内地或大陆地区,未含港澳地区)(世界人口排名第1位) 其中:中国大陆31个省、自治区、直辖市(不包括福建省的金门、马祖等岛屿)和现役军人的人口共126583万人。香港人口为678万人。澳门人口为44万人。台湾省和福建省的金门、马祖等岛屿人口为2228万人。  人口增长率:中国大陆31个省、自治区、直辖市和现役军人的人口,同第四次全国人口普查1990年7月1日0时的113368万人相比,十年零四个月共增加了13215万人,增长11.66%。平均每年增加1279万人,年平均增长率为1.07%。 平均寿命:中国人口平均预期寿命为73 岁(2005年底)。 人口构成:男性占51.63%,女性占48.37%;14岁以下人口占22.89%,15至64岁人口占70.15%,65岁以上人口占6.96%;城镇人口占36.09%;农村人口占63.91%。 人口控制:在1950年代初,中国战乱结束,生产发展,生活医疗条件改善。人口以年均2.2%自然增长。[82] 局部地区政府曾提倡「母亲英雄」,遭到中央政府反对。[83]在1950年代后期,提倡「除了少数民族地区以外,在一切人口稠密的地方,宣传和推广节制生育,提倡有计划地生育子女,使家庭避免过重的生活负担,使子女受到较好的教育,并且得到充分就业的机会」的《1956年到1967年全国农业发展纲要》。1970年代初,开始实行计划生育政策,发行生育指标,提倡「一个不少,两个最好」的家庭计划。在城市,避孕知识逐渐普及,避孕措施逐渐被人们接受和采用,但在农村多数人尚未接受计划生育政策。从1953年第一次人口普查的5.8亿,到1982年第三次人口普查时,已突破10亿。平均年人口增长1.9%。1979年以后,中国各省陆续实行严格的人口控制政策。《中华人民共和国人口与计划生育法》只规定「鼓励公民晚婚晚育,提倡一对夫妻生育一个子女;符合法律、法规规定条件的,可以要求安排生育第二个子女。」具体办法由省、自治区、直辖市人民代表大会或者其常务委员会规定。2007年之前,各省大体如下:城镇地区一对夫妇只能生育一次子女(多胞胎不算超生,下同)。农村地区的汉族,只能生育一次。大部分城镇地区少数民族,可以生育两胎,少部分达到特殊规定可以生育第三胎等。大部分农村地区少数民族,可以生育三胎。在西藏地区实施特殊的计划生育政策,藏族干部和城镇居民一对夫妇可以间隔地生一至两胎,对广大农牧区藏族和其它少数民族不限制生育胎数。由于在财产继承和家族延续上,东亚地区普遍存在的对男性的传统偏好,因而部分夫妇有冲破法律而超生的情况发生。这种情况,大体跟各省各地的文化、经济发展及妇女在日常生活中所承担的角色有关。由于非法的胎儿性别检查,并选择性的人工流产,导致比例的失调(2005年新生儿男女比例116.9:100)。为应对此问题及提倡男女平等,法律禁止非医学需要的胎儿性别鉴定和选择性别的人工终止妊娠。民族:中国官方承认的有56个民族。汉族、蒙古族、回族、藏族、维吾尔族、苗族、彝族、壮族、布依族、朝鲜族、 满族、侗族、瑶族、白族、土家族、哈尼族、哈萨克族、傣族、黎族、傈僳族、佤族、畲族、高山族、拉祜族、水族、东乡族、纳西族、景颇族、柯尔克孜族、土族、达斡尔族、仫佬族、羌族、布朗族、撒拉族、毛南族、仡佬族、锡伯族、阿昌族、普米族、塔吉克族、怒族、乌孜别克族、俄罗斯族、鄂温克族、德昂族、保安族、裕固族、京族、塔塔尔族、独龙族、鄂伦春族、赫哲族、门巴族、珞巴族、基诺族(共56个民族,55个少数民族)在中国,由于汉族以外的55个民族相对汉族人口较少,习惯上被称为“少数民族”。 中国34个省、自治区、直辖市和特别行政区和现役军人的人口中,汉族人口为115940万人,占总人口的91.59%;壮、维吾尔、回、藏、苗、满、蒙古、布依、朝鲜等少数民族人口为10643万人,占总人口的8.41%。少数民族主要分布在西北、西南和东北等地区。语言是以普通话为基础的汉语,其余各族使用自己的民族语言或汉语。原创

Liu Tianyi's calligraphy works Chinese language:



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