阿联酋今日气温查询阿布扎比,阿布扎比等城市今日气温查询

阿联酋国旗 阿拉伯联合酋长国(阿拉伯文:الإمارات العربية المتحدة‎,罗马化:Al-Imārāt al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah),一般简称阿联酋,俗称沙漠中的花朵,是一个以产油著称的中东沙漠国家,位于阿拉伯半岛东部,北濒波斯湾,海岸线长734公里。西北与卡塔尔为邻,西和南与沙特阿拉伯交界,东和东北与阿曼毗连。面积83600平方公里。人口423万(2004年),外籍人占3/4,主要来自印度、巴基斯坦等国。阿拉伯语为官方语言,通用英语。居民大多信奉伊斯兰教,多数属逊尼派;在迪拜,什叶派占多数。首都阿布扎比。

迪拜沙漠汽车拉力赛环境气候阿联酋位于阿拉伯半岛东南端,东与阿曼毗邻,西与卡塔尔接壤,南、西南、西北与沙特交界,北临阿拉伯湾,与伊朗隔海相望。阿联酋全国总面积为8.36万平方公里,其中岛屿面积5900平方公里,国土面积为7.77万平方公里。其中面积最大的是阿布扎比酋长国,为6.7万平方公里;其次是迪拜酋长国,面积为3900平方公里;再次是沙迦酋长国,2600平方公里;阿治曼酋长国仅为260平方公里,其余三国:哈伊马角酋长国、富查伊拉酋长国和乌姆盖万酋长国的面积总和不足2600平方公里。阿境内除东北部有少量山地外,绝大部分是海拨200米以上的荒漠、洼地和盐滩。受印度洋气候影响,夏季(4-10月)酷热潮湿,气温高达45摄氏度以上(最热的7月份可达50摄氏度),湿度达100%,局部沙漠地区有小沙暴。11月至次年3月为冬季,气温不低于7摄氏度。12月至2月为雨季。全年降雨稀少,年均不足100毫米。行政区划阿联酋包括以下七个酋长国(按地理位置排列):阿布扎比 、迪拜 、沙迦 、阿治曼 、乌姆盖万 、哈伊马角、 富查伊拉 各部落有各自的自主行政权,包括邮政服务。 

Other residents ethnic origin Arabia United Arab Emirates residents and on the peninsula belongs to Arabia. Their ancestors in the 2000-3000 years ago to East continuous immigrants crossing the Arabia Peninsula, with their culture, language and their survival skills to this desolate place. After they arrived, and the residents com., called sumerian. Inscriptions Semitic languages in the archaeological point of Umm Guy Van Mileiha\Muwailah, Sharjah, and AdDoor found that the now vanished early immigrant presence. But after several hundred years, residents of the traditional mutual penetration, and in seventh Century moved to form a unified belief in islam. The explorers, such as the British writer WilfredThesiger, who 50 years ago to ride a camel across the region to the United Arab Emirates, evaluation of the residents of this area are: they are the traditional Bedouin nomads, with their camels and sheep through the desert, from one field to another ranch. Of course, this review has its right side, but this is far from the truth. In the numerous tribes in the United Arab Emirates, only a very small part of the nomads. Most of the people are settled, most of the time at least one year of in one place. They engage in simple agriculture, or in the eastern Gulf of Arabia pearls and engaged in fishing. True desert region, there are large areas of sand dunes, concentrated in the southern and southeastern countries, bordering with unmanned area and Rubal-Khali. Through the sand and gravel edge inhabited by nomads, such as Awamir, is one of the four tribes of the emirate's Abu Zabi native of. Kinship central residents of the UAE and Peninsula Bedouin, but their way of life to a large extent be quite different, including agriculture, fishery, trade and animal husbandry. The different lies in people's traditional habits. One of the characteristics of Arabia and the United Arab Emirates development is government encourage and preserve the local tradition, chief Zayed said such a sentence: "in the past, people do not understand is not possible with the present and the future." A brief history of the sixteenth Century Portuguese trade monopoly position in the Gulf of Arabia began to collapse, Holland and the UK have advantage. During the last 25 years in eighteenth Century, Britain consolidated its hegemony status of India Bay, and dominating position. 17, eighteenth Century and early nineteenth Century, the European pirates in the Gulf run wild for a brief period, in 1820, Britain and Arabia tribes made to stop piracy and the slave trade treaty. Also in 1853 the conclusion of a treaty, the coast which won the "peace coast" of good reputation. The UK is to supervise the implementation of the treaty rights. Germany and Russia on the regional ambitions was revealed, Britain was signed with the chiefs agreement, stop them except the British government land to any party other than the sale or transfer, without British consent shall not establish diplomatic relations with other countries. In 1952, has the right to admit British boundary, to solve the dispute between the Emirates, Mississauga and Fujairah's declaration of independence. At the same time, a Dubai based political representatives led the seven emirates Emirates Committee was set up. In 1962, along with the development of Abu Zabi oil production in the area, the more attention. In 1968 Britain expanded its base in sacramento. However, the impact of Arabia national independence movement under the British announced by the end of 1971, the withdrawal of all troops from the area. Between 1970, Qatar, Abu Zabi and Dubai border dispute solved. At this time, King Feisal called for a referendum on Abu Zabi under the jurisdiction of the Brian oasis. Saudi owned the land. The same year, Shaka and Iran because of Abu Moussa island and large, lesser Tunb ownership conflict. The distribution of these islands of oil revenue to reach an agreement, the conflict could soon calmed down. In December 1, 1971 Britain ended the history museum in Arabia and the Emirates concluded the treaty. The next day, Abu Zabi, Dubai, Mississauga, Umm Guy Van, Ajman and Fujairah 6 Emirates announced the formation of Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, chief Abu Zabi Zayed Ben Sultan Aranahaan was elected president, Dubai chief Schrashid Ben Sai Yed Alemaktum was elected as vice president. In 1972, the Emirates Sheikh Khaled card sago was killed, his brother Sheikh succeeded to the throne sultan. In 1971 the British withdrawal, Iran immediately occupy large, small cloth island and Abu island of Moussa. 1972 February Ras Al Khaimah joined the United Arab emirates. Then proceeded to strengthen the joint between the emirates. In 1973 December, the Abu Zabi administration is dissolved, its members as the united government ministers, it significantly expand the scope of powers: central authority relates to the United Arab Emirates guard, police and broadcasting fields. In early 1976 5, the United Arab Emirates, united defense and Abu Zabi and Dubai's army integration, draft rights and arms right belongs to the coalition government of all. At the beginning of 1977, the coalition government reshuffle, announced the cabinet members and selection should be based on the individual talent, not only take care of the representative of the emirate. According to the same principle, to form a joint committee. However, despite the measures of this series, the United Arab Emirates big two -- Abu Zabi Dubai -- between the legislative and the cabinet seats and other issues have frequent crisis, stability in the United Arab Emirates and threatened. The United Arab Emirates established will follow the conservative policy. In the bay area and Arabia, maintain coordination and Saudi policy (1974 and admitted to the United Arab Emirates Saudi Arabia signed a border agreement, and to exchange ambassadors). After the war in October 1973, the first to America embargo oil. In 1977, the United Arab Emirates and France signed a military cooperation agreement, France agreed to provide weapons, aircraft, and training to its military personnel. In 1983 April, this cooperation to the United Arab Emirates announced military negotiations with France, to strengthen military cooperation between the two countries, won the "maritime mirage 2000" aircraft. At the same time, French defense minister Charles Erni visited the United Arab emirates.

阿联酋阿拉伯联合酋长国是由7个酋长国组成的联邦国家。1971年12月2日,阿拉伯联合酋长国宣告成立。它是由阿布扎比、迪拜、沙迦、哈伊马角、富查伊拉、乌姆盖万、阿治曼7个酋长国组成的联邦国家,是当今世界上唯一一个以酋长国名称参加联合国组织的国家。联邦设立最高的立法、行政和司法机构,拥有最高权力,但除国防和外交相对统一于中央外,各酋长国政府仍保持其相当的独立性,在行政、经济、司法等方面均享有相当程度的自主权。根据宪法规定,联邦政府不得干预各酋长国的内部事务。各个酋长国都设有行政机构,保留了家族统治的方式,酋长也称谢赫,拥有绝对的权力,并设立王储,酋长的继承人由家族委员会或长老会议推选,实际上为世袭。 根据1971年临时宪法规定,阿联酋是君主立宪制国家,实行总统负责制。阿联酋国家的最高机构由联邦最高委员会、联邦政府(也称部长委员会或内阁)、联邦国民议会以及联邦最高法院组成。 阿联酋政治联邦最高委员会成立于1971年,是阿联酋的最高权力机构,由组成联邦的7个酋长国的酋长组成。联邦总统是阿联酋国家元首,是最高行政首脑,由联邦最高委员会从其组成成员中选举产生,同时总统还是国家的宗教精神领袖,阿联酋以伊斯兰教为国教。联邦政府也称部长委员会或内阁,由联邦最高委员会决定、总统任命组建,是阿联酋的中央权力执行机构,由总理、副总理和各部部长组成。联邦国民议会成立于1972年,是全国协商性咨询机构,由组成联邦的7个酋长国按比例分配的名额所选举产生的40名议员组成,加强社会的沟通和协调,同政府进行建设性合作,参与国家的发展和建设。联邦最高法院是阿联酋的最高司法机构,由首席法官和不超过5名的法官团组成,由联邦最高委员会任命。立法机构阿联酋阿拉伯联合酋长国的立法职能主要由联邦国民议会(也称“联邦全国委员会”)行使,它不仅具有立法职能,还有监督职能。另外司法、伊斯兰事务和宗教基金部也起草一些法律草案。联邦国民议会是宪法规定的五个联邦权力机构之一,宪法规定的五个联邦权力机构分别是总统、副总统、内阁、联邦国民议会和联邦法院。联邦国民议会由40名议员组成,各酋长国的名额分配如下:阿布扎比和迪拜各8名,沙迦和哈伊马角各6名,阿治曼、乌姆盖万和富查伊拉各4名。各酋长国有权决定选举代表该酋长国的议员的方式,议员从第一次开会起任期2年,称为立法期限。议会的召开和解散通过联邦总统发布的法令进行。如果议会在立法期间内直到11月的第三个星期前都没有召开年会,规定在11月21日召开年会,联邦国民议会的第一次会议在1972年2月13日召开。根据宪法,联邦总统为联邦国民议会的例行年会举行开幕仪式,届时发表演说,涉及过去一年中国家的状况、重大事件和事务以及政府决定进行的项目和改革等内容。联邦国民议会从它的成员中选出部分成员组成一个委员会,针对总统在开幕演说中提到的对联邦国民议会的建议和希望制定计划草案,在联邦国民议会通过后由国民议会提交给联邦总统。 联邦国民议会在政府事务中发挥着立法和监督的作用。联邦国民议会于1972年颁布第一部内部条例,并于1977年对其进行了修正。阿联酋联邦国民议会于1975年加入阿拉伯议会联盟,1989年在阿布扎比召开了阿拉伯议会联盟第5次会议和第19次委员会。1977年阿联酋联邦国民议会加入国际议会联盟。另外,联邦国民议会还多次参加阿拉伯—非洲对话会议和阿拉伯—欧洲对话会议。 阿联酋政治联邦国民议会的职责立法:联邦国民议会在制定法律过程中发挥作用。根据联邦国民议会的规定,内阁首先向联邦国民议会提交议案,包括法律草案和国家预算,议员讨论后进行投票,有权通过或修正或否决它。监督:联邦国民议会通过对部长和其他行政权力部门的官员提出质询,实现对行政权力部门的监督。讨论行政权力部门制定的政策,要求行政部门做出解释和说明,同时与其交换意见并提出建议。根据联邦国民议会5名议员的要求,国民议会可以讨论与联邦事务有关的普通问题,以阐明政府的相关政策并交换意见。所有的议员都有权参加讨论。每个议员都可以向内阁总理和部长提出质询。质询由一个议员向内阁总理或一个部长提出。内阁总理或有关部长在规定的会议上解答议员的质询。 提交给国民议会的申诉由提交者签字,并注明提交者的名字、住址和工作。国民议会议长可以要求内阁总理或有关部长提交有关该申诉的说明,每一位议员都有权对任何申诉进行研究和评论。联邦国民议会的组成:联邦国民议会的议员要具备以下条件:来自所代表的酋长国,并长期居住在所代表的酋长国;年龄25岁以上;拥有光荣的历史和良好的声誉,没有犯罪前科;精通读写;在联邦国民议会担任议员的同时不得兼任联邦公职。联邦国民议会的议员任期为两年,可连选连任。如果议员的职位出现空缺,必须在两个月内选出新的议员代替。联邦国民议会在联邦首都的总部召开会议,例外会议可以在联邦内任何一个地方召开。联邦国民议会委员会联邦国民议会年会召开前一周组建必要的委员会,委员会成员的选举采取相对多数的办法。委员会可以在议会休会期间直接行使其职权,为议会开会期间行使权力做准备。议会小组议会小组包括联邦国民议会的所有议员。成立议会小组的目的在于组织联邦国民议会的议员参加阿拉伯议会联盟和其他具有议会性质的联盟和机构的活动。联邦国民议会议长领导议会小组,同时担任议员大会和议会执行委员会的主席。

Neutrality, good neighborly friendship and non aligned foreign policy. Advocates the settlement of disputes through peaceful negotiation, the maintenance of world peace. In cooperation with western countries such as American relation at the same time, pay attention to development and Arabia, Islamic, non aligned and other three world countries relations. Advocate strengthening solidarity and cooperation of the GCC countries. That has been the same 146 countries established diplomatic relations.

综述阿联酋空军1976年5月10日,联邦最高委员会决定统一各酋长国的军队,设立武装部队总司令部,联邦总统任武装部队总司令。实行志愿兵役制。总兵力5.65万。其中,陆军约4.5万,编制为一个王室警卫旅、一个装甲旅、两个机械化步兵旅、四个步兵旅和一个炮兵旅。海军2500人,各类作战舰只21艘,主要基地阿布扎比。空军4000人(含警察部队的航空联队),编制有四个作战中队,作战飞机196架,武装直升飞机50架。另有警察5.4万名。武器装备主要来源于法国、美国,是海湾国家中唯一以法式装备为主的国家。武装部队的兵源30%来自本国,其余主要为阿曼、巴基斯坦等国人,教官多为英国和巴基斯坦人。国防体制联邦最高委员会决定,联邦总统兼任武装力量统帅。最高军事决策机构是“武装力量总司令部”。最高军事行政机关是国防部。武装力量由正规军和准军事部队组成。正规军分陆、海、空三个军种。联邦总统通过武装力量总司令部、国防部和陆、海、空三军领导和指挥全军。军事指挥领导人物联邦总统兼武装力量总司令扎耶德·本·苏尔坦·阿勒纳哈扬。武装力量副总司令、王储哈利法·本·扎耶德·阿勒纳哈扬。国防部长穆罕默德·本·拉希德·阿勒马克图姆上将。武装力量参谋长穆罕默德·本·扎耶德·阿勒纳哈扬。武装力量兵力现役部队6.5万人(外籍军人约占30%)。 阿联酋军事1、陆军5.9万人(包括迪拜1.5万人)。编有1个王室警卫旅、2个装甲旅、3个机械化步兵旅、2个步兵旅、1个炮兵旅,迪拜拥有2个独立步兵旅。主战坦克:共331辆,其中AMX-30型45辆。OF-40Mk2“狮”式36辆,“勒克莱尔”式250辆。轻型坦克:“蝎”式76辆。装甲侦察车:共69辆,其中AML-90型49辆,“萨拉丁”式20辆(储备)。步兵战车:共433辆,其中AMX-10P型18辆,BMP-3型415辆。装甲人员输送车:620辆,其中VCR型80辆,“潘哈德”M-3型370辆,EE-11“褐斑洞蛇”式120辆,AAPC型50辆。牵引火炮:共93门,其中105毫米ROF型73门,130毫米59-1型20门。自行火炮:155毫米自行榴弹炮共177门。火箭炮:共66门,其中70毫米LAU-97型18门,122毫米FIROS-25式48门(只有24门具有作战能力)。迫击炮:共135门,其中81毫米L16型114门,120毫米“布朗德”式21门。 阿联酋军事地地导弹:“飞毛腿”B型6部(属迪拜)。反坦克导弹:共305部,包括“米兰”式、“警惕”式、“陶”式、“霍特”式。无座力炮:84毫米“卡尔·古斯塔夫”式250门、106毫米M-40型12门。高炮:20毫米M-3VDA型自行高炮42辆,30毫米GCF-BM2型高炮20门。防空导弹:“吹管”、“西北风”20余部。2、海军约2000人。护卫舰:“阿布扎比”级防空护卫舰2艘。巡逻/近海战斗舰艇:共16艘,其中轻型护卫舰2艘,导弹艇8艘,巡逻艇6艘。两栖登陆舰:共5艘,其中3艘为坦克登陆舰。后勤支援舰:2艘。海军航空兵装备SA-316Alouette直升机4架,AS585型“豹”式直升机6架。 阿联酋装甲3、空军约4000人。战斗机101架,武装直升机49架。战斗/对地攻击机:共43架编为3个中队,其中“幻影”2000E型9架,“霍克”102型17架,“霍克”MK63/63A/63C(兼教练机)型共17架。战斗机:“幻影”2000EAD型22架。防暴机:MB-326型8架(KD型2架。侦察机:“幻影”2000RAD型8架。运输机:包括BN-2型1架,C-130H型4架,L-100-30型2架,C-212型4架,CN-235M-100型7架,“伊尔”76型4架(租借)。直升机:武装直升机49架,其中AS-332F型5架,SA-342K型10LD型6架),MB-339A型5架。改装训练机:“霍克”MK61型5架,MB-339A型4架,“幻影”2000DAD型6架架,SA-316/-319型7架,AH-64A型20架,AS-565“豹”式7架; 阿联酋坦克运输直升机:共41架,其中AS-332型(要员运输机)2架,AS-350型1架,“贝尔”-205型8架,“贝尔”-206型9架,“贝尔”-206L型5架,“贝尔”-214型4架,407型1架,SA-330型10架,“空中大王”350型(要员运输机)2架。搜索、救援直升机:共6架,其中BO-105型3架,“奥古斯塔”-109K2型3架。教练机:共47架,其中PC-7型30架,SF-260型5架,“GROB”G-115TA型12架。空舰导弹:“霍特”式、AS-11/-12型、AS-15“飞鱼”AM-39型、“海尔法”式、Hydra-70式,PGMl/2型若干枚。空空导弹:R-550“魔术”式、AIM9L“响尾蛇”式若干枚。 防空部队1个防空旅,下设3个营,5个改进型“霍克”导弹连,装备地空导弹;“轻剑”式12部,“眼镜蛇”9部,RIBS-70型13部,“西北风”式100部。准军事部队海岸警卫队(属内务部管辖)若干人,拥有约40艘巡逻快艇。驻外兵力驻南斯拉夫联盟联合国维和人员1250人。设3个步兵战车护送队,1个主战坦克中队,1个炮兵连,数架反坦克直升机。外国驻军美国空军390人军队节日建军节12月10日。

United Arab Emirates is rich in oil resources, the year 1988 crude oil export revenue of $about 10000000000, making this always fishing for poor countries the main income, has become one of the richest countries in the world, in 1980 the per capita income of $30000, per capita income in 1984 was $23000, ranking first in the world. With oil production and petrochemical industry. The government in the development of petrochemical industry at the same time, the development of diversified economy, expand trade and increase the proportion of non oil revenue in GDP as a primary task, to the development of cement, aluminum, plastic products, building materials, clothing, food processing industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, fishery and pay attention to the development of; make full use of various resources, focus on the development of the cause of culture and education, health, to continue and expand existing in the construction of the project. In recent years to develop information technology as the core of the "new economy" and "knowledge economy". The date palm trees planted, vegetables, fruits. Coastal residents, mainly engaged in commercial fishing and pearl diving industry. Some residents engaged in nomadic, breeding sheep and camels. Exports mainly oil, is one of the important oil exporter in the world, and pearls, dried fish; import food etc.. The main economic data (2006): gross domestic product (GDP) of $162200000000 per capita GDP of $36000 of GDP growth rate of 10% inflation rate of 6% exchange rate of $1 = 3.66 Dirham currency reserves of $25000000000 resources: Petroleum and natural gas resources are very rich. Has proven oil reserves of 130 tons, accounting for 9.5% of total world oil reserves, ranking fifth in the world. Natural gas reserves of 6.06 cubic meters, ranking fifth in the world. The UAE economy industry: petroleum based chemical industry. In addition to natural gas liquefaction, aluminum, plastic products, building materials, clothing and food processing industry. The number of employees in industrial projects, the UAE accounted for only 1%. Therefore, the government began to carry out "domestic employment scheme", to increase their employment proportion. Agricultural Animal Husbandry Fishery: agriculture is not developed. The United Arab Emirates, agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry output value accounted for 2.4% of GDP. The national arable land area of 320000 hectares, has 270000 hectares of cultivated land. The main agricultural products are dates, corn, vegetables, lemon, etc.. Food import dependency. At present, the United Arab Emirates have a fishing boat 5191, 17264 fishermen. Fishery products and dates can meet the domestic demand. The scale of animal husbandry is very small, mainly rely on imports of meat products. In recent years, the government encourage farming policy, to the farmers to provide free seeds, fertilizers and interest free loans for agricultural products, and all the package purchase underwriting, to ensure that the farmers income, agriculture has certain development o. Finance: a silver industry developed, the existing 328 domestic banks, foreign banks 109. Foreign exchange is not restricted, monetary freedom of entry and exit, exchange rate stability. The Emirates federal government revenue from oil or trade income. Foreign trade: in 1995, the United Arab Emirates joined the world trade organization. O have trade relations with 179 countries and regions. Foreign trade has occupied an important position in the economy. A major export of oil, natural gas, petroleum chemical products, aluminum ingot and a small amount of native products; the main imported food, machinery and consumer goods. In 2006 the foreign trade surplus, as follows (unit: million): the total foreign trade import export $224000000000 $83600000000 $140400000000 foreign aid: 1971 July founded the Abu Zabi foundation of Arabia economic development board (1993 November renamed the Abu Zabi Development Fund), with loans, grants and technical assistance to the state of Arabia and Asia in developing countries, Africa assistance. In 2002 January, the United Arab Emirates announced it will provide $30000000 for the post-war reconstruction of afghanistan. So far in 2000, the UAE Red Crescent aid to Palestinians have totaled $36000000. In 2003 October, a conference in Madrid assistance Iran announced $225000000 in humanitarian assistance to iraq. People's life: in 2006 the per capita GDP of $36000. Per capita income in the world, implement a system of free medical care for citizens. A total of 30 public hospitals, 115 health centres, 4473 beds, 2350 doctors, 380 dentists, 6250 nurses, 20 private hospitals and. Currency: the UAE Dirham (negative) the local currency as Dilha, also called Dirham (Dirham), 1 Dirham equals 100 of phenanthrene (Fils). The economic opening rate of inflation largely depends on the trend of global economic development. As a major production, supplies have to rely on imports, and most of them are from Europe and the United States, Japan, and price fluctuations in the dollar, the dollar, yen, Mark is very important. 92 to 96 years, spending on imports increase, improve government services, public demand and other factors increase the inflation pressure. But the free trade and market competition system and government take the key project to re bid price moves made under control. The government to control the amplitude of inflation is usually lower than the retail price index of 1 to 2 percentage points. Due to the dollar, Dirham rates directly affected USA market. 97, 98 years of interest rate will be high, but because of the increasingly fierce competition among banks, in particular to absorption of personal loans, the interest rate lower than the market America o. A current project loans for 7.75% years. In the deposit interest rate of 5.25%, dollars deposit interest rate of 4.8-5.0%. Since 81 years, AED and the dollar (1 US dollar to 3.67 dirhams) has been so far, and it will not change. 94 to 95, dirhams gained 3% against the yen, but look at the overall decline of 5% dirhams for Germany, Mark dropped by an average of 7%. With the American upturn in the economy, 96 to 98 years, the yen and the Mark price in the upward trend, which will help to curb inflation, china.



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