汤加今日气温查询努库阿洛法,努库阿洛法等城市今日气温查询

汤加全名汤加王国(The Kingdom of Tonga),一个位于太平洋西南部赤道附近、由172个大小不等的岛屿组成岛屿国家,西距斐济650公里,西南距纽西兰1770公里,面积约有699平方公里,1845年,汤加王国由多个岛屿联合而成,在1875年行君主立宪制至今,1900年开始成为英国的保护地,最后于1970年6月4日独立,为联合国第188个成员国。汤加是现今在南太平洋众岛国中唯一维持君主制的国家。

汤加 汤加群岛,位于太平洋西南部、国际日期变更线的西侧,是世界上最先开始新一天的国家。现有人口约9.5万,主要是波利尼西亚人。汤加群岛由170多个大小岛屿组成,陆地面积747平方公里。其中以汤加塔布岛为最大,它是汤加群岛的主岛,也是汤加王国首都努库阿洛法的所在地。 汤加群岛大致按南北的方向排列,可分为东、西两列。东列是珊瑚礁岛,主要有汤加塔布岛、哈派群岛等。这些岛屿地势低平,一般海拔高度不超过30米;西列为火山岛,有托富阿岛等十几座火山岛。所以汤加群岛是由东面的珊瑚礁岛和西面的火山岛组成的。

Tonga Tonga is a constitutional monarchy. The king military and political power to master. The speaker and cabinet ministers and other senior officials were appointed by the king. Social division of royalty, nobility and civilian 3 classes, but the social power concentrated in the hands of noble. A unicameral parliament, composed of all the members of the cabinet, 9 members and 9 civilians aristocratic members. The noble parliament is elected from the 33 nobles, the civilian members by universal suffrage, the speaker is appointed by the king in the aristocratic members. The king has the power to hold or the dissolution of Parliament, Parliament passed a bill to be come into effect upon the approval by the king. The king master of military and political power, its power is far greater than the constitutional monarch in europe. The speaker, a cabinet minister and the outer islands two chief executive and other senior officials were appointed by the king. Social division of royalty, nobility and civilian 3 class. There are 33 hereditary peerage national, because some nobles have many noble titles, in 1999 a total of 30 noble. In parliament, civilians and nobles seats seats. In recent years, with the development of industry and Commerce and Western thoughts, formed a "human rights and Democratic Movement" by a few people in Parliament and the society, but the power co.. The political and social stability, the state power is still concentrated in the hands of the royal family and the nobility. Constitution The current constitution of the earliest issued by King George Tupthi in 1875. The Constitution stipulates that the government is composed of three parts: (1) the king governs the Privy Council and cabinet, the Legislative Council (2), (3) judicial institutions. Parliament The legislative council. The unicameral. Composed of all the members of the cabinet, 9 members and 9 civilians aristocratic members. Election every 3 years. The constituency members nobility nobility elected civilian members, by constituency election, speaker, appointed by the king in the aristocratic members. Parliament every year 5 ~ November meeting. The king has the power to hold or the dissolution of Parliament, Parliament passed a bill to be come into effect upon the approval by the king. The current parliament in 2002 March, President Tui Vacano (Hon.Tu'ivakano). The government Members of the cabinet are as follows: the prime minister and Minister of communications, disaster relief activities, labor, commerce and Industry Minister Feleti Serville (Feleti Sevele); Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of health Villami Tangi (Viliami Tangi); agriculture, fisheries, forestry and Food Minister Peoafi Ho Kinima (Peauafi Haukinima); Minister of civil aviation, maritime and port Paul Karalus (Paul Karalus); the Secretary of defense and foreign minister Sonatane Tupou (Sonatane T. T. Toupu); education, women's affairs and culture minister Tevita Palefau (Tevita Hala Palefau); finance minister Ossioua Utoikamanu (Siosiua Utoikamanu); the Minister of justice Maria Taumoepeo (Malia Viviena A. N. A. Taumoepeau); investigation, land, natural resources and environment minister Siosea Tuita (Siosaia Ma'Ulupekotofa Tuita); the police, the fire service and prisons minister Ossi Aho (Taimani Siaosi 'Aho); tourism minister Feneasi Funaki (Fineasi Funaki); youth, sports training and Employment Minister Tui Vacano (Hon.Tu'ivakano). The judiciary A court of appeal, high court, Land Court and district court. The chief judge of the court of appeal and the other judges are appointed by the king. Current Supreme Court justices Robin · M · Webster, took office in June 28, 2004. Party Tonga's Democratic Party was founded in April, 2005, July 1st registration. An important figure in George Tupou V George Tupou V Born in Nukualofa in May 4, 1948. The throne in September 11, 2006. Graduated from the Royal Military Academy and University of Oxford.

汤加tonga 以农业为主,工业不发达。生产力水平低,经济发展落后,严重依赖外援。农业、渔业和旅游业是国民经济的三大支柱,但长期以来未能有效开发。近年来,为刺激经济发展,政府出台了鼓励工业和旅游业的投资政策,并鼓励发展私营企业和通信技术,以创造就业机会。工业     政府重视发展工业并向产品多样化方向发展,并于1975年在首都郊区设立了小型工业区。但迄今只有一些小企业从事组装、来料加工、进口成品改小包装及简单的农产品和食品加工工业。主要工业有小型渔船制造、饼干和方便面制造、食用椰油和固体油脂的加工和包装、金属废料加工、组装太阳能热水器、加工制作家具、电焊铁丝网、分装油漆等。工业产值占GDP的4.6%。 农业 农业为汤三大经济支柱之一,但基本靠自然发展,以小农场为主,作物品种单调,耕作方式原始,技术落后,产量很低。主要农产品有芋头、木薯、南瓜、香草、卡瓦等;还生产香蕉、菠萝、椰子、西瓜、木瓜等热带水果及少量蔬菜。大米、面粉、部分蔬菜和水果及肉类等依赖进口。2001~2002年度农业生产总值因南瓜出口量增加而比上一年度增长2%。农产品和鱼类出口在汤出口中占绝对主导地位,但农产品出口不稳定。2002年出口南瓜1198万潘加,根茎作物147万潘加,香草266万潘加,卡瓦57万潘加。 渔业 汤海域辽阔,渔业资源较丰富。近年来开始向外国渔船有限开放,来自国内外的投资增加,鱼类产品的产量和出口增长迅速。2002年度鱼类产品出口量约1085吨,出口收入1521.47万潘加。 旅游业 政府收入的重要来源之一。政府积极鼓励和发展旅游业,以推动其它经济部门的发展。全国共有旅馆、汽车旅馆和客栈51家,共约700个房间。2003年旅游收入2000万潘加,游客约4万人次,主要来自新西兰、美国、澳大利亚和欧洲。 交通运输 公路:总长约1030公里(1999年);小汽车11192辆(1999年),其中政府车270辆,私人车7384辆,出租车3538辆。 水运:以各岛轮渡运输为主。共有6个海港。汤加塔布岛的努库阿洛法港和瓦瓦乌岛的纳阿夫港可停靠远洋货轮。同澳大利亚、斐济、萨摩亚和日本等国之间有定期班轮。 空运:共有大小6个机场。新西兰、斐济、萨摩亚和波利尼西亚航空公司有航班飞经汤加。皇家汤加航空公司同外国航空公司合股经营国际和国内航空业务,开设了汤加至奥克兰、悉尼、斐济、萨摩亚及夏威夷的空运业务,但因经营不善,财政困难,已于2004年4月暂停所有航班。 财政金融 2002~2003年度预算总额为1.45亿潘加,外债1.644亿潘加,内债3740万潘加。2003~2004财政年度预算总额1.45亿潘加。 汤加 截至2004年4月,汤加在国际货币基金组织有特别提款权690万潘加,有储备金520万潘加。官方外汇储备总额6040万潘加。 全国金融系统由汤加国家储备银行、汤加发展银行和3大商业银行组成。 对外贸易 长期以来,外贸逆差巨大,且不断扩大。2002年度出口额3000万潘加,进口1.95亿潘加,逆差1.65亿潘加。主要出口南瓜、鱼类、卡瓦、檀香木、香草和根茎作物。主要进口食品、服装、日用品、机械、运输设备、燃料和建筑材料等。主要贸易对象为新西兰、澳大利亚、斐济、美国和日本。 汤加 2002年从新西兰进口额为7713万潘加,出口额为342万潘加;从澳大利亚进口额为3729万潘加;从斐济进口额为2597万潘加;从美国(含美属萨摩亚)进口额为2260万潘加,出口额为1131万潘加;从日本进口额为952万潘加,出口额1293万潘加。 外国援助:外援主要来自澳大利亚、新西兰、日本、中国、欧盟和亚洲开发银行。2002~2003年度澳大利亚拟援助1140万澳元,新西兰援助560万新元。日本2000~2002年期间援助1100万美元。2002年,亚行同意提供1000万美元优惠贷款用于汤加经济改革。预计2003~2004年度接受外援总额为4441万潘加。 人民生活 实行全国免费医疗制度。2003~2004财年,汤加医疗卫生事业预算为2044.5万潘加,占当年财政预算总额的14.1%。2001年,全国共有4家医院,34家卫生所,302张病床,医生52名,护士303名。

The army by the army, navy and royal guard, a total of more than 400 people, called the Tonga defence forces (Tonga Defence Services). The king is the commander in chief. Prime Minister U Luca Lara as defense secretary. The IDF commander is colonel (Lt. Col. T.Uta'atu UTA Attu). Another 400 police officers. 2003 ~ 2004 defense budget for fiscal year 4205000 pa'anga, accounting for 2.9% of the total budget.

公办学校对5~14岁儿童实行免费教育。无大学,但设有南太平洋大学分校。汤加法律规定教会可参与教育,独立办学。政府和一些英联邦国家提供部分奖学金送学生出国深造。2000年,有128名学生获政府奖学金出国留学。2003~2004财年政府教育预算为1885万潘加,占当年财政预算总额的13%。文盲率1%(2000)。2000年各级学校数目及学生、教师人数如下: 学校(所)  学生(人)  教师(名) 小学   117   16666  830 中学  39  14955  993 师范学校  1  344  20 技术、职业学校  4  448     农业、会计和旅游学校   1  150

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