安道尔今日气温查询安道尔,安道尔等城市今日气温查询

位于西南欧法国和西班牙交界处,为内陆国。安道尔是9世纪时查理曼帝国为防范摩尔人的骚扰而在西班牙边境地带建立的小缓冲国。1278年,法、西缔结和约,对安道尔分别享有行政统治权和宗教统治权,双方均有权任命自己的代表和接受象征性贡金。此后数百年里,西、法两国争夺安道尔的冲突频频发生。1982年1月4日实行体制改革,行政权从议会改由政府行使。1993年3月14日,安道尔全民公决通过了新宪法,成为一个主权国家并被评为是世界上国民预期寿命最长的国家。

安道尔地图安道尔公国是西南欧一个非常小的内陆公国,位于庇里牛斯山脉东南部,与法国和西班牙毗邻,为内陆国。是世界上还唯一存在着封建制度的国家。旅游业相当发达,亦为避税天堂。为国民预期寿命最长的国家。地处比利牛斯山东段的山谷之中,面积为468平方公里。境内地势崎岖,海拔900米以上,最高点科马佩特罗萨峰海拔2946米。最大河流瓦利拉河长63公里。安道尔属山地气候,大部分地区冬季漫长寒冷,高山积雪达8个月;夏季干燥凉爽。 行政区划:全国划为7个教区Parish,即卡尼略Canillo、恩坎普Encamp、马萨纳LaMassana、奥尔迪诺Ordino、圣胡利娅-德洛里亚SantJuliàdeLòria、安道尔城AndorralaVella、莱塞斯卡尔德-恩戈尔达Escaldes-Engordany。

The legend of Charleyman the great in return for Andorra combat and Moors, promulgated the Charter, the establishment of the diocese in Andorra, ordered Ugur to count as archbishop. In Eleventh Century Ukraine Ghale bishop and France began sovereignty issue of andorra. Andorra in 1278 the two sides to reach an agreement, Andorra by French FOIX count and Spanish bishop Ugur of two party shared sovereignty (range agreement is prototype today Andorra politics and land), later Earl of FOIX sovereignty to the hands of the king of Navarra, King Henry IV in 1607 ordered the heads of state of France and Ugur bishop with Andorra sovereignty. In 1933 France world economic depression lead to social unrest in the name, occupation of andorra. In July 12, 1934, a Russian adventurer BorisSkossyreff Yuwugeer announced to the public, he has the Andorra sovereignty, and bishop Ugur declared war on. But in the days after the July 20th by the Spanish authorities arrested, deported immediately. 1936 to 1940 years, because of the Spanish Civil War and the French troops stationed in andorra. During the Second World War, Andorra remained neutral, as between Vichy France and Spain smuggling. Andorra long time retire, only to maintain the relations between France and spain. In recent years, Andorra to improve the traffic and communication, and develop tourism industry. 1993, Andorra referendum, the constitution of Andorra, and became a member of the United nations.

安道尔 1993年12月安首次举行议会选举,由里瓦斯·雷格领导的全国民主联盟在选举中获得相对多数并于1994年初组阁。1994年11月政府提出设立增税方案,遭到议会以自由联盟领导人马克·福尔内为首的多数委员的反对并被弹劾下台。12月,议会主要政党经过协商,同意由马克·福尔内担任首相并组建新政府。福尔内政府作为少数党联盟在议会中倍受牵制。1996年末,福尔内政府因提出经济开放和银行改革与反对党争执不下,最大的反对党全国民主联盟也提出弹劾,要求政府下台。在此情况下,福尔内首相决定解散议会,并于1997年2月16日提前举行议会选举。福尔内领导的自由联盟大获全胜,赢得议会28个席位中的16席,最大的反对党全国民主联盟仅获6席。同年4月初,福尔内组成新政府。2001年3月,福尔内领导的自由党在大选中再次获胜蝉联执政。福上台后,积极推动政治稳定和经济多元化,安政局日趋稳定,经济运行良好。   宪法 安道尔新宪法规定,法国总统和西班牙塞奥-德乌赫尔地方主教同为国家元首,国家主权属于人民。实行行政、立法和司法三权分立。  安道尔 议会 一院制,称总委员会,行使立法权。总委员会由普选产生,共28名委员,其中14名委员系由全国选举产生,其余由全国7个行政区各选2名,任期4年,每2年改选半数。本届总委员会于2001年5月产生。议长费朗塞斯克·阿雷尼·卡萨尔(FrancescArenyCasal),自由党人。席位分配情况如下:自由党17、社会民主党6、民主党52。         政府 现政府为自由党政府。政府主要成员有:首相马克·福尔内·莫尔内(MARCFORNEMOLNE)、外交大臣胡利·米诺韦斯·特里克尔(JULIMINOVESTRIQUELL)、教育、青年和体育大臣佩雷·塞沃斯(PERECERVOSCARDONA)、旅游和文化大臣恩里克·普哈尔·阿雷尼(ENRICPUJALARENY)、农业和环境大臣奥尔加·阿德亚克·科马(女)(OLGAADELLACHCOMA)、财政大臣米雷娅·马埃斯特雷(女)(MIREIAMAESTRECORTADELLA)、卫生和福利大臣莫尼卡·科迪纳·托尔特(女)(MONICACODINATORT)、司法和内政大臣霍尔迪·比森特(JORDIVISENTGUITART)、国土发展大臣霍尔迪·塞拉·曼列乌(JORDISERRAMANLLEU)、经济大臣米克尔·阿尔瓦雷斯·马尔法尼(MIQUELALVAREZMARFANY)、秘书长华金玛·索尔·奥尔迪斯(女)(JOAQUIMASOLORDIS)  安道尔 司法机构 领导机构为司法高等理事会,由5名成员组成,任期6年。司法系统包括初级法院、中级法院和高级法院。另设宪法法院。       政党 安道尔 2000年安各政党参照欧洲政党模式,把原来的自由联盟、全国民主联合会和全国民主促进会重组为三个政党,在议会中均拥有席位。 自由党(PartitLiberald'Andorra):成立于1993年,现为执政党。主席马克·福尔内(MarcForne)。 社会民主党(PartitSocialdemocrata):成立于2000年。现为最大的反对党,领导人豪梅·巴托梅乌(JaumeBartomeu)。 民主党(PartitDemocrata):成立于2000年。领导人霍尔迪·马斯托雷斯(JordiMasTorres)。  对外关系 安道尔1993年安政体改革前,对外关系由西、法两国代管,此后开始逐步建立和发展独立的对外关系。1993年6月3日,安道尔与法国和西班牙签署合作协议,法、西两国宣布承认安道尔为主权国家并同其建立外交关系。同年7月28日,安加入联合国,以后陆续加入了国际电信联盟、国际劳工组织、世界卫生组织、欧洲委员会等国际和地区组织。目前安与世界上约70个国家签有建交协议,与西班牙和法国互设使馆。安道尔将发展同西班牙、法国及欧洲联盟的关系作为其外交重点。 同中国的关系:1994年6月29日,安道尔同我国正式建立大使级外交关系。据中国海关统计,2001年,中国与安道尔贸易额为17万美元,全部为中方出口,比1999年减少54.1%。 2005年1月,安首相福尔内访华。2007年10月中国外交部副部长张业遂访安。2005年2月,中安签署了旅游合作谅解备忘录。2007年1月1日起,安正式成为我公民组团出境旅游目的地国。据中国海关统计,2007年中安双边贸易额为71.7万美元,基本全系中方出口。 文化方面,1999年我在安举办过图片展,2000年,红星歌舞团赴安专演。2005年,《多彩中华》民族服饰演出团赴安演出。 中国驻安道尔大使:邱小琪(驻西班牙大使兼任)。地址:C/.ArturoSoria113,Madrid。电话:(34)915194242。 张业遂副部长访问安道尔 2007年10月24日,应安道尔外交大臣马特乌邀请,外交部副部长张业遂对安进行访问,中国驻西班牙兼安道尔大使邱小琪陪同。 工作会谈会谈中,张副部长表示,建交10余年来,两国始终本着相互尊重、平等互利的原则发展双边友好关系。中安在许多重大国际问题上看法相同,在国际组织中保持着良好的合作。中方高度赞赏安政府一贯奉行一个中国政策,支持中国统一大业。中安友好关系的顺利发展业已成为大小国家发展关系的典范。中方重视发展同安道尔的关系,愿与安方一道将两国关系提升到一个新的水平。 安外交大臣马特乌对张副部长访安表示热烈欢迎。她说,安中建交以来关系发展良好,2005年两国签署旅游合作协议后,双边人员往来续有上升,希双方继续加强合作,进一步推动两国经贸和人员往来。 欢迎宴会 会谈结束后,马为张副部长一行举行欢迎宴会,安经济和农业大臣丰特、安议会外委会副主席塞拉等出席。 温家宝总理会见安道尔首相福尔内 国务院总理温家宝在北京中南海会见来华进行非正式访问的安道尔首相福尔内 2005年1月17日,国务院总理温家宝在中南海紫光阁会见了来华进行非正式访问的安道尔首相福尔内,双方就两国关系和共同关心的问题深入交换意见。 温家宝说,中安建交10年来,双边关系发展顺利,相互交往逐年增多,贸易、旅游等领域的交流与合作不断扩大。两国在联合国等国际组织中保持了良好合作。温家宝对安道尔在台湾问题上坚定奉行一个中国原则表示赞赏。 安道尔 温家宝指出,中国一贯主张国家不分大小、贫富、强弱,都是国际社会平等成员。中安在推动多极化,发挥联合国主导作用,维护文化多样性等方面有着广泛共识。我们愿在《联合国宪章》以及和平共处五项原则基础上,不断巩固和扩大与安道尔友好合作关系。温家宝希望双方加强在政治上的相互支持,特别是在联合国等国际组织中的沟通、协调与配合;积极拓展在旅游领域的合作,尽快签署旅游目的地国协议,促进两国人员交流,带动双方在贸易、服务等领域的合作;加强两国文化交流,扩大民间交往,增进相互了解。 福尔内说,安道尔高度赞赏中国的经济建设成就和在国际事务中发挥的积极作用。安政府重视发展对华关系,将继续奉行一个中国政策。安中签署旅游目的地国协议,有利于两国人员交往和贸易、服务业合作。安方愿进一步加强两国在贸易、旅游等领域及国际组织中的合作。 安道尔 国务委员唐家璇会见安道尔首相福尔内 2005年1月16日,国务委员唐家璇会见了来访的安道尔首相福尔内。 唐家璇表示,中安建交以来,两国一直保持着友好关系。中国政府重视发展中安关系,愿与安方加强交往,扩大合作,相信在双方共同努力下,两国关系将不断得到巩固和发展。 福尔内表示,安中两国人民是好朋友。安政府愿进一步加强与中国在旅游等领域的合作,推动双边关系继续向前发展。      

Andor Ann is a traditional agricultural country. In twentieth Century 60 years ago, residents mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, to business and tourism. The main agricultural products are potatoes and tobacco. Livestock to cattle, sheep. There are deposits of alum and iron, lead. The cigarette manufacturing industry, followed by the textile, leather, wood and food processing. Forest area is 17915 hectares, accounting for 37% of national area, owned by the state. The water is rich in resources, with mountain snow in many small hydropower stations built, can meet the need of electrical 1/4, the rest imported from France and spain. Commercial and tourism is the main source of national income. The development of the financial industry has injected new vitality into the economic. In 1999, people engaged in primary industry accounted for 0.54% of the working population, engaged in the second industry accounted for 21.36% of the population, engaged in the third industry accounted for 72.27% of the population. In 1997 the GDP of $1190000000, per capita income of about $15000. Ann no railway, highway only. In 1996, the registered cars to 35358 cars, commercial vehicles 4238. There are 1 private helicopter airport. Andorra in general Spanish peseta and French francs. An early 2001 unilateral declaration of one of the euro as its currency. July 1, 1991, Andorra joined the European customs union. An implementation of the low tax, no income tax, there is "no tax paradise". In 1997, the security of bank 7, with 48 branches in the country. Andorra currency The main partner of foreign trade of France and Spain, followed by Germany, Italy, Japan, Holland and other countries. Imports in 1998 amounted to 161426000000 pesetas, exports amounted to 8637000000 pesetas. The main imported products are building materials, cigarette, electrical appliances, cosmetics, gasoline, clothing, optical products, processed food and daily necessities of life, many of them supplied to foreign tourists; the main export products are wool, cattle, leather, tobacco, wood, butter, cheese. In 1999, the fiscal expenditure for 31528000000 pesetas, income for 28770000000 pesetas. Ann no defense budget. The primary sources of government revenue from taxes on imports and banks, indirect taxes on oil and other products and proceeds through the issuance of stamps. The social insurance system of the people's life was established in 1966 to 1968 years old, for the patient, and workers to provide insurance or pensions. In 1996, there are 1 hospitals, 2.2 beds per thousand people, 148 doctors. In 1998, a telephone 32946. Andorra Olympic delegation

安道尔滑雪场小学至高中实行免费义务教育。全国有学校33所,实行三种教育体制: (1)安道尔教育,占33.48%,由安政府负责; (2)西班牙教育,占32.82%,由西教育部负责发放西班牙语教材; (3)法国教育,占33.7%,由法国负责,实施法教育部计划,用法语教学。 安现有两所大学。中学生毕业后可选择在国内或到西班牙、法国受高等教育。2005-06学年在校学生共为10789人。全国有1家电台、1家电视台和2份报纸。

Local customs and practices Andorra is a traditional agricultural country. In twentieth Century 60 years ago, residents mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, to business and tourism. The main agricultural products are potatoes and tobacco. Livestock to cattle, sheep. There are deposits of alum and iron, lead. The cigarette manufacturing industry, followed by the textile, leather, wood and food processing. The water is rich in resources, with mountain snow in many small hydropower stations built, can meet the need of electrical 1/4, the rest imported from France and spain. Commercial and tourism is the main source of national income. The development of the financial industry has injected new vitality into the economic. Andorra Andorra has no railroad, highway only. In 1996, the registered cars to 35358 cars, commercial vehicles 4238. There are 1 private helicopter airport. Andorra in general Spanish peseta and French francs. An early 2001 unilateral declaration of one of the euro as its currency. July 1, 1991, Andorra joined the European customs union. An implementation of the low tax, no income tax, there is "no tax paradise". In 1997, the security of bank 7, with 48 branches in the country. The social insurance system was established in 1966 to 1968 years old, for the patient, and workers to provide insurance or pensions. In 1996, there are 1 hospitals, 2.2 beds per thousand people, 148 doctors. 1998. The diet culture Andorra people pay attention to diet is world famous, even on weekdays lunch and dinner is very rich. Andorra restaurant lunch is generally divided into cold or an appetizer (Horsdoeuver), usually some appetizers smoked meat served with olives, fruit and all kinds of lettuce, most with bread, sometimes with a cold dish sauce (mustard bubble in reconciling the egg yolk, olives, pickles and spicy sauce), also there will be crepe, crepes roll some seafood with cream sauce, with a variety of fish sauce served with gravy. The main course meat, such as steak, Pan-Fried Beef Steak with Black Pepper (practice), fried chicken, lamb, beef, fish steaks, and assorted seafood. In general, every Friday the French seafood based, the main course is equipped with all kinds of vegetables, potatoes, a little spaghetti sauce, and red Wine thick gravy and little spices juice with food. Color with good taste, the best add a dessert, and tea Coffee. In addition to the soup dinners replacing cold outside, most of the main course and lunch almost. The soup is a part of part of the dinner. Andorra soup is divided into many of the most famous are the Beef Consomme, French onion soup, vegetable soup, bureau of cream soup, seafood soup, tomato cream soup. The soup should be allocated two or three kinds of burnt toast with food coloring. Dinner dessert is much richer than that of lunch, such as Mousse, Sonffle, essential for an important part of the dinner table wine and beverage is also the Andorran dinner. Roe sauce Andorra order includes (Meun) and single point (A.LaCarte). Packages are divided into Lunchste, lunch and dinner two Dinnerset. Andorra, seems to be the embodiment of romantic and taste the two noun. Mention of Andorra, we can't help thinking the Champs Elysees on the gorgeous clothing, the dim light on the Senna River Bridge, the romantic love...... Of course, there is the French Food like artwork. Andorra love to eat pasta, many different kinds of bread. Most of them love to eat cheese, beef, duck, goose liver sauce, roe is desired Food andorra. Visceral, but Andorra people do not eat other than the liver of animal fish without scales and with the fish biting. Andorra cuisine stresses atmosphere and etiquette, with more pay attention to food and wine, different dishes with different wine. Appropriate increase of meat delicious cocktail. A bite to eat meat and drink a cup of wine, will let you better understand the juicy meat. Black cherry duck breast, this is a traditional Andorra Food, while eating with black cherry, senior wine, meat, onion and vegetable sauce, taste refreshing and great. Fully reflects the Andorra Food juicy rich characteristics.



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