莱索托今日气温查询马塞卢,马塞卢等城市今日气温查询

莱索托新版国旗 莱索托王国,位于非洲东南部。面积3.0344万平方公里。人口203万人。多属班图语系的巴苏陀族和祖鲁族黑人。通用英语和塞苏陀语。约90%的居民信奉基督教新教和天主教。首都马塞卢。莱索托王国的经济支柱是农业、畜牧业。主要出口马海毛、钻石等;进口食品、燃料、机械等。莱索托王国在1868年成为英国的保护地。1966年10月4日独立,实行居主立宪制。1983年4月30日与中国建交;1990年4月5日因与台湾“复交”而与中国断交;1994年1月12日与中国恢复外交关系。

环境气候莱索托面积3万多平方公里。位于非洲东南部,为内陆国家,四周为南非所环抱。地处南非高原东缘德拉肯斯山西坡。东部为海拔1800-3000米的山地;北部是高达3000米左右的高原;西部为丘陵;沿西部边界有一条宽约40公里的狭长低地,全国70%的人口集中于此。奥兰治河和土格拉河均发源于东部。属大陆性亚热带气候。5~9月为旱季,10~4月为雨季,最高气温33℃,最低-7℃。  人口226万(2002年),年增长率2.3%(2002年)。绝大多数为黑人,属班图语系的巴苏陀族和祖鲁族。欧洲裔约410人,亚洲裔约350人。通用英语和塞苏陀语。约90%的居民信奉基督教,新教和天主教,其余信奉原始宗教和伊斯兰教。行政区划全国划为伯里亚、布塔布泰、莱里贝、马费滕、马塞卢、莫哈莱斯胡克、莫霍特隆、加查斯内克、古廷、塔巴采卡等10个行政区。2005年4月,莱举行了1966年独立以来首届地方政府选举,目前由社区理事会理事管理地方行政事务。

Before independence called Basutoland national emblem. In early nineteenth Century, Basu Tuo group chief Mo comfort I United Nations, established a kingdom. In 1868, Britain announced the Basutoland for their "protection", in 1871 and incorporated into the British in South Africa's Cape colony. The declaration of independence in October 4, 1966, known as the kingdom of Lesotho, a monarchy, Mo Chouchou S king, Basotho National Party leader Jonathan prime minister. The first election held in 1970 after independence, Basutoland Congress Party win. Basotho National Party government announced the election results invalid, and a state of emergency, banned opposition. In 1986, major general Eli Hani Jerzy, commander of the armed forces military coup, took over the government and banned political parties. In 1990 November, the junta deposed Mo Chouchou S, made his eldest son Leziya as king. In 1993 March, "the people", the military government held Lai second elections, Basutoland Congress party wins, the party chairman Mokhehle as prime minister. In 1995 January, Mo Chouchou S reduction. In 1996 January, Mo comfort II died in a car accident. In February, Leziya once again became the. In 1998 May, Lai at the third general election, Democratic Congress to win by a landslide, the party chairman Mo Sicily prime minister. After the 1998 election, Lai the opposition does not recognize the election results and continued to protest against the new government, in October, the ruling and opposition parties agreed to hold elections in 15 to 18 months. But the two sides dispute problems about the election of fierce, elections preparations Co., this should be held in 2000 May before the election postponed. The factor increase stability and ease in 2000, political situation. The ruling and opposition parties around the election mode struggle is fierce, but the basic maintenance of the framework of a political dialogue, tend to solve some problems. Democratic control of the armed forces has been strengthened, improved relations with the royal family and the Emirates, consolidate the ruling foundation. In 2001, the ruling and opposition parties reach an agreement on the mode of election, decided to adopt a Democratic Congress proposed "80 + 40" scheme, namely the house of Commons seats from 80 seats to 120 seats now, with 80 seats elected by constituency representation, the other 40 seats elected by proportional representation. Democratic Congress government to consolidate the army, police and government institutions, continue to strengthen the ability to control the situation. But the party was divided, the party's deputy leader, Deputy Prime Minister Mahope established the new "Lesotho people's Congress", the 74 members of the Democratic Party was divided into two camps, 47 of them support the Democratic Congress, 27 people support the people's congress. In 2002 May, the mixed mode of election, in accordance with the "80 + 40" smooth election, Democratic Congress overwhelmingly won the election again, Mo Sicily won the prime minister. After the election, maintain political stability. Democratic Congress continue to implement the "stability, development, good governance" policy, promoting national reconciliation, adjustment and royal, Emirates, the church and the opposition between the ability to control the situation, strengthen.

马洛蒂-国家货币自然资源贫乏,经济基础薄弱,被联合国列为最不发达国家之一。 是农业国,由于自然灾害、水土流失和土地退化等原因,粮食不能自给。2001年,莱以成为美国“非洲增长与机会法案”受益国为契机,大力招商引资,落实一系列恢复重建措施,成衣业和基础设施建设发展较快,经济呈恢复性增长。除农业外,目前国民收入主要来源于建筑业、制造业、服务业、关税收入和侨汇。   国民生产总值(2001/2002):10.49亿美元   人均国民生产总值(1999/2000):464美元   经济增长率(2001/2002年):3.3%。   货币名称:洛蒂,复数为马洛蒂(Maloti)。与南非兰特挂钩等值。   汇率(2002年9月):1美元=10.54马洛蒂   通货膨胀率(2001年):7.7%   失业率(2001年):45% 主要产业工业以制造业和食品加工为主,生产成衣、制革、食品、饮料、建材、家具、电子等。自2000年以来,随着欧美相继向莱开放无关税、无配额的市场,纺织、服装、制鞋等高附加值的出口加工产业发展迅速。2001年工业总产值4.66亿美元,占国内生产总值的44.4%,其中建筑、制造、水电业产值分别占国内生产总值的23%、16%和6%。  矿业以钻石开采业为主,有少量煤、方铅、石英、玛瑙及铀蕴藏,但不具商业开采价值。2001年莱矿业收入104万美元。     农牧业农业人口占全国人口的83%,农业劳动力占全国劳动力总数的50%。可耕地面积为24万公顷,约占全国面积的13%。由于水土流失严重和连年旱灾,农业在国民经济中比重下降,2001年农业产值为1.78亿美元,占国内生产总值的16.97%。根据联合国粮食组织与世界粮食计划署2002年6月公布的调查报告,2002~2003年莱粮食产量预计为7.4万吨,全国粮食需求为41.2万吨,有44.8万人需紧急援助。莱水土流失、过度放牧、土地板结和种子退化等问题日益严重,农业前景堪忧。目前莱玉米、高粱产量仅为20世纪70年代水平的三分之一。 畜牧业占重要地位,全国66%的土地可供放牧,以养羊业为主,是非洲著名马海毛产地。1999年牲畜存栏总数260万头。 服务业2001年服务业总产值4.05亿美元,占国内生产总值的39%。 旅游业政府鼓励发展旅游业,近年修建了一些旅馆和山区度假村以及一座国家公园,游客多来自南非。 交通运输公路:总长4994公里,其中沥青公路1084公里,砂石路2532公里,土路1378公里。 铁路:莱无独立铁路系统,仅有南非延伸至首都马塞卢的铁路运送有限的人员与物资。 空运:全国主要机场有2个,首都马塞卢国际机场可起降中型民航客机,全国另有31个简易机场经营包机业务。莱航曾于1997年8月作为政府私有化计划的一部分出售给南非一包机公司,后于1999年倒闭。南非航空公司现经营马塞卢至南非约翰内斯堡航班。 通讯1999年,平均每100人拥有1.3部电话机,移动电话业务主要由南非VODACOM电信公司与莱索托电信公司合资成立的VODACOM LESOTHO(VCL)电信公司提供。目前,电信公司已私有化,电话装机量逐年增加,并已开通国际互联网服务。 外国援助双边援助主要由英国、爱尔兰和德国等国提供;多边援助主要来自欧洲联盟、非洲发展基金、世界粮食计划署和国际开发协会。 2005年4月,日本向莱捐赠了5500万马洛蒂(1美元=6.40马洛蒂),用于兴建17所小学。5月,欧盟向莱捐赠2亿马洛蒂用于市政建设,6000万马洛蒂用于抗击艾滋病。6月,日本向莱捐赠价值600万马洛蒂的玉米,美千年挑战公司向莱提供140万美元援款。7月,爱尔兰同莱签订援助协定,根据协定,爱将于2005-2007年向莱提供2.17亿马洛蒂无偿援助;澳大利亚向莱提供价值6300万马洛蒂的粮援。9月,美国向莱提供650万美元无偿援助用于防治艾滋病。10月,南非、英国和欧盟向莱提供1300万马洛蒂的援助用于发展农业。对外贸易2004年出口额为4.5亿美元,进口额约5.62亿美元,逆差为1.12亿美元。进口商品主要为食品、燃料、机械等。主要出口为毛纺织品、原材料(羊毛、马海毛等)和牲畜等。人民生活全国劳动力约65万,有约6万劳工在南非工作,侨汇收入在国民收入中占有一定比例。莱人口的80%可享有医疗服务,全国有国营医院10所,农村诊所176个,教会医院8所,私人诊所24个。平均每861人有一张病床,每15057人有一位医生。2004年联合国人口基金公布《2004年人口报告》显示,莱男性艾滋病毒感染率为25.4%,平均寿命32.3岁,女性感染率为32.4%,平均寿命37.7岁。新生婴儿死亡率为92‰。2006年卫生预算为3.865亿马洛蒂。

The Lesotho defence force consists of 2000 people, including a squadron. In 1996 April, Lai government announced the establishment of military police. The IDF commander Mota, (Thuso Motanyane) in, chief of staff Makolo (Makoro). The 2005 defense budget is 220000000 Ma Loti lai.

国民受教育程度较高,识字率达82.3%,初级教育普及率达69%,在撒哈拉以南非洲国家中位居前列。从2000年起,小学开始逐步实行免费教育,学生教师比率约为70:1。近年来职业技术教育发展较快。莱索托大学是全国唯一的高等学府,每年招收约1700名学生。2002年15岁以上人口文盲率15.6%。2006教育预算9.274亿马洛蒂,较2005年增长10.4%。

Press and publication of major newspapers: the weekly Lesotho are mainly: "" "" Basotho sound whistle "Africans", English newspapers are: "Southern Star newspaper" "mirror" survivors "etc.". Lesotho are paper and English weekly mainly has: "justice and peace journalism" and "Basu of counselor" etc.. "Comfort women" magazine, English quarterly, 1991 by the Ministry of information and broadcasting founded and national. Lesotho News Agency: in 1983, funded by UNESCO to establish. Lesotho radio and television: playing with Lesotho are language and English, the main language in Lesotho are. The country has 11000 TV sets. Local custom and folk dress 1 Lesotho traditional clothing: Lesotho traditional clothing as a straw hat and a blanket. People in Lesotho like wearing a Basotho straw hat. This hat is conic crown, five grass ring, like a small basket brim, surrounded by decorative pattern, is the unique local grass compiled, a mountain near the China design inspiration comes from the THABA BOSIU mountains. This large temperature difference between day and night, blanket is very suitable for the needs of local climate and the local life. Cold, covered with a blanket; when sleeping, blanket can also be used as a quilt; when it rains, a blanket can also serve as a very convenient use. 2 children born to celebrate: in the kingdom of Lesotho, after the baby was born, the neighbors rushed to congratulate congratulations, but a different way: if the baby is a boy, the neighbors with a stick beating his parents; if the baby is a girl, the neighbors to her parent body splash. 3: the marriage customs in Lesotho, polygamy. But now the vast majority of people only marry a wife. The king to marry the queen, has specially indicated that only marry a queen. Children grow up, have to leave their parents, keep house. When he wants to get married, do not have to be ashamed and embarrassed. Just select one morning, the sucking calf, rushed to the hillside their grazing. Parents see, will understand his mind. Once you select the right girl, please matchmaker led a cow to marriage. As the matchmaker came back, if her hair was cut off, his face still covered with glittering butter, the matter has be accomplished. And if the girl with a thin rope wrapped around my finger, then not satisfied with each other, the matchmaker just chill and return. Generally required for marriage dowry, calculated by cattle, cattle man can send the woman, also can send a cow cash value. Bovine value is not determined by the market price, but by her parents to decide. The value of a cow may be 125 Rand, also may be the 1000 rand. It depends on the luck. The wedding, the groom cannot make ten cows to the woman's home, because this will be misunderstood to be insolent and rude, also had to own a little hard, and many times to complete. Since they'd never met before, so often "have cold feet.". But this is happening, solve it is also very convenient, as long as he refused to take the initiative to express good wishes butter coated to the wrist, that marriage fell through. Important festivals Mo comfort to date: March 11th; Heroes day: April 4th; King's birthday: July 17th Independence Day: October 4th.



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