密克罗尼西亚今日气温查询波赫恩,帕利基尔,帕利基尔等城市今日气温查询

密克罗尼西亚,(Micronesia),是太平洋三大岛群之一,意为“小岛群岛”,主要包括马里亚纳群岛、加罗林群岛、马绍尔群岛、吉尔伯特群岛(见基里巴斯)、巴纳巴岛(又称大洋岛)和瑙鲁岛(见瑙鲁)等,岛屿又多又小,约有2000多个,但总面积只有2700多平方公里,人口约30万。

密克罗尼西亚联邦土著居民密克罗尼西亚,位于赤道以北,西太平洋密克罗尼西亚地区的加罗林群岛上,全国共有607个岛屿(其中65个岛屿上有人居住),全国东西长约2735公里,南北宽约900公里,其中陆地面积701.37平方公里,海洋面积258.8万平方公里,人口约13万。密国岛上多山地,各州的大岛均属于火山岛,为环行玄武岩地质结构,主岛外围的小岛多为环状珊瑚礁岛。全国共四个州,西部两州与中国时差两小时,东部两州与中国时差三小时。从西向东依此为雅浦州(Yap)、丘克州(Chuuk)、波纳佩州(Pohnpei)和科思雷州(Kosrae)。

The island is divided into four states: YAP, Chuuk (Yap) (Chuuk), Ponape (Pohnpei) and Kosley (Kosrae). Yap state in the West Caroline Islands, 454 km west of Palau, northeast 858 kilometers away from Guam, about 1300 km east of linear range Qiu Kezhou (via Guam to 1886 km). In addition to the island, there are 3 large offshore islands, 7 islands and 134 smaller islands. Quanzhou land area of 120 square kilometers, a population of about 13000 people. The state capital and commercial center is located in the southwest of the island bay city kolonie sub (Colonia) city. Qiu Kezhou is located in the east of the West in the Caroline Islands, Yap state and Pohnpei, Dongju 705 kilometers northwest of wave state, 1028 kilometers away from Guam. In addition to the main island of the island Mo en (now renamed as Wei Lu, Weno), and 6 large and 98 small islands offshore islands, the state land area of about 127.5 square kilometers, a population of about 62000, accounting for almost half of the population, mainly living in the main island, is a federal state population. Because the unemployed population, the state social order is not very good. The state capital east of the island Wei Lu (Weno) city.

密克罗尼西亚植物密克罗尼西亚群岛上土著人(密克罗尼西亚人)约4000年前就生活于此。最早的西方人是西班牙人在16世纪到达这里,1885年占领。后来在1899年,西班牙人把卡罗林群岛转让给德国。第一次世界大战后德国在太平洋的殖民地被安排给予日本作委任统治地,第二次世界大战后由美国占领。1947年,联合国将密克罗尼西亚交美国托管,现今密克罗尼西亚联邦范围为太平洋群岛托管地六区的其中三区(后来Kosrae独立变成四区)。1965年1月成立议会,此后要求自治。1979年,由联合国和美国筹划的“密克罗尼西亚宪法”公投在托管地六区举行(北玛里亚纳群岛已通过加入美国)。宪法公投在帕劳和马绍尔群岛两区未能通过,剩余四区便组织成为“密克罗尼西亚联邦”。1986年11月3日,与美国签订的《自由联系条约》正式生效,密克罗尼西亚联邦获得内政、外交自主权,但安全防务仍由美国负责(密国公民也可加入美军)。 1990年12月,联合国安理会召开会议,通过了终止托管决议,正式结束了密克罗尼西亚联邦的托管地位,并于1991年9月17日接纳密克罗尼西亚联邦为联合国正式会员国。2003年密美双方就《密美自由联系条约》续约事达成协议,将该条约延长20年。 发展历程密克罗尼西亚地图19世纪中期,英、美、德国先后在此设立贸易点,1885年后西班牙、德国、日本、美国相继占领群岛。 1947年,联合国将密交美国托管,后与马绍尔群岛、北马里亚纳群岛和帕劳构成太平洋岛屿托管地的4个政治实体。1979年密克罗尼西亚联邦成立,1982年与美国正式签订《自由联系条约》。1990年12月,联合国安理会召开正式会议,通过了终止部分太平洋托管领土协定的决议,正式结束密克罗尼西亚联邦的托管地位,并于1991年9月17日接纳其为联合国正式会员国。 1977年,科斯雷州设立,系从波纳佩州分离约1980年波纳佩市(Ponape)更名为科洛尼亚(Kolonia),岛国行政中心。同时原雅浦州首府科洛尼亚市(Colonia)更名为雅浦。1984年11月8日波纳佩(州、岛)的名字,由Ponape更名为Pohnpei,中文名这里沿用波纳佩(或可译为庞佩)。1989年首都从科洛尼亚(Kolonia)迁移到帕利基尔(Palikir),均在波纳佩岛上。1989年10月1日特鲁克州(Truk)更名为楚克州(Chuuk)。2001年10月1日,“法伊库克”通过一项决议从特鲁克州分离谋求州的地位。联邦政府显然忽视了这项决议。法伊库克位于特鲁克州的西部,包括托尔、乌多特、玻勒和帕塔等群岛。

The Constitution adopted in May 10, 1979 and came into effect. According to the provisions of the constitution, the president as head of state, heads of government also, by members of Parliament from the Congress 4 members elected for 4 years. The Embassy China unicameral Congress in the Federated States of Micronesia, composed of 14 members from 4 states, 10 members of the 2 year term, 4 for a term of 4 years "the term" members. The Fifteenth Congress in 2007 March, the May election, Isaac Figuil (IsaacV.Figir) was elected speaker. Risio Moses was elected as deputy speaker. Government ministers are nominated by the president, Congress approved the federal cabinet post. Key members of the government are: President Oemanuel Mori (EmanuelMori), vice president Alik Alik (AlikAlik), foreign minister Lorin Robert (LorinRobert), Minister of Finance and administrative affairs Finlay Portman (FinleyS.Perman), health and social affairs minister Vita Ski Ling (VitaSkilling) etc.. Judicial institutions set up the Supreme Court, the state court. The chief justice Anton Amalec (AndonL.Amaraich) was appointed in 1994, the job for life. By USA responsible for defense. An important figure of President Emanuel Moriimmanuel Mori was born in December 25, 1948 in chuuk. Graduated from Guam University, a bachelor's degree in business administration. In 1973, he America Citibank Guam branch intern, Citibank Symbian branch manager assistant, Qiu Kezhou tax officer, dense president and chief executive officer, federal bank close federal bank administrative vice president. In 1999 and 2003 by elections to become the federal parliament members of full term. In 2005 he was appointed the federal Congress. Resources and Development Committee chairman. In 2007 March re elected Congress full term senator, seventh president took office in May. Micronesia's foreign relations. The current president's foreign relations is the key to diplomacy: to peace, friendship and cooperation as a guiding principle in the development of foreign relationship, for the widely recognized by the international community, to establish close sovereign image; to seek international economic and technical assistance, promote the process of economic self-reliance. As of 2004 April, has established diplomatic relations with 54 countries. Mi is a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific community, the Pacific islands development plan, the Pacific Coconut Community, the Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union, the Asia Pacific Economic and Social Council, the Asian Development Bank, the international civil aviation organization, WHO and International Olympic Committee 19 international and regional organizations such as the. Relations with China: the establishment of diplomatic relations in September 11, 1989. In 1990 February Chinese in densely built museum. In 1991 July I first resident of the Federated States of Micronesia ambassador Li Qinping presented his credentials to President Ortega. Relations with USA: close by metal tube for more than 40 years, has a special relationship with the United states. According to the 1986 entry into force of the dense beauty "free association", dense enjoys interior, diplomatic autonomy, but defense 15 years Chiyu Mi is in charge of, close not let other countries using dense territory and waters in military activities. Altogether, 15 years to provide $1340000000 in aid to. Dense citizens free access to America. In 2003 May, dense beauty renew the treaty, the commitment will continue to provide economic aid to close in 20 years, and gradually establish a trust fund. After 20 years will depend on the trust fund rely through one's own efforts. Relations with Japan: densely occupied by Japan, Japan in the dense more immigrants, so a close political and economic relations. Japan is close second donors and the biggest import country, export to Japan in 60%. A fishing agreements signcryption, day. To close the gratuitous aid mainly used for the construction of refrigeration plant in the states. Day volunteer in dense sent. Japanese tourists increasingly become the pillar density of tourism. Dense in the day with the embassy, by its Consulate in Guam, as in the dense charge d'affaires. 2000 March, signed an agreement with Japan, dense, investment of $2800000, to help the Yap state fisheries and marine fisheries personnel training school. In September, the two sides signed the agreement to close a donation of $4000000. In 2001 May, Japan signed the exchange of letters to close, close to provide $8500000, for Yap State Road Development project. Relationship with Australia: in recent years the rapid development of relations between the two countries. Australia the earliest to dense sent resident ambassador. Australia to close with two patrol boats, close the president made a special trip to Australia attended the handover ceremony. In 1990 May, Pohnpei government and Macao tuna development company reached in the joint venture agreement to establish close fishing, "Caroline fishery company", with total investment of US $13000000. Australia since the beginning of 1996 each year to provide 10 scholarships and some short-term training programs to the dense. In 1998, Australia to densely provided a total of about $700000 in aid of various kinds. Australia also from time to time to close the federal school and other social organizations of small donations. 2000 ~ 2001 years, Australia to close medical, education department to provide $1100000 in aid.

密克罗尼西亚椰树经济落后,绝大多数人的经济生活以村落为单位。产椰子、胡椒、芋头、面包果等农产品。渔业资源丰富,尤以金枪鱼著名。基本上没有工业,粮食及生活日用品均靠进口。经济长期严重依赖外援,国内缺乏有效的市场机制和良好的投资环境,经济发展缓慢。密在国家经济发展规划中把农业、渔业、旅游业作为经济的“三大支柱”,旨在促进经济全面发展。目前正大力鼓励私有经济的发展。 工业工业落后,只有少量加工工业,如鱼产品加工厂、制皂厂、椰油加工厂和成衣加工厂。建筑和机械修理行业部分由外国人经营。 农业农业落后。无粮食种植,靠自然生长。椰子、香蕉、面包果、木瓜、菠萝等热带果木到处可见。出产优质胡椒,出口国外。 旅游业密旅游资源较为丰富,不仅热带风光秀丽,且保存着独特的民族传统文化和风俗,以及“纳马杜”古城堡、“石币银行”等古迹。旅游业是其经济发展的一个重要项目,但仍处于开发阶段。2003年接待游客18154人次,美国游客最多。 通讯四个州设有电话、电报、因特网邮政和地面卫星设施。 财政金融密财政严重依赖美援。1997财年密财政收入中美援占51%,其他国家的援助占10%,其余为税收(15%)、捕鱼证收入(13%)及其他非税收性收入(11%)。自1998年密联邦及各州政府实行行政机构改革及政府公职人员“提前退休计划”等节流措施后,,密财政出现盈余。2003年政府财政收入1.637亿美元。 对外贸易进出口贸易严重失衡,逆差很大。2006年密进出口总额为1.29亿美元,出口总额只占进口的20%左右。密出口产品主要是农产品,如椰干、胡椒和海产品。近年来,海产品在密出口中的比重日渐增加,进口产品主要为机械、汽车、食品、工业制成品、燃油等。 外国援助密接受的外援主要来自美国。根据密美《自由联系条约》,美国在1986-2001年间,共向密提供13.4亿美元的援助。根据续签后的《密美自由联系条约》,美将在20年内向密提供总额约18亿美元的援款,其中部分用于设立信托基金。20年后,美将停止援助,密靠信托基金自力更生。密同时也积极寻求从世行、亚行等多边国际金融组织和澳、新、日等国家获取援助。迄今日本向密提供无偿援助约500万美元。 人民生活全国有4所医院,1所精神病康复中心,82个诊所,病床319张。有58名医生,从事医疗卫生工作的人员有1000人。医疗卫生经费约占密年度财政预算的10%。2001年电话占有率为每千人81部。

The traffic between the islands include sea and air freight. In the airport, for large aircraft. Highway transportation is relatively backward. No railway. Highway: national highway about 240 km long. Water: the federal government has 2 800 Tonner steamship regularly go to the states (Island), one for the Japanese gift. The state government has a total of 4 ship of 800 tons of cargo gear. Another 2 ships multifunctional barge. The state port can handle ocean going freighter class. Major ports: Colonia (Colonia), Hlalele (Lele), Mo en (Moen). Cargo: States are small international airport. Mainland / Micronesia Airlines Flights a week several times between Hawaii and Guam, ponape. Nauru Airlines has 2 flights per week by Pohnpei flying to Guam and Philippines. The two Airlines aircraft is the Boeing 727.



其他国家时间和温度查询

越南泰国新加坡叙利亚韩国菲律宾巴基斯坦朝鲜马尔代夫马来西亚蒙古缅甸老挝日本美国墨西哥中国