库克群岛今日气温查询拉罗汤加岛,阿瓦鲁阿,阿瓦鲁阿等城市今日气温查询

库克群岛(英语:Cook Islands)是一个位在南太平洋上,介于法属玻里尼西亚与斐济之间,由15个岛屿组成的岛群,其命名起源于远征探索南太平洋,发现了许多岛屿的詹姆斯·库克船长。原是新西兰的自由联合国,在1973年和新西兰签署了共同宣言,有和其他国家独自外交权,并参加了世界卫生组织等国际机构。

环境气候库克群岛库克群岛 (The Cook Islands) 面积约240平方公里。位于南太平洋,南纬8度-23度,西经156度-167度,属波利尼西亚群岛 。由15个岛屿和岛礁组成,分布在200万平方公里的海面上。属热带雨林气候 。年均气温24℃。年均降雨量2000毫米。南部的8个岛多山,土质肥沃,盛产蔬菜和热带水果,主岛拉罗汤加建有机场,可供波音757 飞机起降,岛上最高海拔652米,热带果木研究所和南太大学分校就坐落在山坡上;首都位于该岛6个村庄中的阿瓦鲁阿。北部星罗棋布的7个小岛,土质相对贫瘠,多产珊瑚 。  首都库克群岛首府阿瓦鲁阿所在地拉罗汤加岛有常住人口1.3万人,面积约67平方公里,是库克群岛诸岛中面积最大、人口最多的岛。环岛公路长约39公里,乘汽车绕岛一周只需20到30分钟。

Cook islands Aboriginal maori. In 1773, the British navy captain Cook adventure here, "Cook" named. Became a British protectorate in 1888. In 1901 June a New Zealand territory. In November 17, 1964, the United Nations under the guidance of the New Zealand Parliament, "Cook islands Constitution Act" (Cook

议会两院制。上院为酋长院,1966年成立。由代表各岛的20名酋长组成,主要职能是就土地使用和传统习俗向议会和政府提出建议。现任酋长院院长玛丽·阿利基(Maire Ariki,女)。下院为立法大会,由普选产生的24名议员组成。议会任期4年。 政府内阁由议会多数党组成。 政党主要有:1、 民主党:1997年由原民主党和联盟党合并成立,领袖为马奥阿特。 2、 新民主党:2004年11月由原总理温顿率部分民主党成员脱离民主党成立,领袖温顿。 3、 库克群岛党:1965年成立,领袖为杰弗里•亨利爵士,1989至1999年任总理,曾于1998年正式访华。现任政府副总理。对外关系库克群岛1989年,新西兰致函联合国,声明库克群岛有完全的宪法能力自主处理其对外关系、签署国际协定,希望与库克群岛打交道的国家能将它作为主权国家对待。1993年,新西兰、库克群岛将互派对方首都的“外交代表”升格为“高级专员”。库克群岛目前已与中国、法国、梵蒂冈、马来西亚、葡萄牙、伊朗、波黑、挪威、南非、西班牙、印度和所有南太平洋国家建交。 1997年9月库主办了第28届南太平洋论坛会议。1982年12月,库克群岛在联合国海洋法公约上签字。库克群岛与新西兰签有防备、民航等协定,与韩国、挪威签有渔业协定,与美国、法国签有海域边界条约,与法国签有友好合作协定,1998年与斐济签署了双边贸易协定。 2000年2月,库克群岛与新西兰签署了双边航空协定。2000年6月,库克群岛加入非加太集团,并与欧盟15国在贝宁首都科托努正式签署经济贸易伙伴关系文件“科托努协定”(原洛美协定)。为加强与欧盟关系,库克群岛任命了首任驻欧盟特别代表。 2000年8月,库正式签署《中西太渔业公约》。2012年8月,美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿将访问南太平洋,出席太平洋岛国论坛,但分析人士认为,她此行的目的是,遏制中国在南太平洋小岛国日益增强的影响力。 同中国的关系1997年7月25日中库建交以来,两国关系发展顺利。双方在经贸、文化等领域的交流与合作逐渐展开。1998年11月,库克群岛总理杰弗里·亨利和夫人对中国进行正式访问。

The main economic source of the Cook islands is tourism, accounting for more than half of the GDP. The number of visitors in 2003 more than 78000 people. Tourists mainly from New Zealand, the European Union, Australia, Canada and USA, French polynesia. Rich agricultural and marine resources, the rapid development of the black cultured pearls, black pearls exports accounted for more than 90% of total exports. Other exports are: papaya, fish, clothing etc.. The main import commodities for machinery and equipment, food and live animals, industrial manufactured goods, fuels and chemicals. Major trading partners are Japan, Australia and New Zealand, American. In 2003 GDP2.38 billion dollars, growth of 7.6%, per capita GDP12922 dollars. In 2003 1-9 month total import and export value of NZ $95625000 (NZ $1 =0.6588 $). Fiscal revenue mainly rely on foreign aid. New Zealand is the largest aid donor base, in 1997 each year to provide $6240000 in assistance to the library project. New since 2001 since the implementation of assistance to 5 year strategy, help the government to improve the management of Library and the level of public services and the development of human resources. The 2002/2003 fiscal year, the new $6472000 aid to the library. Australia is the second largest donor base. In recent years the rapid development of database relations with the EU, the EU promised two years 2003 on health and education to provide $4000000 aid to the library. International Institute for Asian Development Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization also provides part of the loan to Cook and aid. The tourism industry a pillar industry of economy, the main way to solve the employment. Tourism revenue accounted for about 40% of gdp. In recent years, the government attaches great importance to the use of private capital development of tourism industry. 1998/1999 year, the tourism industry annual growth rate of 8%. The Tourism Bureau statistics, in 2000, 72917 tourists visit the library, a year-on-year growth of 31%, a record high. Tourists mainly come from Europe, New Zealand and North america. With seasonal tourist flights "Canada's 3000" opening, rapid growth in the number of North American tourists. Cook island tourism company in USA and Canada opened a representative office. The main tourist spots for Rarotonga and Aitutaki island. Industrial fruit processing and production of soaps, perfumes, tourism Memorial small factory sweater several, as well as the tourism industry manufacturing and processing of the Cook islands commemorative coins, stamps, shells and handicrafts workshop. The agricultural and fishery production of copra, banana, orange, pineapple, Coffee, taro, mango and papaya. Feeding pigs, goats and poultry etc.. Cook Islands sea area of 2000000 square kilometers, is rich in marine resources, the rapid development of the Black Pearl aquaculture. Offshore financial industry has 4 companies to provide protection for foreign assets, and the bank issued business licenses to foreign banks. Annual benefit about 10000000 dollars. The Cook islands Transportation Highway: Rarotonga round the island highway, road traffic is the main tool of automobile and motorcycle.

防务由新西兰负责,不设军队。全国共有警察110人,不配枪支。

Preschool education for children 4 years of age, education is compulsory for children aged 6-15. In primary school, 39 students, 5560 people, more than 300 teachers. There is a teacher's college. South University of the Pacific Rarotonga, for adult higher education and teaching by correspondence. The national higher education has 400 people, only 1% of the population is illiterate. New Zealand offers scholarships to New Zealand, Fiji and other countries study, training students for the library.



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