波多黎各今日气温查询圣胡安,圣胡安等城市今日气温查询

波多黎各 波多黎各(Puerto Rico)是美国在加勒比海地区的一个自治领地,正式名称是波多黎各自由邦(英语: The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 西班牙语: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico),圣胡安为其首府。在西班牙语里,波多黎各的意思是“富裕之港”。

波多黎各波多黎各是大安的列斯群岛四个大岛中最小的一个岛,位于多米尼加共和国东面,在小安的列斯群岛西北。它包含一个主岛和若干小岛。整个地区分为78个市级行政区,首府为圣胡安。除主岛外,仅有Vieques和Culebra两个岛有居民。 主岛东西向约170公里,南北向约60公里,境内地形崎岖,有一半以上的区域海拔高于152米,25%的区域海拔30米以上。可分为北部高原、中部山地、沿海平原三部分。 北部高原为加勒比国有森林保护区,海拔30-200米。中部山地平均海拔约900多米,最高点蓬塔峰高1338米。北部沿海平原有河流冲积的平原,气候多雨,南部沿海平原较狭海岸平直,干旱少雨。  

In 1493 Kolumb to second voyage in the island, and named the San Juan Island (San Juan), in honor of Ruo Han the Baptist (John the Baptist), then the Spanish here established a colonial outpost. In 1509, the administrative center of Puerto Rico, subsequent fame. In view of this, the local government in 1521, changed the name of the island of Puerto Rico, the capital was renamed San juan. Also because of so, in order to resist the other European powers contention, the Spaniards built many forts in the near San juan. These forts successful against France, Holland and the British attack. Puerto Rico 1809 Spain to Puerto Rico as Spain's overseas province, outbreaks of fighting for independence and freedom of the person of the uprising in 1868, but soon to be the authorities suppressed. In 1898, the Spanish American war, America troops occupied Puerto Rico. After the defeat of Spain, in the Treaty of Paris, Puerto Rico was ceded to America, American first the military government regulation. In 1900, Congress established the USA on the island of civilian control, the governor appointed by the government are America, Puerto ricans elects a Resident Commissioner in Washington, have the right to speak in the house, without the right to vote. In 1917 America to Puerto Rico residents American citizen status. In 1937, the Puerto Rican staged an uprising, establishment of Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, but was suppressed. 1948 governor generated by the residents of Puerto Rico. the election. In 1950 2 of Puerto ricans America president failed assassination. In October 30, 1950, the people of Puerto Rico held an armed uprising failed, 31 days, more than 100 people were arrested. In 1952, Puerto Rico enacted its own constitution, established in American autonomous state within the status in the constitution. Since then, the rapid industrialization of Puerto Rico. In 1997, America referendum in Puerto Rico, declared Puerto Rico rejected to join the union as the fifty-first state America bill. In 2011 June, says the Obama visit to Puerto Rico, regardless of the Puerto Rican people choose, he supported the decision of the people of Puerto Rico. In November 7, 2012, Puerto Rico "whether to change and how to change the relationship between" and America referendum, results show, 61% of the people want to be America fifty-first states.

政体波多黎各根据1952年由美国制定的宪法,总督为最高行政长官,由选举产生,任期4年,下设部长会议。美国国会有权废除波多黎各议会通过的法律。议会分参、众两院。该岛选举出地方专员常驻美国国会,但只能在众院委员会参加表决。 政党主要政党有:1、人民民主党,执政党。成立于1938年。主张维持波多黎各“自由联邦”地位,要求在美国主权下成立地方自治政府。2、新进步党,1967年成立。主张波多黎各成为美国的一个州。3、波多黎各独立党,1946年成立。主张波多黎各独立,建立社会主义民主共和国。总督福图尼奥(1961年— ),美国共和党人,是支持波多黎各成为美国一个州的新进步党主席。2005年至2008年,他担任波多黎各在美国众议院的代表。2009年1月2日就任波多黎各总督。

Puerto Rico to America dominated by foreign capital control of the main sectors of the economy of Puerto Rico. In 1992 the GDP of $23500000000. The living standards of the people in the first place in Latin america. The currency used in dollars. Industry, manufacturing industry, tourism industry, garment industry and electronic industry as the main production department. Due to lack of infrastructure, economic growth is limited. American federal aid projects on the wave of economic importance. Wave attention and development of economic relations between the Caribbean and Latin American countries, will be dedicated to manufactured goods processing center for Honjima Takeshige Latin American countries members of the North American Free Trade area. Due to dense population, the employment situation is grim. Major industrial chemical, electrical equipment, machinery manufacturing, petroleum, food processing and garment industries. In 1996, industrial output value accounted for 43.5% of gross national product. Mainly in machinery manufacturing, construction, mining, petroleum, chemical, plastics, food processing and beverage industries, working population accounted for 20% of the labour force. Agricultural production, mainly cotton Coffee, sweet potato, tobacco, fruits etc.. In 1994 the fishing catch of 2240 tons. In 1996, forestry and Fisheries of 0.7% of GDP, population accounted for 2.9% of the labour force. The service sector in 1996, the service industry output value accounted for 58% of gross national product, working population accounted for 76% of the labour force. Tourism industry developed, is an important national economic income, the 1965 -1969 annual tourism revenues grew 8 times. In 1980 tourism income of about $595700000, spending about $400000000. Manufacturing and building energy industry manufacturing industry output value accounted for 41% of gross national product. Handicrafts enjoys a high reputation, good at carving, pottery, weaving, embroidery. The construction industry output value of $2500000000 in 1987. Energy production developed rapidly in 1985, hydraulic and biogas power generation capacity of 11938000000 degrees, the other power generation capacity of 209000000 degrees. Foreign trade in 1996, the total import and export volume is respectively 19000000000 and 22900000000 dollars. In addition to major trading partners, and America, Japan, Britain, Dominica, Venezuela, Samoa, United states. The same America import and export trade accounted for the total import and export volume of 62.5% and 87.8%, of which exports accounted for America pharmaceutical drugs about 50% of the country. The more developed the transportation shipping industry. Has 1080000 vehicles in 1987. Wave to the Caribbean cargo center, San Juan, Ponce, Maya Gu Aars are air and sea ports.

民族波多黎各波多黎各人是中美洲加勒比地区美属波多黎各居民的总称。约有372.5789万人(2010年)。通用西班牙语和英语。多信天主教。按照美国国会通过的法律,出生在波多黎各、关岛、美属维尔京群岛、北马里亚纳群岛等美国属地的人,也自动成为美国公民。 波多黎各最早的居民是阿拉瓦克和加勒比印第安人。到16世纪中期,土著居民几乎被灭绝。此后,开始输入非洲黑人。19世纪初,西班牙、法国和欧洲其他国家的移民大量迁入。到21世纪初,欧洲血统的白人约占全体居民的73%,混血种人占23%,黑人占4%。还有2万多美国人和其他国家移民。生活人口中20%从事工业,17.2%从事商业,7.3%从事农业,17%从事建筑业和运输业,33.7%从事服务行业。城市生活日益欧美化。农村保留了印第安村落的若干特点。

Puerto Rican Culture Association logo Puerto Rican culture has three kinds of influence factors: Indians, Africans, hispanics. From a broad perspective, Puerto Rican culture is fusion of all cultures, including Spanish culture, Indian culture, Africa culture and a variety of other culture. Poetry developed, pop music and traditional music is unique. See the old Negro Dance can also be in the countryside.



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