马尔代夫今日气温查询马累,马累等城市今日气温查询

马尔代夫是南亚印度洋上的群岛国家,南北延伸764千米,东西最大宽度128千米,只有220个岛屿有人居住,其余多为荒岛。地热低平,平均海拔1.2米,最高点离海面也仅6米。大部分地区属热带季风气候,南部为热带雨林气候。无河流,地下水丰富,可掘井取水。环境优美,气候宜人,全球很有名气的旅游景点。

马尔代夫马尔代夫共和国(原名马尔代夫群岛,1969年4月改为现名)是印度洋上一个岛国,由1200余个小珊瑚岛屿组成,其中202个岛屿有人居住。东北与斯里兰卡相距675公里,北部与印度的米尼科伊岛相距约113公里。马尔代夫是亚洲第二个小国,也是世界最大的珊瑚岛国。马尔代夫亦被誉为“上帝抛洒人间的项链”,“印度洋上人间最后的乐园”。 2012年2月,马尔代夫发生军事哗变。哗变士兵控制了马尔代夫国家电视台。总统纳西德将发表全国讲话。一名军方旅长希亚姆(Brig. Ahmed Shiyam)表示,总统纳西德已经同意让位,并将总统权力移交给其副手哈山(Mohammed Waheed Hassan)。

Maldives beach environment climate in India Ocean archipelago, 820 kilometers long from north to south, east-west width of 130 kilometers, about 600 kilometers southwest of Sri Lanka and located about 750 km south of India. Composed of a group of 26 natural atolls, Coral Island 1192, divided into 19 administrative groups, the distribution of 90000 square kilometers in area, of which 200 are inhabited, the average area of 1-2 sq km Island, low and flat, with an average altitude of 1.2 meters. Located near the equator, tropical climate with distinct features, without the four seasons. Annual rainfall of 2143 mm, annual average temperature 28 ℃. The capital male (mal é) geographical coordinates: 4 ° 10 ′ 28.50 ″ N, 73 ° 30 ′ 34.07 ″ E. A bird's eye view of Maldives Maldives territory without railway traffic, with male international airport. The traditional means of transport in Maldives commonly known as Doni ship (Dhonis), often as the island hotel as feeder vessels using. The main means of transport in Maldives is the ship, bicycle and seaplane. The seaplane landing at any time between the island and the island, a general frame by 16 people, according to the distance fees. The price of the vessel is calculated by distance, you can board first, after buying tickets. Male Maldives is the only place to go car, streets are not many, so there is no what the traffic jam situation. The male has a taxi, but also on the roof waving, but without the words TAXI lamp board, distinguish the taxi as long as see the license plate on the line, because the male taxi license plate are yellow. Flag is rectangular, length and width ratio of 3:2. The red flag, the middle for the green rectangle, with a white crescent. Red symbolizes the blood of heroes. The green symbol of life, progress and prosperity. White crescent that peace, peace and people to the Islamic faith. Administrative regionalization of China is divided into North and south, two districts, each district is set to a number of groups under the jurisdiction Atoll. Maldives consists of 26 sets of natural rock group. These rock group is divided into 20 administrative region, are as follows: the North Diladu Marty ThiladhunmathiUthuru (Haa - Alif) Nandiladu Marty ThiladhunmathiDhekunu (Haa - Dhaalu) North Mira Dumas, Du Lu MiladhunmaduluUthuru (Shaviyani) south Mila Duma Du Lu MiladhunmaduluDhekunu (Noonu) MaalhosmaduluUthuru (Raa) Maluosimadulu North South Maluosimadulu MaalhosmaduluDhekunu (Baa) Faadhippolhu (Lhaviyani) and law Fadifulu Mal é Atoll (Kaafu) AriAtollUthuru (Alif - Alif North ALI) south Ali AriAtollDheknu (Alif - Dhaal) Feilidu Felidh é Atoll (Vaavu) MulakuAtoll (Meemu) North mulaku kneeland Du Nilandh é AtollUthuru (Faafu) south of kneeland Du Nilandh é AtollDhekunu (Dhaalu) Kolhumadulu (Thaa) kolhumadulu Radu Marty Hadhdhunmathi (Laamu) north of Suva where HuvadhuAtollUthuru (Gaafu-Alif) HuvadhuAtollDhekunu (Gaafu-Dhaalu) South suvadiva Fuamulaku (FuaMulaku -- aviyani) and Adu Addu (Seenu)

马尔代夫马尔代夫的早期历史已经不太清楚。根据马尔代夫当地的传说,马尔代夫的第一位苏丹本来是一位叫Koimale的僧伽罗族王子。他与他的妻子─当时斯里兰卡国王的女儿─流落到这个环礁湖,并决定留下来。多个世纪以来,阿拉伯海及印度洋沿岸各国的水手不断来到马尔代夫,并使当地发展起来。 中国元朝旅行家汪大渊曾访问北溜国,北溜国就是马累(Malé)的对音。同时期的摩洛哥旅行家伊本·白图泰也在此生活过一段时间。在明朝文献中,马尔代夫被称为溜山国。永乐年间郑和下西洋,曾到溜山国。随郑和下西洋的翻译官马欢在所著的《瀛涯胜览》有专条纪述。公元前5世纪雅利安人来此定居。公元1116年建立了以伊斯兰教为国教的苏丹国,前后共经历了六个王朝。自1558年始葡萄牙对其实行殖民统治。在塔库鲁法努领导下,马尔代夫人民举行了起义,1573年光复祖国。18世纪又遭荷兰入侵。1887年沦为英国保护国。1932年,马尔代夫改行君主立宪制。1952年成为英联邦内的共和国。1954年马议会决定废除共和国,重建苏丹国。1960年英、马协定规定英租用甘岛基地30年。从Malabar海岸,今印度Kerala邦来的海盗不断的骚扰这岛屿。十六世纪时,葡萄牙占领了马尔代夫,并统治了长达十五年之久(1558-1573)。尔后葡萄牙人被曾是海盗的苏丹MuhammadThakurufaanuAl-Azam赶走。由1153年至1968年,马尔代夫都是一个独立的伊斯兰苏丹国,马尔代夫自1887年开始沦为英国的保护地,直到1965年7月25日为止。1953年曾经成立过一个短暂的共和政府,但很快又把管治权交回给苏丹。1965年独立以后,苏丹继续执政,直到三年之后皇室被废。1968年11月11日,共和政府正式取代苏丹制,并改名马尔代夫共和国。旅游业和捕鱼业一直是这些群岛的经济支柱。

Maldives is a presidential system. The horse started 2005 constitutional reform, the main contents include: establishing the system of separation of the three powers, a substantial reduction of presidential power, the party system etc.. In 2008 the horse administration bureau is basically stable, the constitutional reform to proceed smoothly, the new constitution and presidential election. 2009 May parliamentary elections. The January 1, 1998 entry into force of the constitution, the horse is completely independent sovereign state. Change the old constitution presidential candidates only 1 rules, members have the right to participate in the presidential election. Presidential candidate nominated by the national assembly, the majority of the electorate elected for a term of 5 years. The president has the power to grant legal, the convening of the special session of the national assembly, the promulgation of the Interim Regulations and the amnesty, appointed minister. The Maldives national assembly is the highest legislative body, the term of office of 5 years. The bill through Parliament by a simple majority. President of the government to implement the cabinet system. The country failed to establish political parties, groups. The horse to implement Islamic law. In 2008 August approved the new constitution submitted by the Maldives convention. The new constitution Ma for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Islam, President of the cabinet system state. The legislative, administrative, judicial power, the president and parliament respectively belong to people court. The president is head of state, government leaders and armed forces commander. Directly elected by the electorate, the term shall not exceed two. The cabinet by the vice president, secretary and the attorney general. In addition to the vice president the other cabinet members are appointed by the president, approved by parliament.

马尔代夫的国防体制十分独特,全国没有陆军、没有空军、没有海军、也没有警察和海上巡逻队,只有一支准军事性质的国家安全卫队。20世纪50年代末以前,国家安全卫队的前身“西法恩”只担负军事礼仪任务。进入60年代后,政府赋予“西法恩”新的使命,并开始担负其他方面的军事任务。70年代“国家安全卫队”名称启用后,这支部队才被赋予了陆军、警察和海上巡逻等多种职能,并承担了维护国内安全、防止领海水域的非法捕鱼和走私等重要任务。 2006年4月,“国家安全卫队”正式更名为“马尔代夫国防部队”,职责是捍卫国家主权和独立,保护根据宪法选举产生的政府不受威胁和侵犯,快速应对紧急事件及捍卫宪法和法律权威。 近年来,马多次与美国等国海军举行联合军事演习,内容包括海上搜救、打击海盗等。 奇特军队马尔代夫是印度洋上的千岛之国,面积小、人口少,全国只有一支准军事性质的国家安全卫队。在马尔代夫,这支国家安全卫队,既是陆军,又是海军,同时还是警察和海上巡逻队。“一军多用,无所不能”,马尔代夫国家安全卫队成为当今世界上最奇特的军队之一。 在殖民统治的缝隙中艰难起步早在16世纪,马尔代夫就组建了第一支常设的民兵武装力量,后来由于欧洲的殖民者统治而被迫解散。 19世纪70年代,马尔代夫国王派伊斯梅尔·迪迪到锡兰(现斯里兰卡)西部的港口城市加勒的英国学校接受军事训练。据称这是第一个在国外接受正规军事训练的马尔代夫人。伊斯梅尔·迪迪回国后,根据国王要求,按照西方军事训练的方式训练了一批又一批年轻人,这些人后来逐步发展成为一支能独立担负作战任务的民兵———“西法恩”,迪迪则成为这支民兵的首任指挥官。 1892年4月20日,“西法恩”在庆祝典礼上首次公开亮相。此后,“西法恩” 虽不断有所发展,但由于长期以来马尔代夫的内政、外交和国防大权一直操纵在英国人手中,“西法恩”的发展受到极大的限制。 1956年,英国殖民统治结束,马尔代夫获得独立。但直到1976年,英军从甘岛完全撤离,“西法恩”才真正获得了发展机会。自此,马尔代夫将“西法恩” 的现代化建设放到了重要位置,先后派出大批人员到国外接受各种类型的军事训练,并相继购置了部分比较先进的军事装备,如枪支、火炮、舰艇以及部分通信工具等。到20世纪80年代初,这支准军事部队已发展到1000人左右。1988年发生的未遂军事政变,使马尔代夫更加清醒地认识到加强军队建设的极端重要性,军队的实力迅速扩充。近年来,随着国内局势的相对稳定及周边安全环境的改善,为了集中精力进行经济建设,马尔代夫对军队进行了精简,从而使部队战斗力跃上新台阶。 在战火磨砺中顽强生长马尔代夫国家安全卫队组建以来,先后参加了1962年平息南方“苏瓦代夫共和国”的分裂,粉碎1988年军事政变和2001年国内骚乱等多次作战任务,取得了不俗的战绩。1958年,在英国军队的唆使下,马尔代夫最南端的阿杜环礁及其他两个环礁发生严重骚乱,并于1959年宣布成立“苏瓦代夫联合共和国”,分裂主义者阿卜杜勒·阿菲夫·迪迪在英国的扶植下自任“总统”。1961年,马尔代夫政府派出国家的常设国民军“西法恩”乘兵船前往平息,经过两年激战,1963年9月,“西法恩”最终彻底粉碎了这次叛乱,取得了作战胜利,重新统一了马尔代夫。 1988年11月3日,在斯里兰卡泰米尔猛虎组织的纵容和支持下,马尔代夫发生了企图推翻加尧姆总统的军事政变。马尔代夫国家安全卫队立即行动,与前来支援的印度特种部队一道,经过两天两夜的激战,最终粉碎了政变。2001年8月,法迪波鲁环礁首府奈法鲁发生骚乱,国家安全卫队派出舰艇,很快平息了这次骚乱。数十载的风雨洗礼,长时间的战火磨炼,马尔代夫国家安全卫队已成为千岛之国的中流砥柱和国家安全的卫士。 全球“独一处”的国防体制马尔代夫的国防体制十分独特,全国没有陆军、没有空军、没有海军、也没有警察和海上巡逻队,只有一支准军事性质的国家安全卫队。20世纪50年代末以前,国家安全卫队的前身“西法恩”只担负军事礼仪任务。进入60年代后,政府赋予“西法恩”新的使命,并开始担负其他方面的军事任务。70年代“国家安全卫队”名称启用后,这支部队才被赋予了陆军、警察和海上巡逻等多种职能,并承担了维护国内安全、防止领海水域的非法捕鱼和走私等重要任务。 今天,国家安全卫队虽然还是一支准军事性质的军队,其所担负的任务较以前却更加繁重。目前,马尔代夫国家安全卫队不但仍然担负着军队、警察、海上巡逻等多重任务,还担负着国防、总统警卫、移民出入境管理、边境控制、组织民防等有关国家安全和社会治安的多方面任务。“军警合一、一军多用”构成了马尔代夫军队的最大特色。  

Maldives tourism, shipping and fishing are the three pillars of economic ma. Emphasis on the development of the national economy, the implementation of small open economic policy. Insist on the basis of Protect environment, exert their own advantages in resources, and actively absorb foreign capital and assistance, to accelerate the economic development. In 2004 December, the United Nations General Assembly approved the horses from the list of least developed countries and the graduation, and from the effective date of the resolution to the horse 3 years during the transition period, the status of least developed countries remain, to ensure balanced economy, society. After the horse, postponed to 2011 graduation. Currency name: Lafia (Rf, Rufiyaa, also called ruffia) economic indexes of 2003200420052006 2007 2008f economic growth and prices (%) real GDP growth rate of 8.5 9.5 -4.6 187.6 6.5 6.3 3.3 3.5 7.415 -2.8 inflation rate of the central government (/GDP) (%) of fiscal revenue and aid to accept 34.8 34.5 48.1 52.558 58.8 of which: 1.4 0.7 8.6 7.4 8.7 aid 4.9 fiscal expenditure and net lending 38.23659 59.3 65.8 68.3 of which: 49.1 48.4 49.4 55.8 3433.2 domestic spending and fiscal balance -3.4 -1.6 -10.9 -6.8 -7.8 -9.4 to eliminate free assistance to the fiscal balance -4.8 -2.3 -19.5 -14.2 -16.6 government financing including: domestic financing -1.3 -2.5 8.4 2.3 -0.7 0.7 4.7 4.1 2.4 4.5 8.6 foreign financing 8.7 the international balance of payments (millions of dollars) exports (including re exports) 152181161.6 225.2228 344.2 imported -414.3 -564.8 -655.5 /-815.3/-964.7/-1213.50 net non factor services 311.1 352.4 118.8 320.7 357.6 401.6 current account balances of -31.8 -125.8 -268.8 -302 -424.5 -596 7 the current account balance (% /GDP) -4.6 -16.2 -35.9 -33 -40.1 -46 net official capital inflow of 29.925 18.6 42.1 39.2 128.3 70.3 140.1 145.8 net private capital inflow of 147.8 212.7295 errors and omissions account 5.3 13.3 -10.9 52.9 56.20 overall balance of international payments of 26.5 44.2 -17.3 45.1 76.9 32.6 160.3 204.4 187.1 232.2 of total reserves of 309.1 / 341.7 gross official reserves the next monthly imports (months) 2.7 2.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 289.5 331.8 429.5 449.2 736.3 of total external debt to 1070.60 of the total foreign debt /GDP (%) 41.8 42.7 57.3 49.1 69.6 82.6 272.9 311.6 309.9 of the total public sector debt in total public sector debt in 361.8 of 523.7652 /GDP (%) 39.4 40.1 44.1 40.7 38.9 41.7 2232.3 43.1 43.3 66.9 foreign debt repayment 96.9 per dollar exchange rate of Maldives Rufiya (RF): 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 resource rich marine resources, there are a variety of tropical fish and turtle, tortoise shell and coral, shell like seafood. Only a small ship building industry, and fruit and fish processing, weaving, garment processing and other handicraft. National agricultural area of 6900 hectares of arable land, barren land, agriculture is very backward. Coconut production occupies an important position in agriculture, there are about 1000000 palm trees. Other crops are millet, maize, banana and cassava. With the expansion of the tourism industry, vegetables and poultry industry began to develop. Fishery is an important part of the national economy. Ma rich fishery resources, rich tuna, bonito, mackerel, lobster, sea cucumber, fish, sharks, turtles and hawksbill etc.. Fish major export Chinese Hongkong, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and Chinese Sri lanka. The tourism industry in recent years, the tourism industry has been more than fishing, Maldives has become the first big pillar of the economy. Tourism income contribution rate of GDP for many years remained at about 30%. 87 of the existing tourist island, 19100 beds, the occupancy rate of 78%, the per capita in the residence time of 8 days. Financial revenue in 2006 6549000000 Lafia, fiscal expenditure 8645000000 Lafia, fiscal deficit 2069000000 rufiyaa.



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