老挝今日气温查询万象,万象等城市今日气温查询

老挝,别名崂祀。位于中南半岛北部的内陆国家,北邻中国,南接柬埔寨,东界越南,西北达缅甸,西南毗连泰国。湄公河流经西部1900公里。1974年4月成立了以富马为首相的新联合政府和以苏发努冯为主席的政治联合委员会。1975年12月宣布废除君主制,成立老挝人民民主共和国。老挝是东南亚国家联盟成员,也是世界低度开发国家之一。

老挝公元8世纪中叶称澜沧王国,14世纪为鼎盛时期。1706—1713年老挝分裂为3个王国,到18世纪70年代末,这3个王国都,沦为暹罗(今泰国)的属国,分别是琅勃拉邦、万象、川圹、占巴塞。各王国虽然保留原有的统治制度,但王位继承与高级官员任命由暹罗一手决定,还派了行政专员控制老挝。1825年,万象国王起兵反抗暹罗统治,被镇压下去,万象王国也随着灭亡。 19世纪下半叶,法国在完成对柬埔寨与越南的占领之后,就不断向暹罗施加压力,企图把老挝夺过来,但未得逞。从1893年4月,法国军队侵入老挝,后又入侵暹罗。暹罗王被迫接受法国的最后通牒,同年10月签订《法暹条约》,将湄公河东岸的老挝领土割让给法国。从此,老挝为法国的保护国,一直到1954年,称“法属时期”。 法国把老挝并入法属印支联邦后,采取“分而治之”、“以老制老”的政策。从表面上看,传统的老挝三个王国仍然存在,但实际上,一切大权都掌握在法国最高驻扎官手里。法国的残暴统治,激起老挝人民的强烈反抗,反法斗争持续不断。1940年9月,日本军队侵入老挝,根据日法达成的协定,日本保留了法国在老挝的行政机构,日本委派高级顾问代替法国最高驻扎官,从此老挝处在日、法两个帝国主义的共同统治下。 1945年3月9日,日军发动政变,逮捕了驻老挝的法国官员,解除了法军武装。迫使老挝以独立国的名义加入大东亚共荣圈。8月,日本宣布无条件投降,结束了它对老挝的统治。1945年10月,万象举行宣布独立的盛典,会上宣布了临时宪法以及组成以坎冒为首相的新政府(伊沙拉政府),苏发努冯亲王为外交大臣兼革命军总司令。从11月起法军向新政府军逼进,1946年4月法国占领万象,5月占领琅勃拉邦,新政府只存在半年时间就垮台了。十月独立运动虽然失败,但它在老挝民族解放运动史上写下了新篇章。

Lao scenic topography Laos area of about 237000 square kilometers. Located in the northern Indochina Peninsula, the Department of landlocked countries, the East sector of Vietnam, south of Kampuchea, adjacent to the northwest and southwest Thailand, bordering Burma, north of Chinese. 80% of the territory of mountains and plateaus, and forest cover is more, "Indochina roof," said. The low-lying North High South, North and China Yunnan province bordering Yunnan Plateau, Eastern old, more the border for a long mountain ranges of the plateau, the west is the Mekong River Valley and its tributaries along the Mekong River Basin and small plains. The country from north to south into Liao, Liao and Laos, Laos lying on the highest elevation Xieng Khouang plateau, 2800 meters 2000?. The Mekong River is the largest river, flows through the 1900 km west of. Genus of tropical, subtropical monsoon climate, is divided into the rainy season and dry season. Yishanbangshui is the geographical characteristic of laos. 1/5 of the area is plain, 4/5 mountain, the northern plateau, an average elevation of 1500 meters, the highest mountain peak located in Ethiopia Xieng Khouang, its altitude of 2820 meters. Other peaks over 2000 meters. The Changshan mountains from the north to the South gradually go down south, with an average altitude of 1200 meters. Changshan Laos and Vietnam border natural boundaries. Near the Changshan mountains is a plateau and mountain area. Limestone Canyon Khammouane Province is a typical landform of this area, and near Kampuchea Boloven plateau, mild climate, suitable for half plateau plant growth, known as the planting of crops such as Coffee. Plateaus and mountains is not only the natural barrier of Laos, and the area of forest cover, provides all kinds of wood and for its neighbours. At the foot of the Hill Tracts of arbor forest effectively prevents the mountain torrent, the protection of water and soil, adjusting the hot climate, is very conducive to the growth of crops. Climatic characteristics of Laos is located in north latitude 14-23 degrees, 100-108 degrees east longitude, the divided into two seasons: rainy season, dry season. The rainy season from June until October 5, from May, sometimes often have a thunderstorm. In different rainfall is different, generally is the northern provinces of Southern rainfall to small. This season the temperature at 25 ℃ -30 ℃, relative humidity near 100%. The dry season starts from November to next April. In this season, the rain stopped completely, there is the monsoon, the average temperature of 15 ℃, in the province of northern Phongsali, sometimes the temperature can drop to 0 ℃. When the cool Vientiane is from December to February, the temperature in 25 ℃ degrees. The rainy season rainfall throughout the different, every two years a little rain, particularly in the north, South Central rain than normal. From 4 to June is very hot, the average temperature reached 35 degrees, and then water is reduced to the minimum. The main rivers of main rivers in Laos is the Mekong river. It originated in Tibet, from the Chinese into laos. It stretches across the Laotian territory, 1865 km long. The dry season the Mekong River water is not the rainy season, and the increase of water, and in some places it water tens of kilometers wide. The Mekong is the center in Laos traffic artery and economic exchanges, especially with China and Thailand commodity exchange. From December to June, due to the low water level, the Mekong River is not navigable some. But the Luang Prabang and Savannakhet 550 kilometers of the river are navigable. The main rivers in northern Laos and South River, river in Central South Uriah, southern Russia and south of the Mekong river. Most of them into the Mekong river. Administrative divisions of Laos from north to south is divided into upper Liao, Liao, Xia Liao in 3 parts. The administrative division of the 14. Liu including Phongsaly, Luang Namtha, Sam Neua, Xieng Khouang, Luang Prabang, Udo Musser and xaignabouli 7 province, accounting for 50.8% of the area, population 43.4%, is a multi ethnic mountainous, forest, grassland and underground mineral. The lack of the highway network connection. Around the economic self-sufficiency, export teak, lac and benzoin, ranked the country's important position. Natural resources include tin, lead, copper, potassium, iron, gold, gypsum, coal, salt and other minerals. So far there are a small number of mining tin, gypsum, potassium, salt, coal etc.. Abundant water resources. Forest area of about 9000000 hectares, the forest coverage rate of about 42%, production of teak, rosewood and other valuable timber.

老挝政治老挝实行社会主义制度。老挝人民革命党是老挝唯一政党。1991年老挝党“五大”确定“有原则的全面革新路线”,提出坚持党的领导和社会主义方向等六项基本原则,对外实行开放政策。2001年老挝党“七大”制定了至2010年基本消除贫困,至2020年摆脱不发达状态的奋斗目标。2006年老挝党“八大”强调坚持党的领导、社会主义方向和革新路线,继续贯彻落实“七大”制定的中长期经济社会发展目标。2006年,老挝继续保持政治稳定和社会安定。 宪法1991年8月,老挝最高人民议会第二届六次会议通过了老挝人民民主共和国第一部宪法。宪法明确规定,老挝人民民主共和国是人民民主国家,全部权力归人民,各族人民在老挝人民革命党领导下行使当家作主的权力。议会老挝国会(原称最高人民议会,1992年8月改为现名)是国家最高权力机构和立法机构,负责制定宪法和法律。国会每届任期5年,每年召开两次会议,特别会议由国会常委会决定或由三分之二以上的议员提议召开。国会议员由地方直接选举产生。第六届国会于2006年5月选举产生,国会议员115名,主席通邢·塔马冯 (THONGSINGTHAMMAVONG)。 老挝行政区划行政区划:老挝大致上可以分为上寮、中寮和下寮三大区,十六省、一个直辖市和一个行政特区。司法机构老挝最高人民法院为最高司法权力机关。最高人民法院院长坎米·赛亚冯(KHAMMYXAYAVONG),2006年6月连任;最高人民检察院院长宋潘·平坎米(SOMPHANHPHENGKHAMMY),2006年6月就任;老党中央党政监察委员会主任阿桑·劳里,2006年5月就任。政党老挝人民革命党(THELAOPEOPLE’SREVOLUTIONARY PARTY):老挝唯一政党和执政党。1955年3月22日建立,原称老挝人民党,1972年召开“二大”时改为现名。现有党员14.8万人。其宗旨是:领导全国人民进行革新事业,建设和发展人民民主制度,建设和平、独立、民主、统一和繁荣的老挝,为逐步走上社会主义创造条件。本届中央委员会于2006年3月产生,由55名中央委员组成。朱马里·赛雅颂为党中央总书记。中央政治局委员共11人:朱马里·赛雅颂、沙曼·维亚吉、通邢·塔马冯、本扬·沃拉吉、西沙瓦·乔本潘、阿桑·劳里、波松·布帕万、通伦·西苏里、隆再·皮吉、宋沙瓦·凌沙瓦、巴妮·亚陶都(女)。 老挝建国阵线成立于1956年1月,原名老挝爱国战线,是老挝人民革命党领导下的一个民族统一战线组织。主席西沙瓦·乔本潘。外交关系老挝与中国的外交对外关系奉行和平、独立和与各国友好的外交政策,主张在和平共处五项原则基础上同世界各国发展友好关系,重视发展同周边邻国关系,改善和发展同西方国家关系,为国内建设营造良好外部环境。2006年老党“八大”强调继续坚持多方位与多种形式的对外交往,加强同社会主义国家战略合作。保持同越南的特殊关系,加强与中国全面合作,加强与东盟国家睦邻友好,积极争取国际经济和技术援助。 同中国关系老挝于1997年7月正式加入东盟。截至2006年底,老挝同122个国家建交。 同中国的关系:1961年4月25日中老建交。2006年,中老关系全面深入发展,各领域交流与合作继续深化。6月,老党中央总书记、国家主席朱马里对中国进行国事访问。11月,中共中央总书记、国家主席胡锦涛对老挝进行国事访问。双方发表《联合声明》,推动中老关系进入新的发展阶段。 同东盟组织的关系1997年7月老挝正式加入东盟后,积极参与东盟事务,发展与东盟的友好合作关系。2006年,老挝先后主办首次东盟经济高官会、第三次东盟青年事务高官会(1月)、东盟-印度合作委员会第八次会议(4月)、第十一次东盟文化信息共同体建设高官会(7月)。 同越南的关系1960年老越恢复外交关系。2006年,两国高层互访频繁,各领域交往密切。老方访越团组有:党中央总书记、国家主席朱马里(6月);政府副总理兼外长通伦(7月);政府总理波松(8月);国会主席通邢(11月)。越方访老团组有:祖国阵线中央主席团主席范世阅(5月);越共中央总书记农德孟(10月);政府总理阮晋勇(12月)。 同泰国的关系1950年12月老泰建交。2006年两国关系平稳发展。2月,泰国教育部长访老,代表泰国政府向琅勃拉邦省赠送电脑、面包车等物资;3月,老泰召开边境治安合作委员会会议;4月,泰国诗琳通公主出席老挝驻泰国使馆举行的宋干节活动;6月,泰国武装部队最高司令访老;8月,两国召开第六次边界省长府尹联席会议;10月,泰国总理素拉育访老;11月,泰国副总理兼财政部长访老并出席老泰经贸合作研讨会;12月,老挝总理波松访泰。 同其他东盟国家的关系 2006年,老挝与其他东盟国家友好关系继续加强。3月,柬埔寨国王西哈莫尼访问老挝;4月,文莱王储、首相府高级部长比拉访问老挝;6月,柬埔寨副总理兼外长贺南洪访问老挝;8月,柬埔寨国会主席韩桑林访问老挝;11月,老挝总理波松访问缅甸、马来西亚;12月,越老柬三国总理举行第四次越老柬三角经济区峰会。 同美国的关系1950年老美建交。1975年后两国仅维持代办级外交关系,1991年11月升格为大使级外交关系。1992年8月,双方恢复互派大使。2006年,老美双方继续在联合搜寻战时在老失踪美军遗骸方面开展合作。4月,美国国务院主管亚太事务副助理国务卿艾力克出席在万象举行的美国-东盟更为紧密伙伴关系研讨会;7月,美国太平洋总部司令威廉·法伦海军上将访老;9月,美国向老挝提供51.5万美元援助用于禁毒工作。12月,美国参议员贝帝访老。 同日本的关系1952年12月老日建交。1995年5月,老挝总理坎代西潘敦访日,两国友好合作得到加强。自1991年以来,日本成为老挝最大的援助国,年均援助数额超过1亿美元。2006年2月,日本政府向老挝政府提供2.5亿日元无偿援助用于城市基础设施和医疗卫生建设;3月,日本出资7.36亿日元援建的老挝国家气象局气象观测塔和气象信息预报系统举行交接仪式;7月,日本参议院政策委员会主任、前副外相矢野哲郎率日本参议院代表团访老;12月,老挝副总理兼外长通伦访日。 同法国的关系1951年建交。1997年4月,坎代总理应邀访法,加强了两国友好与合作。1998-2000年期间,法方向老方提供援助共计8040万美元,援助额继日本、德国、瑞典之后位居第四,主要用于基础设施建设、文化、人力资源开发、农业、卫生等领域。2006年3月和10月,法国发展基金(AFD)向老挝提供总计320万欧元无偿援助用于农业和农村发展、文物古迹保护等;10月,法国政府向万象市提供470万欧元无偿援助用于改善交通设施。 同俄罗斯的关系1960年10月老挝同苏联建交。1975年老挝成立人民民主共和国后,苏联一度为老挝最大的援助国。1991年,苏联解体后,原苏联的援助全部终止。1991年12月,老挝政府正式宣布承认俄罗斯联邦,愿在和平共处五项原则的基础上发展同俄罗斯的友好关系。1992年3月,两国互派大使。1994年,两国签署友好关系原则协定。2006年2月,老俄签署联合打击毒品走私协议;12月,老俄举行经贸科技合作委员会第六次会议。 同国际组织关系2006年6月,世界银行向老挝提供2175万美元无偿援助,用于农村电力发展项目;8月,亚洲开发银行向老挝提供1300万美元信贷和无偿援助,用于农村小额信贷项目;据联合国开发计划署(UNDP)公布,2006年UNDP共向老挝提供1400万美元援助,用于脱贫和协助老挝实现千年发展目标;欧盟宣布,2003-2005年间已向老挝提供1亿欧元无偿援助用于扶贫、禁毒、教育等。 2012年10月26日世界贸易组织(WTO)总理事会在瑞士日内瓦举行的会议上正式批准老挝加入,成为第158个成员国,将为老挝带来新的发展机会。 重要人物朱马里·赛雅颂朱马里·赛雅颂老挝人民革命党中央总书记、国家主席。1936年6月3日生于阿速坡省。1954年参加革命。1975-1982年,历任总参作战局局长、副总参谋长;1982-1991年,历任国防部副部长、第一副部长;1991年8月15日第二届最高人民议会被任命为国防部长;1998年2月任副总理兼国防部长;2001年3月四届国会七次会议当选老挝国家副主席,2002年4月五届国会一次会议连任;2006年3月老党“八大”当选党中央总书记,6月六届国会一次会议当选老挝国家主席。通邢·塔马冯:老挝国会主席。1944年4月12日生于虎潘省。早年从事教育工作。1976-1979年,任教育部组织局副局长、代局长;1980-1981年,学习政治行政理论;1982-1983年,任老党中央候补委员,新闻委员会主席;1983-1988年,任文化部部长;1989-1991年,任第二届最高人民议会副主席,党总书记;1991-2006年,老党“五大”当选中央政治局委员,历任老党中央组织部部长、万象市委书记、市长;2006年6月六届国会一次会议当选国会主席。波松·布帕万:老挝政府总理。1954年6月3日生于沙拉湾省。1975-1980年,在占巴塞省办公厅和青年团工作;1981-1986年,在万象市委办公厅工作;1986-1990年,在苏联莫斯科高级党校学习;1990-1994年,在老党中央和部长会议办公厅工作;1994-1996年,任总理府副部长、总理府办公厅副主任;1996-2003年,老党“六大”当选中央委员,“七大”当选中央政治局委员,任老党中央办公厅主任;2003-2006年,任政府常务副总理;2006年6月六届国会一次会议当选政府总理。

Religion and the church and the church in Vientiane of Laos. The more than 2000 temples, the past temple is not only the center of religious activities, but also the main place the dissemination of culture and education. Especially in rural and remote areas, the majority of farmers mainly through the temple to accept knowledge. Laos temples are mostly concentrated in Vientiane, Luang prabang. Luang Prabang past Laos king and King monk is located, namely the Laos capital and Buddhist Centre, where the temple ancient, exquisite, of which the most famous is China Temple, has been 500 years of history. Theravada Buddhism from fourteenth Century after the descendants of Laos, the dynastic support and advocate, therefore, development is very rapid, always keep unabated momentum, but also has a great influence on people's social life in laos. The Lao Kingdom period, the provisions of the constitution of Buddhism as the state religion, Buddhist monk king and the highest maintenance. Laos male followers of Buddhism to the king, down to the civilian population, life must become a monk when, generally 3 months, at least 3 - 5 days, there are no former life as a monk. The past Laos society, often to whether a person has to become as an important measure of his character as a monk. That monk is a kind of important social qualifications, respected, learning, employment and even find object, than not been home easier. Lao Buddhists to comply with the Buddhist precepts, according to the requirements of the degree different, divided into "the five precepts", "Ten Commandments", "complete precepts" three. Without a Buddhist must abide by in the ordained monks must comply with the 5 commandments. A temple 2108 national, 118014 pagodas, mostly concentrated in Vientiane, Luang Prabang and. Fetishism has 15% old people and listen to the old, the old pine two families of many peoples and many Thai people believe fetishism. Thai people believe in ghosts can be divided into: an "plump," enjoy "the blighted Ba", "village god blighted class" three categories. Yao is the ancestor worship, all ghosts and superstition; in addition to the natural calamities and man-made misfortunes, and regarded as "the harm", so it is considered to be "the harm", will be driven out of the village or killed. Catholic and Christian (Protestant) Laos Catholics mostly Thai and Vietnamese, Christian (Protestant) in Miao as much, power co.. By 1975 American from Laos, Laos Christian church only 6, 132, 29972 missionaries. National Laos people into three large groups: the old dragon, old people and listen to the old pine family. The old dragon for a long time, the old dragon has always been a nation of Laos's largest, more than half of the total population of the country. "The majority" which belongs to the old clan, Phu Thai, Lu and 17 tribes. The rural old dragons live mainly in the plains, the rice for a living. The old dragon almost all the people believe in Buddhism, almost every village they have a temple, there is a meeting place and the villagers worship. Before the establishment of the national education system, many teenagers in rural temple to learn words. Each village has a committee, responsible for the repair the temple festivals, organization, is also responsible for the monks and nuns health. The old dragon though mostly Buddhists, but they also believe in the gods (Phi). The village is a thing that is important is that the village god worship worship, at least once a year. Lao Theung Lao Theung past also called Ka group, is a minority of Laos, accounting for 24% of the total population. Listen to the old family consists of 34 people team, some tribal populations, and some small tribes with only a few hundred people. These tribes are also distributed in Vietnam and Thailand. Unlike the old dragon is, Lao Theung internal cultural differences and cultural differences, different tribes still. Listen to the old family residence area is limited, and most of them live in Attapeu, Saravane, Luang Namtha and other remote provinces, mainly in the burning of ways to make a living farming. Low productivity, poor life. In addition to farming, they are hunting and gathering wild herbs, wild fruit, wild mushrooms, wild herbs. The old pine family old pine family consists of 17 people, mainly white, red seedling, saplings and seedlings. The old pine group is the three largest nation in the late to Laos, mostly in early nineteenth Century from Laos and northern neighbour immigration. So they lived in the mountain area in northern Laos, burning land for. In the old pine family, Miao people the most, has a population of about 250000, accounting for 2/3 of the population old pine family. Unlike the other two ethnic groups are, Miao don't eat glutinous rice, and the rice and maize as staple food. The cultivation of opium poppies is their traditional. In the colonial period, French encourage them to cultivate opium and sold to colonial countries, then opium cultivation was forbidden by the government, the old pine family to farming, planting crops. Another traditional Miao people is married to a woman's dowry. So before the wedding, the man to save a lot of money, the general to the 25-30 years old can get married, and the woman is only 14-18 years old. Miao minority Christian, the majority still believed that the gods. But they aren't in the village take the temple, and in his own house of worship. Miao people think that the family is an important than village.

工业2005年工业生产总值约为4486亿基普。主要工业企业有发电、锯木、采矿、炼铁、水泥、服装、食品、啤酒、制药等及小型修理厂和编织、竹木加工等作坊。从业人口约10万人,约占总劳动力的4.2%。主要工业品产量如下: 2003年2004年2005年电力(亿度)31.7933.4734.91胶合板(万张)155130132盐(万吨)2.22.51.9卷烟(百万盒)6884104啤酒(万升)702082709270布匹(万米)120135145水泥(万吨)2828.240(资料来源:2003、2004年、2005年老挝统计年鉴)农业农业人口约占全国人口的90%。2005年农业生产总值约为6823亿基普。农作物主要有水稻、玉米、薯类、咖啡、烟叶、花生、棉花等。全国耕地面积约74.7万公顷。主要农产品产量如下(单位:万吨): 2003年2004年2005年稻谷237253256玉米14.320.337.2薯类1517.518.1蔬菜66.26774.4花生1.601.242.69烟叶2.573.302.81棉花0.180.220.20咖啡2.222.312.50主要畜禽存栏数如下(单位:万头、只): 2003年2004年2005年水牛113111.2109.7黄牛127124.9127.2猪170172.8182.7羊14.513.919禽20451948.11980.2服务业老挝服务业基础薄弱,起步较晚。执行革新开放政策以来,老挝服务业取得很大发展。服务业产值及占国民生产总值比例如下(单位:亿基普): 2003年2004年2005年产值337936253869占GDP比例25%25.5%25.2%旅游业革新开放以来,旅游业成为老挝经济发展的新兴产业。近年来,老挝与超过500家国外旅游公司签署合作协议,开放11个国际旅游口岸,同时采取加大旅游基础设施投入、减少签证费,放宽边境旅游手续等措施,旅游业持续发展。2001年老挝国家旅游局设立湄公河旅游信息服务中心(网址为:HTTP://WWW.MEKONGCENTER.COM)。2005年外国游客来老109.5万人次,旅游收入约1亿美元。老挝琅勃拉邦市、巴色瓦普寺已被列入世界文化遗产名册,著名景点还有万象塔銮、玉佛寺,占巴塞孔埠瀑布、琅勃拉邦光西瀑布等。 交通老挝首都国际机场无出海口,没有铁路,主要靠公路、水运和航空运输。湄公河可以分段通航载重20吨~200吨船只。2005年交通运输情况如下:公路:总长33861公里,客运量3488万人次,货运量259.2万吨。 水运:内河航道总长4600公里,客运量157万人次,货运量62.1万吨。 空运:有七条国际航线:万象-昆明、万象-曼谷、万象-清迈、万象-河内、万象-胡志明市、万象-金边、万象-暹粒。客运量为41万人次,货运量为700吨。万象瓦岱机场、琅勃拉邦机场和巴色机场为国际机场。 对外贸易老挝同50多个国家和地区有贸易关系,与19个国家签署了贸易协定,中国、日本、韩国、俄罗斯、澳大利亚、新西兰、欧盟、瑞士、加拿大等35个国家(地区)向老挝提供贸易优惠关税待遇。主要外贸对象为泰国、越南等东盟国家、中国、日本、欧盟、美国和加拿大。  2012年10月26日,世界贸易组织在瑞士日内瓦召开的理事会上正式接收老挝成为世贸组织的一员,老挝成为该组织第158个成员。

The Lao military weapons of the Lao People's army was established in January 20, 1949, the beginning of the establishment of the known as the "Lhasa," the guerrillas, said in 1950 that "Lao Yi salad unit", in 1956 renamed the "Lao combat troops", then, in order to adapt to the needs of the situation and tasks, and successively in 1965 and in 1982 changed its name to "Lao People's Liberation Army" and "the Lao People's army". The Lao People's army is a subject to the army, air force, including inland troops and artillery, armor, engineering, communications, Chemical Corps soldiers all arms of the armed forces. The earliest establishment of the Lao army, at the most, basic equipment is Chinese and Soviet aid equipment and part of American equipment seized from the war against the United States. The air force in 1975 August established, a variety of aircraft equipment, mainly by the former Soviet Union and to take over from the Royal Air force the hands of Vientiane regime. Inland troops equipped with inland river boat, awned wide, Ba, Naquin, him, Nangai, Pakse, 8 bases.



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