科威特今日气温查询科威特,科威特等城市今日气温查询

科威特,位于阿拉伯半岛东北部、海湾西北岸。面积1.78万平方公里。自然地理方面有两个特点一个是多沙漠,严重缺水;另一个是石油资源丰富,人口270万(2002年);科威特籍人占41.6%,他们大部分属于阿拉伯各氏族。另外一半人口是外来侨民。半数以上居民在首都科威特市(Kuwait)及其郊区。居民中信奉伊斯兰教,逊尼教派是国教。1971年3月22日,中国与科威特建交。

环境 美丽的科威特海湾 面积17818平方公里(包括阿拉伯半岛的东北角及其附近的布比延、费莱凯等岛屿)。位于亚洲西部阿拉伯半岛东北部,波斯湾西北岸,西、北与伊拉克为邻,南部与沙特阿拉伯交界,东濒波斯湾。海岸线长213公里。全境为一波状起伏的荒漠,西南部的杜卜迪伯高平原海拔275米,为全国地势最高的地方。北部有山地,西部有莱亚哈丘陵。东北部为冲积平原,其余为沙漠平原,一些丘陵穿插其间。地势西高东低。无常年有水的河流和湖泊。地下水资源丰富,但淡水极少,饮水主要来自伊拉克及淡化海水。有布比延、法拉卡等10多个岛屿。热带沙漠气候,炎热干燥,年降水量25-170毫米。 人口 270万(2002年)。其中科威特籍人口85万,占总人数的38%。外籍侨民139万,占62%。外国侨民主要有巴勒斯坦人、埃及人,其余为印度、伊朗、巴基斯坦和其他阿拉伯人。阿拉伯语为官方语言,通用英语。伊斯兰教为国教,居民中95%信奉伊斯兰教,其中约70%属逊尼派,30%为什叶派。 行政区划 全国共分六个省:首都省、哈瓦里省、艾哈迈迪省、法尔瓦尼亚省、贾哈拉省、穆巴拉克·卡比尔省。东南同沙特阿拉伯交界处有中立区,面积5,700平方公里,富藏石油。1970年两国对该区划定界线,分别统治。

Kuwait The year seventh Century was part of the kingdom of Arabia, in 1581 the Khaled family rule in Kuwait. In 1710, live on the Arabia peninsula of the Anaza tribe in the Sabbah family moved to Kuwait, in 1756 achieved dominance, established the emirate of Kuwait. In 1822, the British governor moved from Basra to Kuwait. In 1871, Osman became a county in Basra province of the empire. In 1899 the British force, signed a secret agreement on English as a subject, the sovereign state. In 1939, officially became a British protectorate. In 1954, established the supreme commission chief Abdullah Sabbah led to. 1960 from the hands of the English has taken over the jurisdiction and the monetary authority. Kuwait declared its independence in June 19, 1961. In August 2, 1990 by the Iraqi troops to devour, and lead to the Gulf war. In March 6, 1991, the end of the Gulf War, Kuwait Emil Jabir and other government officials to return to Kuwait native. In January 15, 2006, Kuwait Emil Jabir Ahmad Sabbah died, at the age of 77. Cousin Prince Saad • Abdullah • Salim • Sabbah ascended the throne. In January 21st, Prime Minister Sabbah Ahmad Jaber Sabbah led the cabinet meeting decided to start the constitutional procedure, forcing Saad Xun to prime minister Sabbah, succession. But Saad has asked Congress to rally in the second day, that he was officially sworn in. In January 24th, Saad was forced to abdicate the throne. In January 29th, the Congress of Kuwait without objection by Prime Minister Sabbah as the Amir case. Prime Minister Sabbah then became king Sabbah IV Amir "oath". In May 21st, Amir al Sabah issued decree, the dissolution of the national assembly of Kuwait, to hold early parliamentary elections, because some members of Parliament and the Prime Minister of the amendments to the electoral law dispute. In June 29th, the national parliamentary elections held a formal vote, the first female in Kuwait history to exercise the right to vote and stand for election.

科威特妇女争取平等政权 政体 科威特是君主世袭制酋长国,埃米尔是国家元首兼武装部队最高统帅,一切法律以及与外国签订的条约和协定均由埃米尔批准后才能生效,国内禁止一切政党活动,内阁重要职务由王室成员担任。科是一个完全独立的阿拉伯国家,伊斯兰教为国教,其教义是立法的基础,埃米尔必须由穆巴拉克·萨巴赫后裔世袭。立法权由埃米尔和议会行使,埃米尔有权解散议会和推迟议会会期;行政权由埃米尔、首相和内阁大臣行使;司法权由法院在宪法规定范围内以埃米尔名义行使;王储的任命由埃米尔提名,议会通过;埃米尔任免首相,并根据首相提名任免内阁大臣等。国民议会为立法机构,一院制。其主要职能有:制定和通过国家的各项法令和法规;监督国家财政执行情况;行使各项政治权力,会由50名经全国选举产生的议员和现任内阁大臣组成,每届任期四年。政府由王储兼首相和内阁大臣组成,负责执行国家的内外政策,向埃米尔负责。科威特内阁批准赋予妇女选举权和被选举权的法律修正案。 宪法 1962年11月12日正式颁布宪法。宪法规定,科是一个主权完整、独立的阿拉伯国家;伊斯兰教为国教,伊斯兰教教法是立法的主要依据;埃米尔必须由穆巴拉克·萨巴赫家族后裔世袭;立法权由埃米尔和议会行使,埃米尔有权解散议会和推迟议会会期;行政权由埃米尔、首相和内阁大臣行使;司法权由法院在宪法规定范围内以埃米尔名义行使;王储由埃米尔提名,议会通过;埃米尔任免首相,并根据首相提名任免内阁大臣等。 议会 科威特国民议会于1963年1月23日成立,是立法机构,一院制。其主要职能有:制定和通过国家的各项法令和法规;监督国家财政执行情况;行使各项政治权力。议会通过的法案需经埃米尔批准才能生效,埃米尔有权否决或提请议会复议某项法案,但如议会仍以三分之二的多数通过或在以后某届议会以简单多数通过,该法案则自动生效。议会有权就政府的内外政策及有关事务向首相和内阁大臣提出质询,要求其解释有关情况;组成调查委员会对任何事务进行调查;自由表达其观点和看法;通过对内阁大臣投不信任票罢免其职务;通过不与首相合作的决定等(在这种情况下,将由埃米尔选择解散议会或解除首相的职务;如埃米尔解散议会后,新议会仍通过不与首相合作的决定,则首相自动被罢免)。 议会由50名经全国选举产生的议员和现任内阁大臣组成,每届任期四年。自1961年科举行首届议会选举以来,迄今共举行过10届议会选举。本届议会于2003年7月5日选举产生,亲政府的部落议员在本届议会中占有较大优势,共获24席,党派背景的议员数量减少,其中自由独立派3席、穆斯林兄弟会2席、萨拉夫派2席、科学萨拉夫派4席、什叶派1席,而独立人士席位有所增加。议长:贾西姆·穆罕默德·胡拉菲(JASSEMMOHAMMADAl-KHOURAFI),1999年7月17日就任,2003年7月连任。 政府 由首相和内阁大臣组成,负责执行国家的内外政策,向埃米尔负责。本届内阁系科独立后的第22届内阁,于2006年2月9日组成,共有16名成员。主要成员有:首相:纳赛尔·穆罕默德·艾哈迈德·萨巴赫(SHEIKHNASSERMUHAMMEDAL-AHMEDAL-SABAH);第一副首相兼内政与国防大臣:贾比尔·穆巴拉克·哈马德·萨巴赫(SHEIKHJABERAL-MUBARAKAL-HAMADAL-SABAH);副首相兼外交大臣:穆罕默德·萨巴赫·萨利姆·萨巴赫(SHEIKHMOHAMMEDAL-SABAHAL-SALEMAL-SABAH);副首相兼内阁与议会事务国务大臣:穆罕默德·达伊夫拉·沙拉拉(MOHAMMEDDEIFALLAHSHARAR);能源大臣:艾哈迈德·法赫德·艾哈迈德·萨巴赫(SHEIKHAHMEDFAHADAL-AHMEDAL-SABAH);卫生大臣:艾哈迈德·阿卜杜拉·艾哈迈德·萨巴赫(SHEIKHAHMEDAL-ABDULLAHAL-AHMEDAL-SABAH)。 政党 科禁止一切政党活动。但海湾战争后,在科议会选举中出现了几个主要政治派别: 1、伊斯兰宪章运动:1991年3月成立,为穆斯林兄弟会和传统派组织,掌握许多金融和商业公司,财力雄厚。主张以温和手段促使科成为更遵循伊斯兰法的国家。 2、伊斯兰联盟:系什叶派组织,主张采取温和的方式实施伊斯兰法。 3、宪章联盟:由商人富豪组成,多为科工商会会员。 4、民主论坛:1991年3月成立,成员多为知识分子,自称是左派民族主义组织。强调人民权力,反对王室成员垄断内阁职位,但不反对埃米尔世袭制。 5、自由独立派:主张民主、自由和进行民主改革。成员主要是知识分子和文教、新闻界人士。 外交 科威特外交 外交政策 奉行和平中立不结盟政策,主张在和平共处五项原则上同所有国家发展关系。强调应通过和平方式解决国际间的争端,致力于维护科独立、主权和领土完整。将维持对伊拉克制裁、寻求国际社会同情和保护作为其外交工作重点。与美等西方国家关系密切,并有美军驻扎。积极维护阿拉伯国家团结,努力加强同伊斯兰国家的联系,强调海湾合作委员会成员国之间在政治、经济、军事等领域里的协调与合作,共同维护海湾地区的安全与稳定,主张与“大马士革宣言”国在地区安全方面进行协调。在国际事务中,科主张建立公正、合理的国际新秩序,反对侵略扩张,认为联合国应为维护世界的安全与和平发挥作用。主张解决第三世界债务问题。科是阿拉伯国家联盟,阿拉伯议会联盟,海湾阿拉伯国家合作委员会,石油输出国组织和阿拉伯石油输出国组织成员国。与中国关系 1971年3月22日,科威特与中国建交。2004年7月,萨巴赫首相对中国进行正式访问,两国发表联合新闻公报。 国际态度 科威特伊拉克问题:科威特是伊拉克的邻国,与伊有亡国之恨,视萨达姆政权为科安全和稳定的主要威胁,支持美、英发动的伊拉克战争。伊战后,科率先承认伊临时管理委员会,欢迎和支持其后组成的伊临时政府和过渡政府,并接待伊一些政要访科,2004年7月恢复了与伊的外交关系。科欢迎安理会关于伊拉克问题的1511号决议,认为有必要维护伊的主权、独立和领土完整,支持制定结束美对伊占领时间表。科希望在相互信任、尊重联合国决议和国际条约的基础上与伊建立兄弟般的双边关系,愿帮助伊人民摆脱苦难和进行战后重建,并宣布向伊捐赠15亿美元的援助。 中东和平问题:科支持中东和平进程,认为“土地换和平”是公正解决巴以争端的基础,主张以色列应全面执行联合国大会和安理会有关决议,遵守同巴签署的所有和平协议,从被占领土全面撤军,停止改变耶城状况和在被占领土建定居点等行径,谴责以对巴人民的镇压和以“定点清除”方式杀害巴派别领导人,支持美国主导下的中东“路线图”计划,认为只有通过和平方式和直接对话才能解决巴以问题。 反恐问题:科威特反对一切形式的恐怖主义,完全支持国际社会为打击恐怖主义并消除恐怖主义根源所做的努力,但反对将恐怖主义与特定的国家、民族或宗教挂钩。科支持美打击恐怖活动,并应美方要求向其提供反恐情报,同意美将负责指挥阿富汗行动的中央总部陆军司令部从美本土移至科威特。 人权问题:呼吁加强国际合作,确保联合国宪章所规定的人权条款得到充分执行,认为各国政治、经济等制度各有不同,但都应努力捍卫人权,使人类尊严得到保障,人民有言论自由权。 裁军和无核化问题:支持国际社会制止军备竞赛的各种努力,支持缓和世界各种争端、热点问题,特别是缓和中东、南亚、印支半岛的紧张状况。呼吁拥有核武器的国家采取切实有效措施,防止核武器扩散。呼吁国际社会努力使中东成为无核区并要求以色列加入核不扩散条约,欢迎已达成的有关消除化武和禁止大规模杀伤性武器、禁止核试验和核不扩散等条约。 联合国改革:认为联合国现有机制已不适应时代发展的要求,改革是大势所趋。联合国改革是整体改革,旨在加强联合国维护世界和平、稳定的能力和作用,便于有效决策。联合国大会、安理会及其机构的改革都是联合国改革的内容,仅仅关注增加安理会常任国不是科希望的结果。认为安理会扩大的原意不在于如何增加常任国。安理会应代表不同的宗教、民族和文化,以体现多样性。支持阿拉伯国家作为一个整体在安理会长期拥有席位。

Kuwait undersea gas fields Kuwait is rich in oil and gas reserves, has proven oil reserves of 96800000000 barrels, accounting for 10.8% of world reserves, ranking fourth in the world. Burgan oil field south of one of the world's largest oil field. Natural gas reserves of 1.498 cubic meters, accounting for 1.1% of world reserves. Oil is the main source of financial revenue in Kuwait pillar and the national economy, more than 90% of revenues from oil. The output value accounted for 40% of GDP, accounted for 95% of export earnings. 1978 with an annual output of 110000000 tons of crude oil (6315000 tons in 1991), as one of the world's major oil producing countries. In addition to quarrying, oil, is now mining undersea gas rich. Non oil production accounted for 60% of gross domestic product (including agricultural, fishery 0.4%, 13.3% manufacturing, electrical, water 0.1%, building 2.7%, 6.3% wholesale, retail, hotels catering industry 0.8%, transport, storage and communications 4.6% 4% 0.2%, financial, insurance, real estate and business services 7.3%, community service 22.4% etc.). In recent years, the focus of the government in the development of the petroleum, petrochemical industry at the same time, emphasizing the development of diversified economy, reduce dependence on oil, increasing foreign investment. Industrial oil exploitation, smelting and petroleum chemical industry, other industries include flour, building materials, food processing, etc.. In OPEC, the export quota of 2000000 barrels / day, the actual output to 2600000 barrels per day. To 2011, crude oil processing capacity of Kuwait will be from the current 930000 barrels to 1400000 barrels a day increase. With the greater Burgan field of main oilfields in Kuwait, is located in the southeast of Kuwait. The greater Burgan oil field is the world's largest sandstone oilfield, the world's second largest oil field is also behind Ghawar field. Kuwait arable land area of about 14182 hectares, accounted for only 1% of the national area, no soil cultivation area of about 156 hectares. In recent years, the government attaches great importance to the development of agriculture, but the proportion of agricultural output value in GDP accounted for only 1.1% of the highest. In the production of vegetables, agricultural products mainly rely on imports. Rich fishery resources, rich shrimp, grouper and yellow croaker. Animal husbandry mainly horses, sheep, camel. Foreign trade plays an important role in the economy. Exports mainly oil, natural gas and chemical products, oil exports accounted for 95% of total. Imports machinery, transport equipment, industrial products, food and food etc.. Resources: rich in oil and natural gas reserves. It has proven oil reserves of 99000000000 barrels, accounting for 10% of world reserves, ranking fourth in the world. Natural gas reserves of 1.5 cubic meters, accounting for 1.1% of world reserves. Kuwait Industrial Industry: industrial oil mining, smelting and petroleum chemical industry. The 2003/2004 financial year, oil revenue of $20500000000, accounting for the total fiscal revenue of 88.7%. In 2005, Nissan 2500000 barrels of oil equivalent. The agricultural and Fishery: arable land area of about 14182 hectares, soilless cultivation area of about 156 hectares. In recent years, the government attaches great importance to the development of agriculture, but the proportion of agricultural output value in GDP accounted for only 1.1% of the highest. In the production of vegetables, animal husbandry products mainly rely on imports. Agricultural population 14000, mainly for foreigners. Rich fishery resources, rich shrimp, grouper and yellow croaker. The annual output of 10000 tons, the output value of about 1300 Vanke Witt dinar. Transport: the transport is very developed. The national highway with a total length of 40000 km, the highway about 300 km. The car has a quantity to be 968000 vehicles, including private cars 800000. Kuwait has an international airport, two military airports. Airport 33000 flights per year, 3700000 passengers / year, freight volume of 140000 tons / year. The main port is the port and port Shuaba Shu weah.

实行免费教育,全国小学、初中、高中均为四年制,小学和初中实行义务教育。全国现有各类学校1056所,其中公立学校613所,私立学校336所,其余为成人教育学校和特殊教育学校等。在校学生共46万多,教师为3.7万人。教育经费为国家预算的10%左右。政府重视扫盲,1982年颁布了义务扫盲法,建立了62个扫盲中心,文盲率已从1957年的54.5%降到2003年的6.46%。  

Kuwait's military forces forces 15500 people. Army of 11000 people. Series 3 armored brigades, 2 mechanized infantry brigade, 1 reconnaissance brigade, 1 artillery brigades, 1 engineer brigade, 1 reserve brigade, 1 Amir guard brigade, 1 special forces (being set up in), 1 commando battalion, 1 artillery command. Main battle tanks: a total of 368 units, of which M-84 type 75 (another inventory 75 cars), "chief" 218 cars type M-lA2. IFV: a total of 450 units, including BMP-2 / -3 type 196 cars, 254 cars "desert warrior". Armoured vehicle: a total of 321 units, of which M-113A2 type 230, M-577 type 40, TH390 "Fahad" 40 cars (inventory), TPz-1 "Fox" 11 cars. Cannon: a total of 218. Among them, self gun 113, including 155 mm M-109A3 type 23, AU-F-1 type 18 (inventory), F-3 type 18, PLZ45 type 54; 27 (300 mm rocket "smokey" 9A52 type); mortars were 78, including 81 mm 60, 107 mm M-30 6 the door, 12 door RT-F1. Anti tank missile: more than 118 pieces, including "Tao" type 118 (including TOW-2 44, HMMWV 66, M-901 8), M47 "dragon" type of gold. 84 mm recoilless gun: about 200. Sam: 84. Archibald: 35 mm a number of doors. The navy of about 2000 people (including the coast guard 500 people). Missile boat: 10 ships. Landing craft: a total of 6 vessels, including mechanized landing craft 2 ships, 4 aircraft support landing craft. The air force of about 2500 people. 129 aircraft, including 80 combat aircraft, helicopter gunships 32. Attack / Fighter: FA-18 type 39 (F / A-18-C type 31, F / A-18-D 8), F-1CK (F-lC) / F-1BK (F-lB) "phantom" 14 frame. The riot and trainer: "Kano people" more than 16 aircraft, "Hawke" type MK64 11. Transport: L-100-30 type 3, DC-9 type 1. Helicopter: AS-332 type 4, SA-330 type 9. Training / armed helicopter: type SA-342 16. The armed helicopter: type AH-64D 16. Air force has 15. The reserve force of 23700 people. Paramilitary National Guard 6600 people, has 1 Panzer battalion, 1 Construction Battalion, 3 reserve battalion, 1 Police Battalion, armored reconnaissance vehicle 20 vehicles, armoured car 92. The coast guard 500 people, equipment Minesweeper / boat 30 above, coastal patrol craft 5 ships, 3 aircraft landing craft. System of military service compulsory military service, compulsory military service period of 2 years (1 years for students), the reserve period of 14 years. Foreign troops in May 1, 2005, Kuwait's foreign minister Mohamed said, according to United Nations resolution, Department has decided to send troops to participate in UN peacekeeping operations in the south of Sultan, to maintain security and stability in Sultan. Subsequently, the Sultan government announced in June, Kuwait plans to send 100 to 150 soldiers to participate in UN peacekeeping operations in Sultan. Foreign troops USA, British, German troops in Kuwait about 30000 people. According to Kuwait media reported in December 21, 2005, America military will Doha barracks in Kuwait returned to the Department of party. As of December 20th, the U.S. has 2/3 the army personnel and equipment withdrawal to Arif barracks, the remaining personnel and equipment will be out in 2006. (excerpt from "the 2006 World Military Yearbook")



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