约旦今日气温查询祖韦扎,萨菲,亚喀巴,安曼,安曼等城市今日气温查询

约旦货币 约旦,位于亚洲西部,阿拉伯半岛的西北,西与巴勒斯坦、以色列为邻,北与叙利亚接壤,东北与伊拉克交界,东南和南部与沙特阿拉伯相连。约旦基本上是个内陆国家,亚喀巴湾是唯一出海口。首都安曼和西部山地属亚热带地中海型气候,气候温和。平均气温1月为7-14℃,7月为26-33℃。

约旦佩特拉城历史简介约旦原是巴勒斯坦的一部分。最早的城邦建于公元前13世纪。先后被亚述、巴比伦、波斯和马其顿统治。7世纪属阿拉伯帝国版图。16世纪归属奥斯曼帝国。第一次世界大战后沦为英国委任统治地。1921年,英国以约旦河为边界,把巴勒斯坦分为东西两部分,西部仍称巴勒斯坦,东部称外约旦。立前汉志国王侯赛因的次子阿卜杜拉为外约旦酋长国酋长。1928年2月,英国同外约旦签订为期20年的英约协定。1946年3月22日英被迫承认外约旦独立,同年5月25日,阿卜杜拉登基为王(埃米尔),国名为外约旦哈希姆王国。   1948年英国在英约协定期满后又强迫外约旦签订为期20年的英“同盟条约”。1948年5月,第一次阿以战争中约占领了约旦河西岸4800平方公里土地。1950年4月,约旦河西岸和东岸合并称为约旦哈希姆王国。 发展历程在今天约旦的国土上,人类在数千年前就已经建立了古老的文明。约旦原是巴勒斯坦的一部分。先后被亚述、巴比伦、波斯和马其顿统治。7世纪属阿拉伯帝国版图。16世纪归属奥斯曼帝国。第一次世界大战后约旦由英国代国际联盟管理。1921年,英国以约旦河为边界,把巴勒斯坦分为东西两部分,西部仍称巴勒斯坦,东部称外约旦。英国在这里设立了一个半自主的苏旦国,立汉志国王侯赛因次子阿卜杜拉一世为外约旦酋长国酋长。1946年5月25日约旦获得独立,阿卜杜拉登基为王(埃米尔),国名为外约旦哈希姆王国。1950年4月,约旦河西岸和东岸合并称为约旦哈希姆王国。 约旦支持巴勒斯坦人反对建立以色列。它参加阿拉伯国家联合对以色列的战争,在阿拉伯国家战败后,约旦获得了对西岸的控制。1967年约旦又与埃及、叙利亚和伊拉克一起对以作战。以色列占领了西岸以及整个耶路撒冷。在两次战争后都有大量巴勒斯坦难民逃到约旦。这使巴勒斯坦人在约旦的势力大为增加。这个势力的增加使约旦的王室非常不安。1970年,在巴勒斯坦解放组织多次劫机后,约旦开始对他们开火。这场战斗影响到整个阿拉伯社会。叙利亚在约旦的北部边境上集中坦克部队以对约旦施加压力。1970年9月22日在在开罗的阿拉伯国家外交部长会议的调停下双方熄火。但此后还一直有小的战斗发生。一直到1971年7月约旦将巴勒斯坦解放组织逐出其国境。 在1973年的阿拉伯---以色列战争中约以边境上没有战火。但约旦派出一个旅的兵力进入叙利亚抵抗那里的以色列军队。约旦没有参加1991年的海湾战争。

The city of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, with the house and the Senate, the power in the hands of the king led the Hachem family royal. About to strengthen social security, timely adjustment of domestic and foreign policy, promote economic reform, improve the investment environment, to the development of the national economy. In 2006, about to continue to implement the reform, the situation in the region continued unrest in the environment, generally maintained a stable domestic. The constitution was enacted in January 1, 1952. According to the constitution, the Arabia constitutional monarchy in Jordan is a hereditary king and parliament, legislative authority. The king is head of state, has the right to approve and promulgate laws, to appoint the prime minister, approval and the dissolution of Parliament, commander of the army. In 1960 January by parliament about King has the power to extend the term of the constitutional amendment. In 1974 January, 1976 February and 1984 January, the 3 amendment to the Constitution by the parliament, Authorized King indefinitely postponed elections in the cabinet, and thinks that it is necessary to amend the constitution, have the right to convene a special session of Congress. Parliament said the national assembly, composed of a Senate and house of representatives. Members of the Senate are appointed from age 40 years old of above celebrities by the king, the number does not exceed half of the number of members of the house. The term of 2 years, members are elected for 4 years, can be re elected. In the house of representatives at a meeting held at the same time, the content of the same conference. The house is dissolved, the Senate also stopped meeting. The Senate is now the slaughter Yide · RIFA (Zeid Rifai), took office in November 21, 2005 (again). The house of representatives elected by universal suffrage, who have reached the age of 19 male and female citizens can participate in the election, a term of 4 years. The speaker produced annually by members of secret election. In December 1, 2003, the fourteenth session of the national assembly, Abdul Hadi Majali (Abdul Hadi Majali) elected speaker. In 2007 August, Abdullah II, the dissolution of the house of Representatives, prepare for new elections. The government in November 27, 2005, King Abdullah II appointed Dr. Maruf Bachet (Marouf Bakhit) as prime minister, the formation of the new cabinet. The new cabinet is composed of 24 people, mainly members are: Prime Minister and defense minister Dr. Maruf Bachet, Deputy Prime Minister and finance minister Dr. Zaad Fariz (Ziad Fariz), foreign minister Abdul Ira Khatib (Abdul Ilah Khatib). The princess of the judiciary comprises two parts of the court and the procuratorate. The provisions of the constitution of the independence of judges to exercise judicial power. The judge shall be approved by the king in accordance with the law, and accept the supervision of the high judicial council. The court is divided into three categories, namely: the civil courts, religious courts, special courts. Civil courts are responsible for trying the civil and criminal cases; religious court is mainly responsible for marriage, inheritance, adoption affairs. Special courts include the State Security Court, military courts, police court, criminal court, court of customs. The Supreme Court for Tahir Heckma. Special court attorney general Suleiman Ogen. The party began in April 9, 1952 to allow the establishment of political parties, were disbanded. In June 9, 1991 king Hossain formally announced the lifting of the ban on political parties of up to 33 years, the multi-party system in 1992 September, Parliament passed the "law on political parties". So far, the interior ministry formally approved the establishment of the party were 20, respectively is: the Islamic Action Front, Jordan, Arabia, Jordan, Jordanian Baath party people's Democratic Party, the Democratic Party, Arabia progress, people's Unity Party (7) Liberal Party, National Action Party, future party, Arabia democratic Islamic movement, the Arabia charter Front Party, the Democratic Party of the left, the Arabia rescue party, the Progressive Party, the National Party, the peace party, Arabia party, land charter Patriotic Party, the people's National Democratic Movement Party, the labour party. An important character of King Hossain of Jordan's King Hussein Ibn Talal of Jordan Hachem, who was born in Amman in November 14, 1935. The childhood in Amman Islamic school. 1949 to Egypt Alexander of The Victoria College (secondary) learning. In 1951 July, in England, to continue studying at harrow. In 1952 Britain Sandhurst and Cromwell Royal Air Force college. In August of the same year, Hossain's father Talal abdicated due to illness, he was made king of the kingdom of Jordan Hachem third, May 2, 1953 formally ascended the throne.

约旦外贸会展约旦系发展中国家,经济基础薄弱,资源较贫乏,可耕地少,依赖进口。国民经济主要支柱为侨汇、外援和旅游。阿卜杜拉二世国王执政后,把发展经济和提高人民生活水平作为其施政重点,不断深化经济改革,约经济状况有所好转。1999年约加入世界贸易组织。2006年,约继续推进私有化、贸易自由化政策,大力改善投资环境,积极寻求外援和减免债务。 主要经济数据 (2006年)国内生产总值(GDP):143亿美元经济增长率:6.2%通货膨胀率:6.3%失业率:14.3%货币名称:约旦第纳尔1第纳尔=100皮阿斯特(Piastre)=1000费尔斯(Fils)。汇率:1美元=1.409约旦第纳尔为了寻求本国经济的发展,约旦抓住伊拉克重建的巨大商机,利用自身地理位置、政府支持政策和其他有利条件,大力发展与伊拉克贸易,现在70%的民用重建产品从约旦进入伊拉克。并且积极与周边国家签署自由贸易协定,扩大贸易范围和影响。 财政金融约旦外贸商品约旦经济易受地区形势影响。海湾战争中,30多万长期居住在海湾国家的约旦和巴勒斯坦侨民回国,带回大量外汇,使约黄金、外汇储备增加。但战后侨汇锐减。2006年,约政府各项收入44.64亿美元,各类支出55.18亿美元,外债73.16亿美元,占GDP51.2%。 对外贸易与世界100多个国家和地区有贸易往来。主要进口粮食、肉类、纺织品、交通和工业器材;主要出口磷酸盐、钾盐、化肥、蔬菜、水果。主要贸易伙伴为美国、德国、中国、沙特等。据约国家统计局统计,2006年约进出口贸易总额为166.04亿美元。其中进口114.47亿美元,主要进口国为沙特、中国、德国和埃及;出口51.67亿美元,主要出口国为美国、伊拉克、印度和沙特。 约旦及周边国家是重要的商品和劳务承包市场。由于大部分地区国家经济过分依赖石油单一自然资源,工农业生产落后。该地区不少国家,特别像伊拉克、沙特是盛产石油的富国,除了石油及其产品和少数资源外,其他国计民生所需的物资,从工业原材料、机械设备到民用生活用品,几乎全部依赖从国外进口。比如机电产品、IT 和通讯器材、各种机械、日用五金、娱乐设施、净化水装置、捕捞渔具、园林农艺、粮油食品等等。对各档次商品均有需求,对外贸易在经济中占有很大比重。 约旦纺织业约旦及周边国家是一个农牧产品的消费市场,当地食品生产占整个食品消费量的1/4至1/2之间,每年斥资340亿美元进口小麦、大麦、大米、植物油、糖、肉及儿童食品等,占国际食品市场的8%。约旦及周边国家是一个巨大的建筑承包和建材市场。中东国家在未来几年内将大批投资城市建设、发电厂、海水淡化工程和石油化工项目。大型的项目有伊拉克巴士拉港口改造120亿美元;在首都巴格达新建国际机场、国际商城、高级酒店,总额170亿美元;在纳杰夫省建20万套居民住宅、数家宾馆、旅游城等,总额340亿美元。 伊拉克卫生部同德国公司签署的承建5所医院项目合同。每所医院造价1.4亿美元,拥有400张床位及现代化的检测医疗设备。 伊拉克在未来3年内投资50亿美元,加速建成4000所设备齐全的学校。 约旦及周边国家希望与中国发展商品贸易。近年来中国商品品种、质量和数量在中东市场均有较大发展,中国商品在中东市场具有较强的价格优势,潜力和竞争力,为中国商品进入中东市场提供了良好商机。 外国投资约旦政府致力于改善投资环境,不断制订和完善投资法规,积极吸引外资,尤其鼓励外商在约旦工业区投资办厂。2006年,外国在约直接投资为27亿美元。外国援助外援是约经济主要来源之一。海湾战争前,约外援主要来自美等西方国家以及海湾阿拉伯国家。在海湾危机中,约采取同情伊拉克的立场,致使主要援助国中断了对约援助,约经济形势恶化。后约逐渐调整对伊政策,改善与美及海湾阿拉伯国家关系,主要援助国恢复了对约援助。约以媾和后,美对约援助大幅增加。2003年由于美、伊战争,国际社会向约提供了高达19亿美元的贷、赠款。2004年、2005年分别为8亿美元、6.4304亿美元。2006年外援总额为4.29亿美元。 约旦工业工业多属轻工业和小型加工工业,主要有采矿、炼油、食品加工、玻璃、纺织、塑料制品、卷烟、皮革、制鞋、造纸等。有5个规模较大的工业企业(磷酸盐、钾盐、炼油、水泥、化肥)。磷酸盐年产量450万吨,年出口435万吨。钾盐年产量183万吨,大部分供外销。化肥年产量583万吨,水泥年产量195万吨,炼油年产量250万吨,天然气年产量3000万立方英尺。现有劳动力109万人,外籍劳工25.4万人,工业、采矿业的从业人员约16.5万人。 农业农业不发达,农业人口11.04万,约占劳动力的12%。可耕地面积约90万公顷,已耕地面积仅50万公顷,多集中在约旦河谷。可耕地中7%为水浇地,全部私人经营。水资源缺乏是约发展农业的主要障碍。主要农作物有小麦、大麦、玉米、蔬菜、水果、橄榄等。农产品不能满足国内需求,粮食(3/4)和肉类主要依靠进口。约旦食品业旅游业旅游业是约旦的三大经济支柱之一,又是主要外汇来源之一。海湾危机后,约旅游业曾受到沉重打击。约以媾和后,旅游业收入大幅度增长。2006年游客660万人次,收入16亿美元,占GDP的10%多,较去年增长14%。旅行社431家,旅馆468家,房间20827个,床位40480张。游客主要来自海湾、欧洲和美国等国家。主要旅游景点有安曼、死海、杰拉什、佩特拉、杰隆古堡、亚喀巴等。 交通运输以公路运输为主。已基本建成沟通全国城乡的公路网,国际公路网与伊拉克、叙利亚、沙特、以色列等国相通。交通运输情况如下: 铁路:全长730公里,客运量3.13万人次,货运量378.95万吨。公路:总长8000公里;有汽车约32·15万辆。年运输量达900多万吨。海运:位于约旦南部、红海北部的亚喀巴港是约旦唯一港口和进出口贸易集散中心,拥有集装箱码头和散装码头,22个深水泊位,有固定航线29条,通往除西非海岸及南美西部海岸的200多个港口,年货物吞吐量可达2200万吨。 空运:约旦皇家航空公司拥有各种飞机35架,国际航线50条。主要机场有:安曼阿丽娅王后国际机场、安曼民用机场(马尔卡机场)、亚喀巴国际机场。其中阿丽娅王后国际机场的年客运量达250万人次,货运量约5万吨。 人民生活约旦人民生活约旦卫生事业发展很快,全国目前共有98家医院,10079张病床,其中,卫生部下属医院29家,病床3638个,另有368所医疗中心和56家私人诊所。各类专科医生2500名。全国共有17家药厂,药房1533家。全国98%的儿童都接种白喉、破伤风 、麻疹 、结核病 等多种疫苗 。约对政府职工和军人及家属实行免费医疗制度,对企业职工实行医疗保险制度。政府工作人员根据职业不同,每月可领取交通、出差、服装、住房、家庭人口、物价等各种补贴。约旦人普遍拥有小汽车等。约人均寿命为71.5岁。 约旦是穆斯林国家,伊斯兰教是国教,其人口的95%是穆斯林。因此约旦的风俗习惯便带上了浓重的伊斯兰色彩。城市、乡村到处可见清真寺高高的宣礼塔。

In 1906 June 10th the airport army, for the army day. The army of Islam as the guiding ideology, to "believe in Allah, loyalty to serve the country" for the purpose of. The king is the supreme commander of the armed forces. In 1963 May, the Royal Jordanian special forces set up. In 1976 September, Jordan began to implement the conscripts and volunteers combined service system. Service for a period of two years. In 1982 July, King Hossain declared the founding of the people's army, and in high school and college students, and 16 to 55 year old male citizens should participate in the. About the regular army total strength of about 98600 people, including 90000 army, Navy, air force 8000 people 600 people. Reserve 35000 people, people's army of more than 20 people, 12000 people of public security forces. Provisions of national defense system constitution, the king of land, sea, air force commander, has declared war, military power, the conclusion of a peace treaty. Under the "supreme Defense Council", composed of national defense, diplomacy, finance, interior minister and chief of the army and others, usually by defense minister convened, the implementation is responsible for formulating the national defense policy and oversight of defense programs. The Defense Department is a department in the cabinet, is mainly responsible for the development of the defense budget, logistical support, and commander in chief of the Armed Forces Department jointly issued the military administrative orders, but no transfer and command of the army. The chief of the army is the army commander in chief of the office of the king, its members have chief aide to the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and the director of the 1. Commander military affairs on behalf of the king. The headquarters of the general staff, its members have chief of staff and supervisor battle plan, intelligence, human, administrative vice chief. In addition, also has a "National Committee" and "military commission". The former is responsible for the army's establishment, equipment, military conscription, specific plans and proposals; the latter is responsible for investigation, the officer promotion and puts forward suggestions to mobilize. Armed forces by the regular army and paramilitary troops. The regular army divided land, sea, empty three armed services. The special forces military leaders and armed forces commander Abdullah Ben Hussein (the king came to the throne in February 7, 19999). Prime Minister and defense minister Ali Abu Ragheb. The army chief, general Fatasi Abu Taleb (since September 1989). The army chief of staff general Mohamed Yusuf Maracavi (since July 1999). Armed forces force active duty troops about 104000 people. 1, the army of about 90000 people. Series of 2 Armored Division (every division of 2 tank brigades, 1 mechanized infantry brigades, 1 artillery brigade, 1 air defense brigade), 2 mechanized infantry division (every division of 2 brigade machine, 1 tank brigades, 1 artillery brigade, 1 air defense brigade), 1 independent royal guards brigade, 1 special forces Brigade (2 special forces battalion, 2 airborne battalion, 1 artillery battalions), 1 field artillery brigade (4 battalions), 3 infantry battalions, 1 reconnaissance battalion. The special forces of main battle tanks: 1246 vehicles, including the M-47/-48A5 type 78 (Chu Bei), M-60A1/A3 type 310, "Khaled" / "Chiefs" type 274, "Tariq" ("Centurion") type 296 cars, "Challenger" 1 type 288 cars. Light tank: "scorpion" type 19. IFV: BMP-2 type 32. Armoured personnel carriers: M-113 type 1400, BTR-94 type 50. Towed artillery: a total of 132, of which 105 mm, 155 mm and 54 door 38 door, 18 door, 203 mm M-59/M-1 22 door (Chu Bei). Artillery: a total of 412, of which 105 mm 35 door, 257 door 155 mm, 203 mm and 120 door. Mortar: 81 mm 450 door, 50 door, 107 mm, 120 mm and 300 door. Anti tank missile: "Tao" type 330, "dragon" type 310. Rocket launcher: 94 mm 2500, 112 mm 2300. 106 mm recoilless gun: 330. Self-propelled antiaircraft gun: a total of 416, of which 20 mm 100 door, 52 door 23 mm, 40 mm and 264 door. Sam: type SA-7B2 if cadres, type SA-8 52, type SA-13 92, type SA-14 300, type SA-16 240, "eye" type 260. 2, the navy of about 480 people, based in Akbar port. A total of 6 offshore patrol vessel. 3, the air force of about 13400 people (including air defense forces 3400 people). Has 4 ground attack / Fighter Squadron, 2 Fighter Squadron, 1 transport squadron, 3 helicopter squadrons, 1 squadron Royal plane, 3 Trainer Squadron, 2 air defense brigade. A total of 106 combat aircraft, helicopter gunships 16. The tank battle / ground attack aircraft: type F-5E/F 50, type F-1EI 15 "mirage". Fighter: "phantom" type F-1CJ/BJ 25. Transport: type C-130 8, type C-212A 4. VIP transport: "Gulf Stream" 2, "El" type of frame, type S-70 3 helicopters. Helicopter: type AH-1S 16, type AS-332M 9, type BD-105 3, "Hughes" type 500D 7, type UH-1H 36. Trainer: "big dog" type 16, type C-101 15. The armored air defense missile launcher: "Hawke" 80. Air to ground missile: "Tao", AGM-65D "calf" of each plurality. AAM: AIM-9 "rattlesnake" type, "R-530" Matra Matra "," R-550 "magic" type of the plurality of. The reserve force of about 35000 people, including 30000 army men. Paramilitary troops in the Jordanian Air Force of about 10000 people, is a Public Security Council (Interior Ministry). Another "people's army" about 35000 people. System of military service to implement system of voluntary service overseas troops stationed in Croatia 1 military observers, in the Congo (DRC) 2 military observers, in East Timor 720 peacekeepers stationed in Georgia, 6 military observers, in Sierra Leone 1831 peacekeepers in Yugoslavia alliance, about 61 peacekeepers. Army day army day in June 10th

气候环境面积96188平方公里,位于亚洲西部,属阿拉伯高原的一部分。南濒红海,北边与叙利亚接壤,东北与伊拉克交界,东南和南部邻沙特阿拉伯,西同巴勒斯坦和以色列毗连,基本上是一个内陆国家,亚喀巴湾是唯一出海口。地势西高东低。西部多山地,东部和东南部为沙漠。沙漠占全国面积80%以上。约旦河流经西部注入死海。死海是咸水湖,湖面低于海平面392米,为世界陆地最低点。西部山区属亚热带地中海型气侯。 自然资源主要有磷酸盐、钾盐、铜、锰和油页岩和少量天然气。磷酸盐储量约20亿吨。死海海水可提炼钾盐,储量达40亿吨。油页岩储量400亿吨,但商业开采价值低。行政区划全国共分12个省:安曼省、伊尔比德省、马安省、扎尔卡省、拜勒加省、马夫拉克省、卡拉克省、塔菲拉省、马德巴省、杰拉什省、亚喀巴省、阿吉隆省。  首都简介安曼(Amman)约旦首都,全国最大的城市。位于阿杰隆山地东侧、安曼涸河流过的地区。人口90万(1989)。历史悠久,已发现公元前三、四千年的遗迹。第一次世界大战后成为外约旦的首都,1946年成为约旦王国首都。商业与金融中心,许多西方公司在中东的总部设此。还集中了全国大部分工业,有食品、纺织、纸制品、塑料制品、铝制器皿、水泥、制瓦等工厂。重要交通中心,纵贯全国南北的铁路经过,有公路西通耶路撒冷。城南的阿利亚机场为国际航空站和约旦空军基地。 约旦首都安曼,位于该国的北部,坐落在阿吉伦山地东侧,安曼涸河流过该地区。安曼是一座山城,城市建筑在周围7座小山岗上,随着山势起伏,街道两边式样各异的楼房从山下到山上整齐地排列着。高层建筑不多,楼房多是二三层。山腰间和山坡上,有一片片分散着的草地或小花园。柏油马路绕着山上蜿蜒而上,犹如一条黑色的缎带系绕在山间。 安曼(Amman)市区马路狭窄弯曲,有些地段的坡度还相当大,开车须谨慎驾驶。街道也比较窄,好在两侧的房屋都不高,市容仍然显得很和谐。大多数房屋的墙用白色的石头垒成,显得分外洁净。从山下向山上望去,全城像一座巨大的多层宝塔,入夜,灯光闪烁,煞是好看。 翻开安曼的历史,人们便可以看到,它是一座著名的西亚古城。早在3000多年以前,安曼便是一个小王国的首都,当时叫做拉巴斯·安曼。信奉古埃及太阳女神(即阿蒙女神)的阿蒙人曾在这里建都,称之为“阿蒙”,意为“受到了阿蒙女神的保佑”。历史上,安曼曾经多次遭到外来的侵略,先后被亚述人、迦勒底人、波斯人和希腊人占领,后来又被罗马人统治。公元前4世纪,马其顿国王亚历山大征服了这个地方,他下属的将军费拉德尔修斯指挥扩建了安曼城,并把它命名为“费拉德尔菲亚”,它来源于古埃及托勒密二世的名字。后来,罗马人来到这里,统治了数世纪之久,继续沿用安曼这个名字。由于安曼处在东、西方交通要道上,当时便成为繁华的商业中心。第一次世界大战之后,安曼成为约旦的首都。今天,在安曼的约旦国家博物馆里陈列着许多古代出土文物,而以公元2世纪罗马时代的文物为最丰富。 安曼分为旧城和新城两部分。旧城区充满着浓厚的阿拉伯风土气息,这里保存有很多罗马帝国时代的遗迹,如斗兽场、露天剧场以及宫殿等。斗兽物呈圆形,整个地面用石头铺成,平坦而坚实。斗兽场附近是露天剧场。整个剧场用巨石砌成,看台为阶梯式,可容纳五六千名观众。站在剧场的顶端可以观赏附近的许多名胜古迹。剧场设有3层看台,每个座位都能清楚地看到舞台上的表演。裸露于地面的遗址还有市场、祖尤斯庙、艾尔特尔斯庙以及东罗马帝国时期的教堂、水塘、浴池等。还有许多罗马帝国时期的遗址至今仍埋在地下,有待挖掘。安曼附近还有一座名叫“碣拉施”的古代希腊统治时期的建筑遗址,坐落在一片山坡上,从安曼市内乘小汽车不到一个小时便可到达。它创建于纪元前300年亚历山大时代,前后历经近100年时间才建成,那些石柱雄伟高大,林立成行,每根石柱上雕刻着各种花纹,工艺异常精湛,充分体现了古代约旦人民的高超建筑艺术。新城区多为别墅式建筑,有宾馆、体育馆、文化宫、剧场、纪念馆等,这些设计新颖的现代化建筑使这座古老的城市显得年轻而生机勃勃。 安曼古罗马剧场安曼街上,常常出现骆驼与汽车并行的情景,街上行人的服饰五光十色。最引人注目的是当地贝都印族人的装束,他们头裹红方格布头巾,身穿黑色袍子。这个部落的人体格魁梧,性情淳朴。这些人同当地那些穿现代西装的青年人相比,使人感到他们之间的衣着风度犹如相差了几个世纪。 安曼城区街道上饭店、小吃店比比皆是,爱吃烧烤菜肴的人到了安曼,定能大饱口福。有一种烤羊羔肉最受人们欢迎,它是阿拉伯食谱上的名菜,如同北京烤鸭一样。制作这道菜时,将鲜嫩的羊羔肉用铁条串起,垂直地放在炭火上烤,待羊肉被烤得外焦里熟时,即可食用。食用时用锋利的长把刀切成薄片,拌上大葱、细盐、辣椒面等,香脆可口。 安曼人口约190万,是中近东地区一个重要商业中心、金融中心和交通中心,许多西方国家在中东的总部便设在这里。安曼集中了约旦大部分工业,有食品、纺织品、纸制品、塑料制品、铝制器皿、水泥、制瓦等工厂。纵贯全国的南北走向铁路从这里经过,城西有现代化公路通往耶路撒冷。

The Jordanian Minister of education delegation countries attach great importance to education, from primary school to senior citizens enjoy free education. Higher education of the divided into basic education and high school education. Basic education for 10 year; high school education was not compulsory professional based on common culture on the basis of the study, the school system for two years. There are 5348 types of schools (2004), nearly 59000 teachers (2006), 1530000 students (2004). School-age children enrollment rate of 95%. There are 8 Public University: University of Jordan, Jarre's University, Jordan University of science and technology, University of Hachem, El Berta, Hossain, Massimo mutarelli University University University University, Al balqa applied, otherwise 12 private university, 70546 students, including 7914 foreign students. 52 community colleges and (equivalent to secondary school), there are 22471 students. Bachelor's 200000 national, 18000 masters, 8000 doctors. Education is about 211000000 Jordanian dinars, the illiteracy rate of about 8.7% (2005). About in the country set up 114 knowledge station (knowledge station), ICT (Information and Communication to the 130000 residents of Technology) technology education.



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