印度今日气温查询瓦朗加尔,韦拉沃尔,维萨卡帕特南,维济亚讷格勒姆,韦洛尔,瓦尔道拉,维鲁杜讷格尔,毗底沙,艾哈迈达巴德等城市今日气温查询

Flag 印度,是印度共和国 (Republic of India)的简称,位于亚洲南部,是南亚次大陆最大的国家,最悠久的文明古国之一,具有绚丽的多样性和丰富的文化遗产和旅游资源。与孟加拉国、缅甸、中华人民共和国、不丹、尼泊尔和巴基斯坦等国家接壤,与斯里兰卡和马尔代夫等国隔海相望。古印度人创造了光辉灿烂的古代文明,印度也是世界三大宗教之一——佛教的发源地。面积约298万平方公里(不包括中印边境印占区和克什米尔印度实际控制区等)。印度政府宣称其领土为328万7800平方公里。印度面积居世界第七位。印度位于亚洲南部,是南亚次大陆最大的国家。

国名 印度者,唐云月,月有多名,斯其一称。(中略)良以其土圣贤继轨,导凡御物,如月照临,由是义故,谓之印度。”慈恩传二曰:“印特伽国,谓印度也。”是月之名与Indu混也。【国名】印度共和国 (The Republic of India)【国名释义】历史上,中国对印度的称呼几经改变。西汉译为“羌独”(汉语拼音:juāndú),东汉称它为“天竺”。唐代玄奘则仔细探讨了天竺的名称,放弃了天竺、身毒、贤豆这些名称,而根据当地发音,称做印度。而“天竺”、“身毒”、“印度”等译名皆源于印度河的梵文名सिंधु‌(Sindhu),其波斯语变音为هندو(Hindu)、希腊语变为Ίνδό(Indu),龟兹语Indaka。 【国庆日(共和国日)】1月26日(1950年)国旗呈长方形,长与宽之比为3:2。自上而下由橙、白、绿三个相等的横长方形组成,白色长方形中心绘有24根轴条的蓝色之轮。橙色象征勇敢和自我牺牲精神,也是教士法衣的颜色,舍身为国的英雄们的颜色;白色象征纯洁的真理;绿色表示信心,代表人类生命所依存的生产力。轮是印度孔雀王朝阿育王时代佛教圣地石柱柱头的狮首图案之一,对于印度人而言,它是神圣之轮、真理之轮、向着进步转动之轮,永远轮回苍穹之轮。  国徽图案来源于孔雀王朝阿育王石柱顶端的石刻。圆形台基上站立着四只金色的狮子,象征信心、勇气和力量。台基四周有四个守卫四方的守兽:东方是象、南方是马、西方是牛,北方是狮。守兽之间雕有之轮。图案下面有句用梵文书写的、出自古代印度圣书的格言“唯有真理得胜”。 国土实际控制面积约316万平方公里(包括中印边境藏南印占区和克什米尔印度实际控制区等),印度政府宣称其领土为328万7800平方公里,印度面积居世界第七位,印度位于亚洲南部,是南亚次大陆最大的国家。

Historical overview ruins Mauryan India is one of the world's four ancient civilizations, the year 2000 BC, created a splendid civilization of the Indus .

印度在赤道以北北纬8度4分和37度6分,东经68度7分和97度25分之间。印度是世界第七大国,总面积298万平方公里。印度从北到南全长3,214公里,从东到西全长2,993公里。  印度地理是多样的:从雪山山脉到沙漠,从平原到雨林,从丘陵到高原,风光应有尽有。印度囊括了位于印度板块的印度次大陆的绝大部分,以及印度-澳大利亚板块的偏北部分。印度拥有海岸线7000多公里,其中大多数位于亚洲南部半岛,伸入印度洋。印度西南部与阿拉伯海接壤,东部和东南部与孟加拉湾接壤。 肥沃的印度恒河平原覆盖了印度北部,中部和东部的绝大部分。而德干高原占了印度南部的绝大部分。印度西部是塔尔沙漠,这是一个岩石和沙尘的混合沙漠。印度的东部和东北部边境线涵盖了喜马拉雅山脉。由于与巴基斯坦的领土纠纷,印度的最高点存在争议。按照印度的说法,其最高点(在有争议的克什米尔地区)是乔戈里峰,海拔8611米。印度无争议的最高点是干城章嘉峰,海拔8598米。  印度西北部与巴基斯坦和阿富汗接壤,北部与中国大陆,不丹和尼泊尔接壤,东部与缅甸接壤,印度西孟加拉邦的东部是孟加拉国。印度南部是斯里兰卡,马尔代夫和印度尼西亚等的岛国。 印度位于印度次大陆,主要由三部分组成:在北部的喜马拉雅山区(其中就有海拔8,598米的印度最高峰康城章加峰)、中央平原、恒河平原(Indo-GangeticPlain)以及南部的德干高原。 多条河流发源于或流经印度,例如有恒河、布拉马普特拉河、亚穆纳河、戈达瓦里河以及奎师那河(KrishnaRiver)。印度河上流的一小段也位于印度境内。印度南方是热带季风性气候,北方则是温带气候。干旱、季风性气候造成的下雨形成的突发性洪水,严重的雷暴雨、地震等是印度的主要自然灾害。 资源印度有世界上第四大蕴藏量的煤炭。其他主要的自然资源还有铁矿、锰、云母、铁矾土、钛矿、铬铁矿、天然气、石油、钻石、石灰石和可耕地等。 

India's political leaders Mrs Gandhi January 26, 1950 entry into force of the constitution of India into a federal state, is the sovereign, socialist, secular democratic republic. India to take the British parliamentary democracy. Citizens regardless of race, gender, family background, religious belief and place of birth, are equal before the law. The president as commander in chief of the national armed forces and the heads of the Federal Parliament and state assemblies, consisting of "electoral" elected, elected for a term of five years. The President shall perform his duties in accordance with the conference of ministers to prime minister's advice. Parliament consists of the Federal Institute (upper house) and the Lok Sabha (lower house). The Federal Institute for a total of 244 seats, elected by the States and the central government district court members elected, a term of six years, 1 / 3 election every two years. The Federal Council held four meetings per year. The provisions of the constitution of the vice president to the statutory federal house speaker. The people's National Institute for the main legislative body, its main function is: formulating laws and amend the constitution; control and adjustment of the federal government's revenue and expenditure; the no confidence motion against the federal government, and has the power to impeach the president. People in the hospital, a total of 545 seats, of which 543 members elected, the other 2 members appointed by the president, hold a general election every five years. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority, has the power to interpret the constitution, trial between the central government and the states of controversial issues etc.. The Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president. The attorney general appointed by the president, whose main duty is to the government to provide advice and suggestions on law enforcement matters, complete the rights prescribed by the Constitution and the law, supervise the implementation of the Constitution and the law. With the high court of the state, the county has a county court. India's foreign relations is one of the non aligned movement. Successive administrations have stressed the non aligned is the basis of its foreign policy, efforts to develop relations with all countries, and strive to play an important role in regional and international affairs. After the end of the cold war, the Indian government to adjust the balance of power policy past tendency of adherence to the Soviet Union, carrying out all-round diplomacy, and create conducive to their own development lasting peace and stability in the region. In recent years, with the continuous enhancement of the comprehensive national strength, India and accelerate the diplomatic strategy. Emphasis on foreign trade service, to maintain relationships with Russia and other CIS countries at the same time, to develop relations with the developed countries, Japan, Europe and the United States, especially the economic and trade cooperation in science and technology, capital and technology. The development of relations with the countries of ASEAN and the Asia Pacific region quickly. Paying attention to the energy security, expand exchanges and cooperation with the Gulf, Central Asia and other energy supply country gradually.

印度工业 印度是一个农业大国,主要农产品有稻米、小麦、牛奶、油料、甘蔗、茶叶、棉花和黄麻等。印度国耕地面积约1.6亿公顷,人均0.17公顷。印度是世界第一大产奶国,也是世界重要的产棉国和产茶国。牛、山羊、绵羊、水牛头数居世界第一。印度拥有云母、煤、铁、铝、铬、锰、锌、铜、铅、磷酸盐、黄金、石油等丰富的资源,其中云母的产量和储量为世界之首,铝土产量和煤产量均居世界第五位,云母出口量占世界出口量的60%。森林5300万公顷,覆盖率为16%。印度的工业主要包括制造业、电力、矿业、纺织、食品、精密仪器、汽车制造、软件制造、航空和空间等行业。近年来,印度政府实行全面经济改革,经济发展速度引人注目。印度目前在天体物理、空间技术、分子生物、电子技术等高科技领域都已达到相当的水平。印度的主要出口商品有珠宝制品、棉纱及棉织品、化工制品、机械及五金制品、石油制品、皮革、海产品、铁矿砂及矿产品等。此外,印度的旅游业和服务业也比较发达,在国民经济中占有相当的比例。印度主要旅游点有阿格拉、德里、斋浦尔、昌迪加尔、纳兰达、迈索尔、果阿、海德拉巴、特里凡特琅等。铁路是印度最大的国营部门,亦为主要运输手段,总长度居亚洲第一位,世界第四位。近年来,公路运输发展较快,已承担了全国80%的客运量和60%的货运量,全国日平均客运量逾6000万人次,为世界最大的公路网之一。货币名称:印度卢比(Rupee);1卢比=100派士。

India fire missiles president is the name of the armed forces commander, the cabinet is the highest military decision making mechanism. Command, management and coordination of the Department of defense forces. All the armed services command is responsible for the implementation, operation plan, operations. The mercenary system. Land, sea and air forces, the total strength of 1270000, ranking fourth in the world. 105000 army, East, South, West, North and the central five regions, with medium range missiles with nuclear capabilities, has. Navy 70000, divided into the west, the east two fleet and southern Cochin training base; Mumbai and Vee Shaka Putnam as the largest naval base, respectively is the west, East headquarters. The air force 170000, divided into the west, southwest, East, South and Central Military Region five, have the MIG 29, mirage 2000 and other advanced combat aircraft. The coast guard is divided into East, West Bank, an Dammam and the Nicobar command of three brigade, some in Mumbai, Madras and Blair Hamn. Another about 500000 reservists and about 1000000 paramilitary troops. 2001 / 2002 annual defense budget of 620000000000 rupees ($13200000000), up 13.8% over the previous year.



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