塞浦路斯今日气温查询特罗,帕福斯,尼科西亚,利马索尔,拉纳卡,克蒂马,法马古斯塔,法马古斯塔等城市今日气温查询

塞浦路斯国旗 塞浦路斯,1960年8月16日独立,位于地中海东北部、扼亚、非、欧三洲海上交通要冲,为地中海第三大岛。面积9251平方公里,海岸线长782公里。北距土耳其40公里,东距叙利亚96.55公里,南距埃及的尼罗河三角洲402.3公里。北部为狭长的凯里尼亚山脉,中部是美索利亚平原,西南部为特鲁多斯山脉。最高峰奥林波斯山,海拔1950.7米。最长河流为派迪亚斯河。属亚热带地中海型气侯,夏季干热,冬季温湿。塞浦路斯于2004年5月1日正式成为欧洲联盟会员国之一。

塞浦路斯据考古发现证明,大约在9千年以前,塞浦路斯岛就已经有人类生活。公元前12世纪,希腊人开始移居塞岛。后曾被埃及、波斯等国征服。公元前30年并入罗马帝国;公元330年至1191年归属拜占庭帝国;此后在十字军东征时代塞浦路斯先后被法国人和威尼斯人占领;1571—1878年由奥斯曼土耳其帝国统治;1878年土将塞租让给英国,1925年成为英“直辖殖民地”。20世纪50年代初期,塞人民反抗英国殖民统治、争取民族独立的斗争不断高涨。1959年2月,塞与英、希、土三国签订《苏黎世—伦敦协议》,确定了独立后国家的基本结构和内部两族权力分配。1960年塞同上述三国签订“保证条约”,由它们保证塞的独立、领土完整和安全;同希、土订立有“同盟条约”,规定它们在塞有驻军权。1960年8月16日塞宣布独立,成立塞浦路斯共和国,希、土两族组成联合政府,希族人任总统,土族人任副总统,确定每年的10月1日为国庆日。1961年3月加入英联邦。 1963年,两族发生武装冲突。1964年联合国维和部队进驻塞岛。1967年土族另立“行政当局”。1974年7月,希腊军人集团在塞策动政变,土耳其以“保证国”名义出兵塞岛,占领北部37%的领土,并将土族居民全部北移。战争中希族约18万人南迁,出现难民问题及失踪人员问题。自此塞浦路斯共和国长期处于南北分裂状态。1975年2月,土族宣布成立“塞浦路斯土族邦”,选举登克塔什为“总统”,1983年11月15日,成立“北塞浦路斯土耳其共和国”,塞政府坚决反对土族独立,除土耳其一国外,未获其他国家承认。 塞浦路斯自1975年起,为解决塞浦路斯问题,联合国和国际社会一直在努力斡旋,两族领导人在联合国秘书长主持下开始时断时续的谈判,但迄未取得突破性进展。2002年12月安南提出了一个全面解决塞浦路斯问题的方案,2003年1月由希土两族进行新一轮的谈判,但未能达成一致,3月11日在海牙宣告失败。2004年3月双方在安南的主持下恢复有关塞浦路斯统一问题的谈判。根据安南向塞浦路斯希土两族提出的建议,双方在2004年3月底之前结束有关塞浦路斯统一问题的谈判,4月24日南北塞公民就安南的统一方案分别举行全民公决。由于南塞75%以上的公民认为安南方案的贯彻执行缺乏安全感,南塞的利益没有得到有效的保护,而投了否决票,南北塞统一新的一轮谈判以失败而告终。

The geographical position in the eastern Mediterranean island of cyprus. Among Asia, Africa, Europe three continents sea transport hub, is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, 537 km long coastline. For the northern part of the narrow mountain, hilly; for the southwest mountains, higher; middle is the fertile beauty cable Leah plain. The island is no long river, only a few intermittent river. Cyprus, Greece, Turkey, and Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt across the sea, since ancient times is the Middle East, Europe and Africa link traffic routes, the modern people to describe it as "the eastern Mediterranean unsinkable aircraft carrier". Cyprus thing long 241 kilometers, 97 kilometers wide north-south, covering an area of 9251 square kilometers (two sovereign base in 1974, Turkey two Greek Cypriots ethnic separatism, Greek and Turkish occupied the territory of 60% and 37%, and another 3% belong to the English), was the goddess of the hometown of Venus. Cyprus is the Central American cable Leah plain, south of Trudeau hill, the highest point of Olympus peak 1951 meters above sea level, the 782 km long coastline, land and 36 - 38% for forest cover. Cyprus is divided into administrative divisions of Nicosia (Nicosia), Limassol (Limassol), Famagusta (Famagusta), Larnaca (Larnaca), Paphos (Pafos), Carey Nia (Kyrenia) six administrative districts, each administrative division for the city, township, village three, among them, and Carey Nia is the two largest port in the control area and tour. Natural climate Cyprus is a typical Mediterranean climate. A longer summer is in mid May to mid October, the average temperature of 26 degrees to 29 degrees; November to February is winter, the average temperature of 10 degrees to 13 degrees; the summer and winter is short in autumn and spring apart. The pleasant climate and colorful scenery, the island of Cyprus is a good choice to love nature and outdoor sports people. Cyprus is the Central American cable Leah plain, south of Trudeau hill, the highest point of Olympus peak 1951 meters above sea level, the 782 km long coastline, land and 36 - 38% for forest cover. Cyprus is a typical Mediterranean climate, dry summer heat Yan, above the highest temperature up to 40 degrees; the winter is warm and moist, the concentrated rainfall period, the cold of minus, mountain snow. Cyprus is a beautiful island: Sunny Beach, pine covered mountains, cool, quiet and no time; the essentials of the village and the modern metropolis; Luxury Beach Hotel and the simple natural village; all the scenery Cyprus has road through, the vast majority of high-speed highway has provided convenient to the two auxiliary routes more explorers. The population of Cyprus has a population of about 850000 people (end of 2009), wherein the Ramsay (government area) by the end of 2002 to 715000. The Greek accounts for about 85% of the total population, Orthodox, live mainly in Turkey nationality Nancey; about 12% of the total population, Islam, live mainly in the north of Armenia, Malone, cork; otherwise the Latin and other ethnic minorities accounted for about 3% of the total population.

塞浦路斯主要城市有利马索尔、拉纳卡、帕福斯、阿依纳帕、法马古斯塔、凯里尼亚等,其中法马古斯塔、凯里尼亚在土族控制区。  首都尼科西亚首都尼科西亚,人口约20万,为第一大城市,是全国政治、文化、金融中心。尼科西亚1974年后分裂成两部分,中间分界线驻有联合国维和部队,是自柏林墙推倒以后世界上唯一一个分裂的首都。利马索尔为第二大城市,人口约15万,是个贸易、商业和旅游城市,是全国最大的港口。拉纳卡和帕福斯分别为第三、四大城市,均有国际机场,是有名的游览胜地。塞浦路斯有灿烂的阳光和碧蓝的大海,有设备齐全的宾馆和旅游设施,有9000年的历史,是世人喜爱的观光度假胜地。刚到3月,欧洲人就来到塞浦路斯旅游了。夏季乃至冬季,有不少俄罗斯人来到这里享受日光。冬季,山岳地带则成为滑雪者的天堂。   利马索尔市利马索尔位于风景如画的南部沿海狭长平原上,人口约15万人,是塞岛第二大城市、最大的港口和最重要的贸易、商业和旅游城市。利马索尔古迹众多,从新石器时期遗址到罗马时期的古城邦,从中世纪城堡到拜占庭时期的教堂,反映了塞浦路斯历史的变迁。山区的村庄盛产葡萄酒,塞闻名的Commandaria酒即产于此。每年夏天当地及来访的剧团都要在Kourion古罗马剧场进行古希腊剧、莎翁剧及现代戏剧的演出,成为岛上文化生活的重要组成部分。春天,热情好客、性情豪放的利马索人举行一年一度传统的狂欢节游行,并在9月间举行历时一周的盛大的葡萄酒节,欢迎四方宾朋。1992年,利马索与南京市结为友城。 拉纳卡市拉纳卡位于塞岛偏东南部海滨,距首都尼科西亚近40公里,人口约11万人,是塞岛第三大城市,岛上的第二大港口,塞重要的国际航空港和游轮码头。海港旁边是棕榈树环绕的海滨大道和游泳区,大道靠城市一侧,聚集着各种具有当地特色的工艺品店、服装店和餐馆、咖啡馆,在这里你可以购物、散步、欣赏海边风景、游泳和休息。在海滨大道一端有中世纪博物馆,它坐落在一座第17世纪的堡垒中。从堡垒向北走就是城市的中心圣拉撒路教堂。这个教堂被视为拉纳卡及塞浦路斯最为珍贵的文化遗产之一。拉纳卡拥有大量的历史文化景观和诸多名胜古迹,附近是一条18世纪的高架渠和两座令人惊叹的博物馆--拉纳卡地区考古博物馆和皮埃里德斯基金博物馆。两个博物馆中都收有地中海地区艺术珍品。离国际机场不远是塞有名的盐湖,每年冬、春季有成群的火烈鸟来此栖息,甚为状观,拉纳卡是塞有名的游览胜地。 帕福斯市帕福斯位于塞岛西南海岸,人口5.8万人,是岛上第四大城市,有国际机场,是希腊传说中爱神阿芙洛狄特(即维纳斯)的诞生地。始建于公元前1400年,历史上一度是该岛的首都,后逐渐衰落。直至于1974年土耳其入侵并占领了北部重要旅游城市凯里尼亚和法马古斯塔后,该城才重新受到重视并发展起来。如今帕福斯已是岛上著名的海滨度假和游览胜地。帕福斯气候宜人,自然环境优美,有不少珍贵遗址和遗迹,整个城市被列为世界文化遗产。城市明显分为两部分,居民区和旅游区。旅游区沿中世纪港口而建,大部分豪华酒店和旅游设施皆位于此。帕福斯市内有著名的镶嵌画和众多的可追溯到基督教时代早期的王家古墓,塞著名的艺术珍品和国宝之一的镶嵌画《丽达与天鹅》就是1962年一农民在帕福斯市附近的阿芙洛狄特女神庙附近发现的,该画约在2000年前用各种颜色的小石块镶成,面积1.5平方米,现存库克利亚博物馆。 法马古斯塔市历史古城法马古斯塔位于塞岛东海岸,1974年8月15日被土耳其军队占领后,约4万名希族人被迫逃往南方(即政府控制区),沦为难民。该城居民包括土著土族人、来自南部的土族人及由土耳其迁来的定居者。法马古斯塔在土耳其入侵前是全岛最繁华发达的城市,如今在占领区当局的统治下,经济极度衰退。根据联合国协议,城市中希族人的财产仍为希族人所有,土耳其人不得动用。城中大部分饭店、房屋及其他设施自1974年后一直尘封,空空荡荡,所以法马古斯塔又被称为“鬼城”。 凯里尼亚凯里尼亚位于塞岛北部海滨,凯里尼亚是土族控制区的重要港口和重要游览地。阿依纳帕阿依纳帕位于塞浦路斯东南海岸,在法马古斯特以南。阿依纳帕具有全岛最好的黄金海岸和海上旅游设施,清澈的海水以及美如梦境的夜晚,使阿依纳帕成为塞浦路斯的旅游胜地。从每年的5月到10月是阿依纳帕最繁荣和忙碌的时候,游客如云,为旅游服务的饭店、商店、咖啡馆等均呈一片欣欣向荣的景象。阿依纳帕市内有一岛内有名的修道院,关于这个修道院在民间还流传着一些美丽的传说。修道院南门前的无花果树,据说有600年的历史。

Government of Cyprus announced in 1960 the provisions of the constitution, the president of the Republic of Cyprus regime is made, the president as head of state and head of government, on behalf of the state to exercise functions and powers, a term of 5 years. The president, vice president with the power to veto bills passed by parliament. President Dimitris Christofias was elected in February, 2008. The government is the government in 2003 February, the 11 ministers, interior, commerce and tourism, health, communications and engineering and 4 by Akel as, finance, labor and social security, education and culture 3 by the Democrats as, defense, justice and public order 2 by the social democratic movement as foreign, agriculture, 2 by the independents as. Parliament is the highest legislative body. The implementation of a hospital system, election every 5 years. Independent rear seats to 50, and two, soil and the distribution according to the ratio of 7:3. In 1964 the Turkish MPs from the parliament, Parliament only Greek men. According to the 1985 constitution amendment, the total number of members increased to 80, Greek 56, Turkish 24, a term of 5 years. Over the years the Council has maintained the seat. Malone, Armenia and Latin also elected representatives attended the Council meeting, but did not consider the right. The exercise of legislative power of parliament. MPs and ministers have the right to put forward a bill in parliament. Parliament in September each year to July of the following year. 1/3 members of the quorum. Four weekly meeting. In the event of an emergency bill, ready to hold an emergency meeting. 14 parliamentary committees: diplomatic, financial and budgetary, labor and social security, law, education, interior, defense, agriculture and natural resources, labor, transportation and engineering, health, development plan and public expenditure supervision, refugee, parliamentary rules and members rights. Each committee consists of 8 members. No deputy speaker, speaker abroad, from the oldest parliament deputy speaker. The speaker has secretary general, is responsible for the review of legislation and law, put forward suggestions on the procedure of parliament. The separation of Parliament and the cabinet, cabinet ministers cannot at the same time as congressman. The president has the power to veto the law on diplomatic, defense and security, but to other laws and decisions by parliament, the president can only delay the implementation, the law back to parliament, and review by the Council in 15 days. If it still insist on the original views, the president must publicly issued. The president personally to parliamentary speeches or sent a letter to the Council, but also convey their opinions to Parliament through the minister. The minister can be made to the special committee of the parliamentary advisory. The minister constitution no must attend the parliament or the special committee hearing obligations, but when the president President and special committee asked them to do so when no one refused. The president abroad, by the acting president. Parliament can be dissolved before the expiry of the term of office, but in making the decision to dissolution time election. The election of parliamentary time not later than the day after the dissolution of 30-40. Elected by proportional system. The first meeting of the new Council elected after must take place within 15 days after the election. 18 years old of the citizens have the right to vote and to be elected, all parts of the country are direct secret ballot in the same day, elected parliament. The judiciary

经济结构塞浦路斯塞浦路斯自1960年独立后,从本国国情出发,结合不同时期面临的内外环境,制定相应的经济政策措施和阶段发展计划,加强基础设施建设,实行对外开放,因地制宜发展本国经济。在注重发展农业、加工制造业和建筑业的同时,重点开发以旅游业为主的第三产业,并充分利用所处的优越地理位置和地缘优势,发展对外贸易。虽塞存在淡水严重缺乏,农业发展受限,工业基础薄弱,产业结构单一和对外依赖性较大等问题,但经济发展仍取得明显成效,80年代国民经济年均增长6%,90年代年均增长4%。经过40多年的发展,塞已由70年代的一个农业国逐步发展成为以第三产业为主要经济支柱的国家。 塞浦路斯经济的产业结构是: 第一产业以农业为主,2006年占GDP的比重约3.13%。塞浦路斯农业,尽管不再是塞经济的支柱产业,但仍然在塞经济中起重要作用。塞浦路斯农业除出口,给国家增加外汇来源,还解决8.6%的就业机会和给塞工业生产提供原材料。塞农业的范围包括谷物、土豆、蔬菜、柑橘、葡萄等农副产品的生产和畜牧业、林业、渔业。农业的主要出口产品是:土豆、蔬菜、柑橘等。 2006年塞浦路斯第二产业约占GDP的19.27%。其中制造业生产产值占GDP的8.6%,从业人员占就业人口的9.1%。由于塞浦路斯市场不大,因此工业生产的产品和农业加工产品大部分用于出口。塞浦路斯工业企业大多是私人企业,规模都不大,大多数雇用工人在30人以下。塑料、服装、鞋类和化学药品是塞工业的重要产品,在工业中的作用已超过传统的农副产品加工工业。 塞浦路斯第三产业以旅游业为龙头,主要包括旅游、运输、通讯、贸易、银行、保险、房地产、公共的管理和服务。2006年第三产业产值占GDP的约77.6%,从业人员占就业人口的80%,是近年来塞经济发展最快的一个领域,因此塞经济通常称为“服务经济”。其中旅游业是塞经济的支柱产业之一。每年来塞的旅客相当于岛上人口的3倍以上,40%是“回头客”,大多数是欧洲人。塞旅游业的产值占GDP的20%。除旅游业外,近年来,在第三产业中,金融服务业和银行业增长幅度较大,2006年的增幅是28%。零售业增长7.9%。而作为支柱产业的旅游业则喜忧参半。2006年旅游到达人数240万,比上年减少2.8%,但旅游收入10.3亿塞镑(约合21.7亿美元),比上年增加2.2% 。2006年塞人均GDP为10859塞镑(约合22913美元,2006年塞政府管辖区人口约76.64万人),比上年增长4.7%。进出口塞浦路斯是一个严重依赖进口的国家,国民经济发展和国民生活保障用品,如工业产品的机械和运输设备、燃料、食品主要靠进口,2006年进口总额是31.8亿塞镑(约合67.1亿美元),比上年增长7.3%,低于2005年9%的增幅。出口总额6.44亿塞镑(约合13.59亿美元),比上年负增长10.5%。贸易逆差25.4亿塞镑(约合53.51亿美元),比上年增长13%。大多数进口产品种类的进口额都有所上升,增长最大的是石油产品和消费品的进口。出口下滑的主要原因是由于国外的需求减少和价格缺乏竞争力。2006年塞进出口总额约占GDP的43.38%左右。塞浦路斯的主要贸易伙伴是欧洲,50%以上的出口和60%以上的进口都是在欧洲范围内进行的,塞入盟后,这一情况更加突出。 塞浦路斯经济发展战略目标是建立地区性的商业和金融中心,发展高新技术领域和高新技术产品的生产,减少经济对旅游业的过分依赖。 货币欧元

Traffic guide Cypriot North 80 kilometers away from Turkey, 104 kilometers east to Syria, West to the Greek island of Crete 530 kilometers, 439 kilometers south to the Suez canal. To Cyprus in general is to transit through Europe, sometimes longer transit accommodation. Nicosia is the capital of Cyprus, but the most important thing for travelers is the city of Larnaca, Cyprus, because the air gateway in larnaca. To Cyprus to travel by plane tourists here first, and then distributed to all parts of the country. Cyprus car from the north into the Cyprus, the Turkey airlines, from Istanbul Turkey city has direct access to west east lefkow Airport Flights; or starting from the Turkey Mediterranean ports along the coast of Northern Cyprus, also have direct access to the port ship. (only, through this way to enter the Northern Cyprus, then across the green line to the South tourism is not allowed. Even the passport has worked in Northern Cyprus immigration records, Greece will be refused entry.) Cyprus has no domestic railway, the traffic island only by car, taxi or rent a car. The bus plying between City Tourism Bureau, a schedule, every village to stop, so the speed is very slow. The city bus every 15-20 minutes in class 1, city to city between trains is less, will rest on Sunday. Ordinary taxi costs are high, but from the airport to the city about 6 kilometers can bear, long distance is difficult to afford. Often used is a transformation of the Mercedes Benz taxis, such a large taxi, can 8 people sharing, car sharing fare (generally 4 - 7), natural cheaper. But also can meet the guests to the designated location, of course welcome. But the number is limited, do not leave too little. It is best to 1 days in advance booking, especially on weekends, many people use. Operation time is generally 6:0018:00 (summer to 19:30), every 30 minutes. Shopping guide has a history of 7000, Cyprus Wine every September grape harvest season, Laimaisuosi city to hold a grand Wine festival. Tourists and the islanders came to the vineyards, tasting new do Wine, singing and dancing, to celebrate the harvest. This unique climate, a year 320 - 340 days are sunny, sunshine is sufficient, grape sweetness high, "beauty here than in the Old Testament" grape "Solomon song" sweet kiss. The history of grape cultivation on the island than in Mesopotamia in Mesopotamia to a long history, the growth of the world's oldest grape varieties. The Wine brewing history is also very long, the unearthed in the ninth Century BC, pottery pot is painted is drinking Wine woman, and about the vintage year record. It is the birthplace of Cyprus Wine, French grape is from here to the transplant. Laimaisuosi city will have 4 well-known Wine manufacturing plant, in addition to the many small, not well-known enterprises. Wine varieties are sweet, also have some hot. The best food and drink drink these Wine is fresh seafood, goat cheese, fried squid and local fried potatoes, eating and drinking can feel a kind of primitive simplicity. About stores in October - 5 month, the store from morning to 8:00 at night 6:00 business; in June to September, store in the morning from 8:00 to 1:00 pm and 4:00 pm to 7:00 pm business. The store on Wednesday and Saturday afternoon 2:00 closed Sunday, a day of rest. Travel tips: go to the tourist season of tourism, is the best season of 3~5 months and 9~10.



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