列支敦士登今日气温查询瓦杜兹,瓦杜兹等城市今日气温查询

列支敦士登地理位置 列支敦士登(德语:Fürstentum Liechtenstein),是欧洲中部的内陆国家,位于瑞士与奥地利两国间,是世界上仅有的两个双重内陆国家之一。同时该国也是唯一一个官方语言是德语但与德国没有交界的国家。这个迄今仍维持君主立宪制的山区国家,虽然土地狭小兼人口稀少,但却拥有异常高的国民所得水平,其人均国内生产总值高达60000欧元,是一个以阿尔卑斯山美丽风光、避税天堂与高生活水平而著称的富裕国家。2011年4月,列支敦士登提出一项雷人的“国家出租方案”——任何人只要支付7万美元,便可租下这个国家一个晚上,同时获得多达150人的食宿。

阿勒曼尼人的后裔,是在约公元500年以后才到目前的地区定居。列支敦士登的国名起源于18世纪初,来自奥地利维也纳的列支敦士登大公约翰·亚当(Johann Adam von Liechtenstein)买下了两块采邑:许内勒贝格庄园(Schnellerberg,1699年)与瓦杜茨郡(Vaduz,1713年),并且成为神圣罗马帝国的加盟成员之一。1719年1月23日当时神圣罗马帝国皇帝查理六世(Karl VI)将这两个地方合并成立一个独立的小型大公国,赐名为列支敦士登。 列支敦士登成立后曾先后经过法国与德国的影响。1806年时神圣罗马帝国瓦解,列支敦士登也随之加入了当时由拿破仑织的莱茵联邦,但在法国短短的几年统治后,又在1815年举行的维也纳会议后恢复独立,加入新成立的德意志邦联(Deutscher Bund,又译为日耳曼邦联)。1868年德意志邦联瓦解,列支敦士登解散自己仅有的一支小型军队并且宣布该国将转为永久中立国,这中立地位让列支敦士登避过了两次世界大战的战火波及,一直持续到现在(截止2009年)。

Administrative divisions Liechtenstein's administrative area map Liechtenstein has 11 districts (plural: Gemeinden, singular: Gemeinde), most of the area are only contains a separate town. Vaduz (Vaduz) - Vaduz in the center of the Rhine River, near, is the capital of Liechtenstein and major population centers. Vaduz is the hometown of Liechtenstein. Shane (Schaan) - in the most populous area, close to the capital of the north. Bazar (Balzers) - in an area of land at the southern tip of the island. Terrison (Triesen) Eschen (Eschen) Mao Lun (Mauren) Terry Sen Begg (Triesenberg) Jugl (Ruggell) - located in the northernmost land. Gan Pulin (Gamprin) Hu Hei Lebegue (Schellenberg) - the northern zone of the name of one of the two, the fief since had composed of liechtenstein. Blanken (Planken) - the northern region, is one of the smallest administrative region within the territory of china. Environmental Science Total area of 160 square kilometers, west of Switzerland, with the Rhine as the world, east of Austria. The impact of plain narrow, the total area of 2/5, the other is the mountain, the southern Rhaetian mountains Grau Spitz peak (2599 meters) is the highest point. Liechtenstein Castle Liechtenstein is a landlocked country, tied with Uzbekistan for two double landlocked countries only in the world. The country's only arable land concentrated in the coastal alluvial plain, once full of this area marsh after artificial drained into farmland, with the exception of a few farming activities, the nations domestic agriculture or livestock. The capital Waduci located in a piece of high ground overlooking the Rhine valley. Throughout the South ray Dikang Alps (R ä tikon Alps) steep slope, the highest peak in the territory as belonging to the three sisters mountain (Drei Schwestern) one of the gray peak (Grauspitz), 2499 meters above sea level, is the division between Liechtenstein and Austria. The highest elevation of the national city is Triesenberg, in 886 meters of above. National border and the Swiss border 41.2 kilometers long, is 36.7 km to Austria.

10瑞郎(1973年版) 列支敦士登是一个高度工业化的国家,只有不到2%的劳动力致力于农业生产,该国境内主要的作物有玉米、土豆、大麦、小麦、蔬菜和葡萄。家畜主要是在夏季时,以放牧方式蓄养于阿尔卑斯山区的高山草原上。列支敦士登主要的制造业包括机械,制药,食品产品,金属制品,精密仪器,家具和陶瓷。公国的许多收入来自于银行业,旅游业,邮票的销售,以及在这里设立总部的国际化公司--这些公司之所以在列国境内注册,主要是着眼在这里的低税收环境。 由于列支敦士登与瑞士之间签订有共同货币与关税条约,因此除了货物能在两国之间的国界自由流通外,瑞士法郎也成为列支敦士登的官方货币。1993年时瑞士拒绝加入欧洲货币联盟,由于列支敦士登在外交事务方面早已委任瑞士代执行,本国成为西欧国家里面少数仍流通非欧元货币的国家。另外,列支敦士登旺盛的经济活动带给该国平均每人50,000美元的国民生产毛额,名列全世界第一,这种均富的状态间接也造就了该国极高的生活水平以及几乎可以忽略的犯罪率。 2008年列支敦士登税收丑闻是发生在许多国家的一系列调查事件,这一事件也被看作其他国家对列支敦士登试图施加压力,因为该国和安道尔、摩纳哥一起被经济合作与发展组织于2007年认定为不合作的避税天堂。2008年8月11日,英国政府和列支敦士登政府签署了一份金融信息互换合作协议,列支敦士登政府将与英国内政部税收机构交换英国公民在列支敦士登境内银行的账户信息,以帮助英国政府追讨国民利用海外银行所逃的税款。 工业 工业发达,主要有金属加工、机械、仪表制造、陶瓷、化工、医药、电子、纺织和食品加工等。真空镀膜产品、用于造船工业和建筑业的射钉枪、钻孔机以及假牙产品享有国际声誉。工业产品质量高,有竞争力,主要向欧美国家出口。全国有工业企业602家,从业人员13242人,占总从业人口的44%。 农业 可耕地面积55平方公里。农业人口381人,占总从业人口的1.3%。以种植土豆、玉米、葡萄为主。所产牛奶的三分之二供出口。 服务业 主要包括旅游业、金融和保险业。从业人员16547人,占总人口的54.8%。 旅游业 地处欧洲南北交通要道,绮丽的自然风光,“袖珍国家”所独有的魅力以及王室藏画展和高山滑雪场等为发展旅游业创造了有利条件。2006年,共有44家旅馆,4292张床位,旅馆过夜人次118143人。 税收 列支敦士登政府对个人和商业所得及财产(财富)征税。个人所得税的基本税率是1.2%,在与社区(communes)征收的额外所得税合并之后,总共所得税率为17.82%。此外还有全国每个雇员都要缴纳的4.3%所得税用于全国社会保险计划,如果是自雇人员则这项税率最高可达11%,因此最终缴纳的所得税最高可达29%。雇员所得税缴交是有其雇主每月直接代扣。

Vaduz Castle As a result of Liechtenstein is small, the external influence from other countries on the great impact of liechtenstein. Liechtenstein was too Mini state, unable to produce its own cultural characteristics in the territory, the most famous monuments of Vaduz castle, and inside the museum display, is rich of the royal family has long been collected from the Royal collection. All kinds of cultural activities are very prosperous here. The Principality of Liechtenstein Historical Association, has the very high importance in the preservation of the culture and history of the country. Liechtenstein National Art Museum is located in Vaduz City, for the appearance of black cube is very eye-catching, the museum in Vaduz and the world of modern and contemporary art, and the royal art collection of liechtenstein. Sports The new stadium grandstand Liechtenstein Eschen-Mauren Because of their non League football team participation, Liechtenstein is the Swiss Football league. Liechtenstein cup has a team places to participate in the UEFA Cup in the Swiss Challenge League (; second level of Swiss Football) game of the Vaduz team (FC Vaduz), is one of the most successful club team of the tournament, won by the team's most successful record in the 1996 European Cup Winners' cup. As a is located in the alpine region of the country, the main winter sport in Liechtenstein is competitive Alpine skiing is (downhill skiing): the only place in the country skiing is Ma bu (Malbun). Hanni Wenzel (Hanni Wenzel) was in 1980 in American quiet lake (Lake Placid) at the Winter Games in one person won two gold and one silver, she is the 1976 Winter Olympics in alpine skiing woman rotary bronze medalist. Liechtenstein won a total of 9 medals (both alpine skiing project), making the country the world "per capita" won the most Olympic medals national [citation needed]. The country is also the history of the Olympic Games (including the winter and summer Olympic Games) area had winning records of the national minimum in. Other famous Liechtenstein skiing athletes including Marco B ü Chel, Willi Frommelt, Paul Frommelt and Ursula Konzett. Liechtenstein is considered by Vaduz to host the 2018 Olympic Winter Games and the 2022 Olympic Winter games. Folk music of the national interest In addition to a small number of Muslim population, Rome mostly catholics. On Sunday, China is full of festive atmosphere, both rural and urban areas, or mountain people, all dressed in their holiday clean clothes, a lot of women to wear traditional embroidery apparel. On the way to the church, women and children, in the holy land, the holy or cross place, offer a bouquet of flowers. Typical Liechtenstein, is a two left moustache weighs the farmer, whiskers above is wrinkled face and blue eyes, a match type pipe in mouth of a crank. Their interest is old-fashioned entertainment, is the family and neighbors together, eat, drink and sing folk songs. The people here are fond of music, almost every country has its own community, gather once a week to sing folk songs. Almost every village has a small orchestra, or a brass band. Clothing Liechtenstein's appearance and habits and customs and the neighbouring Switzerland or Austria Tyrolean mountaineer not much difference between. The man with fine wool hat, jacket and pants, women love to wear a deep wrinkle style dress, wearing a hat is very chic. Taboo and etiquette The country's Catholic keep canon. In the international arena handshake line, using the general appellation, known men "Sir", "madam," said the lady "Miss" Ms. "" Diet Switzerland small Hot pot (Fondue) Switzerland small Hot pot (Fondue) and Raclette - is a cheese (cheese) made of food. The different flavors of cheese such as Emmental (Emmerntal), Appenzell (Appenzell), and ha (Jura) and mint cream into the pot heated to melt and then add liquor boils together. Eat is a small piece of bread in a special fork and then the bread immersed in melted cheese after eating. Sausage (Sausages) and Roesti - potato mash after cooked with beef sausage. Buendnerfleisch - dried beef as lattice song (Grisons) specialty. Fondue Bourguignonne - the so-called meat Hot pot (Meat Fondue). Boil the oil, beef into the pot fried and then with seasoning sauce different. Emince de Veau - a mushroom, cream and white boiled sauce on slices of veal. Create the right ambience (meaning: 'to create a good atmosphere') liechtensteiner not just like Food, they also like the table layout is very good-looking. Zopf (Bread) (bread) there are many kinds of bread in liechtenstein. But Zopf is a special kind of bread, specially on Sunday while eating breakfast. Wurstsalat (Sausage Salad) (sausage salad) it is hot in summer a good dish, it is usually the bread to eat together with Iced Tea or beer.

列支敦士登Triesenberg的圣约瑟教区教堂 列支敦士登是欧洲地区总人口第四少的国家,排在梵蒂冈、摩纳哥与圣马力诺之后。在境内约有三分之一的居民是外国国籍,主要是德国、奥地利,还有瑞士。本国人口的种族分布非常单纯,有86%是属于日耳曼民族分支的阿勒曼尼人,意大利人与土耳其人则是余下少数民族里面较具有指标意义的大宗。据政府统治当地有58名(2006年)华裔公民在当地生活。 列支敦士登人的平均预期寿命为79.68年(男性为76.1岁,女性为83.28岁)。根据最近的预计表明婴儿死亡率千分之4.64。教育在该国非常普及,超过十岁以上的人口里面识字率是100%。由经合组织运作的国际中学生能力评估项目将列支敦士登的教育列为世界上第十名,远高于经合组织成员国的平均水平。 语言上,虽然德语是列支敦士登的官方语言,但大部分的居民却都是使用属于德语方言之一的阿勒曼尼语,其他日耳曼语或斯拉夫语或匈牙利语承认为正式少数民族语言。 信仰 列支敦士登Triesenberg的圣约瑟教区教堂列支敦士登主要信仰基督教,2000年的人口普查显示,其中大部分列支敦士登人主要是罗马天主教(78.4%),还包括少部分的新教徒(8.3%),其余的则包括伊斯兰教徒(4.8%),东正教(1.1%),犹太教(0.1%),其他教派者(0.4%)及无正式宗教信仰者(2.8%),此外还有4.1%的居民当局没有给出他们的宗教信仰。 列支敦士登的1921年宪法规定天主教为国教。但近年来天主教在该国的地位有所变化,在2007年6月21日首相Otmar Hasler告知国会一份关于政府和宗教社区之间建立新关系的临时宪法修正案正被起草中,这就使得当局必须就政教分离的问题与天主教会进行国家级层面的对话,而汉斯·亚当二世及王储阿洛伊斯王子均公开表示认同政教分离。但是该国天主教社区反对这项改变关系的建议,当地的新教团体则表示欢迎该法案。2008年6月列支敦士登政府发布正式公告,宣布新的教会-国家法改革项目将从6月11日启动预计在同年11月14日结束。

Liechtenstein education system Liechtenstein has very high average level of education, the language situation in German is the official language, education affairs mainly by the Education Bureau of the central. In 2003 the country's PISA (International plans to study basic ability that students), excellent rating of fifth in math, reading and science projects. There are two types of liberal arts school: type B from primary school to continue and, course focuses on language (German, Latin, English and French) and natural science. Type E is in grade eight junior high school, the study subjects focus for economic, legal and social science courses. Must accept the graduation exam before graduation (Maturarit ä T), by which can be used in Switzerland, Austria University of. As for the occupation training level, not just the binary system or occupation school full time, to carry out occupation training only enterprise training. Full time or non day vocational school can go to study abroad, but for students with special needs should also have set up factories (Besch ü tzende Werkstatt). In addition, if interested in professional training graduate university also can join the three years of university entrance examination for professional courses. The higher education, the country has no comprehensive university, most of the students were transferred to neighboring Austria, Switzerland and Germany at University, or turn directly to go overseas to study. But the territory mainly has three kinds of higher education choices, namely professional engineering, Hosei University of Liechtenstein socioeconomic Teaching Research Institute as well as the International School of philosophy graduate degree. In addition, adult Liechtenstein provide education is covered by general and professional courses. Religious education In the high school gymnasium (Oberstufe des Gymnasiuns), Realschule (Realschule), and high school (Oberschule) of the three program contains three types of religious curriculum: curriculum, curriculum, Catholic Christian religion and culture. Study and research Although most of the Liechtenstein students are to complete their studies in foreign countries, but in the country there are still some advanced higher education schools to attend, which included Liechtenstein Vin Lee high school, occupation training school, mainly provides the apprentice after graduation to school), and other institutions of higher education. However, there is no university level school in Liechtenstein, interested in the country's university students are required to complete their studies abroad way.



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