挪威今日气温查询韦尔达尔瑟拉,沃尔达,旺斯内斯,特隆赫姆,滕斯贝格,廷瑟,塔菲尤尔,斯克勒瓦,布伦讷于松等城市今日气温查询

挪威 挪威(Kongeriket Norge),全称挪威王国,意为“通住北方之路”。位于斯堪的纳维亚半岛西部,东与瑞典接壤,西邻大西洋。海岸线极其蜿蜒曲折,构成了挪威特有的峡湾景色。此外,挪威还与芬兰、俄罗斯接壤。挪威的领土还包括斯瓦尔巴群岛和扬马延岛,首都为奥斯陆。1905年6月7日,挪威宣布脱离瑞典和挪威联盟成为主权独立的国家。2009年10月,根据联合国开发计划署联合国发展指数排名,挪威荣登最适宜居住国家榜首。

挪威地图 环境气候 挪威面积为385,252平方公里(包括斯瓦尔巴群岛、扬马延岛等属地)。位于北欧斯堪的纳维亚半岛西部,东邻瑞典,东北与芬兰和俄罗斯接壤,南同丹麦隔海相望,西濒挪威海。海岸线长2.1万公里(包括峡湾),多天然良港。斯堪的纳维亚山脉纵贯全境,高原、山地、冰川约占全境2/3以上。南部小丘、湖泊、沼泽广布。大部分地区属温带海洋性气候。 挪威本土属亚寒带针叶林气候,斯瓦尔巴群岛、扬马延岛属苔原气候。首都年平均气温7℃,年降水量740毫米左右。在位于其西海岸的贝根,可欣赏到由百万年冰川地形变动而形成的峡湾景色,远眺群山环抱两岸风光美丽,令人目不暇给。 挪威地处偏北,其最南点(北纬约58度)比中国最北点(不到北纬54度)还要北。北极圈横穿挪威北部,北部一些城市到了6、7月份根本没有夜,可以看到午夜的太阳以及美丽的北极光。最北端的北角也是欧洲大陆的最北点。 行政区划 挪威全国设19个郡(fylke),下设433个自治市(kommune)。挪威19个郡分别为:  奥斯陆(Oslo)、阿克什胡斯(Akershus)、东福尔(?stfold)、海德马克(Hedmark)、奥普兰(Oppland)、布斯克吕(Buskerud)、西福尔(Vestfold)、泰勒马克(Telemark)、东阿格德尔(Aust-Agder)、西阿格德尔(Vest-Agder)、罗加兰(Rogaland)、霍达兰(Hordaland)、松恩-菲尤拉讷(Sogn og Fjordane)、默勒-鲁姆斯达尔(M?re og Romsdal)、南特伦德拉格(S?r-Tr?ndelag)、北特伦德拉格(Nord-Tr?ndelag)、诺尔兰(Nordland)、特罗姆斯(Troms)、芬马克(Finnmark)。 主要城镇 奥斯陆:挪威首都奥斯陆是北方之路上的都城,欧洲北部城市,位于挪威东南部,是挪威的首都和最大城市。人口约56万(2008年统计),占挪威总人口的11.8%。1952年在奥斯陆曾经举办过冬季奥运会。1993年5月,在美国的主导下,以色列和巴勒斯坦在这里签订了著名的奥斯陆协议。另外,奥斯陆也是诺贝尔和平奖的颁奖地,每年的颁奖仪式在奥斯陆市政厅举行。 提起奥斯陆和名胜,最著名的要算是维吉兰雕塑公园了。它是以弗洛格纳公园的绿地、湖泊为自然背景,由挪威著名雕塑家古斯塔夫·维吉兰用40年时间精心设计建造的,整个公园以人生为主题,用铸铁、铜和花岗岩三种材料雕成500多座雕像。公园中最有名的雕像是“生气的男孩”、“人生喷泉”和“生命之柱”。  罗弗敦群岛:罗弗敦在挪威语中是“山猫脚”的意思,同时也暗指其领海拔地而起的一列险峻的岛屿——“罗弗敦之墙”。这堵“罗弗敦之墙”在西部峡湾与北海之间形成了一道长达160公里的屏障。罗弗敦群岛是挪威诺尔兰郡下辖的一个群岛,位于北极圈内,总面积1,227平方公里,人口约24,500人。

Norway

挪威经济是市场自由化和政府宏观调控成功结合的范例。政府控制主要的经济领域,例如石油工业。挪威的自然资源十分丰富,其主要表现在石油、水利、渔业、森林和矿产等方面,其中挪威经济很大程度上依赖石油产业及国际油价,例如1999年,挪威的石油及天然气占其出口总额的35%,作为非石油输出国组织的成员,挪威的石油输出仅次于沙特阿拉伯和俄罗斯。 挪威国内先后两次投票表决是否加入欧盟,都未能在议会中通过。主要是挪威担心加入欧盟后会对本国农业带来巨大的冲击。但是,挪威属于欧洲贸易自由圈,所以在很多程度上,挪威经济和欧盟紧密相关。 尽管挪威连续6年(2001—2006)被联合国评为最适宜居住的国家,挪威人仍然担心在未来的20年里,当石油和天然气开始耗尽时,其生活水平会开始下降。所以挪威建立了国家石油基金,将石油产业的利润用于海外投资。截至2007年11月,国家石油基金已有3800亿美元。国家石油基金有效的避免了经济过热问题,这对于像挪威这样的小国家是十分重要的。 经济团体和大公司 挪威工商联合会(NHO):1989年1月成立,由雇主协会、工业协会和手工业协会合并组成,是挪最大的企业家组织,成员包括全国1万多个企业。 挪威国家石油海德鲁公司(StatoilHydro):原挪威国家石油公司。1972年成立,挪最大石油公司,北海最大原油生产商和西欧最大原油销售商。2006年底,挪国家石油公司和海德鲁公司油气部合并。新公司更名为挪威国家石油海德鲁公司,现拥有3.1万名职工。  挪威海德鲁公司(Norsk Hydro A.S.):创建于1905年,现为挪最大的工业公司,51%的股本为挪威政府所有。主要经营石油天然气、化工、轻金属、化肥、食品、医药等。 资源:油气、水力、森林、渔业资源丰富。20世纪70年代兴起的近海石油工业成为国民经济重要支柱,挪现为西欧最大产油国、世界第三大石油出口国。截至2007年底,原油及天然气已探明总储量为130亿标准立方米(石油当量),已开采35%。水力资源丰富,北部沿海是世界著名渔场。 挪威大力开发风能资源。 工业:工业在国民经济中占重要地位,海洋石油、化工、航运、水电、冶金等尤为发达。  农林渔业 可耕地面积1030万公顷,其中牧草地660万公顷。副食基本自给,粮食主要靠进口。森林覆盖率占国土面积的38%,木材可采伐量为7.48亿立方米,年采伐量820万立方米,林业产值约占GDP1%。渔业是重要的传统经济部门。挪养殖业发达,以人工养殖大马哈鱼和近海捕捞为主,主要捕捞鱼种是鳕鱼、鲱鱼、鲐鱼、毛鳞鱼等。鱼产品一半以上供出口。  服务业 包括商业、旅游、运输、通讯、金融保险、房地产、建筑、公共服务等,2006年产值占国内生产总值的51.7%,从业人数约占总劳力的82.4%。  主要银行 挪威中央银行(Norges Bank);国家住房银行、渔业银行、农业银行等国家专业银行;挪威银行(DnB)、诺迪亚(Nordea)等商业银行。  对外贸易 主张自由贸易。主要出口石油、天然气、有色金属、各类机械、鱼产品、化工产品。主要进口机械、电器设备、运输工具、石油制品、纺织品、食品。  对外投资 2008年,挪威在国外的直接投资总额约9500亿挪威克朗,主要在周围邻国、西欧和北美,以及亚太地区。投资集中在工业和金融业。  对外援助 主要受援国有阿富汗、坦桑尼亚、莫桑比克、乌干达、埃塞俄比亚等。外援中双边与多边项目约各占一半。多边援助中一半以上通过联合国机构实施。  外国资本 2008年外国在挪投资总额约3800亿挪威克朗。主要投资国有瑞典、美国、英国、德国等。投资集中在工业和商业。 

Press and publication Norway 1999 National Journal published a variety of 65, average daily circulation of 2290000 copies. Otherwise the other about 110 kinds of newspapers and periodicals. The main newspaper "Evening Post", "the road of the world newspaper", "Daily", "Bergen times", of which the largest circulation "the road of the world newspaper". Norway National Broadcasting Co (NRK) was established in 1933, consists of radio and television in two parts, under the Ministry of culture. Norway News Agency (NTB) was founded in September 1, 1897, is the only Norway news agency, headquartered in Norway, capital of Oslo, belongs to the Norway newspaper Joint Stock Company properties. The highest decision-making body is the newspaper Congress and its standing committee. The manager and the editor in chief is appointed by the board, the daily work of leadership. Norwegian news agency economic dependence on the 115 newspapers to dispatch and picture subscription. Norwegian news agency no branch in China, only the two largest city in Bergen and Troon, sent a resident journalist. The news is from all over the newspapers designated clerk. Norwegian news agency reported group in Parliament secondary school. International news mainly rely on Forwarding Reuters, UPI Agence France-Presse and Nordic countries news agency telecommunications. Norwegian news agency and the German news agency Itar Tass News Agency and many will have switched telecommunications contract, maintain close cooperation with the Nordic countries newswires, with them in Beijing, Washington, Moscow and Bonn combined with permanent press. Sometimes, also jointly sent to foreign journalists. Norwegian news agency Xinhua news agency in 1974 and had to exchange news exchange. Language Norway's official language of Norway, including two writing modes: the standard language of Norway and new Norway. Two models are applied to the writing of official documents, schools and public places, but the relative number of Norway, using standard language more, accounting for 85 of the population - 90%. Norway language belonging to the North Germanic branch, the written text and Danish, Swedish very close. The main reason is the history of Norway and Denmark, Norway and Sweden have league history, so the language of Norway and Norway pronunciation and the two are very close to the. In any of the three languages as native speakers, can and other two kinds of users of the language communication, but for most foreigners, if you want to communicate through the learning of a language with the people in three countries, special training is a must. Another ethnic Sami people, the use of the Sami language, which belongs to the Finland - Ugric languages. Norway's main second foreign language is English, and at the same time, Norway students also need to take another foreign language, mainly in German, French and spanish. At the Norway school, foreign immigrants to Norway as a second foreign language, so as to reduce the difficulty of the examination in Norway. On the other hand, the government of Norway to encourage immigrants to learn the language of Norway, so most migrants can get Norway language education free of charge, even from the beginning of September 1, 2005, all immigrants must before applying for permanent residence three years, the completion of the Norway language education in 300 hours, otherwise will not be able to obtain long-term residency. Custom Dressed in ancient costumes of women in Norway. Norway's main religion is Christianity, most Norway people were baptized at birth, adult ceremony held in the church at 15 years of age ceremony, held in the church wedding wedding. At the same time, Norway also has the world occupies a large proportion of the population of atheism organization. Because Christianity has far-reaching influence in Norway, so many members atheist organization influenced by family was baptized and adult ceremony, only in the adult changed view on religion and join the atheist organizations, members of the organization will choose in the municipal government hall (Norway: Tinghus) wedding. In marriage, Norway has a more liberal policy, marriage, cohabitation and gay couples are subject to legal support, tax, the relationship between the three can enjoy the government to take care of the family. In 2007, the government of Norway to discuss whether to allow gay family legal adoption, the consensus is that by chance. Until June 11, 2008, the parliament of Norway through the "marriage law", Norway has become a global sixth allow same-sex marriages registered in the state, the new marriage law came into effect in early 2009. The new marriage Falieming same-sex couples are entitled to the right of a mate, including in the church, to adopt a child and even artificial insemination. Immigration policy, legal evidence of cohabitation and marriage relationship, can apply for family reunion migrants. But if the man is the people of Norway, and the woman is not, non marital children cannot acquire the nationality of Norway, that is to say the child with the mother's nationality. At the same time, in Norway, a divorce must be after a year of separation period, after the expiration of the period before they can apply for a divorce. Diet Norway's vast land has 1/3 located within the Arctic Circle, so there is plenty of also can provide heat diet, they formed the daily life of the catering mode. The breakfast is large, cheese, smoked salmon, egg, cereal, bread, Coffee, Black Tea, lunch is not used much, dinner can enjoy barbecue reindeer or Thunderbird, but the famous Viking restaurant is a cold based meals, are interested can try. Norway people love to drink beer, Wine and whisky, but very high price. Ceremony Norway people very like a handshake. No matter when, when strangers meet, always shake hands and say the name. Similarly, when met not familiar with people, you have to shake hands in greeting and said goodbye.

挪威克朗 挪威幼稚园接收8个月到5岁的小孩。幼稚园分公立和私立两种,费用从每月2000克朗到8000克朗不等。年满1岁,但没有上幼稚园的小孩,会得到政府补助,每月3300克朗左右。6 岁的小孩(在入学年,已经或将要6岁的小孩)在秋季开始上小学。 挪威小学为7年制,初中3年。高中为3年,分学术高中和职业高中。申请大学需要学术高中毕业,职业高中毕业的学生需要额外的考试,成绩合格方可申请大学教育。挪威大学本科3年,硕士2年,博士3年到4年。小学完全免费,中学没有学费,但是书费自理。公立大学要交注册费,每学期500克朗左右,书费自理。私立大学的学费不等,例如BI的学费为每年62000多克朗。 科研 2007年用于科研发展的支出约3740亿挪威克朗,相当于国内生产总值的1.6%。科研经费40%以上由政府提供,其余由科研单位自筹。主要研究机构为“挪威科研理事会”,下设六个部门,分别负责工业和能源、生物生产和改良、环境与发展、文化和社会、自然科学和技术方面的研究工作。

Norway legend cruise Steamboat The public transportation in Norway is very convenient bus, train and ferry trips each other closely. "NSB Togruter" can be obtained free of charge in the train station, detailed the train timetable and the bus interchange information, very useful. The departure time of ship and the bus will change due to seasonal and holiday (such as Saturday's transportation trips less) so you can travel to the service around for the latest timetable. Cargo 25 years of age or over the age of 67 passengers can buy tickets, and airlines often have discount war. Scandinavian Airlines also sold foreign visitors 80 to $110 of votes in advance, and can be used for the Scandinavian Peninsula office two fixed-point (including Norway city) the company's direct route. The company has "cloth Larsen Norway tourism ticket". Taking Trondheim Norway district boundaries of the big two, the district served as route two fixed-point only about $85. Widrow Airlines launched 410 kroner summer season (June - August), please contact Weide aviation. The bus system Norway has a bus system lead in all directions, long-distance bus quite comfortable to sit, the distance is the fare, average every 100 kilometers 112 kroner. The bus company has preferential discount many students, elderly and family, 25% off to half price ticket, remember to ask. The railway system In Norway, you can choose to associate the four Nordic countries train tickets, buy ten days a month choose the most appropriate ticket. Another option is to buy tickets Norway railway, can be unlimited, distance in a particular period of time to train travel to Norway, are also available for purchase in the entry. Car rental Norway car company - Europcar The major car rental companies (such as Hertz, Avis, Europcar), at the airport and downtown are equipped with service, car rental costs but not bandits. If the scene in person to rent a car, a small car one day of 800 kroner (including value added tax and insurance fees), unlimited mileage. But the car rental company to attract tourists, sometimes will launch "hotel price" 600 kroner. Before the general arrived in Norway, by telephone or Internet booking car would be more cost-effective. Major car rental companies also have the weekend car rental, more economic. After noon Friday to pick up the car before ten a.m. on Monday, the car can be, remember to confirm the price if not limited to the number of kilometers worthwhile. The ship Large ferry and boat transport network, contact the town, Fiordland offshore islands and coastal city traffic. Norway legend cruise boat (Hurtigruten), a hundred years is the lifeline of the northern Linhai scattered small fishing village. Every night there are from Bergen drove north through the ship, docked 6 day voyage, 33 port, destination for Kirk Ness (Kirkenes), immediately after the back southbound.



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