荷兰今日气温查询瓦森纳,弗拉尔丁恩,蒂尔堡,斯塔茨卡纳尔,鹿特丹,新米利根,马斯特里赫特,莱利斯塔德,阿姆斯特丹等城市今日气温查询

风车和郁金香之国 荷兰,正式名称尼德兰(荷兰语:Nederland),位于欧洲西北部,濒临北海,与德国、比利时接壤。荷兰国土海拔很低,很多地方地势接近甚至低于海平面。它以海堤、风车和宽容的社会风气而闻名。荷兰首都:阿姆斯特丹。阿姆斯特丹是宪法确定的正式首都,然而,政府、女王的王宫和大多数使馆都位于海牙。此外,国际法庭也设在海牙。1940年5月14日,荷兰向纳粹德国宣布投降。1944年9月17日,西线盟军发起解放荷兰地区的“市场-花园”行动,这也是历史上最大规模的空降作战行动。

荷兰国旗呈长方形。 长宽之比为3:2。  旗面自上而下由红、白、蓝三个平行相等的横长方形组成。 蓝色代表海洋,象征人民的幸福;白色象征自由、平等、民主,还代表人民纯朴的性格特征;红色代表革命胜利。 1568年荷兰在奥兰治亲王的领导下,爆发了反对西班牙殖民统治的解放战争,当时的国旗由橙、白、蓝三色组成。17世纪,为了在战斗中和海上航行易于辨认,同时由于贵族对奥兰治王室的反抗情绪(奥兰治是英文Orange的译音,意为橙色,也是荷兰亲王之名),用红色代替了橙色。1937年,国旗红、白、蓝三色的排列作了正式规定,1949年又把国旗的深蓝色部分换成蔚蓝色,并予以确认。

"Golden age" of the Dutch colonial diagram. The Dutch East India Co management shallow green area; deep green area for the Dutch West India Co control in the era of ancient Rome, Rhine Henan area belongs to the "Belgian Gaul" province ", after the attribution of germania". The northern area is home to many Germanic tribes, the south is the Gauls, and these Gauls in the migration period also incorporates many of the Germanic tribes, and Lyn Franks migrated to Gaul from here, and in fifth Century established a powerful Merovingian dynasty. The middle ages, the low countries (Belgium, Holland about now, parts of the western parts of northern Germany and France) there are many feudal feudal, belonging to the Duchy of Burgundy and the Holy Rome empire. At the beginning of the sixteenth Century, because marriage complex Royal, they are unified under the Habsburg holy Rome empire. In 1556, Emperor Carle V (1519 - 1556) to abdicate, Spain and northern province to Philip II of his son, the other areas such as Austria and the Habsburg dynasty orthodox to his brother ferdinand. Thus, the northern province of the kingdom of spain. In 1568, rebelled against the king of Spain's centralization and the Protestant Calvin sent persecution broke out against Spain, northern province of the eighty years war. In 1579 the northern province in seven province (now Holland, Belgium and Luxemburg area) the establishment of the Utrecht Union, common against Spanish rule. This is considered the beginning of modern Holland. In 1581 the Federation officially declared independence. The war continued until 1648, King Philip IV of Spain to sign the "Muenster treaty", acknowledged that the seven lowland (Netherlands) / United Republic of seven provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden/Provinci ë n), after gaining independence from Spain in seventeenth Century, Holland become the seafaring and trade power. Holland established colonies and trading position in the world. The period known as the "golden age in Holland". In 1815 by the Napoleon rule in France after the end of the occupation, and now Holland Belgium, Luxemburg into the kingdom of Holland (Het Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). Belgium soon after independence in 1830, Luxemburg followed suit. In nineteenth Century, Holland relative to its neighbors is relatively backward. Holland remained neutral during the first world war. Holland in World War II in 1940 May was occupied by Germany until the liberation in 1945 was. After the war, Holland economic prosperity development. Holland (Belgium) than he (LAN) Lu (Luxembourg) Economic Union (Benelux), member of the European Economic Community and nato. In December 15, 1954, Holland through the "Kingdom of Holland" (Het Statuut), the former colonies and territories of Holland and Holland enjoy equal status in the local king. Since then, the kingdom of Holland refers to by the Holland native and former colonial part of the Kingdom, and the "Holland" refers to the continent of Holland. The kingdom of Holland consists of three parts, respectively is the continental Holland, Netherlands Antilles and aruba. In November 22, 2006, Holland held a parliamentary election in the hospital. In the 150 seats in Holland, the Christian Democratic Alliance won 41 seats, Holland Labour Party won 32 seats, 26 seats in the people's Democratic Party, the Liberal Party won 22 seats. In February 22, 2007, a new session of the conference of ministers was sworn in, the Christian Democratic Union, the Labour Party and the Christian Coalition consisting of 3 party, tender Jan Peter Bahrke de as prime minister.

环境气候平坦是荷兰地形最突出的特点。其国土面积的一半海拔低于1米,很多地方甚至低于海平面。部分地区甚至是由围海造地形成的,比如弗莱福兰省的大部分地区。这些低地都修建了海堤来保护。而荷兰人世代与海争地,在荷兰人眼中最大的敌人是海洋。荷兰的最高点是位于国家最东南角的Vaalserberg,海拔321米。莱茵河、瓦尔河(Waal)和马士河(英语:Meuse River;荷兰语、德语:Maas)将荷兰一分为二。盛行来自亚速尔高压的西南风,属温带海洋性气候,冬暖夏凉。人口荷兰是世界上人口密度最高的国家之一。它的人口密度超过400人/平方公里。全国人口总数1635.7万人(2007年6月),90%以上为荷兰族,此外还有弗里斯族。官方语言为荷兰语,弗里斯兰省讲弗里斯语。居民31%信奉天主教,21%信奉基督教。 在荷兰居住着多个种族的人群。尽管如此,纯正荷兰血统的居民仍占总人口的大多数。 80.9% 荷兰人  2.4% 印度尼西亚人  2.4% 德国人  2.2% 土耳其人  2.0% 苏里南人  1.9% 摩洛哥人  0.8% 荷属安第列斯人和阿鲁巴人  6.0% 其他种族  主要城市除了阿姆斯特丹和鹿特丹外,荷兰罕有达到国际标准的大都市,但是为数众多的中等规模城镇却是荷兰高度城市化的明证。 荷兰十大城市 荷兰人口最多的十个城市及其人口数目:阿姆斯特丹 744,740  鹿特丹 581,615  海牙 474,245  乌特勒支 294,742  埃因霍温 209,601  蒂尔堡 200,975  阿尔梅雷 183,738  格罗宁根 180,824  布雷达 170,451  奈梅亨 160,732  行政区划荷兰省份区划示意图星号处是首都阿姆斯特丹荷兰分为12个行政区域,称为省(provincies): 1.格罗宁根省(Groningen)—东北部 2.弗里斯兰省(Friesland)—北部 3.德伦特省(Drenthe)—东北部,格罗宁根之南 4.欧弗艾塞尔省(Overijssel)—东部,德伦特之南 5.弗雷佛兰省(Flevoland)—中部,IJsselmeer 6.格尔德兰省(Gelderland)—东部,上艾瑟尔之南 7.乌特勒支省(Utrecht)—中部 8.北荷兰省(Noord Holland) - 西北部 9.南荷兰省(Zuid Holland) - 中部偏西 10.泽兰省(Zeeland) - 西南部 11.北布拉邦省(Noord Brabant) - 南部 12.林堡省(Limburg) - 东南部,延伸到比利时。省下一级设市(gemeenten),共489个。 加勒比海中的一些岛屿是荷兰的附属地。它们包括荷属安的列斯群岛(包括五个岛屿)和阿鲁巴岛(曾属于安的列斯群岛)

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         荷兰银行荷兰有着繁荣和开放的经济。自二十世纪八十年代以来,政府逐步减少了对经济的控制。主要的工业包括食品加工、化工、炼油、电气和机械制造。在农业方面,荷兰的农业实现了高度机械化。从事农业的人口不到总人口的4%,产出却可供食品加工和大量出口。荷兰的农业出口额排在美国和法国之后列世界第三位。其中园艺在荷兰已经专业化,每年有不少的花卉、种子、树苗及球茎行销到世界各地。荷兰的畜牧业也是世界有名的,主要采取圈牧的方式来豢养牲畜,出产大量的奶酪制品,所以纯种的乳牛和木屐成了代表荷兰的传统标志。在石油工业方面,荷兰原本只有煤和盐两种矿产,自从二次世界大战之后,在北海发现石油后,就带动了整个荷兰炼油业及石油化学工业的发展,到了1960年代以后又发现了天然气更把整个荷兰的石化工业带入高峰,世界知名的荷兰皇家壳牌集团就是其中的代表。作为欧元的发起国,荷兰自1999年1月1日开始,以欧元替换荷兰盾,并于2002年1月1日起正式使用欧元硬币和纸币。附:世界500强中的荷兰公司:公司名称排名荷兰皇家壳牌集团 荷/英3ING集团13荷兰银行(ABN-AMRO Bank)67皇家阿霍德集团 (Royal Ahold Group)104联合利华 荷/英120荷兰全球人寿保险集团(AEGON保险集团)133荷兰皇家飞利浦电子公司161荷兰合作银行(Rabobank)175GasTerra能源公司300SHV 控股公司397TNT 荷兰邮政420阿克苏诺贝尔公司424皇家KPN电信公司494根据《财富》杂志2007年度排名

Holland as a neutral country before the Second World War, after the war to join NATO, NATO's collective defense policies and as the basis for national defense policy. As supreme commander of the armed forces of the queen, the actual command in the hands of the cabinet. National Defense Commission is charged the highest security decision-making mechanism, the prime minister is the chairman of the committee. The current defense minister deGraaf, the chief of the Defence Staff Admiral Vanden Bremond. He armed forces have to defend the Netherlands Antilles security obligations. Since January 1, 1997 the full occupation troops, the army with the volunteer recruitment contract form. In 1999 the army 75000, 24900 army, Navy, air force 13300 people, 11700 people, 4900 military police, civilian 20000 people. Lotus in the Netherlands Antilles Curacao has built a naval base, 400 troops. He has 4000 people to participate in UN peacekeeping troops and other military operations.



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