白俄罗斯今日气温查询维捷布斯克,平斯克,奥尔沙,明斯克,莫吉廖夫,利普,林图皮,利达,巴拉诺维奇等城市今日气温查询

白俄罗斯是位于欧洲东欧平原的内陆国家,首都明斯克。原苏联加盟共和国,1991年8月25日独立,1991年12月19日改为“白俄罗斯共和国”,简称“白俄罗斯”、“白俄”,旧译“别洛露西亚”,自称“别拉罗斯”。白国东部、北部与俄罗斯联邦为邻,南部与乌克兰接壤,西部同波兰、立陶宛和拉脱维亚毗邻,国土面积207,600平方公里,人口989.86万人(2003年1月)。

白俄罗斯全称"白俄罗斯共和国",位于东欧平原,在原苏联欧洲部分西部。国名源于 民族 名。14世纪始见史籍。其名称由来,一说作为斯拉夫族东支的白俄罗斯人,比俄罗斯 人、乌 克兰人保留更纯的古斯拉夫人的血统和特点,故白俄罗斯可释为"纯的罗斯人"。 一说古代 该民族喜穿漂白的亚麻布服装和用白布绑腿,故而得名。一说白俄罗斯人是从鞑 靼人的统 治 下解放出来的,白寓有自由或解放的意思。

The history of Belarus is a branch of East slavs. At the end of the ninth Century AD and now the Russians and Ukraine natives into Kiev Ross, established the Polotsk, Rove, Pinsk feudal principality. From 13 to fourteenth Century, the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Since 1569, under the Poland kingdom of Lithuania. At the end of eighteenth Century into the tsarist russia. In 1917 November the establishment of the Soviet regime. At the beginning of twentieth Century, capitalism began to develop. In 1918, February to November, most of Belarus was occupied by the germans. In January 1, 1919, the establishment of the Belarus Soviet Socialist republic. In December 3, 1922, as a founding member of the union. The 1941 Belarus was occupied by the German fascist army in 1944 June, the liberation of Belarus. From 1945 onwards, Belarus became one of the three members of the Soviet Union to join the United Nations organization. In July 27, 1990, the Supreme Soviet of Belarus through the "Declaration of sovereignty", August 25, 1991, Belarus declared its independence. In December 19, 1991, changing the country called the Republic of Belarus. In March 20, 2006, Belarus's Central Election Commission announced, Alexander Lukashenko held in the 19 presidential election, won by a landslide, third times elected to this position. Prime Minister Sidorsky, appointed in April 2006.

环境气候 白俄罗斯 白俄罗斯位于欧洲的中部,是一个内陆国家,与其接壤的国家有俄罗斯,拉脱维亚,波兰,立陶宛以及乌克兰。面积20.76万平方公里,南北相距560公里,东西相距650公里。白俄罗斯地处东欧平原,地势低平、多湿地,平均海拔高度160米,最高峰为Dzerzhinskaya山,海拔345米。大小河流2万多条,总长9.06万公里。主要河流有第聂伯河、普里皮亚季河、西德维纳河、涅曼河和索日河,其中6条河超过500公里。拥有总面积为2000平方公里的1万个湖泊,最大的纳拉奇湖面积为79.6平方公里,享有“万湖之国”美誉。另有130多个水库,水利资源丰富。气候属温带大陆性气候,较湿润,年降水量为550毫米~700毫米。1月平均气温-6℃,7月平均气温18℃。 人口 约975万。共有140多个民族,其中81%为白俄罗斯族,俄罗斯族占11%、波兰族占3.9%、乌克兰族占2.4%,犹太人占0.3%,其他民族占0.8%。官方语言为白俄罗斯语和俄语。居民多信仰东正教,西北部一些地区信奉天主教及东正教与天主教的合并教派。 首都 明斯克 (Minsk),人口171.3万(至2002年1月)。坐落在第聂伯河上游支流斯维斯洛奇河畔,这里是东西和南北运输干线的交汇点,也是重要的航空港。它历来是联系波罗的海沿岸、莫斯科、喀山等城市的贸易中心,素称“交易之镇”。现在,从莫斯科到华沙的国际公路就经过明斯克。它也是原苏联重要的工业中心之一,主要工业产品有重型车辆、电动机、轴承和机床等。 行政区划 全国划分为明斯克、布列斯特、维捷布斯克、戈梅利、格罗德诺、莫吉廖夫6个州和具有独立行政区地位的首都明斯克市,下设118个区、106个市、25个市辖区、106个镇、1456个村。

Lukashenka in March 15, 1994, the Supreme Soviet of Belarus adopted a new constitution, the provisions of the Belarus by the parliamentary state into a presidential republic. The president is head of state and law enforcement agencies, every 5 years by popular election, term of not more than two. The Supreme Soviet was the national legislature. In November 24, 1996, the Belarus referendum approved a new constitution, President Lukashenka put forward in November 27, 1996, the new constitution came into effect, it would give the President more power, and the provisions of the Belarus parliament by the unicameral system into a bicameral legislature, the parliament of Belarus said the national assembly, the Council of the Republic (upper house) of 64 members and a house of Representatives (the lower house) 110 representatives, elected every four years. A representative from the 110 district hospital are directly elected. Council of Ministers is the implementation of the Belarus authority. Dear President Alexander Grigorievich Lukashenko of Russia since July 10, 1994 years so far, has been American criticized as outposts of tyranny, along with North Korea, Cuba, Burma, Iran, Zimbabwe etc.. Belarus is the only European countries the death penalty. The judiciary A constitutional court, the Supreme Court, the supreme economic court and procuratorate. International Relations Premier Wen Jiabao an official visit to the country Adhere to comprehensive, focused, taking economic benefits as the center of a pragmatic foreign policy, opposition to NATO's eastward expansion. And China relationship Chinese relations between the two countries have been friendly and Belarus. Soon after Belarus declared its independence, China will admit. In January 20, 1992, Belarus ministerial conference chairman Kebich during his visit, the two countries signed a formal diplomatic agreement. Kebich is the first visit to the heads of government of the CIS countries. In 2005 December, President Lukashenka of Belarus to visit china. Relations with Russia By the end of 1999, the two countries signed a treaty of alliance of countries, the treaty came into force in 2000. According to the treaty, the two countries are still as a sovereign state, maintain their sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, on the basis of both jointly set up the Supreme Council has the property of super national organization, the Executive Committee and Union parliament organization, responsible for handling all issues related to the two countries to further cooperation in political, economic, social, military and scientific and cultural fields in the. In December 10, 2009, Russian President Vladimir Medvedev and President Lukashenka of Belarus signed a treaty to establish union 10 anniversary of the signing statement, emphasizing the priority direction of construction of the state of the union is to consolidate the economic foundation, on the basis of improving the political system construction. The relationship between the two countries and Russia and Kazakhstan Russia, white, ha three 2007 announced in October in Tajikistan's capital Dushanbe to establish a customs union within the framework of the Eurasian Economic community. All the details of the agreement in 2009 June on the establishment of a customs union. From January 1, 2010 onwards, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan launched three customs union operation mechanism, and began to operate in July 1st.

白俄罗斯士兵帮助居民收获白菜白俄罗斯工业基础较好,机械制造、电子、通信、仪器制造、冶金、石化、轻工和食品工业比较发达;在激光、核物理、核能、粉末冶金、光学、软件、微电子、纳米技术和生物技术方面具有较强的科研实力。农业和畜牧业较发达,马铃薯、甜菜和亚麻等产量在独联体国家中居于前列。白俄罗斯经济在独联体国家中率先恢复并超过前苏联时期的水平。2004年白俄罗斯国内生产总值为228.91亿美元,比1991年增长了17%,比经济复苏初期的1995年增长了77%。2005年,白俄罗斯国内生产总值同比增长9.2%,工业增长10.4%,农业增长2.1%。。 白俄罗斯拥有发达的公路和铁路交通网。其公路运输量居欧洲第4位,为45个国家提供公路过境运输服务。白俄罗斯还是俄罗斯通过管道向其他欧洲国家输送石油和天然气的重要途经地。俄罗斯每昼夜通过白俄罗斯领土向德国方向输送约1.5亿立方米天然气。 白俄罗斯同世界175个国家和地区开展贸易往来,其中同俄罗斯的贸易额占到贸易总额近一半。此外,白俄罗斯的主要贸易伙伴还有荷兰、德国、乌克兰、波兰、英国、中国、意大利、美国、立陶宛和法国。人民生活 2005年居民现金总收入175.85亿美元,同比增长16.1%。人均月工资约218.33美元,同比增长21.5%。2005年人均消费肉类61公斤、奶制品256公斤、鸡蛋267个、马铃薯179公斤,蔬菜和瓜类124公斤,糖37.4公斤,面包等面粉类食品95公斤。城乡居民均享有免费医疗、退休保障等权利。

Banknotes of Belarus Belarus education developed, the ordinary school implements twelve years of free compulsory education. Institutions of higher learning 4-5 academic years, free and pay two forms. The 2005 education spending accounted for the total national budget expenditure 2.08%. The existing 4128 pre-school education institutions (children in school about 90000 people), 4221 general secondary education institutions (around 1280000 students), 253 secondary schools, 55 universities (including the national colleges 43, non national higher institutions in 12). According to statistics, the current institution of common secondary education staff of 150000 people, about 140000 people including teachers in Colleges and universities; work of more than 2 people. A famous university: Belarus State University, founded in 1921, 14000 students, teachers 1610; Belarus State Technical University, founded in 1920, 21000 students, 1560 teachers; national Belarus Normal University, was founded in 1922, 14586 students, teachers 1038; Belarus State Economic University, founded in 1933, 15000 students, teachers 700 people; Belarus national Kasetsart University, founded in 1940, 9106 students, teachers 630; Minsk State Linguistic University, founded in 1948, 4500 students, 537 teachers.



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