特立尼达和多巴哥今日气温查询西班牙港,西班牙港等城市今日气温查询

特立尼达和多巴哥位于小安的列斯群岛的东南端,西南和西北与委内瑞拉隔海相望。属热带雨林气候。气温20-3 0℃。特立尼达岛原为印第安人阿拉瓦克族和加勒比族的居住地。1498年哥伦布经过该岛附近,宣布为西班牙所有。1781年被法国占领。1802年据《亚眠条约》划归英国。多巴哥岛历经西、荷、法、英多次争夺,1812年据《巴黎条约》沦为英国殖民地。1889年两岛成为一个统一的英殖民地。1962年8月31日独立。1976年8月1日改为共和国,仍是英联邦成员国。

特立尼达和多巴哥国徽  特立尼达和多巴哥共和国 (The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago)  独立日:1962年8月31日,国庆日:8月31日 。  特立尼达和多巴哥国徽 国旗:呈长方形,长与宽之比为5∶3。旗地为红色,一道从左上角斜贯至右下角的黑色宽带将红色旗面分成两个相等的直角三角形,黑色宽带两侧有两道细白边。红色代表国家和人民的生命力,还象征温暖和太阳的热能;黑色象征人民的力量和献身精神,也象征国家的统一和财富;白色象征国家的未来和海洋。两个三角形代表特立尼达岛和多巴哥岛。    国徽:中心图案为盾徽。盾面上部为黑地上两只蜂鸟,为该国国鸟,象征人民不畏强权、酷爱独立和自由的精神;下部为红地上三只帆船,代表1498年哥伦布抵达该岛国时的船队。盾徽上端为一顶头盔;头盔之上有一个舵轮和一棵棕榈树,象征该岛国海运业的重要性。盾徽左侧是一只朱鹭,鸟爪下为有三座山峰的山峦,象征特立尼达岛;右侧是一只火烈鸟,象征多巴哥岛。下端的绶带上用英文写着“我们共同追求, 我们共同获胜”。    首都:西班牙港(Port of Spain) ,人口49万(2007年),年平均气温25℃。    语言:英语为官方语言和通用语。 特立尼达和多巴哥共和国(台译千里达及托巴哥,华侨通称千里达;英语:Republic of Trinidad and Tobago)是一个位于中美洲加勒比海南部、紧邻于委内瑞拉外海的岛国。全国是由两个主要的大岛特立尼达岛与多巴哥岛,再加上21个较小岛屿组成,而全国大部分的人口,都是集中在特立尼达岛之上。在二战战后掀起了一股殖民地解放浪潮,其中加勒比海原属英国殖民地的诸多地区也在1958年时组成西印度群岛联邦(West Indies Federation)替独立作准备,特立尼达与多巴哥都是联邦的一部分,但此联邦在牙买加退出后遂告瓦解,特立尼达与多巴哥合组为一个国家,在1962 年独立建国,并在1976年成为大英国协的会员。    位于特立尼达岛西岸的海港城市西班牙港是该共和国的首都也是最大城市。该城目前也是美洲自由贸易区(Free Trade Area of the Americas,FTAA)常设代表处总部预定地的候选名单里,排名顺位最优先的城市,在中南美洲的经济圈里占有颇重要的地位。    特立尼达和多巴哥最主要的两个人口族群分别是印度裔特立尼达人与非裔特立尼达人,合占全国人口约79.8%的比例,其中前者是殖民时代由英国引进到此地工作的印度劳工之后裔,后者则是非洲来的奴隶后裔。英语是该国的官方语言,但民间最常使用的语言却是特立尼达英语与多巴哥英语(二者皆可视为是英语的方言,或一种克里奥英语,English Creole,也就是以英语为基础的混种语言),但由于特立尼达离南美大陆非常的近,为了与它的南美洲邻国进行良好的交流,西班牙文在近年来也受到该国政府的重视与推广。

Here was a British colony. 1945.6: County Council County councils was established, including: Caroni, Nariva, Caroni nariva Ma Yaluo Mayaro, St. Andrew, St.'s Davi D St., St. George St. David George, St.'s Patrick, Vitoria Victoria and Tobago Tobago. Arima borough of borough of Arima and port of Spain and San Fernando two cities of Port of Spain and San Fernando is an independent unit. National flag 1962.8.31: Trinidad and Tobago from the Commonwealth of independent. 1980: Tobago Parliament was established, to become the Tobago local government agencies. Tobago island's status to become the partition (ward, some counties in England and Scotland areas, generally with small administrative region, partition or old northern England corresponding). 1980.4.30: Fortin borough from Cape St. Patrick's county. 1990: local government departments, Tobago will be divided into 7 zones. 1991.10.1: chaguanas Chaguanas from the Caroni counties borough, become independent. 1992: local government reorganization, Trinidad island is changed to 9 area, Tobago island is divided into 2 zones.

自然环境 5128平方公里。位于小安的列斯群岛东南端,西南和西北与委内瑞拉隔海相望。由小安的列斯群岛中的特立尼达和多巴哥两个加勒比岛组成。特立尼达岛面积4827平方公里,多巴哥岛301平方公里。属热带雨林气候。气温20-30℃。 人口 128万。其中黑人占39.6%,印度裔人占40.3%,混血种人占18.4%,其余为欧洲人、华人和阿拉伯人后裔。官方语言和通用语为英语。居民中29.4%信奉天主教,10.9%信奉英国圣公会教,23.8%信奉印度教,5.8%信奉伊斯兰教。 首都 西班牙港(Port of Spain) ,人口42万,年平均气温25℃。 西班牙港举行狂欢节 西印度群岛中最南端特立尼达和多巴哥首都和主要港口。位于特立尼达岛西北海岸,西临帕里亚湾。人口约15万。原为印第安人村落,1774年成为特立尼达首府。全国政治、经济、文化中心。城市经济以多样化的工业为支柱。建有锯木厂、纺织厂和水果罐头厂等。生产石油产品、建筑材料、塑料、甜酒、啤酒、人造黄油、卷烟。当地特产安戈斯图拉苦味酒世界闻名。西印度群岛海空交通要站,国内公路、铁路的起点。港口条件优良,水深、隐蔽,远洋轮可直靠码头。全国全部进口贸易和部分出口贸易经由此港,并转运苏里南、圭亚那的铝土矿和委内瑞拉的铁矿砂。公路、铁路与全岛各地相通。市区东部的皮亚尔科机场是加勒比海地区的主要机场  。市内多历史性建筑、广场、公园及热带植物园。风景优美,是有名的旅游胜地。市内有繁华的商业区,分布有哥特式的圣三一大教堂、穆斯林清真寺、印度教堂和犹太寺庙,女王公园。市北的马拉加斯湾,沿岸沙滩细洁,是中美洲著名海水浴场。有女王皇家学院、法蒂马学院和圣玛丽学院。加勒比国家联盟 (Association of Caribbean States -- ACS) 总部设在西班牙港。 行政区划 全国分为8个郡、5个市和1个半自治行政区。8个郡为圣安德鲁、圣戴维、圣乔治、卡罗尼、纳里瓦、马亚罗、维多利亚和圣帕特里克。5个市为首都西班牙港、圣费尔南多、阿瑞玛、福廷角和恰瓜那斯。多巴哥岛为半自治行政区。  

Trinidad Island Indians of Arawa Croats and the Caribbean family residence. After 1498 Kolumb near the island, claimed the island for Spain. In 1781 by the French occupation. According to "1802" was placed under the British Treaty of amiens. The island of Tobago after the west, Dutch, English, law number for 1812, according to the "Paris treaty" became a British colony. In 1889 two the island became a unified British colonies. Internal self-government in 1956. 1958 to participate in the West India federal. The declaration of independence in August 31, 1962, as a member of the Commonwealth, the queen as head of state. The new constitution went into effect in August 1, 1976, the abolition of the monarchy, the restructuring of the Republic, still a member of the commonwealth.

总统是国家元首,由参、众两院议员组成的选举团选举产生,任期5年。全国至少每五年举行一次大选,政府由大选中获众议院多数席位的政党组成,对议会负责。议会是国家立法机构,由参、众两院组成,任期不超过5年,总理有权随时解散议会。   外交  奉行独立自主和不结盟的外交政策,维护民族独立和国家主权,坚持不干涉别国内政原则,反对殖民主义和种族主义,主张建立国际经济新秩序,发展平等互利的国际经济合作,积极推进加勒比一体化进程。在与西方保持密切关系的同时,强调加强与发展中国家的联系,特别是加强同加勒比及拉美国家的合作。重视与亚洲国家发展经贸关系。  与中国关系:1974年6月20日,特立尼达和多巴哥与中国建交。  同美国的关系  美国是特多第一大贸易伙伴,并在特多有大量投资。特多重视与美发展关系。1998年4月美国国务卿奥尔布赖特访问特多,双方就能源和环保问题签署了联合声明。8月潘迪总理亲自率团前往美国招商,两国同意加强在经贸、科技以及缉毒方面的合作。    同西方国家关系  特多注重保持与西欧和加拿大等国保持密切的政治和经济关系。积极参加英联邦会议,1998年1月第十四届英联邦议长会议在特多首都西班牙港举行,来自英、澳、加、印等43个国家的约200名代表出席,是历年来出席人数最多的一次。3月英国爱丁堡公爵菲利浦亲王访问特多。4月潘迪总理在出席于巴哈马首都拿骚举行的加勒比-加拿大首脑会议时与克雷蒂安总理进行了会谈。10月任命了驻德国的名誉领事。在美欧香蕉争端中,特多同其他加勒比国家一道站在欧盟一边。    同加勒比国家的关系  重视加勒比地区的团结与合作,是加勒比共同体和共同市场以及加勒比国家联盟的创始国之一,加国联总部设在特多首都西班牙港。积极推动成立加勒比法院和人权委员会,促进地区一体化进程。1999年7月第二十届加共体首脑会议在特多召开。2000年3月,在加共体首脑第11届中期会议上,特多参与首脑各国政府首脑职责分工,并负责安全(包括毒品和非法枪支)问题。    与拉美国家的关系  特多重视与拉美国家的关系。1998年1月潘迪总理对墨西哥进行正式访问,这是23年来特多总理第一次访墨,访问期间双方签署了科技合作、教育文化合作、打击非法毒品走私合作及两国外交部磋商四项协定。4月潘迪总理出席在智利首都圣地亚哥举行的第二届美洲国家首脑会议。8月潘迪总理前往委内瑞拉出席哥伦布到达美洲500周年的庆祝仪式。同月哥斯达黎加总统罗德里格斯对特多进行国事访问。    同亚非国家的关系  特多和印度来往较多,双方签有经贸科技协定和文化协定。随着亚太经济的迅猛发展,特多开始重视与这一地区的关系。特多注重发展同非洲国家的关系。4月宣布与马拉维建交。9月特多外长马拉吉出席在南非召开的加共体与南部非洲发展共同体对话会。 

Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago was an agricultural country, in the production of sugarcane and sugar. Beginning in twentieth Century 70 years after the oil production, speed up economic development. The oil industry has become the most important sector of the economy. Trinidad and Tobago resources mainly oil and natural gas. Trinidad and Tobago also has the world's largest natural asphalt lake. The lake area of about 47 hectares, estimated reserves of 12000000 tons. Industrial output value accounted for nearly 50% of gross domestic product. With oil, natural gas production and refining, followed by construction and manufacturing. The main production industry, iron and steel, chemical fertilizer, tobacco, food. Trinidad and Tobago is the world's largest exporter of ammonia fertilizer and methanol. Major agricultural planting sugar cane, Coffee, cocoa, citrus, coconut and rice. 75% of the food is imported. The national arable land is about 230000 hectares. Tourism is the third largest source of foreign exchange. In recent years, Trinidad and Tobago government to change the economy too much reliance on petroleum industry, vigorously develop the tourism industry. Trinidad and Tobago is an agricultural country, in the production of sugar cane and sugar. The beginning of the 70's oil production, speed up economic development. The oil industry is the most important sector of the economy, with an annual output of about 456610000 barrels of oil (1999), in recent years the output value accounted for about 25% of GDP, oil exports accounted for an average of 50% of the total export earnings, oil is the only English speaking Caribbean exporter. In 80, the international market oil prices dropped, Trinidad and Tobago economy suffered a serious blow, from 1980 to 1993, GDP fell by an annual average of 3.6%. The government immediately implemented economic diversification policy, encourage the development of export-oriented manufacturing and tourism, encourage foreign and private investment. In 1994, the economy began to grow. In 1995, the government introduced to encourage Foreign Company to participate in oil exploration policy, succeeded in reversing the trend of declining oil production. In recent years, the rapid development of petrochemical industry, becoming an important driving force for economic development. At the same time on the non oil sector economic growth momentum strong, manufacturing has been replaced by imports into export substitution, by an inward looking development strategy to the export-oriented development strategy. The construction industry, tourism and financial insurance industry also have a rapid growth. 99 years of the Pandey administration continue to adjust the industrial policy and economic structure, promote diversified economy, implementation of privatization policy, improve the domestic investment environment, increase the introduction of foreign capital, at the same time, continue to implement a stable macroeconomic policies, GDP growth, inflation fell, exchange rate stability slight, the unemployment rate dropped to the lowest point in 14 years come. Trinidad and Tobago with Canada, France, Britain, China American signed bilateral investment agreements, and Canada, Denmark, Germany, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, America country signed the agreement on the avoidance of double taxation. These agreements were signed with attract more foreign direct investment to Trinidad and tobago. Gross domestic product (1999): $6546000000. GDP per capita (1999): $5075. The growth rate of GDP (1999): 5.1%. Currency name: Trinidad and Tobago. 1 yuan = 100. Exchange rate: 1 US dollar = 6.30 yuan (1999 December). The rate of inflation (1999): 3.4%. The unemployment rate (1999): 13.1%. [resources] mainly oil and natural gas, as of early 1999, has proven reserves of 550000000 barrels and 30.7 respectively trillion cubic feet. Trinidad and Tobago is the world's largest producer of natural asphalt. The southern island of Trinidad natural asphalt Lake area of about 47 hectares, estimated reserves of 12000000 tons. Industrial output value accounted for nearly 50% of gross domestic product. The oil extraction and refining, followed by construction and manufacturing. The main production industry, iron and steel, chemical fertilizer, tobacco, food. Trinidad and Tobago ammonia fertilizer and methanol export ranks second in the world. Output of major industrial products are as follows: 1997



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