秘鲁今日气温查询尤里马瓜斯,维塔尔特,塔克纳,皮乌拉,普卡尔帕,莫克瓜,马图卡纳,利马,阿雷基帕等城市今日气温查询

秘鲁(西班牙语:Perú;克丘亚语、阿伊马拉语:Piruw),全称秘鲁共和国(西班牙语:República del Perú),是南美洲西部的一个国家,北邻厄瓜多尔和哥伦比亚,东与巴西和玻利维亚接壤,南接智利,西濒太平洋。

秘鲁国旗呈长方形,长宽之比为3:2。旗面自左至右由红白红三个竖长方形相连组成。白色长方形正中绘有国徽图案。白色象征自由,民主,和平,幸福;红色象征胜利,也表示人民对烈士的怀念。

The administrative division of Peru administrative region map of the country is divided into 24 provinces and 1 directly under the district (Callao District). Name the provinces are as follows: the Amazon Province, Ancash Apurimac Arequipa, province, province, Ayacucho Province, Cajamarca Province, Cuzco Province, Huancavelica Province, province, province, huonuco ICA Junin Province, La Libertad Province, the province of Lambayeque, Lima Province, Reto, Madeley Dedios, Luo Province, province, province Moquegua Pasco Piura Puno,, province, Saint Martin Province, Tacna Province, province, province Tumbes ucayali. Climate of Peru topography Peru area of 1285220 square kilometers, is located in western South America, Mexico is about 2/3 the size of. The north of Ecuador and Columbia, East and Brazil and Bolivia border, south of Chile, the west by the Pacific Ocean, 2254 km long coastline. The Andes runs through the north and the south, mountain area accounts for 1/3. The Andes Mountains north and south through the land, Peru is divided into three geographical regions: the coastal mountains west of the long and narrow plain, except seasonal river valley region of arid climate, tropical desert zone, climate is dry and mild, intermittent distribution of the plains, irrigation and agriculture is developed, city population concentration; plateau area of the Andes the Andean mountains, the main section, the average of about 4300 meters above sea level, the peak and Saerkan Pune mountain elevation 6000 meters in the above, Huascaran 6768 meters above sea level, the highest point Peru. The Amazon River birthplace, large temperature changes, annual precipitation is 200 - 1000 mm, is the new development of oil producing areas; the Eastern Amazon tropical rain forest, belonging to the Amazon River basin upstream, as Piedmont and alluvial plain, the high-temperature wet throughout the year, around the forest, with much land and few people, gas Abedi Plano plateau and the highest peak -- altitude 6768 meters of the card, are located in the area; the third area is accounted for 60% of national land area of the Amazon forest, area is the Amazon rain forest covers vast lowlands, is located in the mountains to the east. Western Peru is a tropical desert, steppe climate, dry and mild, the annual average temperature of 1232 ℃; middle temperature changes, the annual average temperature 1 - 14 ℃; the eastern tropical rain forest climate, annual average temperature 244 - 35 ℃. Central South more frequent earthquakes, volcano, southeast border with Bolivia, has one of the largest Lake Titicaca in South america. The North Central Coast and offshore reserves of oil. Off the coast of rich anchovy (Peru sardine), fishery resources, coastal islands area has a lot of guano. The capital of the average temperature of 15 ℃ - 25 ℃. The average annual rainfall less than 50 mm, the Middle East, less than 250 mm, 2000 mm. Forest area accounted for 51% of the territory area. Most of the territory of Peru river rises in the Andes, into one of the three major river basin. The rivers into the Pacific more intermittent, slope is higher, the shorter length; Amazon tributaries of the length is longer, the larger flow, slope decreased efflux plateau; into the Lake Titicaca river with short length, flow characteristics. The longest rivers in Peru, followed by the Ucayali River Maranon River, Putu Mayo Joki, yavari, huallaga River, Wu Luban Ba River, Mantaro River and the Amazon river. The Andes mountains are the source of many rivers in Peru and other tropical countries, the climate of Peru is not a single tropical Andes and Peru; cold so that all parts of the country have great differences in climate. Coastal zone, mild climate, humidity is high but low precipitation, but temperature and precipitation in the north are higher; plateau rainy summer, air temperature and humidity with height above sea level rise and decline; the Amazon forest is warm and rainy, but the southern tip of the winter cold, not all the four seasons precipitation. Because of the abundance of the geography and climate of Peru province high morphological, biological diversity: as of 2003, found that 21462 species of animal and plant in the country, 5855 of which are endemic species. The government of Peru established several national park conservation work. The population of the boys from Cuzco Peru 2007 population of about 28000000, is South America's more than fourth countries. From 1950 to 2000, the country's population growth rate has dropped from 2.6% to 1.6%; in 2050 estimated population will reach 42000000. As of 2005, 72.6% people in the city area, 27.4% living in the suburbs. The 1993 census population of more than 200000 of the city of Lima, Arequipa, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura, Iquitos, Chimbot, Cuzco and huancayo. Peru is a multi-ethnic country, in the past 5 centuries by different ethnic groups into. Indians in the Spanish colonial rule in Peru before the land inhabited for thousands of years, but because of infectious disease spread, their population from an estimated 1520 in about 9000000 to 600000 in 1620. During the influx of Spanish and African and colonial rule, mutual fusion and indigenous people. After the independence of Peru gradually from England, France and Germany, Italy and Spain to the European settlers. After the abolition of slavery, Chinese began to enter the country in the 1850's, and became influential groups. Other immigrants include Arabs and japanese. In 1993, the main language of Peru is Spanish first language 80.3% above 5 years old people in Peru. Some Indian dialect and common in some areas, of which the most important is the Quechua, 16.5% people as a first language. There were respectively 3% and 0.2% people in Peru and other foreign language as their first language. According to the 1993 census, 89% of the population refer to themselves as Catholics, 6.7% as evangelical theological belief, 2.6% for other religions, 1.4% have no religion. In 2005 the literacy rate was estimated to be 88.9%; the suburbs and the city the literacy rate is respectively 76.1% and 94.8%. Peru compulsory primary school and middle school education, public schools provide free education.

安加莫斯战役,太平洋战争的决定性战斗 证据表明,秘鲁在大约公元前11,000年开始有人类的足迹。当地最早出现的复杂社会结构是公元前3,000至1,800年在沿海地区形成的小北地区史前文明,其后又相继出现查文文明、帕拉卡斯文明、莫奇卡文明、瓦里文明和奇穆文明。在公元15世纪,印加人建立了印加帝国,并维持了一个世纪。该帝国是前哥伦布时期美洲的最大国家。印第安社会建基于农业,使用灌溉和梯田等种植法;美洲驼饲养和渔业也十分重要。因为没有市场或金钱的概念,社群的维系依赖互惠和再分配等机制。 1532年,弗朗西斯科·皮萨罗带领的征服者击败印加帝国皇帝阿塔瓦尔帕,西班牙自此开始对当地的统治。10年后,西班牙王国宣布成立秘鲁总督区,包含了西班牙在南美洲的大部分殖民地。总督弗朗西斯科·德托莱多于1570年代重组该国,银矿开采成为主要经济活动,被奴役的印第安人是主要的劳动力。秘鲁的矿藏为西班牙王国带来收入,也引发了一个伸延远至欧洲和菲律宾的贸易网络。但是,到了18世纪,减少中的银产量以及经济多样化大大削减了王国的收入。对此,王国实行波旁改革,增加税收,分割秘鲁总督区。新法例触法了图帕克·阿马鲁二世等人的起义,但他们全都被击败。 马丘比丘,“印加失落的城市” 19世纪初期,独立战争在南美洲各地暴发,但秘鲁仍是君主主义者的大本营。因为菁英分子在独立与继续效忠西班牙王室两个选项之间发生分化,秘鲁的独立要到何塞·德·圣马丁和西蒙·玻利瓦尔发起军事行动后才成事。共和国成立初期,各地区军事领袖之间的权力斗争导致政局不稳。随着玻利瓦尔组建拉丁美洲联盟的计划遭遇失败,秘鲁-玻利维亚邦联成立不久后又告瓦解,秘鲁的国家认同也开始建立。从1840到1860年代,在总统拉蒙·卡斯蒂利亚的统治之下,鸟粪出口带动国家收入增加,秘鲁随之稳定发展。但直到1870年代,这些资源逐渐被耗尽,国家严重负债,政客的内斗重新展开。 秘鲁在1879年至1883年间发生的太平洋战争被智利击败,在《安孔条约》和《利马条约》中割让阿里卡和塔拉帕卡两省。保守主义政党PartidoCivil的执政暂缓了秘鲁战后的内部斗争,该党一直维持到独裁者奥古斯托·B·莱吉纳掌权。大萧条拖垮了莱吉纳政权,也引发了新一轮的政局混乱,秘鲁人民党随之而冒起。在往后的30年,秘鲁的政治形势都围绕着菁英份子联合军人与人民党的斗争发展。 1968年,胡安·贝拉斯科·阿尔瓦拉多将军带领武装部队对费尔南多·贝朗德·特里总统发动政变。贝拉斯科夺权后进行激进的改革以促进发展,但无法获得广泛支持。1975年,贝拉斯科被总理兼陆军部长弗朗西斯科·莫拉莱斯·贝穆德斯发动军事政变推翻,莫拉莱斯停止了贝拉斯科的改革进程,重新建立民主制度。1980年代,秘鲁面临巨额外债、高速通货膨胀、猖獗的毒品走私活动以及大范围政治暴力。在阿尔韦托·藤森的统治下,国家开始复苏;但独裁、贪污和侵犯人权等指控迫使膝森在2000年备受争议的总统选举后辞职。藤森时代结束后,秘鲁尝试在打击贪污的同时保持经济增长,现任总统是阿兰·加西亚·佩雷斯。

The office of the president of Peru Office of the president of Peru Peru is a presidential parliamentary democratic republic, multi-party system. According to the current constitution, the president is also the heads of state and government, for a term of 5 years, non renewable. The president directly appointed prime minister, and the prime minister appointed cabinet member reference. Congress is unicameral, consisting of 120 members, elected for a term of 5 years for members. Bill can be presented by the executive or legislative body, adopted by Congress and promulgated by the president after becoming legislation. The independent judiciary in name, but to administrative means to intervene in the judicial process in the past is very common, still exist. Is located in Lima's parliament building in Peru government through direct elections, the 18 to 70 years old citizens must vote. In the 2006 election, the Peru people's Party presidential candidate Alan Garcia in the second round of voting with 52.6% of the vote against 47.4% of the vote in Peru and the United Party candidate Olianta Humala. Congressional seats allocation at present are as follows: the Peru people's party 36 seats, 23 seats, the Nationalist Party of Peru to Peru and the United Party 19 seats, the national party 15 seats, 13 seats in Congress for future alliance, alliance 9 seats, 5 seats in Congress democratic alliance. Peru's foreign border disputes with neighboring countries dominated by, but most of them have been resolved in twentieth Century. Now Peru and Chile in the Pacific Ocean boundary problem is still in dispute. Peru is an active member of several regional alliance, one of the founding members of the Andean Community of nations, and participated in the organization of American States and the United Nations and other international organizations. The army in Peru by sea, land, air forces, the first task is to defend the national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity. The armed forces under the Ministry of defense and the president is also the supreme commander, abolition of conscription in 1999, replaced by the citizens to join the army. Stand on one's own diplomacy pursues a foreign policy, democracy, human rights, democracy and security, regional integration, trade and investment, to protect overseas Chinese and foreign cultural publicity will consolidate as a diplomatic priority. The secret that in accordance with international law, the Charter of the United Nations and the Inter American system standards, promoting international peace and security, respect for human rights; stressed diplomacy for economic development services; attaches great importance to developing relations with neighboring and other Latin American countries, actively participate in the regional integration process; strengthen the America, Canada and the European Union and other industrialized countries as well as the relations in the Asia Pacific countries; strengthen international cooperation in anti drug advocate, terrorism, corruption and eliminate poverty areas. The secret of 129 countries established diplomatic relations. The secret is in the non aligned movement, the group of 77, the group of fifteen, Pacific Economic Cooperation Council, the Rio Group, the Latin American Integration Association, the Latin American economic system, the Amazon Cooperation Treaty, community, South American countries, the Andean Community, the Permanent Commission for the South Pacific and other international and regional organizations in member countries. In 1998 November, Peru formally joined the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation organization. The same China relationship Embassy in Peru to Wenchuan earthquake victims compatriots at half mast mourning in secret since the establishment of diplomatic relations in November 2, 1971. In 2005 June, the president's state visit to Chinese toledo. In 2008 March, President Garcia paid a state visit to Chinese, the two countries issued a joint press release. The secret is one of the Chinese in Latin America's important trade partner and main investment destination. The rapid development of bilateral economic and trade relations. In 2005, bilateral trade amounted to 2885000000 US dollars, year on year growth of 48.5%, which I export $609000000, imported 2276000000 US dollars, up 45.52% and 49.32% respectively. I have become a secret second largest trading partner and third largest export market. Chinese ambassador to Peru: Yin Hengmin. Address: Jir ó n Jos é Granda 150 San Isidro Lima 27, Per ú. Box: Apartado Postal 375. Telephone: 2220841 (office, duty), 4429466 (consular). Country code: 511. Fax: (036) 25283 PE CHI LIMA. Fax: 4429467. Web site: www.embajadachina.org.pe. Business address: Av. Javier Prado Oeste 2496 Magdalena del Mar, Lima 17, Per ú. Box: Apartado Postal 170140. Tel: 4619536. Fax: (036) 25625 PE CHIS LIMA. Fax: 4619855. The charge d'affaires Embassy of the Republic of Peru: Tullio Mundaca (Tulio Mundaca) minister. Site: Beijing Sanlitun office building 1 unit 91. Tel: 6532249465323719. Telex: 22278 LEPRU CN. Fax: 65322178. Web site: www.embperu.cn.net. The Peru government in 2008 issued 16 supreme decree, announced May 19th as the "national day of mourning for the victims," to mourn the China Sichuan earthquake in Wenchuan. This is the first time in Peru for foreign victims to set up a "national day of mourning". And in May 19th the presidential palace in Peru's capital Lima at half mast to Chinese Sichuan Wenchuan earthquake killed Zhi Ai. Wenchuan earthquake in Peru's parliament building at half mast relations with American Secret Beauty on the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1826. Beauty is the secret's biggest trading partner and export market. The bilateral trade volume in 2004 was $5542000000, accounting for the total foreign trade volume of 1/4. With the United States free trade agreements is the main target in the Toledo government as one of the. Since 2005, a secret US military cooperation to further strengthen. Relations with Latin American countries of Peru to develop relations with Latin American countries in its foreign relations first, actively promote the regional integration process. With the CIS and Eastern European countries relations after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the secret government has admitted that the Commonwealth of Independent States, and maintain normal diplomatic relations with. During the period of relations with the countries and organizations in Japan and other Asia Pacific president Fujimori came to power, the Secret Japanese relations are developing rapidly, the Japanese position in secret in foreign relations was significantly increased. The secret is to accept the most Japanese aid in Latin america. In 2003 the Secret Japanese relations for the extradition of Fujimori into a temporary stagnation. The secret of positive development and economic cooperation in the Asia Pacific region, strengthen the Pacific Basin in the affairs. Relations with the European Union EU Peru is an important trading partner and source of funds. 2004 Mi Ou trade amounted to 4208000000 US dollars, accounting for 18.7% of the total foreign trade secret. From 1996 to 2004, the cumulative investment of $8452000000 in secret, the secret to attract foreign investment total 65%.

卡亚俄的海港是秘鲁的主要出口港 秘鲁是发展中国家,2005年人类发展指数为0.773,2006年人均收入折合为3,374美元;51.6%人口生活在贫穷之中,包括19.2%人口非常贫穷。在历史上,秘鲁十分依赖出口赚取外汇,以进口物资及偿还外债,整体经济表现也与出口息息相关。虽然出口为国家带来庞大的收入,但秘鲁无法发展出自给自足的经济,收入分配仍然不均。 秘鲁的经济政策在近数十年大幅摆动。1968-1975年胡安·贝拉斯科·阿尔瓦拉多政府推行激进的经济改革政策,其中包括土地改革、征收外资公司、实行经济干预以及扩大国营企业规模。这些政策的目的是实现收入再分配以及摆脱对发达国家的过份依赖,但最终收效甚微。虽然如此,但大部分改革政策持续推行到1990年代,直至阿尔韦托·藤森政府终止物价管制、贸易保护主义以及对外资直接投资的限制,私有化大部分国营企业。自1993年起,秘鲁经济稳定增长,但1997年亚洲金融危机后曾一度陷入衰退。 第三产业占秘鲁国内生产总值的53%,第二产业占22.3%,第一产业占15%,税收占9.7%。近年秘鲁的经济增长受惠于宏观经济稳定、贸易条件改善以及投资和消费的增加。2006年与美国达成自由贸易协定后,两国双边贸易额预期将会提高。秘鲁的主要出口货物有铜、黄金、锌、纺织品、鱼产品等;最大贸易伙伴依次为美国、中国、巴西和智利。 矿业 秘鲁,巴勒斯塔斯岛,工人们正在收集鸟粪。 矿业资源丰富,是世界12大矿产国之一。主要有铜、铅、锌、银、铁和石油等。铋、钒储量居世界首位,铜占第三位,银、锌占第四位。目前石油探明储量为4亿桶,天然气71000亿立方英尺。森林覆盖率为58%,面积达7710万公顷,在南美洲仅次于巴西。水力和海洋资源极为丰富。 旅游业 秘鲁是印加文明的发祥地,旅游资源丰富。2005年,赴秘外国游客达148.5万人次,旅游外汇收入13.71亿美元,占国内生产总值的1.81%。2005年全国各类饭店数量:5星级25家、4星级22家、3星级446家、2星级848家、1星级418家。主要旅游景点有:利马大广场、托雷塔格莱宫、黄金博物馆、库斯科城、马楚-皮楚遗址等。 金融 截至2005年底,秘鲁黄金储备为5.76亿美元,外汇储备141.19亿美元,公共外债222.79亿美元,偿债率为15.2%。(资料来源:秘鲁中央储备银行) 对外贸易 秘鲁实行自由贸易政策。2005年出口额占国内生产总值的比例为22.3%。主要出口矿产品和石油、农牧业产品、纺织品、渔产品等。非传统产品的出口上升到占全国出口的四分之一左右。2005年,秘传统产品出口127.21亿美元,同比增长37.8%,其中矿产品和石油出口110.87亿美元,鱼粉出口11.47亿美元;非传统产品出口42.79亿美元,同比增长22.7%,其中农产品出口10.09亿美元,纺织品出口12.74亿美元。进口工业原料、资本货和消费品等。主要贸易伙伴为美国、中国、智利和加拿大。 外国资本 1991年3月,政府修改外资法,取消了对外国投资的某些限制措施,允许外商在能源、电信、自来水等部门投资,利润自由汇出。2005年,秘新增外国直接投资25.19亿美元,累计外国直接投资154.15亿美元,主要来源于西班牙、英国、美国、荷兰、巴拿马和智利。 外国援助 2005年10月,比利时决定向秘提供2400万欧元无偿援助。

A painting in eighteenth Century Cuzco school paintings The culture of Peru mainly comes from Indian and the Spanish tradition, but also be Africa, ethnic Asian and European influence. Peru early art can be traced back to the pre Inca civilization of pottery, textiles, jewelry and sculpture. The Incas maintained the production of these processes, and made great achievements in the fields of architecture, including the construction of Machu picchu. Baroque art is the main art in the colonial period, but affected by the local traditions in some degree. The religious affairs is the main description object of works of art, is the construction of a large number of representatives at the church and School of Cuzco. Stagnation of Peru art development after independence, until the early twentieth Century the rise of the Indian movement. Since 1950 time, Peru art tend to compromise, and by foreign and local wave. Peru literature originated in Kolumb period before the oral tradition. The Spaniards introduced text in sixteenth Century, colonial literature genre has annals and religious literature. After independence, customs and romantic principles become the main literary schools, representative writers have Ricardo Parma. The early twentieth Century Indian movement created Ciro Alegria, Jose Maria Arguedas, and Cesar Ballejo and other writers. In mid twentieth Century a representative writer of Latin American literature explosion under the influence of Mario Vargas Llosa et al., the literature of Peru better known. Ceviche is a seafood dishes of Peru cuisine citrus soaked mixture of Indian and Spain, has also been Africa, Arabia, Italy, China and Japan, way of cooking effect. Famous dishes include "anticuchos", "ceviche", "humita" and "pachamanca". The climate feature rich Peru offer different kinds of plant and animal for local cooking. Recently, Peru dishes because of its use of materials and multi style cooking method obtains the praise. Peru music originated in Indian, Spain and Africa tradition. The Spaniards arrived, different religions have different musical forms, wind instruments and percussion instruments "quena" "tinya" is more common. The Spaniards introduced new instruments such as the guitar and harp, after the development of a mix of such as "charango traditional instruments and new instruments". The Africa traditional contributions to Peru music rhythm and percussion instruments include "CAJ ó n". Peru traditional dance is "Marinera", "tondero", "danzadetijeras" and "huayno". Peru customs bullfight to meet people in social situations and the guest and say goodbye, are accustomed to shake hands for the ceremony. Meet the boyfriend, general Guan Shi hug each other, and pat his shoulder back. Peru women meet between the kiss (kiss cheeks), mouth kept a friendly tut or say a word of greeting. In any case, all available flowers as a gift. Characteristics of Peru people with Latin, warm, hospitable, obedient to the best discount, cannot do believe, there is often not punctual. Every year in Lima city in October, November during the memorial, all bullfighting competition in ACHO square every Sunday. Most people believe in the Catholic residents of Peru. Peru Jibaluo people regarded the wizard as gods, and the abnormal reverence. Peru people especially taboo "death" this word, in the "death" to curse others, will cause a big fight. Inca Indians in Peru, held regular exorcism festival in September each year. Because September is the rainy season. Plague epidemic. In order to get rid of the disease, first full moon after the Autumnal Equinox Day, all people should be fasting. At various meetings, baked a mixed blood children Cream Polenta Cake. Following in the bath, rub bread with this head, face, chest, shoulders, legs, that this pain can be eliminated. Then the bread and then rub with this threshold, that holy family had fasting. Peru taboo "13" and "Friday". Think all of this is an unlucky number and date, when it will A great calamity is at hand. They taboo crow. That crow is a bird of ill omen, give a person with misfortune and disaster impression. They taboo by the sword. Send these things means to cut off the friendship. They do not eat sea cucumber in the diet on a kind of odd shape food. Press and publication there were various newspapers and journals more than 20 species, including 11 species distribute in Lima, mainly has: "business daily", a circulation of about 280000 copies; "express", circulation of 150000 copies; "Republic", circulation of 150000 copies; "Peru daily", circulation of 250000 copies; "the sun", circulation of 30000 copies. The main political Journal: "Mask" weekly, circulation of 35000 copies; "listen" and "is" the issue of 10000 copies. Peru news agency and the news is the official news agency. The national total of radio 1107, in addition to a national radio, the rest are private radio stations. The influence of radio: national radio station, Santa Rosa, Peru radio programs, radio and the radio unity. The ancient city of Machu Picchu ruins the national total of TV transmitting and relay stations 90, of which 7 are national broadcasting network. Seven television stations for the country, the rest are commercial television. Commercial television has a larger Latin table (two TV), America (four TV), Pan Am station (five TV), the Andean table (nine TV), OK (eleven TV) and global network (thirteen TV). Cultural and natural heritage of the ancient city of Lima, the ancient city of Machu Picchu, abiseo River National Park, the ancient city of the ancient city of Chang Chang, Arequipa, Nazca Lines, Hu Ma Na prairie, Chaweng City, Manu National Park, the ancient city of Cuzco, Walska national park. In the Andes of Machu Picchu ruins is currently one of the most well preserved ancient Inca city, the world heritage in 1983.



其他国家时间和温度查询

越南泰国新加坡叙利亚韩国菲律宾巴基斯坦朝鲜马尔代夫马来西亚蒙古缅甸老挝日本美国墨西哥中国