巴拿马今日气温查询科罗纳多,博卡斯德尔托罗,博卡斯德尔托罗等城市今日气温查询

巴拿马位于中美洲地峡的共和国,全称巴拿马共和国。巴拿马地峡原为奇布查、加勒比等印第安人部落聚居地。面积7.71万平方千米(包括1432平方千米的运河区)。人口251.45万(1992),其中印欧混血种人占65%,黑人占13%,白人占11%,印第安人占10%。官方语言为西班牙语。居民中95%信奉天主教,少数信奉基督教新教和伊斯兰教。首都巴拿马城。巴拿马运河横贯国土中部,是南、北美洲的分界线。热带气候。金融业和转口贸易发达,并在经济中占重要地位。

巴拿马国徽到1821年为止巴拿马是西班牙在美洲的殖民地之一。1821年巴拿马加入西蒙·玻利瓦尔建立的大哥伦比亚共和国。有人说,巴拿马在其历史上始终是它的地理位置的奴隶,这既符合其早年的历史,也符合其近代的历史。 事实上巴拿马20世纪的国内政治和它的国际外交始终与巴拿马运河相关。19、20世纪交界的时候,法国人费迪南·莱塞普开始建造一条连接大西洋和太平洋的运河。美国总统西奥多·罗斯福使用外交手段试图接纳这条运河。1903年11月,在美国海军的配合下,在巴拿马爆发了一场几乎不流血的革命,巴拿马要求脱离哥伦比亚。11月3日反叛者在巴拿马城宣布成立一个独立的共和国。仅两周后巴拿马与美国签署了一个条约给予美国建造和管理巴拿马运河的权利。到1977年美国同意在1999年将巴拿马运河的管理权还给巴拿马为止这个条约始终是两国之间外交争论的主题。长时间里巴拿马政府相当不稳定,贪污严重,时常一个政府在其任期到期前就倒台了。1968年奥马尔·托里霍斯将军上台,到他在一次空难中逝世为止他是巴拿马政治界的实际操权者。托里霍斯死后,曼纽尔·诺列加一掌大权。1980年代末巴拿马和美国的关系日趋恶化。尤其诺列加在国际贩毒、洗钱活动中的作用使美国不满。此外美国希望巴拿马能够进行自由选举。1989年12月,美国一个海军陆战队士兵被杀,美国以保护美国居民的安全為由,派兵侵略到巴拿马。诺列加逃入梵蒂冈大使馆,数日后他向美军投降。他立刻被运往佛罗里达州,被起诉和关押。随后美国使巴拿马自由选举重新施行,媒介获得言论自由,国家管理权渐渐和平过渡到公民政府手中。虽然如此,至今为止对政府贪污和任人唯亲的指责一直不断。1999年12月31日美国将巴拿马运河所有土地、建筑、基础设施和所有的管理权都交还给巴拿马。但美国在国家安全的问题上仍保留军事干预巴拿马的权利。

Panama rotating tower in Panama administrative authority by the president and two vice president chief, one composed of 72 representatives of the legislative assembly is the legislature. The president and members of the National Legislative Assembly elected for a term of 5 years. With election duty in the citizen of Panama, but so far no man punished because did not participate in the election. An independent electoral commission to monitor the voter registration and election process. The judicial organ by a panel of nine judges of the Supreme Court and the local court. The existing constitution went into effect in October 11, 1972, 1978 and 1983 revised. State constitution divided the three powers, the president as head of state, through direct elections, a term of five years, no re-election. In October 4, 1994, the Palestinian parliament passed a draft amendment to the constitution, provisions of the abolition of the army, the establishment of a police force. The national assembly is a unicameral, the exercise of legislative power. Consisting of 72 members, elected by, a term of five years. Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court and the attorney general's office. The Supreme Court of 9 judges, appointed by the government, Parliament, a term of 10 years. The last presidential election is in May 2, 2004 was rated, Martin Torriios won, he was the last military dictator Omar Torriios's son. His term of office from the beginning of September 1st. Foreign pursue stand on one's own, non aligned foreign policy, strengthen unity and cooperation with Latin American countries, relations with countries in the developing world. Panama Panama government to recover the canal sovereignty as the basic goal of foreign policy. For Panama to recognize Taiwan, China has not establish diplomatic relations. In 1984 July, China established Chinese Latin American trade center in the colon free zone.

巴拿马巴拿马旅游资源丰富,在国内全部外汇收入中,旅游业收汇额仅次于巴拿马运河和科隆自由区。旅游区为巴拿马运河的阶梯式大闸门、孔塔多拉旅游胜地、圣布拉斯群岛和雷岛等。巴拿马国内交通以公路为主。巴拿马是海运大国。巴拿马运河担负着全世界5%的贸易货运。巴拿马大小港口有15个。克里斯托瓦尔港是最大港口,巴尔沃亚港为第二大港。这两大港占巴拿马国际贸易运输的75%。瓦尔蒙特港为渔港。巴拿马也是拉美空运中心之一,最大的托库门(原名奥马尔·托里霍斯)国际机场,每天可起降100多架飞机。        巴拿马主要出口对象为美国、德国、哥斯达黎加、意大利和波多黎各等;进口主要来自美国、日本、哥斯达黎加、德国、委内瑞拉、厄瓜多尔等。主要进口工业制成品、石油及成品油、运输设备、机械及食品等;主要出口香蕉、蔗糖、海虾、咖啡、石油产品。       科隆自由贸易区位于巴拿马运河大西洋入海口处,始建于1953年,有1550多家公司专事转口贸易,另有16家银行。是仅次于香港的世界第二大自由贸易区。  2012年10月23日巴拿马总统府发布新闻公报说,鉴于连日来巴北部城市科隆爆发示威活动和暴力冲突,总统里卡多·马蒂内利已下令暂停科隆自贸区土地私有化进程。

A Northwest isthmus parts of South America, West marina Costa Rica, Columbia East, South Pacific Ocean, north of the Caribbean Sea, a coastline of 2188 kilometers, the central mountainous, with BARU volcano height of 3475 meters is the highest peak, the mountain will Pakistan 2/3 territory is divided into two great plains, on the the Atlantic plain is narrow, covered with tropical forest, rely on the Pacific Hirahara Hirohiro and forest. Because Panama is located in the Central American isthmus narrowest point, since ancient times for America and the the Atlantic and Pacific corridor. The Panama Canal Pacific and the Atlantic ocean through two traffic channels, known as the "crossroads of the world", the economic and military importance is ineffable, also therefore be richly endowed by nature geographical position, make the horse become the main commercial and financial center, transportation center and the South American continent. The natural resources of Panama mineral resources in Panama is rich in mineral resources. The main minerals are gold, silver, copper, iron, mercury, bauxite, manganese, salt, oil etc.. Salt, copper, bauxite reserves is relatively large. Among them, the copper ore reserves of the world's fourth largest, has proven reserves of copper can be mined for 50 years. Because many rivers, water resources are also abundant. In addition, Panama is rich in precious Redwood, cedar and other hard wood. Natural resources and natural resources in Panama is rich in forest resources, and species, including mahogany, cedar wood, teak, Dalian eastern forest region of the most widely distributed, but due to the lack of market and based on the defence and protection of the natural ecological environment and other reasons, it is not sufficient development. The country is rich bananas, sugar cane, Coffee tropical economic crops, in addition still contains gold, silver, copper, iron rich, there are many Foreign Company in Pakistan mining plan, is expected to have a future Palestinian mineral products export growth. The administrative division of Panama country of Panama province is divided into 9 (Provincias) and 5 Indians region, there are 75 province area under the. The 5 Indian region (comarcasind í Genas), there are 3 "province" level, can be called the "provincial", the other two were with the province to the next level "zone" at the same level, can be called the "local area". Province of Bocas Del Toro province (ProvinciadeBocasdelToro) Chiriqui (ProvinciadeChiriqu í) Cocle province (ProvinciadeCocl é) Cologne province (ProvinciadeCol ó n) Darien (ProvinciadeDari é n) Herrera (ProvinciadeHerrera), Los Santos province (ProvinciadeLosSantos) of Panama province (ProvinciadePanam á) veraguas (ProvinciadeVeraguas) provincial Ann Bella autonomous region (Ember á Kuna Yala) (KunaYala) Ngo Bbe Bugler autonomous region (Ng ö be-Bugl é) regional Mattoon stem this nano autonomous city (KunadeMadugand í, under the jurisdiction of Panama province) Waergandikuna autonomous city (KunadeWargand í, Darien province)

巴拿马对6~15岁儿童实行义务教育。高等学府巴拿马大学建于1935年,校址设在巴拿马城,此外还有技术大学、圣玛丽亚大学和地峡大学。主要报刊有《新闻报》、《美洲巴拿马》、《自由论坛报》(与《美洲巴拿马》系姊妹报),还有《世纪报》和《巴拿马明星报》。巴拿马有95家电台,大部分为商业台。有5家电视台,即巴拿马无线广播公司电视台、地峡电视台、教育电视台、空中之波电视台和国家电视台。

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