荷属安的列斯群岛今日气温查询克拉伦迪吉克,克拉伦迪吉克等城市今日气温查询

荷属安的列斯群岛(Netherlands Antilles)位于加勒比海中的荷属群岛。面积800平方千米。人口19.2万(1993),80%为黑白混血种人,有少数白人。荷兰语为官方语言,通用帕彼曼都语,也讲西班牙语和英语。85%的居民信奉天主教,10%信奉基督教新教。首府威廉斯塔德。

荷属安的列斯群岛 荷属安的列斯群岛是荷兰殖民地,位于加勒比地区中南部,西邻阿鲁巴、委内瑞拉和哥伦比亚。官方语言是荷兰语和帕彼曼都语,通用帕彼曼都语(一种以西班牙语为基础,杂有葡、荷、英语词汇的克里奥尔语),也讲西班牙语和英语。由相距约 900公里的南、北两组小岛组成;南组包括库拉索、阿鲁巴和博奈尔3岛,位于南美洲委内瑞拉北部沿海;北组包括圣尤斯特歇斯、萨巴和圣马丁(南半部)3岛,位于小安的列斯群岛中背风群岛的北部。总面积993平方公里,人口26万(1984)。其中南部3岛面积925平方公里,居民约占总人口90%。城镇人口比重为90%。绝大部分为黑白混血种人,多信天主教。民间通用当地帕皮亚门托语,官方语言为荷兰语。南部3岛为地势低平的大陆岛,热带草原气候,年平均气温28~30℃,年降水量500毫米。北部的圣尤斯特歇斯岛和萨巴岛属火山岛,热带海洋性气候,年平均气温24.5~27.5℃,年降水量 1200~1500毫米。1634年沦为荷兰殖民地,1954年内部自治。经济以库拉索岛和阿鲁巴岛上的炼油业为主,约占国内生产总值的20%。原油从委内瑞拉进口,设有美国、荷兰和委内瑞拉资本的大型炼油厂,产品输往美国、西欧等地,约占出口总值的95%。旅游业为第二大经济部门,年接待游客70多万。此外在阿鲁巴岛有石油化工厂,库拉索岛有磷酸盐开采和纺织、制烟、酿酒厂。粮食和工业品依赖进口。首府威廉斯塔德,位于库拉索岛斯霍泰加德湾畔,人口5万(1983);主要商业中心和港口,港湾水深,能停泊吃水13米的巨型油轮,并建有12万吨级的干船坞。

There are five islands in the archipelago, including Sanyusteche J (Sint Eustatius), Saint Martin (Dutch name is San Maarten (Sint Maarten) South Island) and Saba (Saba) island; Bonnell in the South (Bonaire) and Kuraso (Curacao) two island, away from the coast of Venezuela 97 kilometers (60 miles). Most of the residents living in the Netherlands Antilles Bonaire Island and Kuraso two. Because of the geographical position close to Aruba, the environment and people's daily life has many similarities, so the islands to the product demand and Aruba similar.

荷属安的列斯群岛 1499年西班牙殖民者在库拉索登陆,1527年占领南部3岛(包括阿鲁巴岛)。1634年南部3岛变成荷兰殖民地。北部3岛于1493年首次被C.哥伦布发现,17世纪中叶被荷兰占据,此后多次易主,1816年才最后确定为荷兰属地。17世纪末18世纪初,南部主岛库拉索是加勒比地区的贸易中心。19世纪初开始成为加勒比地区贩卖黑奴的中心。第二次世界大战期间,美国以保护岛上石油为名,一度驻军库拉索和阿鲁巴岛。1954年该群岛实行内部自治,成为荷兰王国自治领地。 宪法规定:荷兰和荷属安的列斯是在平等的基础上为保护共同的利益和相互提供帮助而联合的;荷属安的列斯在内部事务上享有完全的自治权;总督代表荷兰国王,由荷兰国王任命;安的列斯政府任命一名全权部长代表安的列斯参加荷兰内阁;荷兰掌管安的列斯的外交和国防事务。议会为一院制,政府由总督和部长会议组成。部长会议主席即政府总理。1990年4月组成的政府:总督J.M.沙赫,总理M.L.佩特斯夫人。 安的列斯主要政党有:民族人民党,圣马丁民主党,劳工解放阵线,博奈尔进步联盟。

The Netherlands Antilles The Netherlands Antilles is one of the most important financial centres overseas. There are more than 3 companies registered here. Industry is relatively undeveloped, long-term to oil refining industry. At the beginning of the 80's tourism industry to replace the oil refining industry position, become the most important sector of the economy. Saint Martin and Bonaire seaside tourist resort. Travelers come from American, europe. The main export object is American, UK, guadeloupe. The main import for Venezuela, American, Holland. Currency name: Antilles Netherlands antilles. Exchange rate: 1.79 shield against the $1 (1993). Foreign aid mainly rely on Holland. At the end of the 80's, Holland aid to reduce, the government was forced to take austerity measures, while stepping up the development of diversified economy. Saint Martin Island fishery development faster, but the output can not meet the internal needs. Agricultural production of aloe, sorghum, beans, vegetables, tropical fruits. Has a land area of 8000 hectares. The territory of non railway, but each island has a good all-weather road network. Kuraso, Saint Martin, Bonnell have international airport. Leading to the USA, Aruba, Venezuela, Suriname and the Caribbean routes. A major port in Kuraso. The educational system and the same Holland. 1 / 3 of government spending on education about budget expenditure, education facilities are good. No illiteracy. Daily, mainly has "Kuraso" (He Lanwen), who reported "news report" (He Lanwen), "news" (papiamento), "news" (Pa Behman Du Ce). The main agency for the Holland news agency. A total of 15 radio stations. Are mainly built in 1955 of the Caribbean radio, in Dutch, English, Spanish, and Papemann are language broadcasting; Kuraso broadcasting association was founded in 1933, with the Papemann language broadcasting; and the world radio, South America, North America, China and the Caribbean broadcast in 4 languages. There are 5 television stations. Mainly in the Leeward Islands Broadcasting Television and Antilles television and Curacao TV etc.. More related to interactive encyclopedia entries > > edit entries, we will update as soon as possible your changes



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